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Music Test 2
MIddle ages, Renaissance Period, Baroque Period & Opera
44
Music
02/16/2012

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Term
Importance of the Catholic Church
Definition
-only source of church
-divine office (everyday worship)
-mass (worship service)
-Patronage service (church number one)
Term
Pope Gregory
Definition
-credited for having system of music for church organization anc chant notation
Term
Characteristics of Gregorian Chant
Definition
-plainsong, plain chant
-sung both in mass and divine office
-monophony
-sung in Latin
-flexible rhythm and tempo w/o meter
-unmeasured, free flowing rhythm
-no major/minorkey system
Term
proper mass
Definition
text is changed according to church
Term
orginary mass
Definition
Kyrie-Gloria-Credo-Sanctus
Agnuus Dei
Term
Liturgy of Music
Definition
music in literature of Catholic Church service
Term
Two kinds of mass
Definition
proper mass and orginary mass
Term
melisma (melismatic)
Definition
a series of notes are assigned to one syllable of text
Term
syllabic
Definition
one note for each syllable
Term
what was the early polyphonic texture
Definition
organum
Term
organum
Definition
drone-like held chant melody in bottom voice, added line to top movign with shorter note
Term
Hildegard of Bingen
Definition
-best known female composer
Term
characteristics of Secular Music
Definition
-played by improvisation, and passed by oral tradition
-non-religious music, using vernacular
Term
Vernacular
Definition
everyday language of a particular region
Term
Troubadors
Definition
poet-musicians
Term
Minstrel
Definition
started out as traveling musician/entertainers/typically instrumentalists attached to a court
Term
status of woman in the middle ages
Definition
not allowed to participate in services, but active in convent
Term
general characteristics of Renaissance Music
Definition
-'known' composers, credit
-concept of composition
-vocal music was more important than instrumental music
Term
Josquin des Prez
Definition
-the most influential figure
-composed both sacred and secular music
Term
characteristics of Renaissance vocal music
Definition
-music-making in home--aristocratic entertainment, for amateur performance
Term
Cantus firmus
Definition
music based on Gregonian chant melodies
Term
Imitation
Definition
when one voice is presented and hten restated immediately by another voice
Term
Counterpoint
Definition
-note against note
-the compositional procedure, pratice of combining melodically independent parts
Term
contrapuntal style
Definition
polyphonic texture
Term
a cappella
Definition
singing without instruments
Term
Martin Luther
Definition
-father of both reformation and protestant congregational singing
Term
strophic form
Definition
musical form in which multiple stanzas of text are set to the same melody
Term
Lutheran Chorale
Definition
-a hymn designed for congregational singing
Term
characteristics of madrigal
Definition
-a peice for multiple voice parts set to secular poem
-sung in vernacular
composed in th 16th and early 17th century
Term
word painting
Definition
musical representation of specific poetic images, often found in Renaissance and Baroque music, stragedy used to highlight meaning in text
Term
Renaissance instrumental music
Definition
-indended for dancing, mostly improvisded
Term
Lute
Definition
the most popular instrument, transcribed from vocal or dance music
Term
Aure
Definition
solo vocal songs with lute accompaniment
Term
general characteristics of Baroque music
Definition
-representation of clear emotion states, drastic changes of mood
-sudden changes in dynamic level, no gradual change
Term
continuity of rhythm
Definition
beat is far more emphasized and steady tempo
Term
monody
Definition
-one melody
-mono+melody+instr. music
Term
Claudio Monteverdi
Definition
-composed madrigal and operas
-the 1st composer of opera production
-introduced opera as a major art form
Term
Henry Purcell
Definition
-first English composer of his day
-served as an organist of Westminster Abbey
Term
castrato
Definition
male singer whose role is woman on stage
Term
opera
Definition
major innovation in muscial genre, involves music, acting, poetry, dance, and costume
Term
recitative
Definition
combination of singing and speech, flexible rhythm following inflection of the text
Term
aria
Definition
accompanied lyrical style singing, melodic and expressive
Term
libretto
Definition
the text to be sung in an opera
Term
chorus
Definition
group of singers, homophonic texture to understand words, less text to emphasize certian mood or work