Shared Flashcard Set

Details

NCIDQ
Construction Drawings
131
Architecture
07/14/2010

Additional Architecture Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
What is one of the most important parts of contract documents?
Definition
Construction drawings
Term
Construction drawings:
Definition
Describe in detail the extent of work & the location, dimensions, & relationship of various construction elements
Term
How are construction drawings typically organized for a small residential project?
Definition
Floor plan, finish schedule, & some interior elevations on the first sheet in the set of drawings
Term
What is the more common way of organizing construction drawings for a larger project?
Definition
Individual drawing elements may be shown on separate sheets as part of the set of drawings
Term
What is the typical sequential order of construction drawings
Definition
Title, floor plans, reflected ceiling plans, elevations, details,mechanical drawings, electrical drawings, fire protection drawings, structural drawings, schedules
Term
What is found on the title & index sheet?
Definition
Large title & sometimes graphics identifying project, index to set of drawings, list of standard abbreviations & symbols used on job, project data required by dept (sq ftg, occupancy, category, building type), notes that apply to entire job
Term
Where is the title/index info typically found on a smaller project?
Definition
On floor plan or 1st sheet of set
Term
Larger projects could have several floor plans of the same area. What particular type of info would they be showing?
Definition
demolition plans, constructin plans, finish plans, telephone & power plans, furniture plans
Term
Details:
Definition
Contail construction elements such as wall types, doors, glazing, ceilings, millwork, stairways, flooring, & other special construction
Term
If a project is competitively bid what is the importance of detail drawings?
Definition
Must be very complete & fully descrive the extent of work so the client will get valid cost quote
Term
Detail drawings for smaller negotiated contract jobs where majority of details are standard:
Definition
May be fewer details because some of the final decisions may be made during construction
Term
Who often provides the mechanical drawings?
Definition
Engineers (if consulted on the project)
Term
What kind of info do mechanical drawings show?
Definition
Necessary info about HVAC & plumbing systems
Term
Who privides the electrical drawings?
Definition
An Electrical engineer
Term
When are electrical drawings necessary?
Definition
For new or revised power & lighting circuity & specialty wiring such as fire alarms, communications systems, & security systems
Term
How can light fixture & switch locations be shown for residential projects?
Definition
schematically
Term
What kind of information should the electric contractor show?
Definition
Correct gauge & wire & circuits systems properly & according to local codes
Term
When are fire protection drawings required?
Definition
If a sprinkler system is required for commercial construction. Given by a mechanical engineer
Term
When are structural drawings required?
Definition
If work is being performed that requires services of a structural engineer
Term
Where are schedules generally located?
Definition
On the sheet where they most logically apply
Term
Construction plan:
Definition
Views seen as though the buildig were cut horizontally about 4" above the floor with the top section removed
Term
What does a construction plan show?
Definition
the building configuration - walls, dimensions, existing construction to remain, references to elevations, details drawn elsewhere, room names *& #s if used), floor material indications, millwork, plumbing fixtures, built-in fixtures, stairs, special equipment, notes as required to explain items on plan
Term
What scales is the construction plan generally drawn in
Definition
1/8" or 1/4" or 1/2" for complex areas
Term
Demolition plan:
Definition
shows which existing construction to remain & which to be removed
Term
How are minor partitions to be removed shown on a demolition plan?
Definition
with dashed lines
Term
Power & Telephone Plan:
Definition
Shows the location of electrical outlets, phone outlets, other signal systems like the location of computer terminals & intercommunication systems.
Term
What kind of information would the electrical engineer provide on a power/telephone plan?
Definition
electrical circuiting, conduit size, & other technical info
Term
What would the power/telephone plan show that's provided by the interior designer?
Definition
Only location of outlets
Term
If the designer doesn't provide a power plan what information will the electrical engineer fill in?
Definition
locations for outlets, phone jax, security systems, fire alarm devices
Term
Finish Schedule:
Definition
Lists in tabular format each room & types & specific finishes for floor, base,walls, & sometimes ceilling
Term
Finish Plan
Definition
Used when there are several finish types on each wall & other complex finish configurations
Each finish is given a code #-listed in legend specifying the exact manufactureer, catalog #, & color
Term
Furniture Plan:
Definition
Shows the location of each piece of furniture on the floor plan with corresponding code to identify piece
Term
Why can a furniture plan be useful?
Definition
to itemize furniture for pricing & ordering & can show installers where to place furniture
Term
What other plan can the furniture plan sometimes be doubled with?
Definition
The power/phone plan since the outlet locations are related to location of furniture
Term
Site Plan:
Definition
View of building as seen from directly above showing the roof of the building as well as surrounding yards, walks, driveways, & other features wi/property line
*usually shows streets & property immediately adjacent to site
Term
Reflected ceiling plan:
Definition
Shows view of ceiling as though reflected onto mirror on the floor
Term
What does a reflected ceiling plan show?
Definition
partitions that extend through ceiling, ceiling material, building grid lines (if used), notes calling out ceiling heights, change in ceiling heights, locations of all lights )including exit lights), sprinkler heads, air diffusers & vents, access panels, speakers, & other items that is part of (or touches) plane of ceiling
Term
why are dimensions included on a reflected ceiling plan?
Definition
To precisely locate elements that can't reasonably be inferred by relationship to something else
Ex: position of downlighting gypsum wall board ceiling - dimension to its center point
Term
Elevations:
Definition
Drawing showing a vertical surface seen from a pint of view perpendicular to the surface
Term
Since an elevation is a straight on view, you will get no what?
Definition
Distortion
Term
What happens if a curved/angled surface is included on an elevation?
Definition
They are projected onto a flat plane of elevation drawing
Term
What type of information should an elevation relay/show?
Definition
configuration of surface, vertical dimensions, openings in walls, built-in items, materials & finishes on a wall, location of switches, thermostats, & other wall mounted equipment
*Can include horizontal dimensions that wouldn't fit on the floor plan
Term
How can you indicate references to other sections & details ?
Definition
With section cut lines?
Term
What are the common scales used for an elevation drawing?
Definition
1/4" or 1/2" (for more complex)
Term
Section:
Definition
A drawing showing what a part of construction would look like if you cut straigh through it.
Term
Why is a section drawing useful?
Definition
It shows the relationship between materials
Term
How can a section be cut?
Definition
Horizontally as with the plan, or vertically to show partition construction for example
Term
What is a section cut perpendicular to?
Definition
the plane of construction that will be exposed in detail
Term
More clearly defining section vs. detail:
Definition
majority of details are section cuts through small portins of construction. A section is used on architectural drawings to refer to sections through entire buildings
Term
Are all details sections?
Definition
No, can be very large scale plan view, isometric view, or large scale partial elevation
Term
What are details meant to show?
Definition
the manner in which assembly of several parts are organized & connected
Term
What scale are details generally drawn in?
Definition
1", 1 1/2" ,or 3"
Term
Schedules:
Definition
Show information in tabular format with rows & columns of data
Term
Benefits of schedules:
Definition
Efficient way to communicate large amount of complex info in a small space
Term
What are some common schedules:
Definition
Room finish, door, kitchen equipment, millwork, hardware
Term
What kinds of consultants could work on a project:
Definition
architectural design, structural design, fire protection, food service, security systems, acoustics, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer
Term
Who's primarily responsible for the overall drawing coordination?
Definition
One design professional. The person who will coordinate the team is determined in the client contract
Term
If the designer is responsible for retaining the services of other consultants, what are they also responsible for?
Definition
directing & coordinating their work so the final set of construction documents represent a complete set of coordinated info
Term
In a design firm, who is typically given the job of coordinating consultant's drawings?
Definition
The project manager but in smaller jobs/firms the designer may take on the task
Term
What are ways to accomplish coordinating during the design & production of contract documents?
Definition
1)schedule regular meetings-exchange info & alert everyone of progress 2)Progreess prints should be exchanged between designer//consultants for ongoing comparison of work being produced 3)Whoever is directing job is responsible for notifying all consultants, in writing of changes made as they occur 4) Have thorough method of checking/coordinating entire dwg set before issue bidding or negotiation of construction contract
Term
Reference systems:
Definition
Used to refer someone looking @ drawings from 1 element to another, standard graphic symbols are used. They direct someone to the correct, related drawing
Term
What is needed to make reference systems work?
Definition
each dwg element mush have a unique #
Term
What is a drawing number usually a combination of?
Definition
sequential # starting w/ 1 on each seperate sheet, & # on which the drawing element occurs
Term
Section Mark:
Definition
used to indicate where a section is cut through a portion of construction (can be used vertically or horizontally on plan, elevations, or other sections). It shows that dwg shows view that is 90 degrees to plane in which mark is made.
Term
Elevation Reference Mark:
Definition
Placed on floor plan to indicate that an elevation of the wall drawn somewhere in the set
Term
what are drawing numbers always combined with?
Definition
the title of the drawing
Term
Detail reference mark:
Definition
shows that a detail of the portion circled is drawn. It indicates that the detail is drawn in the same plane of circled portion of plan ranther than being 90 degrees to the cut line
Term
Is a detail drawn in the same scale as a plan?
Definition
No it is drawn @ a larger scale . Remember the symbol acts like a magnifying glass
Term
What does a rectangular symbol with rounded corner indicated?
Definition
An enlarged floor plan of the area highlighted.
Term
Drawing symbols
Definition
Efficiently communicate various types of graphic information
Term
What do common drawing symbols indicate?
Definition
materials, architectural featurs, electrical items, & misc. drawing features
Term
Millwork:
Definition
Construction components that are primarily built of wood & manufactured in a shop
Term
What are some examples of millwork items?
Definition
cabinets, book shelves, paneling, custom doors
Term
Finished carpentry:
Definition
woodwork done on job site
Term
Examples of finished carpentry:
Definition
wood base, door trim, wall moldings, hand rail
Term
Modular casework:
Definition
prefabricated cabinets that are selected from manufacturer's standard product line.
Term
Why doesn't the designer have to draw details for modular casework?
Definition
because construction is set by the manufacturer
Term
Architectural Cabinets:
Definition
Base cabinets, upper cabinets, open-front storage units, etc.
Term
What should be noted on millwork drawings when built-in equipment like appliances is planned?
Definition
The size & clearance required
Term
What are the two types of paneling?
Definition
1)Stile & rail, 2)Flush
Term
Stile & rail paneling:
Definition
Traditional type of paneling composed of vertical pieces (stiles) and horizontal pieces (rails) enclosing a paneled area.
Term
Flush paneling:
Definition
Has flat, smooth surface with edges butted together or joined with a reveal or batten strip
Term
How are panels installed?
Definition
Cleats or Z clips are attached to the wall & a corresponding cleat or clip is attached to the back of the paneling. The panel is then lifted into place.
Term
Standing Trim:
Definition
item of fixed length such as a door or window casing that can be installed with a single length of wood
Term
Running trim:
Definition
Item of continuing length such as baseboard, hair rail, or cornice
Term
How is standing & running trim generally fabricated & installed?
Definition
usually custom fabricated in a mill shop & installed on the job site
Term
Wood molding:
Definition
Comes in standard profiles & sizes, ordered by # & installed as finish carpentry item rather than millwork item
Term
What is the advantage of standing & running trim:
Definition
It can be custom fabricated in almost any profile & dimension needed & any wood species. When an unusual profile is needed, the mill shop custom cuts a die uesed to plane down the wood stock to desired size & profile
Term
What is the disadvantage to wood molding?
Definition
It is only available in a few wood species & limited to standard profiles
Term
What are some specialty items to be detailed & constructed?
Definition
tables, desks, fabric wrapped panels, built in shelving, furnture, bars, display cases, & counters
Term
What material besides wood can be incorporated into specialty millwork construction?
Definition
metal, tile, glass, leather, and fabric
Term
What should construction drawings show?
Definition
technically correct ways of meeting the functinal requirements of the design: constructing partitions, building architectural woodwork, distributing electricity, providing safe finishes, & satisfying many other concerns
Term
What drafting concerns must be addressed for construction drawings?
Definition
sheet size to use, makeup of the title block, & how individual sheets are organized
Term
What does drawing sheet size depend on?
Definition
the typical size of the office's projects, the filing systems used, the capabilities of reproduction & plotting equipment, & client requirements . Goal is to draw a floor plan on one sheet wo/dividing plan into sections
Term
What 3 systems could standard drawing sheet sizes be based on?
Definition
architectural, ANSI, & ISO. Each size given letter designation
Term
What drawing sheet size system does the federal government require projects to use?
Definition
The ANSI sizes
Term
What info should title blocks contain?
Definition
info specific to each sheet, such as sheet #, sheet name, revision dates. Could contain general notes & keynoting info. Space for professional stamps.
Term
Keynote:
Definition
note placed in title block or elsewhere on drawing sheet w/ an identifying # that is used in the field of the drawing itself. Instead of mkaing lengthy note next to item it annotates, uses a # that refers to list of keynotes. Keynote # can be coordinated w/ specification #s
Term
Where are title blocks usually placed?
Definition
along the full length of the right side of the sheet. Info placed way sheet is normall viewed, or widthwise
Term
Where can you find guidelines for sheet organization?
Definition
Uniform Drawing System of the Construction Specification Institute
Term
Borderlines:
Definition
used on drawings to confine the actual drawing wi/a set area. Originally needed to allow for imperfections in reproducing drawings from originals
Term
What do borderlines account for today?
Definition
fact that most plotters can't plot to the exact edges of paper.
Term
Borderline sizing:
Definition
righ, top, & bottom edges are 1/2" or 3/4" wide & left, binding edge is about 1 1/2"wide
Term
What does the exact size of the module depend on?
Definition
office standards, size of drawing sheet, & home much of sheet is allotted for the borderline width & the title block. Each module usually 6" square
Term
Layering:
Definition
placing particular info ono separate layers (or levels) in CAD. Allows info to be shown or hidden so that several drawings can be developed from 1 computer file of info
Term
Structural drawings:
Definition
framing plans, major structural sections, detail sections, & connection details
Term
Interior designers role w/structural dwgs:
Definition
Based on info from structural engineer, designer incorporates the exact sizes of structural members in the interior design details, to coordinate construction details & make sure that sufficient space provided for construction, clearances, tolerances, & finishes
Term
What structurally is generally shown on interior design dwgs?
Definition
only overall outline of structural walls & framing. Elevations for tops of beams, structural walls, & floors are shown
Term
Mechanical & plumbing dwgs:
Definition
locations of mechanical equipment; layout of ductwork, pipes, fixtures, & other major components; plumbing isometrics; details of mechanical room layouts;details, such as ductwork connections & pipe support; & equipment schedules
Term
When are mechanical & plumbing items shown on interior design dwgs?
Definition
where they interface w/other construction
Term
Electrical dwgs:
Definition
power plans, lighting plans, telecommunication plans, signal & security systems, 1-line diagrs, & transformer, equipment, & fixture schedules
Term
what type of info should electrical dwgs contain?
Definition
exact circuiting of lighting & power outlets, including # & sizes of conductors in each conduit, sizes of conduits & home runs to panel boxes
Term
Home run:
Definition
graphic indication (using arrowhead & # of circuits) that the line on the dwg connecting lights or outlets is connected to particular circuit breakers in a particular electrical panel box
Term
what elements of electrical dwgs shown on interior design dwgs?
Definition
those needed for coordination
Term
Code review & permitting process:
Definition
designer's plans & specifications are submitted to the local buildig department & reviewed, a permit is issued, & inspections are performed during the construction of the project
Term
Whe must the designer work with the local building department during design of project?
Definition
when there are unusual aspects of project taht aren't clearly defined by the buidling code or when alternate designs or materials are being proposed
Term
When designer presents proposed design w/ specific questions, what guidance can building department give?
Definition
opinions on likely requirements designer's plans must meet to be acceptable to building department when formally submitted
Term
Who is required to submit documents (completed dwgs & specifications) to the local building department?
Definition
The contractor. BUT in some cases, building owner or registerd design professional may submit permit application, submittal usually done by licensed contractor
Term
Authority having jurisdiction (AHJ):
Definition
refers to local building department
Term
What happens after plans submitted to AHJ?
Definition
documents reviewd by 1 or more plan examiners. Local fire marshal may also review plans. If found to be acceptable they are stamped & 1 set issued back to contractor, who must keep copy @ job site
Term
Who is responsible for making sure project design complies w/all codes & regulations?
Definition
interior designer
Term
When will AHJ issue building permit?
Definition
after all requirements met. must be displayed @ job site. Only then can construction begin
Term
Why does AHJ make on site inspections as construction proceeds?
Definition
to ensure that project being built according to code requirements of construction documents & complies w/ applicable building code. Made @ specific times during construction
Term
What are some of the different types of inspections made?
Definition
plumbing, mechanical, & electrical, & final inspection. Contractor responsible for calling for inspections @ appropriate times to not delay work
Term
When should framing inspection be done?
Definition
before both sides of partitions are covered & verifies that partitions are built correct. Rough electrical & rough plumbing inspections can also be done to confirm work inside partitions correctly performed
Term
When are mechanical inspections done?
Definition
when equipment roughed in
Term
When are wallboard inspections done?
Definition
after all wallboard is up, but before finishing, to verify that all walls & fire-rated partitions are constructed correctly
Term
What does the final inspection look at:
Definition
finishes, final electrical, & final plumbing. Items such as glazing, handrails, door installation, & other elements goverened by code also inspected
Term
What happens after final inspection made?
Definition
certificate of occupancy (CO) issued by AHJ. Sometimes called a letter of occupancy or a use & occupancy letter -allows client to occupy space
Term
Temporary certificate of occupancy:
Definition
allows clients to occupy a portion of space while remainder is completed. Will only issue if there is no danger w/ partial occupancy
Term
Appeal proccess:
Definition
formal process which a request made in writing stating reasons designer feels proposed design meets the intent of code