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New Testament
Study of the New Testament
83
Religious Studies
05/03/2011

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Cards

Term
What uniquely Pauline gospel revolutionized Christianity?
Definition
Salvation by Faith alone (343)
Term
Those people of the early Christian churches who advocated circumcision for all males were called...
Definition
Judaizers (344)
Term
Paul's opponents had the tendency to mix together aspects of Greco-Roman cult worship and select Torah requirements. This process of mixing together is called
Definition
syncretism (344)
Term
Paul's twofold purpose in writing to the Galations was first to prove that he was a true apostle and second,
Definition
to demonstrate the validity of his gospel that faith replaces works of law. (344)
Term
Paul claimed that his apostolic rank was derived
Definition
directly from the Deity (345)
Term
If the Toray cannot really help anyone, as Paul claims, then why was it given?
Definition
As a guide (346)
Term
All believers are spiritual children of
Definition
Abraham (346)
Term
Why does Paul say Torah obedience is meaningless?
Definition
Because it implies that God's revelation through Jesus is not sufficient. (347)
Term
Paul's most extensive analysis of Judaism's role in the divine plan was laid out in which chapters of Romans?
Definition
9-11 (350)
Term
What were the implications of God's pronouncing Abraham "righteous" while he was still uncircumcised?
Definition
Paul used that story as a model of God's plan to save people through faith, thus, it was not necessary to have Gentile converts circumcised. (351)
Term
T/F: Paul tried to persuade the Galatians that Gentile Christians are adopted heirs of Abraham.
Definition
True (344-347)
Term
T/F: Although the Gentile Christians were free from Torah requirements, Paul expected those with a Jewish heritage to adhere fully to the Torah.
Definition
False (347)
Term
T/F: The pillars (Peter, John, and James) agreed to recognize the legitimacy of Paul's Gentile mission.
Definition
True (345)
Term
T/F: Paul used Habakkuk 2:4, "he shall gain life who is justified through faith," to help justify his Gospel.
Definition
True
Term
T/F: Paul used Habakkuk 2:4, "he shall gain life who is justified through faith," to help justify his Gospel.
Definition
True
Term
T/F: Paul sees all irreconcilable differences between God and humanity as overcome in Christ.
Definition
True
Term
T/F: Romans was written by Paul to the first congregation he founded and visited frequently.
Definition
False, Paul never went to Rome.
Term
T/F: Paul argues that the Torah fails to effect a right relationship with God; it serves only to make one conscious of sin.
Definition
True 353
Term
T/F: In the Book of Genesis, the narrator never uses the words sin, evil, rebellion, fall from grace, disobedience, punishment, or damnation. These terms are interpretive and were supplied later by theologians.
Definition
True 353
Term
T/F: Paul asserts The Torah is "spiritual," but human beings are "unspiritual" and enslaved by sin.
Definition
False 354
Term
T/F: Paul reveals himself to be uniquely sinful amongst humans in this long passage (Romans 7:7-25) detailing all his sins.
Definition
False 354
Term
Early church tradition held that Paul wrote four of the canonical letters (Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, and Philemon) while in Roman prison. these letters are known as...
Definition
The Captivity Letters
Term
Which of the four works (Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, and Philemon) do scholars still accept as genuinely Pauline?
Definition
Philippians, Philemon
Term
With whom did Paul establish the church at Philippi?
Definition
Timothy
Term
What was the "Ephesian Theory"?
Definition
the theory that Paul actually wrote Philippians from Ephesus rather than Rome
Term
In the second of the six parts of Philippians, Paul meditates on
Definition
his prison experiences.
Term
What is the most important theological concept in Philippians?
Definition
The directive to place other' welfare above your own
Term
What characteristic of Jesus does Paul most encourage his reader to emulate?
Definition
Humble Servitude
Term
In the third chapter of Philippians, Paul denounces circumcision as
Definition
Mutilation
Term
The letter to Philemon was a personal letter addressed to
Definition
Philemon, Apphia, and Archippus (who were a husband, wife, and son)
Term
Onesimus was a runaway slave who was converted to Christianity by Paul. Paul later sent him back to his master, telling the master
Definition
to treat Onesinus "no longer as a slave, but...as a dear brother."
Term
T/F: Philippians is important because it permits insight into Paul's volatile character and also gives clues as to early Christian beliefs about Jesus' nature
Definition
True
Term
T/F: Paul describes Christians as "like stars in a dark world."
Definition
True
Term
T/F: Paul discounts his Jewish heritage as "garbage." worthless when compared to the new life God gives in Christ.
Definition
True
Term
Epaphroditus was a prison guard that Paul thanks for helping him when he was imprisoned.
Definition
False
Term
Onesimus was a slave-owning aristocrat with whom Paul pleaded to open his eyes to the intrinsic human value of every person and to release his slaves from bondage.
Definition
False
Term
T/F: In his letter to Philemon about a runaway slave, Paul takes the opportunity to generalize and denounce slavery as an intolerable evil.
Definition
False
Term
T/F: The amount of area Paul covered to establish churches (throughout Syria, Asia Minor, Macedonia and Greece) impresses scholars with the sheer physical stamina he must have had.
Definition
True
Term
T/F: In Paul's view of human history, Adam is considered the earthly prototype of humanity, while Jesus is considered Adam's moral opposite.
Definition
True
Term
The practice of writing under the identity of a well-known deceased personage, with the intention of honoring him rather than fooling the readers, is called
Definition
Pseudonymity (374)
Term
some early converts who, in an apocalyptic fervor, thought that the Parousia was extremely close, refused to
Definition
work and support themselves (375)
Term
Paul thought that God's plan for cosmic renewal, i.e. the Lord's Day, would be completed
Definition
at the apocalyptic End of history. (375)
Term
What is 2 Thessalonians' advice to Christians?
Definition
Be alert and prepared; also, realize that certain signs must occur before the Parousia. (375)
Term
2 Thess. states that the eschaton cannot happen until
Definition
the final rebellion against God's rule (375-76)
Term
According to 2 Thess., evil forces are already at work and gathering strength until someone disappears, allowing the evil personage to reveal himself. Who is it that will disappear?
Definition
the "Restrainer" (376)
Term
What is the Christian equivalent of circumcision?
Definition
Baptism (378)
Term
Believers are supposed to behave well because
Definition
The are being re-created in Christ's nature and "image" (378)
Term
What is not a difference between Ephesians and other genuine Pauline letters?
Definition
language in which it was written (378)
Term
T/F: After being released from prison in Rome, Paul; went to Crete, where he was imprisoned again.
Definition
False
Term
T/F: Analysis of the Pastoral Epistles strongly suggests that they were wrtten long after Pail's time, and therefore could not have been authored by Paul.
Definition
True (374)
Term
T/F: In the Book of 2 Thess. the demonic entity in human form that desecrates the Temple is held at bay by the unidentified "Redoubter"
Definition
False (376)
Term
T/F: According to Colossians, God didn't use a "mediator" to create the universe, he acieved it all alone.
Definition
True (377)
Term
T/F: In 2 Thess. an evil parody of the Messiah functions as an anti-Christ.
Definition
True (376)
Term
T/F: According to Eph., the secret revealed in Christ was the divinity of all people, i.t. we are all God
Definition
False (378)
Term
T/F: One difference between Col. and Eph. is in how the "secret' revealed in Christ is characterized.
Definition
True (378)
Term
T/F: The phrase "in Ephesus" (identifying the recipients of the letter to the Ephesians) does not appear in any of the oldest manuscripts.
Definition
True (379)
Term
Timothy had a Jewish father and a Greek mother
Definition
True (382)
Term
What form of writing is Paul known for?
Definition
Letters directed to individual congregations
Term
Seven of the eight canonical writings situated between the book of Hebrews and Revelation in the New Testament are known as
Definition
the catholic epistles (393)
Term
All of the epistles are attributed to
Definition
The prominent leaders of the original Jerusalem church (393)
Term
2 Peter reaffirms Christianity's apocalyptic vision that however long the Parousia is delayed, Christians must live as if
Definition
Jesus will return at any moment (393)
Term
Which author is alone among New Testament writers in attempting to show how Christ's sacrificial death links the two opposing realms of perishable matter and eternal spirit?
Definition
the author of Hebrews (394)
Term
The authorship of Hebrews is uncertain. Scholars have speculated about it being authored by
Definition
Paul, Priscilla, Barnabus or Apollos (394)
Term
Expiation means
Definition
appeasement of divine wrath (395)
Term
Which of the catholic epistles criticizes Jewish-Christian groups within the church-wealthy Christians who snub poorer ones, fail to share material possessions, engage in wordly competition, and even exploit fellow believes of the laboring class?
Definition
James (398)
Term
According to James, what one believes has faith in is evidenced by
Definition
what one does (398)
Term
According to James, which organ in the human body is both an instrument for divine praise and destructive gossip?
Definition
The tongue (400)
Term
T/F: The epistles differ from Paul's "genuine" letters in that they are addressed to individual congregations.
Definition
False (392)
Term
T/F: Of the three missives ascribed to John, the first is a sermon, the second is a letter of warning to a specific group, and the third is a private note.
Definition
True (393)
Term
T/F: The catholic epistles are so named because they must never be translated out of the Latin.
Definition
False (393)
Term
T/F: James and 1 Peter superficially resemble letters but actually belong to a different category of religious literature.
Definition
True (393)
Term
T/F: Faith, according to Hebrews, is hopeful confidence that the unseen universe really exists and that it is the source of the physical cosmos.
Definition
True (397)
Term
T/F: The book of James is apocalyptic literature.
Definition
False (398)
Term
T/F: James was known to his fellow Israelites as "James the Righteous" and had a high reputation with Christians.
Definition
False (397)
Term
T/F: 1 Peter recommends that when a Christian is suffering unjustly, he or she must call upon the Holy Spirit to smite the oppressor.
Definition
False (402)
Term
T/F: The book of Jude is written in a kind of rhetorical style known as invective.
Definition
True (404)
Term
T/F: The theological importance of 2 Peter lies in the author's attempt to explain why God allows evil to continue and to reassert the belief in a close Parousia.
Definition
True (405)
Term
What was it thematically appropriate to place Revelation at the end of the New Testament?
Definition
It provides the omega (the end or completion of God's work) to the alpha of Genesis. (416)
Term
Revelation depicts Jesus as
Definition
a conquering warrior-king (416)
Term
The Jesus of Revelation comes to
Definition
inflict wrathful punishment upon his opponents (416)
Term
John of Patmos, along with the authors of Jude and 2 Peter, contrasted the hopelessly corrupt present world with the ideal purity of God's planned future world. How was the new righteous order to be brought into being?
Definition
Through God's direct and violent intervention (417)
Term
What can't we see without having an apocalyptic experience?
Definition
Realities of the spirit world (417)
Term
Revelation belongs to the apocalyptic tradition, which is commonly regarded as an outgrowth of what movement?
Definition
The prophetic movement in ancient Israel (417)