Shared Flashcard Set

Details

Milady Chapter 26 Pedicure
Vocab Flash Cards
40
Cosmetology
08/23/2010

Additional Cosmetology Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
abrasive nail file
Definition
Thin, elongated board with a rough surface used to file the free edge of the nails.
Term
abrasive scrubs
Definition
Slightly abrasive products containing softening agents or oils to penetrate dry, flaky skin and callus that need to be smoothed during a pedicure.
Term
callus softener
Definition
Helps soften and smooth calluses, especially on heels and over pressure points.
Term
curette
Definition
Small, spoon-shaped instrument used for cleaning debris from the edges of nail plate.
Term
cuticle removers
Definition
Products designed to soften cuticles for removal from the nail plate.
Term
exfoliating scrubs
Definition
Preparations used to remove dry or scaly skin on the feet and legs.
Term
eponychium
Definition
Living skin at the base of the nail plate covering the matrix area.
Term
foot files or paddles
Definition
Large abrasive files used to smooth and reduce thicker areas of calluses.
Term
foot lotion, oil, or cream
Definition
Products used to condition and moisturize the feet, also used to performing a foot massage.
Term
foot soaks
Definition
Products containing gentle soaps, moisturizers, and so on, that are used in a pedicure bath to cleanse and soften the skin.
Term
friction movement
Definition
Firm pressure applied to the bottom of the foot using thumb compression to work from side to side and toward the heel.
Term
hand movements
Definition
Movements used in therapeutic massage.
Term
hyponychium
Definition
The slightly thickened layer of skin that lies beneath the free edge of the nail plate.
Term
liquid soap
Definition
Used in pedicuring, contains a mild detergent for cleansing the feet.
Term
masque
Definition
Usually composed of mineral clays, moisturizing agents, skin softeners, aromatherapy oils, and beneficial extracts.
Term
massage oils
Definition
Blend of oils used to lubricate, moisturize, and invigorate the skin during a massage.
Term
massage preparations
Definition
Oils, creams, and lotions used to lubricate, moisturize, and invigorate the skin.
Term
nail rasp
Definition
Metal file with an edge that can file the nail plate in only one direction.
Term
nail plate
Definition
Hardened keratin plate covering the nail bed.
Term
nippers
Definition
Instrument used for manicures and pedicures to trim tags of dead skin.
Term
paraffin bath
Definition
Used to stimulate circulation and to reduce inflammation and promote circulation to the affected joints.
Term
pedicure
Definition
Standard service performed by cosmetologists that includes care and massage of feet and trimming, shaping, and polishing toenails.
Term
pedicure slippers
Definition
Disposable paper or foam slippers are needed for those clients who have not worn open-toed shoes.
Term
tapotement or percussion
Definition
Most stimulating massage movement, consisting of short, quick tapping, slapping, and hacking movements.
Term
toe separator
Definition
Foam rubber toe separators or cotton are used to keep toes apart while polishing nails.
Term
toenail clippers
Definition
Professional instruments with curved or straight jaws used for cutting toenails.
Term
effleurage
Definition
Light or hard stroking massage hand movements-- improves circulation to the small, surface blood vessels
Term
petrissage
Definition
Massage compression hand movements, include kneading, squeezing, and friction-- helps increase movement by stretching muscles and tendons.
Term
percussion
Definition
Massage hand movement in which sides of hands strike skin in rapid succession-- improves the circulation.
Term
relaxer movement to the joints of the foot
Definition
1. Rest client's foot on footrest or stool.
2. Grasp the leg just above tha nkle with your left hand. (this braces the client's leg and foot)
3. Use your right hand to hold left foot just beneath the toes and rotate foot in a circular motion.
Term
effleurage on top of foot
Definition
1. Place both thumbs on top of foot at the instep.
2. Move your thumbs in circular movements in opposite directions down the center of the top of the foot.
3. Continuie this movement tot he toes.
4. Keep one hand in contact with foot or let, firmly slide one hand at a time back tot he instep and rotate back down to the toes.
5. Repeat three to five times.
Term
effleurage on heel
Definition
1. Use circular hand movements in opposite directions.
2. Start at base of the toes and move fro the ball of the foot to the heel, roatating your thumbs in opposite directions.
3. Slide hands back to the top of the foot.
Term
Disinfectants
Definition
NEVER use in foot bath with the client's feet!
Term
effleurage movement on toes
Definition
1. Start with the little toes. thumb on top, index finger on the bottom.
2. Hold each toe and rotate with the thumb.
3. Start at the base of the toe and work toward the end of the toes.
4. Repeat three to five times.
Term
joint movement for toes
Definition
1. Start with the little toe and move each toe in a figure eight.
2. Repeat 3 to 5 times.
2.
Term
thumb compression or friction movement
Definition
Stimulates the blood flow and increases circulation
1. Make a fist with your fingers, keeping your thumb out.
2. Apply firm pressure with your thumb, and move your fist up the heel toward the ball of the foot.
3. Work from the left side of the foot and back down the right side toward the heel.
4. As you massage over the bottom of the foot, check for any nodules or bumps. If you find a bump (nodule) be very gentle because the area may be very tender.
Term
Metatarsal scissors
Definition
Promotes flexibility, and stimulates circulation.
1. Place your fingers on top of the foot along the metatarsal bones with your thumb underneath the foot.
2. Knead up and down along each bone by raising your thumb and lower fingers to apply pressure.
Term
Fist twist compression
Definition
Helps stimulate circulation.
1. Place your left hand on top of the foot and make a fist with your right hand.
2. our left hand will apply pressure while your right hand twists around the bottom of the foot.
Term
effleurage on instep
Definition
1. Place your fingers at the ball of the foot.
2. MOve your fingers in the circular movement in opposite directions.
3. Massage to the end of each toe, gently squeezing the tip of each toe.
Term
percussion or tapotement movement
Definition
1. Use fingertips to perform percussion or tapotement movements to lightly tap over the entire foot to complete a massage.