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New Testament
N/A
100
Religious Studies
05/05/2011

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Cards

Term
What uniquely Pauline gospel revolutionized Christianity?
Definition
salvation by faith alone (343)
Term
Those people of the early Christian churches who advocated circumcision for all males (Jew, Greek, Roman, etc.) were called...
Definition
Judaizers (344)
Term
Paul's opponents had the tendency to mix together aspects of Greco-Roman cult worship ans selected Torah requirements. This process of mixing together is called...
Definition
Syncretism
Term
Paul's twofold purpose in writing to the Galatians was first to prove that he was a true apostle, and second...
Definition
to demonstrate the validity of his gospel that faith replaces works of law. (344)
Term
Paul claimed that his apostolic rank was derived...
Definition
directly from the Deity (345)
Term
If the Torah cannot really help anyone, as Paul claims, then why was it given?
Definition
as a temporary device to teach humans that they can't make it on their own (they need a savior)(346)
Term
All believers are spiritual children of...
Definition
Abraham (346)
Term
Why does Paul say Torah obedience is meaningless?
Definition
because it implies that God's revelation through Jesus is not sufficient (347)
Term
Paul's most extensive analysis of Judaism's role in the divine plan was laid out in which chapters of Romans?
Definition
9-11 (350)
Term
What were the implications of God's pronouncing Abraham "righteous" while he was still uncircumcised?
Definition
Paul used that story as a model of God's plan to save people through faith. Thus, it was not necessary to have Gentile converts circumcised. (351)
Term
T/F: Paul tried to persuade the Galatians that Gentile Christians are adopted heirs of Abraham.
Definition
True (344-347)
Term
T/F: Although the Gentile Christians were free from Torah requirements, Paul expected those with a Jewish heritage to adhere fully to the Torah.
Definition
False (347)
Term
T/F: The pillars (Peter, John, and James) agreed to recognize the legitimacy of Paul's Gentile mission.
Definition
True (345)
Term
T/F: Paul used Habakkuk 2:4, "he shall gain life who is justified through faith," to help justify his Gospel.
Definition
True (346)
Term
T/F: Paul sees all the irreconcilable differences between God and humanity as overcome in Christ.
Definition
True (348)
Term
T/F: Romans was written by Paul to the first congregation he founded and visited frequently.
Definition
False (348)
Term
T/F: Paul argues that the Torah fails to effect a right relationship with God; it serves only to make one conscious of sin.
Definition
True (351)
Term
T/F: In the Book of Genesis, the narrator never uses the words sin, evil, rebellion, fall from grace, disobedience, punishment, or damnation. These terms are interpretive and were supplied by later theologians.
Definition
True (353)
Term
T/F: Paul asserts the Torah is "spiritual," but human beings are "unspiritual" and enslaved by sin.
Definition
True (354)
Term
T/F: Paul reveals himself to be uniquely sinful amongst humans in his long passage (Romans 7:7-25), detailing all his sins.
Definition
False (354)
Term
Early church tradition held that Paul wrote four of the canonical letters (Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, and Philemon) while in a Roman prison. These are known as...
Definition
the captivity letters
Term
Which of the four works (Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, and Philemon) do all scholars still accept as genuinely Pauline?
Definition
Philippians, Philemon
Term
With whom did Paul establish the church at Philippi?
Definition
Timothy
Term
What was the "Ephesian theory"?
Definition
The theory that Paul actually wrote Philippians from Ephesus rather than Rome.
Term
In the second of the six parts of Philippians, Paul meditates on...
Definition
his prison experiences.
Term
What is the most important theological concept in Philippians?
Definition
The directive to place others' welfare above your own.
Term
What characteristic of Jesus does Paul most encourage his readers to emulate?
Definition
humble servitude
Term
In the third chapter of Philippians, Paul denounces circumcision as...
Definition
mutilation
Term
The letter to Philemon was a personal letter addressed to...
Definition
Philemon, Apphia, and Archippus (who were probably a husband, wife, and son).
Term
Onesimus was a runaway slave who was converted to Christianity by Paul. Paul later sent him back to his master, telling the master...
Definition
to treat Onesimus "no longer as a slave, but ...as a dear brother."
Term
T/F: Philippians is important because it permits insight into Paul's volatile character and also gives clues as to early Christian beliefs about Jesus' nature.
Definition
True
Term
T/F: Paul describes Christians as "like stars in a dark world."
Definition
True
Term
T/F: Paul discounts his Jewish heritage as "garbage," worthless when compared to the new life God give in Christ.
Definition
True
Term
T/F: Epaphroditus was a prison guard that Paul thanks for helping him when he was imprisoned.
Definition
False
Term
T/F: Onesimus was a salve-owning aristocrat with whom Paul pleaded to open his eyes to the intrinsic human value of every person and to release his slaves from bondage.
Definition
False
Term
T/F: In his letter to Philemon about a runaway slave, Paul takes the opportunity to generalize and denounce slavery as an intolerable evil.
Definition
False
Term
T/F: The amount of area Paul covered to establish churches (throughout Syria, Asia Minor, Macedonia, and Greece) impresses scholars with the sheer physical stamina he must have had.
Definition
True
Term
T/F: Paul was the first to create a coherent theology about Jesus and is therefore counted as Christianity's first theologian.
Definition
True
Term
T/F: In Paul's view, because God grants his rewards freely, a person can neither earn nor deserve them.
Definition
True
Term
T/F: In Paul's view of human history, Adam is considered the earthly prototype of humanity, while Jesus is considered Adam's moral opposite.
Definition
True
Term
The practice of writing under the identity of a well-known deceased personage, with the intention of honoring him rather than fooling the readers, is called...
Definition
pseudonymity (374)
Term
Some early converts who, in an apocalyptic fervor, thought the Parousia was extremely close, refused to...
Definition
work and support themselves (375)
Term
Paul thought that God's plan for cosmic renewal, i.e. the Lord's Day, would be completed...
Definition
at the apocalyptic end of history. (375)
Term
What is 2 Thessalonians' advice to Christians?
Definition
Be alert and prepared; also, realize that certain signs must occur before the Parousia. (375)
Term
2 Thessalonians states that the eschaton cannot happen until...
Definition
the final rebellion against God's rule. (375-376)
Term
According to 2 Thessalonians, evil forces are already at work and gathering strength until someone disappear, allowing the evil personage to reveal himself. Who is it that will disappear?
Definition
The "Restrainer" (376)
Term
What is the Christian equivalent of circumcision?
Definition
baptism (378)
Term
Believers are supposed to behave well because...
Definition
they are being re-created in Christ's nature and "image." (378)
Term
Which is not a difference between Ephesians and other genuine Pauline letters?
Definition
language in which it was written (378)
Term
What is the famous passage in Ephesians?
Definition
the Pauline analogy of Christians armed like soldiers (381)
Term
T/F: After being released from prison in Rome, Paul went to Crete, where he was imprisoned again.
Definition
True (374)
Term
T/F: Analysis of the Pastoral Epistles strongly suggests that they were written long after Paul's time, and therefore couldn't have been authored by Paul.
Definition
True(374)
Term
T/F: After his death, Paul's influence on the church subsided.
Definition
False (373)
Term
T/F: In the Book of 2 Thssalonians, the demonic entity in human form that desecrates the Temple is held at bay by the unidentified "Redoubter."
Definition
False (376)
Term
T/F: According to Colossians, God didn't use a "mediator" to create the universe; he achieved it all alone.
Definition
False (372)
Term
T/F: In 2 Thessalonians, an evil parody of the Messiah functions as an anti-Christ.
Definition
True (376)
Term
T/F: According to Ephesians, the secret revealed in Christ was the divinity of all people, i.e. we are all God.
Definition
False (378-379)
Term
T/F: One difference between Colossians and Ephesians is in how the "secret" revealed in Christ is characterized.
Definition
True (378-379)
Term
T/F: The phrase "in Ephesus" (identifying the recipients of the letter to the Ephesians) does not appear in any of the oldest manuscripts.
Definition
True (379)
Term
T/F: Timothy had a Jewish father and a Greek mother.
Definition
False (382)
Term
What form of writing is Paul known for?
Definition
letters directed to individual congregations (392)
Term
Seven of the eight canonical writings situated between the book of Hebrews and Revelation in the New Testament are known as...
Definition
the catholic epistles (393)
Term
All the epistles are attributed to...
Definition
the prominent leaders of the original Jerusalem church (393)
Term
2 Peter (probably the last-written book in the canon) reaffirms Christianity's apocalyptic vision that however long the Parousia is delayed, Christians must live as if...
Definition
Jesus will return at any moment (393)
Term
Which author is alone among New Testament writers in attempting to show how Christ's sacrificial death links the two opposing realms of perishable matter and eternal spirit?
Definition
the author of Hebrews (394)
Term
The authorship of Hebrews is uncertain. Scholars have speculated about it being authored by...
Definition
Paul, Priscilla, Barnabas, or Apollos (394)
Term
Expiation means...
Definition
appeasement of divine wrath (395)
Term
Which of the catholic epistles criticized Jewish-Christian groups within the church - wealthy Christians who snub poorer ones, fail to share material possessions, engage in worldly competition, and even exploit fellow believers of the laboring class?
Definition
James (398)
Term
According to James, what one believes and has faith in is evidenced by...
Definition
what one does (398-399)
Term
According to James, which organ in the human body is both an instrument for divine praise and of destructive gossip?
Definition
the tongue (399)
Term
T/F: The epistles differ from Paul's "genuine" letters in that they are addressed to individual congregations.
Definition
False (392)
Term
T/F: Of the three missives ascribed to John, the first is a sermon, the second is a letter of warning to a specific group, and the third is a private note.
Definition
True (393)
Term
T/F: The catholic epistles are so named because they must never be translated out of the Latin.
Definition
False (393)
Term
T/F: James and 1 Peter superficially resemble letters but actually belong to a different category of religious literature.
Definition
True (393)
Term
T/F: Faith, according to Hebrews, is a hopeful confidence that the unseen universe really exists and that it is the source of the physical cosmos.
Definition
True (397)
Term
T/F: The book of James is classified as apocalyptic literature.
Definition
False (398)
Term
T/F: James was known to his fellow Israelites as "James the Righteous" and had a high reputation with Christians.
Definition
True (397)
Term
T/F: 1 Peter recommends that when a Christian is suffering unjustly, he or she must call upon the Holy Spirit to smite the oppressor.
Definition
False (402)
Term
T/F: The Book of Jude is written in a kind of rhetorical style known as invective.
Definition
True (404)
Term
T/F: The theological importance of 2 Peter lies in the author's attempt to explain why God allows evil to continue and to reassert the belief in a close Parousia.
Definition
True (405)
Term
Why was it thematically appropriate to place Revelation at the end of the New Testament?
Definition
It provides the omega (the end or completion of God's work) to the alpha of Genesis. (416)
Term
Revelation depicts Jesus as...
Definition
a conquering warrior-king. (416)
Term
The Jesus of Revelation comes to...
Definition
inflict wrathful punishment upon his opponents (416)
Term
John of Patmos, along with the authors of Jude and 2 Peter, contrasted the hopelessly corrupt present world with the ideal purity of God's planned future world. How was the new righteous order to be brought into being?
Definition
Through God's direct and violent intervention (417)
Term
What can't we see without having an apocalyptic experience (Hebrews 11:1)?
Definition
realities of the spirit world (417)
Term
Revelation belongs to the apocalyptic tradition, which is commonly regarded as an outgrowth of what movement?
Definition
The prophetic movement in ancient Israel (417)
Term
Why did priests take the place of prophets as Israel's spiritual leaders after the time of Ezra (c. 400 BCE)?
Definition
They filled a leadership void after it was determined that authentic prophesy was ending. (417)
Term
The canonical Revelation is ascribed to a contemporary member of the first-century church named John, rather than to a figure of the distant past. This makes Revelation...
Definition
unique (417)
Term
Which of the following are not characteristic of apocalyptic writing?
Definition
inclusivism, cosmic materialism, and ethical dualism (418-420)
Term
What is conspicuously missing from Revelation but emphasized in the Gospels?
Definition
Jesus' command to love (421)
Term
John of Patmos, at the end time he was writing (most scholars date Revelation around 95 or 96 CE), regarded Rome as...
Definition
a new Babylon (422)
Term
The author of Revelation was the only New Testament author to claim to write under the influence of...
Definition
divine inspiration (424)
Term
John interprets the symbolism of the smoke rising from burning incense as representing...
Definition
Christians' prayers ascending to heaven. (425)
Term
When the Lamb opens each of the seven seals in sequence, what is disclosed on the scrolls?
Definition
With the exception of the seventh seal, a predestined future event or God's viewpoint (427)
Term
How many people are (symbolically) marked for salvation on the Day of God's vengeance?
Definition
144,000 (428)
Term
What do the seven angels announce by blowing their trumpets of doom?
Definition
The first six announce catastrophes and the seventh the eternal reign of Christ. (428)
Term
In his vision, John describes the eating of a little scroll that initially tastes like honey but turns bitter in the stomach. What is the dual meaning of this symbolic eating?
Definition
The message of Revelation is sweet to the faithful, but sour to the disobedient. (428)
Term
The war between the Lamb and the Dragon in the spirit realm finds its earthly counterpart in...
Definition
Armageddon (429)
Term
Who hurls the Dragon from heaven?
Definition
Michael (429)
Term
What is one reason that many scholars believe the beast's cryptic number could be identified with a specific person?
Definition
At the time Revelation was written, numbers were represented by letters of the alphabet. (431)