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Mr. Sanders
Exam Review#1
51
History
10/10/2007

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Cards

Term
The Duke of Baltimore established the colony of Maryland for what purpose?
Definition
To be a safe haven for pursecuted catholics
Term
Where were German settlements in the colonies was especially heavy?
Definition
Pennsylvania
Term
What imperial power originally settled in the Hudson River Valley?
Definition
Holland
Term
Who were the unfortunate group of unvlountary immigrants who ranked below indentured servants on the American social scale?
Definition
single woman
Term
Why was Roger Williams banished from Massachusettes Bay Colony in 1636?
Definition
For advocating the separation of church and state
Term
Which of these occurred first?
Definition

a. Bacon's Rebellion
b. Glorious Revolution in England
c. War of Spanish Succession
d. Formation of the New England Confederation
e. French and Indian War

Term
What group of people arrived in Jamestown and were auctioned off for 120lbs of tobacco, then $80?
Definition

Poor women who agreed to become brides

Term
Who were the Indian people who first encountered the pilgrim colonists?
Definition
Wampanoags
Term
At the beginning of the 17th century, what is one factor that did not serve to increase the English role in America?
Definition
Population growth
Term
What best describes the Virginia Colony?
Definition
Captian John Smith was chosen to lead the Virginia Colony during its early years
Term
In the early Colonial period, what described a separatist?
Definition
a person who wished to break away from the impure Church of England
Term
The Navigation acts were which part of the British policy?
Definition
mercantilism
Term
Who was not associated with the Massachusetts Bay Colony?
Definition
John Smith
Term
What colonial power was exercised the least amount of control over commercial and political practices in its colonies?
Definition
The Netherlands
Term
What is the least important factor behind European exploration and settlement in the 16th Century?
Definition
population increase
Term
The trial of Peter Zenger in New York has often been considered an important step in the development of what?
Definition
freedom of the press
Term
The puritans believed that the freedom to practice religion should be extended to what?
Definition
Puritans only
Term
What satement about Africans brought as slaves to the Bristish North American colonies is true?
Definition
They maintained cultural practices brought from Africa
Term
A primary weapon used by colonial legislatures in their conflict with royal governors was what?
Definition
using their power of taxation to withhold the governor's salary
Term
What settlement, founded in the early 1600s, was the most important for the future United States?
Definition
Jamestown
Term
Definition
Term
Why did puritan immigraiton from England come to a near halt between the years 1649 and 1660?
Definition

the puritans controlled the English government

Term
What coloy required each community of 50 or more families to provide a teacher for reading and writing?
Definition
Massachusetts
Term
How were the French, Spanish and English colonies similar>
Definition
they were an extension of mercantilism
Term
What best describes the way Europeans treated the Native Americans in the 1500s and 1600s?
Definition
Native Americans were regarded as inferioir people subject to christian domination
Term
What has not been advanced as an explanation for the development of slavery in colonial America?
Definition
Black slavery as an example
Term
Before the first English settlements in New England, what were the Indians in the region devastated by?
Definition

disease epidemics caused by contact with english fisherman

Term
Where di the French immigrants to the new world tend to inhabit?
Definition
Canada
Term
What is not true of life in colonial America?
Definition
women had the same legal rights of men
Term
The delay in founding English settlements in the Americas was a result of what?
Definition
religious upheavals in England
Term
What can the survival of the Jamestown colony be most directly attributed to?
Definition

the development of the tobacco industry

Term
What document encouraged church membership in the Massachusetts Bay colony?
Definition
the half-way covenant
Term
What was the primary source of livelihood for most colonial Americans?
Definition

agriculture

Term
Why did religious toleration develop by th end of the colonial period?
Definition
because no church was strong enough to gain dominance
Term
What were the two best-established denominations?
Definition
Anglicans and congregationalists
Term
What events sparked the collapse of the Dominion of New England?
Definition

the glorious revolution in England

Term
What colonies had more ethnic diversity than either New England or the Southern Colonies?
Definition
New York, Pennsylvania and Delaware
Term
What was the chief significance of the great awakening?
Definition
that it was the first genuine movement of the American colonies
Term
What colony was established as a buffer against the Spanish colonies and to give the poor and unfortunate a chance for a new start in life?
Definition
Georgia
Term
Mercantilism refers to an economic policy that emphasizes what?
Definition
establishing colonies and a favorable balance of trade for the mother country.
Term
In what colonies did an established church NOT exist in?
Definition
Pennsylvanis and Rhode Island
Term
Compared with the Plymouth colony, what was the Massachusetts Bay Colony?
Definition

larger and more prosperous economically

Term
What is one reason that the Massachusetts Bay colony was not a true democracy?
Definition
only church members could vote for governor and the general court
Term
What did King Philip's war represent?
Definition
the last major Indian effort to halt New Englander's encroachment on their lands
Term
What did the passage of British restrictions encourage colonial merchants to do?
Definition
find ways to smuggle and otherwise evade the law by trading with other countries
Term
colonial taverns served as importants function centers for what?
Definition
news and political opinion
Term
Why is the Mayflower Compact significant in the history of political thought?
Definition
because in it, the people agreed to be bound by the will of the majority
Term

What was the group of people who immigrated to 17th century New England

Definition
puritans
Term
What religion had the most influence upon the daily life of the colonists of the 17th century?
Definition
the puritans in Massachusetts
Term
What was the primary reason the Dutch settled New Netherland?
Definition
to expand their commercial and mercantile network
Term
Definition