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Music Appreciation Unit 1
Music Appreciation Unit 1
40
Music
05/07/2008

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Term
Cadence
Definition
Progression of chords leading to a feeling of repose at the end of a phrase; a musical punctuation mark.
Term
Chord
Definition
Combination of three or more tones sounded at the same time.
Term
Consonance
Definition
Stable combination of tones; points of rest.
Term
Dissonance
Definition
Unstable combination of tones; tension demanding onward motion.
Term
Dominant
Definition
Triad built on the fifth step of the scale.
Term
Dynamics
Definition
Degrees of loudness and softness in music; intensity of sound.
Term
Harmony
Definition
How chords are constructed and follow each other.
Term
Interval
Definition
Distance in pitch between any two notes.
Term
Melody
Definition
Series of single tones that add up to a recognizable whole; musical sentence.
Term
Meter
Definition
Organization of beats into regular groupings; time signature.
Term
Modulation
Definition
Shifting from one key to another within a musical composition.
Term
Phrase
Definition
Part of a melody.
Term
Pitch
Definition
Relative highness or lowness of sound; frequency of vibrations.
Term
Rhythm
Definition
Particular arrangement of note lengths in a piece of music; ordered flow of music through time.
Term
Sequence
Definition
Repetition of a melodic pattern at a higher or lower pitch.
Term
Syncopation
Definition
Placing an accent in music where it would not be normally expected.
Term
Tempo
Definition
Speed of a beat.
Term
Theme
Definition
Melody that serves as the starting point for a more extended piece of music.
Term
Timbre
Definition
Tone color; quality of sound.
Term
Tonic
Definition
Chord built on the first step of the scale; central key around which a musical composition is organized.
Term
Identify instrument as strings, woodwinds, brass, or percussion:

Trumpet
Definition
Brass
Term
Identify instrument as strings, woodwinds, brass, or percussion:

Saxophone
Definition
Woodwinds
Term
Identify instrument as strings, woodwinds, brass, or percussion:

Cello
Definition
Strings
Term
Identify instrument as strings, woodwinds, brass, or percussion:

English Horn
Definition
Woodwinds
Term
Identify instrument as strings, woodwinds, brass, or percussion:

Vibraphone
Definition
Percussion
Term
Identify instrument as strings, woodwinds, brass, or percussion:

Trombone
Definition
Brass
Term
Identify instrument as strings, woodwinds, brass, or percussion:

Violin
Definition
Strings
Term
Identify instrument as strings, woodwinds, brass, or percussion:

Oboe
Definition
Woodwinds
Term
Identify instrument as strings, woodwinds, brass, or percussion:

Timpani
Definition
Percussion
Term
Identify instrument as strings, woodwinds, brass, or percussion:

Bassoon
Definition
Woodwinds
Term
Allegro
Definition
Tempo marking for fast.
Term
Andante
Definition
Tempo marking for moderately slow; a walking pace.
Term
Arpeggio
Definition
Sounding the individual tones of a chord one after another, instead of together; broken chord.
Term
Crescendo
Definition
Gradual increase in loudness.
Term
Homophonic
Definition
Texture in which one main melody predominates over a subordinate chordal accompaniment.
Term
Legato
Definition
Smooth, connected style of playing or singing a melody.
Term
Monophonic
Definition
Texture of a single melodic line without accompaniment.
Term
Pizzicato
Definition
Plucking the strings of a string instrument instead of using a bow.
Term
Polyphonic
Definition
Texture in which two or more melodies of equal interest are performed at the same time.
Term
Staccato
Definition
Short, detached style of playing or singing a melody.