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Muscle Anatomy Review
Anatomy, Pathophysology & Disease Processes for Transcription School
87
Medical
09/01/2010

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Cards

Term
Posture
Definition
To Maintain Sitting Position
Term
Body Temperature Maintenance
Definition
When muscles contract and produce heat
Term
Cardiac Muscle
Definition
Muscles found only in the heart
Term
Stabilization of Joints
Definition
Allow for smooth movement when bending or twisting joints
Term
Skeletal Muscles
Definition
Primary muscles allowing voluntary movement of the body.
Term
Smooth Muscles
Definition
Muscles lining the walls of internal organs.
Term
Origin
Definition
The less movable attachment of a muscle.
Term
Insertion
Definition
The more movable attachment of a muscle.
Term
Direct (fleshy) Attachments
Definition
Short Strands of connective
tissue that make muscles appear as if they are directly connected to the bone.
Term
Indirect Attachment
Definition
Long Strands of connective tissue extending beyond the muscle.
Term
Tendon
Definition
A rope-like structure that binds muscles to bone.
Term
Aponeurosis
Definition
A flat tissue sheet that connects muscle to the bone.
Term
Peristalsis
Definition
Process of propelling substances through hollow visceral organs
Term
Smooth Muscles
Definition
Muscles without striations
Term
Mentalis
Definition
Location: Face
Term
Flexor Carpi Ulnaris
Definition
Location: Arm
Term
Gluteus Maximus
Definition
Location: Torso
Term
Buccinator
Definition
Location: Face
Term
Sternocleidomastoid
Definition
Location: Neck
Term
Occipitalis
Definition
Location: Face
Term
Temporalis
Definition
Location: Face
Term
Biceps
Definition
Location: Arm
Term
Latissimus Dorsi
Definition
Location: Back
Term
Orbicularis Oris
Definition
Location: Face
Term
Anconeus
Definition
Location: Arm
Term
Palmaris Longus
Definition
Location: Arm
Term
Trapezius
Definition
Location: Neck
Term
Splenius Capitis
Definition
Location: Face
Term
Platysma
Definition
Location: Neck
Term
Digastric
Definition
Location: Neck
Term
Brachioradialis
Definition
Location: Arm
Term
Supinator
Definition
Location: Arm
Term
Corrugator
Definition
Location: Face
Term
Teres Major
Definition
Location: Back
Term
Peroneus Longus
Definition
Location: Leg
Term
Gracilis
Definition
Location: Leg
Term
Nasalis
Definition
Location: Face
Term
Lateral Malleolus
Definition
Location: Leg
Term
Brachialis
Definition
Location: Arm
Term
Labii Inferioris
Definition
Location: Face
Term
Medial Pterygoid
Definition
Location: Face
Term
Adductor Magnus
Definition
Location: Leg
Term
Soleus
Definition
Location: Leg
Term
Masseter
Definition
Location: Face
Term
Serratus Anterior
Definition
Location: Torso
Term
Omohyoid
Definition
Location: Neck
Term
Pronator Teres
Definition
Location: Arm
Term
Tensor Fasciae Latae
Definition
Location: Leg
Term
Iliopsoas
Definition
Location: Leg
Term
Greater Zygomatic
Definition
Location: Face
Term
Anterior Tibial
Definition
Location: Leg
Term
Greater Trochanter
Definition
Location: Leg
Term
Supraspinatus
Definition
Location: Back
Term
Depressor Anguli Oris
Definition
Location: Face
Term
External Oblique
Definition
Location: Torso
Term
Extensor Digiti Minimi
Definition
Location: Arm
Term
Lumbar Aponeurosis
Definition
Location: Back
Term
Iliocostalis Dorsi
Definition
Location: Back
Term
Gastrocnemius
Definition
Location: Leg
Term
Pronator Teres
Definition
The forearm muscle that pronates the hand.
Term
Biceps
Definition
A muscle that has two heads.
Term
Mentalis
Definition
The muscle that makes pouting possible.
Term
Gluteus Maximus
Definition
The major muscle of the rear end.
Term
Extensor Digiti Minimi
Definition
A long narrow muscle that assists in extending the wrist and little finger.
Term
Extensor Hallucis Longus
Definition
The long muscle responsible for movement of the big toe.
Term
Lumbar Aponeurosis
Definition
Previously called the dorso lumbar fascia.
Term
Rhomboideus
Definition
Shaped like a rhomboid.
Term
Deltoid
Definition
The major superficial muscle of the shoulder.
Term
Lateral and Medial Pterygoid
Definition
Muscles responsible for chewing, located on the mandible.
Term
Lateral Malleolus
Definition
Bony prominence on the side of the ankle joint.
Term
Levator Labii Superioris
Definition
The muscle above the lip that is responible for lifting the lip.
Term
Triceps
Definition
A muscle with three heads.
Term
External Obilque
Definition
Abdominal Muscle.
Term
Orbicularis Oris
Definition
Muscle Surrounding the Mouth.
Term
Archilles Tendon
Definition
Tendon named for a Greek hero.
Term
Greater Trochanter
Definition
Process on the outer thigh to which several muscles are attached.
Term
Superlateral
Definition
Above and to the side.
Term
Semimembranosus
Definition
Muscle of the back of the leg.
Term
Proprioception
Definition
The term for perception of the stimuli.
Term
Flexor Carpi Radialis
Definition
the muscle that extends diagonally across the forearm and inserts onto the base of the second and third metacarpal bones.
Term
Gracilis
Definition
This is the most superficial of the medial thigh muscles.
Term
Biceps Femoris
Definition
This muscle can extend, laterally rotate, and adduct the thigh, as well as flex the knee.
Term
Gluteus Medius
Definition
Not the largest or the smallest of the gluteal muscles.
Term
Brevis
Definition
Term meaning short.
Term
Musculoskeletal System
Definition
The system to which muscles belong.
Term
Posteroanterior
Definition
From back to front.
Term
Occipitalis
Definition
A muscle of the skull.