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Nail Disorders
Chapter 10
20
Cosmetology
03/18/2012

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Cards

Term
Beau's lines
Definition
visible depressions running across the width of the natural nail plate; usually a result of a major illness of injury that has traumatized the body
Term
Bruised nails
Definition
Darkish purplish spots; usually due to physical injury
Term
Discolored nails
Definition
Nails turned variety of colors may indicate surface staining, a systematic disorder, or poor blood circulation
Term
Eggshell nails
Definition
Noticeably thin nails, white plate, more flexible than normal and can curve over the free edge
Term
Hangnail
Definition
Living skin around the nail plate (eponychium) becomes split or torn
Term
Leukonychia spots
Definition
Also known as white spots; whitish discoloration of the nail; usually caused by minor injury to the nail matrix; not related to the body's health or vitamin deficiencies
Term
Melanonychia
Definition
Darkening of the fingernails or toenails; may be seen as a black band within the nail plate, extending from the base to the free edge
Term
Nail psoriasis
Definition
Nail surface splitting roughness, onycholysis, and bed discoloration
Term
Nail pterygium
Definition
Abnormal stretching of the skin around the nail plate; usually caused by serious injury, such as burns, or an adverse skin reaction
Term
Onychopagy
Definition
Also known as bitten nails; chewed nails or chewed hardened skin surrounding the nail plate
Term
Onychorrhexis
Definition
Split or brittle nails that have a series of legnthwise ridges giving a rough appearance to the surface of the nail plate
Term
Pincer nail
Definition
Also known as trumpet nail; increased crosswise curvature around the nail plate caused by an increased curvature of the matrix; the edges of the nail plate may curl around to form the shape of a trumpet or sharp cone at the free edge
Term
Plicatured nail
Definition
Also known as a folded nail; a type of highlly curved nail plate, usually caused by injury to the matrix, but may be inherited
Term
Ridges
Definition
Vertical lines running the legnth of the natural nail plate that are caused by uneven growth of the nails, usually the result of normal aging
Term
Splinter hemorraghes
Definition
Physical trauma or injury to the nail bed that damages the capillaries and allows small amounts of blood flow
Term
2 ways that you can help a client with a nail disorder are:
Definition
Either refer them to a physician OR perform cosmetic services if the condition is cosmetic and not medical
Term
Visible signs that a client may have a nail condition are
Definition
Infection, inflammation, and broken or swollen nail unit
Term
Nail fungi are of concern to the salon because
Definition
They are contagious and can br transmitted through contaminated implements.
Term
True or False: Fungi can spread from nail to nail on the clients hands, but the pathogens are much less likely to cause infection in the toenails.
Definition
False: Fungi is much more likely to spread to the clients feet because the dark moist conditions inside shoes are more favorable for growth and reproduction.
Term
In the past, discoloration of the nail plate was often confused with mold. Usually the discoloration is due to
Definition
A bacterial infection such as Psuedomonas aeruginosa or Staphylococcus aureus.