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Mod B Unit 3
Understanding Medication
88
Health Care
04/15/2013

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Cards

Term
administer
Definition
to give medication to a patient
Term
adverse reactions
Definition
undesirable and unexpected effects of medications that may be harmful
Term
aerosols
Definition
drug suspensions administered in a mist
Term
average dose
Definition
amount of medication proven to ba effective with minimal side effects for an adult
Term
booster dose
Definition
medication given to increase chances for long term immunity, as with immunizations
Term
buccal tablet
Definition
tablet that dissolves when placed between the cheek and gum
Term
caplet
Definition
rod-shaped, compressed powdered drug form
Term
capsule
Definition
rod-shaped, two-part gelatin container used as a vessel for powdered medications
Term
contraindications
Definition
factors that indicate a medication should not be prescribed because potential risks outweigh potential benefits
Term
controlled substances
Definition
drugs that have a potential for abuse, misuse, and addiction
Term
cream
Definition
semisolid mixture of medications in a water-soluble base for external use
Term
cumulative dose
Definition
total amount of medication in the body after repeated doses; medication that accumulates in the body over time
Term
curative drug
Definition
drug that heals from disease or cures from infection
Term
DEA number
Definition
number applied for and provided by the drug enforcement administration that allows practitioners to prescribe scheduled drugs
Term
diagnostic drug
Definition
drug that assists with deagnosing a disease during a procedure, such as radiopaque dye with x-rays.
Term
dispense
Definition
to deliver a medication into the patients possession after it has been prepared
Term
divided dose
Definition
total amount of medication that is administered in separate instances
Term
drug
Definition
medicne; any substance that produces a physical or chemical change in the body
Term
DEA
Definition
agency responsible for enforcing the controlled substances act; regulates the sale and use of controlled drugs
Term
elixirs
Definition
solutions containing alcohol, water, sugar, and a drug or combination of drugs
Term
emulsion
Definition
substance suspended in a oil-based liquid that must be shaken before use
Term
enteric-coated tablet
Definition
tablet with a special coating that dissolves in the small intestine
Term
FDA
Definition
federal agency responsible for setting standars for the purity, strength, and composition of all drug, food, and cosmetic products
Term
gel cap
Definition
vessel made of a gelatinous substance to hold liquid medication
Term
immunization
Definition
protection against a disease by artificial active immunity
Term
initial dose
Definition
first dose of medication administered
Term
inscription
Definition
section of a prescription where the name and amount of the medication are entered
Term
layered tablet
Definition
tablet containing two or more ingredients layered to dissolve and be absorbed at different times
Term
lethal dose
Definition
amount of medication that proves deadly to a patient
Term
liniments
Definition
oil, water, alcohol, or soap-based medications intended to be rubbed into the skin
Term
local
Definition
primarily affecting the area where the medication is placed
Term
lotions
Definition
water-based preparations containing medications to soothe the skin
Term
lozenge
Definition
hare, candy-like tablet that dissoves in the mouth and releases medication
Term
maintenance dose
Definition
amount of medication needed by the body to maintain its desired effect
Term
maximum dose
Definition
largest amount of medication that can be prescribed to be effective without causing an advers effect
Term
minimum dose
Definition
smallest amount of medication that can be prescribed to be effective in treatment
Term
nomogram
Definition
chart that shows the relationship of body surface area to height and weight in calculating drug dosage, usually for a child or an infant, but may be used with adults
Term
ointment
Definition
semisolid mixture of medications that has an oil based for external use
Term
OTC drugs
Definition
medications that are sold without a prescription
Term
parenteral
Definition
route for medication fiven under the skin or other than the digestive tract
Term
percutaneous
Definition
route for medication fiven through the skin
Term
pharmacodynamics
Definition
the study of what happens to a drug from the time it enters the body until it leaves
Term
pharmacokinetics
Definition
the study of what happens to a drug from the time it enters the body until it leaves
Term
pharmacology
Definition
the study of drugs and how they affect the body
Term
powders
Definition
medications that have been fround into powder form
Term
prescribe
Definition
to indicate a medication to be given to a patient verbally or in writing
Term
prescription
Definition
legal document written by a licensed health care provider to a pharmacist for the dispensing of a drug
Term
prophylactic drug
Definition
medication that lessens or prevents the effects of a disease
Term
replacement drug
Definition
medication that replaces substances normally found in the body
Term
scored tablet
Definition
tablet with indentations across the middle that allow it to be broken in half
Term
side effects
Definition
unwanted action of drugs that may be expected
Term
sig, signature
Definition
section of a prescription that provides directions for the patient
Term
solutes
Definition
particles of medication in a liquid base
Term
solution
Definition
liquid with dissolved substances
Term
spansule
Definition
capsule that contains time-released beads of medication
Term
sublingual tablet
Definition
tablet that dissolves when place under the tongue
Term
subscription
Definition
section of a prescription that provides directions to the pharmacist for filling the prescription with the symbol Rx, meaning to take or recipe
Term
syrup
Definition
solution of sugar, water, and dissolved drugs
Term
systemic
Definition
absorption of medication with its effects working throughout the body
Term
tablet
Definition
compressed powered medication
Term
therapeutic drug
Definition
medication that restores the body to its presympton state
Term
tinctures
Definition
liquid medications mixed with an alcohol base
Term
topical
Definition
route for medication applied to the skin or mucous membranes
Term
toxic dose
Definition
amount of medication that brings about the signs and symptoms of toxicity
Term
toxicity
Definition
harmful effects of drugs on the body
Term
transdermal patch
Definition
medicated disk applied to and absorbed through the skin
Term
troches
Definition
lozenges
Term
unit dose
Definition
premeasured amount of medication individually packaged, usually in a single dose
Term
vaccine
Definition
medication used to prevent disease
Term
vaccine information statements (VIS)
Definition
information sheets produced by the (CDC)Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that explain the vaccine recipients, their parents, or their legal quardian both the benefits and risks of a vaccine. Required by federal low to be supplied whenever certain vaccinations are given
Term
Seven Rights
Definition
1. Right patient
2. Right Drug
3. Right Dose
4. Right Route
5. Right time
6. Right Technique
7. Right Documentation
Term
p.r.n
Definition
as needed
Term
q.i.d.
Definition
four times a day
Term
SubQ
Definition
subqutaneous
Term
stat
Definition
immediately
Term
SL
Definition
sublingual
Term
s
Definition
without
Term
Rx
Definition
prescription
Term
t.i.d.
Definition
three times a day
Term
USP
Definition
United States Pharmacopeia
Term
p.c.
Definition
after meals
Term
IV
Definition
intravenous
Term
IM
Definition
Intramuscular
Term
c
Definition
with
Term
b.i.d.
Definition
twice a day
Term
ad lib
Definition
freely
Term
po
Definition
by mouth
Term
a.c.
Definition
before meals