Shared Flashcard Set

Details

Mod 2
Quizes
30
Medical
02/15/2011

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Cards

Term
You are assessing a 72yr old man with abdominal pain. The patient is sitting in a chair; he is concious, alert, and calm. As you are talking to the patient, your partner discreetly directs your attention to a handgun, which is located on a nearby table. You should:
Definition
Position yourself in between the patient and the gun ask your partner to request law enforcement assisstance.
Term
The most effective way to determine whether your patient's problem is medical or traumatic in origin is to:
Definition
Perform a careful and thorough assessment.
Term
During an EMS call, you should take standard precautions.
Definition
Upon exiting the ambulance, but before actual patient contact.
Term
You have responded to the scene of a car accident and are currently assessing your patient's level of consciousness. Her short term memory is most likely intact if she correctly answers the question?
Definition
What happened
Term
Supplemental oxygen via nonrebreathing mask should be administered to patients:
Definition
With difficulty breathing and adequate tidal volume.
Term
During the primary assessment, circulation is evaluated by assessing:
Definition
Pulse quality, external bleeded, and skin
Term
What part of the patient assessment process focuses on obtaining additional information about the patient's chief complaint and any medical problems he or she may have?
Definition
History taking
Term
The goal of the full-body scan that is performed during the secondary assessment is to:
Definition
Locate injuries not found in the primary assessment.
Term
You respond to the scene of a motor vehicle collision. Upon arrival, you find the driver a young female, sitting on the curb. She is confused, is in obvious respirtatory distress, and has pale, moist skin. As your partner manually stabilizes her head, you perform a primary assessment. After performing any immediate lifesaving treatment, you should
Definition
Perform a rapid scan of her entire body and prepare for immediate transport.
Term
In the mnemonic OPQRST the best question to ask related to timing is:
Definition
Has the pain been constant or does it come and go
Term
Which of the following statements regarding normal gas exchange in the lungs is correct?
Definition
Oxygen and carbon dioxide diffuse across the alveolar walls and capillaries
Term
Hypoxia is the MOST accurately defined as?
Definition
Inadequate oxygen to the tissues and cells
Term
A ventilation/perfusion VQ ratio mismatch occurs when:
Definition
A disruption in the blood flow inhibits the exchange of oxygen and carbon diooxide in the lungs, even though the alveoli are filled with fresh oxygen.
Term
You respond to the home of an unconcious female lying supine with snoring respirations. The most likely cause of the her airway compromise is
Definition
The relaxation of her tongue into the back of her throat.
Term
You have inserted an oral airway and are ventilating an apneic woman with a bag-mask device. She suddenly begins regurgiating large amounts of vomit. You should:
Definition
Roll her onto her side and remove the oral airway
Term
Prior to applying a nonrebreathing mask on a patient, you must ensure that the:
Definition
Reservoir bag is fully inflated
Term
What occurs when a patient is breathing very rapidly and shallowly?
Definition
Air moves primarily in the anatomic dead space and does not participate in pulmonary gas exchange.
Term
You and your partner are treating a 66yr old man who experienced a sudden onset of respiratory distress. He is conscious but is unable to follow simple verbal commands. Further assessment reveals that his breathing is severely labored and his oxygen saturation is 80%. You should:
Definition
Assist his ventilations with a bag mask device.
Term
Which of the following statements regarding the one-person bag mask device techinque is correct?
Definition
Adequate tidal volume is often difficult to achieve when on emt is operating the bag mask device.
Term
The lear-shaped structure located superior to the larynx is called the?
Definition
Epiglottis
Term
You and your partner arrive at the side of a 60yr woman who suddenly collasped about 7 minutes ago. She is unresponsive, apneic, and pulseless. You should:
Definition
Perform CPR for about 2 minutes and then apply the AED.
Term
Which of the following statements regarding ventricular fibrillation is MOST correct?
Definition
Survival rates decrease by 7% to 10% for each minute that V-fib persists.
Term
You should deliver chest compressions to an unconsicous adult patient in cardiac arrest.
Definition
Compressing the sternum between the nipples.
Term
The main benefit of using a mechanical piston or load-distributing band device for the chest compressions is?
Definition
The elimination of rescuer fatigue that results from manual compressions.
Term
An Apneic infant or child should be ventilated a maximum of ______ times per minute.
Definition
20
Term
Abdominal thrusts in a conscious child or adult with a severe upper airway obstruction are performed:
Definition
Until he or she loses consciousness.
Term
Which of the following techniques should you use to dislodge a foreign body airway obstruction in a patient who is in an advanced stage of pregnancy or who is very obese?
Definition
Chest thrusts
Term
Basic life support is best defined as:
Definition
Noninvasive emergency care that is used to threat conditions such as airway obstuction, respiratory arrest, and cardiac arrest.
Term
After establishing that an adult patient is unresponsive, you should:
Definition
Open the airway
Term
Several attempts to adequately open a trauma patient's airway with the jaw-thrust?
Definition
Carefully perform the head tilt-chin lift maneuver?