Shared Flashcard Set

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Milady Standard Chrapter 22 and Chapter 23
11th and 12th Grade Facial and Facial Make-up
79
Cosmetology
11/29/2010

Additional Cosmetology Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
skin analysis & consultation
Definition

The preliminary parts of a facial treatment that determines the treatments to be performed are:

Term
contraindications
Definition
The health screening performed prior to a facial treatment is used by the technician to determine any:
Term
referred to a physician
Definition
Clients with obvious skin abnormalities, such as open sores, fever blisters, or abnormal looking signs should be:
Term
in an upward, outward movement
Definition
When removing cleanser from the eye area, it should be removed with damp facial sponges or cotton pads:
Term
visible pores
Definition
When performing a skin analysis with a magnifying lamp, the first thing the technician should look for is the presence or absence of:
Term
alipidic
Definition
If the client is not producing enough sebum, the skin type is characterized as:
Term
dehydrated
Definition
Skin that has small pores & may be flakey or dry with fine lines & wrinkles is characterized as:
Term
large pores
Definition
Oily skin that produces too much sebum may appear shiny or greasy & have:
Term
comedones
Definition
Pores that are clogged from dead cells building up in the follicle may have the appearance of open:
Term
ostium
Definition
The difference between closed & open comedones is the size of the follicle opening or the:
Term
anaerobic
Definition
When the follicle becomes clogged resulting in an infecton of the follicle, it is caused by a type of acne bacteria called:
Term
acne papules
Definition
Red pimples that do not have a pus head are referred to as:
Term
hyperpigmentation
Definition
A skin condition caused by sun exposure or hormone imbalances resulting in dark blotches of color in areas of the skin is:
Term
rosacea
Definition
A chronic hereditary disorder indicated by constant or frequent facial blushing is:
Term
cleansing milk
Definition
A non-foaming cleansing product that is designed to cleanse dry & sensitive skin is:
Term
detergents
Definition
Cleansing products that foam and rinse off easily generally contain surfactants also known as:
Term
toners
Definition
Skin products designed to lower the pH of skin after cleansing & remove excess cleansing product are fresheners, astringents, or:
Term
removing excess dead cells
Definition
Exfoliant products are used on skin surfaces to make the skin look smoother by:
Term
stratum corneum
Definition
Cosmetology professionals are only allowed to use products that remove surface dead cells from the:
Term
alpha hydroxy acid
Definition
A gentle chemical exfoliation acid that helps dissolve the bonds and intercellular cement between cells is:
Term
peel
Definition
A salon-type of alpha hydroxy acid exfoliant that contains a concentration of 20 to 30% acid is referred to as:
Term
keratolytic
Definition
A chemical exfoliant that works by dissolving keratin protein in the surface skin cells is known as an enzyme peel or:
Term
gommage
Definition
An enzyme cream-type skin peel that forms a crust and is rolled off the skin is a:
Term
hydrators
Definition
Moisturizers that increase the water content of the skin's surface witha a product that is water-binding are known as:
Term
emollient
Definition
A fatty or oily ingredient used to block moisture from leaving the skin is a(n):
Term
UVB sun rays
Definition
Clients should be advised to use sunscreens that protect against both UVA &:
Term
serums
Definition
Highly concentrated skin products are applied under a moisturizer or sunscreen are:
Term
massage creams
Definition
Lubricants applied to the face to make the skin slippery during a treatment are:
Term
clay based
Definition
Soothing masks that have antibacterial ingredients & are helpful for acne-prone skin are:
Term
cream masks
Definition
Masks that do not dry the skin and often contain oils and emollients as well as humectants are:
Term
treatment cream
Definition
Paraffin used as a mask has no skin benefit unless mixed with a:
Term
modelage mask
Definition
A plaster-like mask that, when mixed with water, causes a chemical reaction is known as a:
Term
gauze
Definition
A thin, open-meshed, woven cotton fabric is used in the penetration of the mask application is:
Term
massage
Definition
The term used to describe the manual or mechanical manipulation of the body is:
Term
anatomy & physiology
Definition
To master massage techniques, the cosmetologist should have a basic working knowledge of:
Term
toward its origin
Definition
The direction of movement in massage techniques should always be from the insertion of the muscle:
Term
effleurage
Definition
The massage that is a light continuous stroking movement with the fingers in a slow rhythmic manner is:
Term
circulation and glandular activity of the skin
Definition
The deep rubbing of friction massage movements on the skin has been known to have a significant effect on the:
Term
tapotement
Definition
The most stimulating type of massage that should be performed using extreme care and discretion is:
Term
motor point
Definition
The point on the skin over the muscle where pressure and stimulation will cause contraction of the muscle is referred to as the:
Term
follicle accumulations
Definition
A significant benefit of a facial steamer that heats and produces steam is that the steam produced will soften & relax: 
Term
fairly thick layer of cleanser or moisturizer
Definition
When using the brushing machine to perform an exfoliation, the skin should be treated with a:
Term
noninflamed skin
Definition
The skin suction & cold spray machine is used to increase circulation & should be used only on nonsensitive or:
Term
electrotherapy
Definition
The use of electric currents to treat the skin is a form of:
Term
desincrustation
Definition
The process of softening & emulsifying hardened sebum stuck in the follicles is called:
Term
iontophoresis
Definition
Water-soluble products are penetrated into the skin using galvanic current & a process called:
Term
microcurrent
Definition
A galvanonic treatment using a computerized device to tone skin & produce a lifting effect on aging skin is: 
Term
aromatherapy
Definition
The therapeutic use of essential oils to enhance a person's physical & emotional well-being is:
Term
proper home care
Definition
After the first treatment, every new client should be provided with a thourough consultation that consists of salon treatment programs, education, &:
Term
foundation
Definition
A base makeup that is used to cover or even out the coloring of skin is:
Term
liquid
Definition
Foundation bases are available in stick, cream, mineral powder, &:
Term
lakes
Definition
Naturally derived pigments or color agents added to foundations to provide color are:
Term
water-based
Definition
The recommended foundation for light coverage on oily to combination skin is:
Term
cream foundations
Definition
Foundations that provide a heavier base coverage for dry skin are:
Term
disposable makeup sponge
Definition
Foundation should be blended using:
Term
pigment
Definition
Concealers that are used to hide dark circles or imperfections contain talc or:
Term
binding agents
Definition
To keep pressed powder in a cake form, it is usually blended with:
Term
blush
Definition
A makeup product primarily used to add a natural glow to the cheek or face area is:
Term
lighter
Definition
Generally, a dark shade of eyecolor makes the natural color of the iris appear:
Term
base color
Definition
Color applied over the eye area to even out skin tones & provide a smooth surface for the blending of other colors is:
Term
contour color
Definition
A color in any finish that deepens & darkens the skin tone & minimize a specific area is:
Term
on the inner rim of the eyes
Definition
To avoid infection in the tear duct or permenent pigmentation of the mucus membrane lining, eyepencils should never be used:
Term
mascara
Definition
A cosmetic preparation used to darken, define, & thicken eyelashes is:
Term
ferrule pointing downward
Definition
To clean professional makeup brushes, a gentle shampoo or brush solvent is used & the brush is placed into running water with the:
Term
secondary colors
Definition
Colors obtained by mixing equal parts of two primary colors are:
Term
eye color & skin color
Definition
3 main factors to consider when choosing color for a client are the clients hair color:
Term
Definition
Term
cool colors
Definition
Colors that are dominant by blues, greens, violets, & blue reds are classified as:
Term
neutral skin tones
Definition
Skin tones that contain equal amounts of warm & cool colors are:
Term
copper, plum, & mauve
Definition
Complimentary colors for green eyes are brown-based reds which include:
Term
natural light
Definition
The best type of lighting for color selection in the salon consultation area is:
Term
outward & downward motion
Definition
Foundation application should start at the center of the face & blend with:
Term
minimizes a feature
Definition
A basic rule of makeup application is that highlighting emphasizes a feature & shadowing:
Term
top of eyebrow to end of nose
Definition
The 2nd portion of an oval shaped face is measured from the:
Term
square-shaped face
Definition
The facial shape composed of comparitively straight lines, a wide forehead, a square jaw is the:
Term
oblong shaped face
Definition
the long, narrow facial shape with greater length & proportion to its width is the:
Term
down the center of the nose, ending at the tip
Definition
To minimize a short, flat nose a lighter foundation is applied:
Term
translucent powder
Definition
To set foundation & prevent transfer to clothing, use:
Term
iris of the eye upward
Definition
In eyebrow arching, the highest part of an eyebrow arch should be from the outer circle to the: