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Midterms Eng. Vocab Units 1-6
Midterms Eng. Vocab
120
English
01/18/2009

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Term
approbation
Definition

(n) the expession of approval or favorable opinion, praise; official approval

Term
assuage
Definition
(v.) to make easier or milder, relieve; to quiet, calm, to put an end to, appease, satisfy, quench
Term
coalition
Definition
(n) a combination, union, or merger for some specific purpose
Term
decadence
Definition
(n) decline, decay, or deterioration; a condition or period of time of decline or decay; excessive self indulgement
Term
elicit
Definition
(v) to draw forth, bring out from some source (sunch as another person)
Term
expostulate
Definition
(v) to attempt to dissuade someone from some course of action by earnest reasoning
Term
hackneyed
Definition
(adj) used so often as to lack freshness or originality
Term
hiatus
Definition
(n) a gap, opening or break (in the sense of having something missing) short rest
Term
innuendo
Definition
(n) a hint, indirect suggestion or reference (often in a derogotory sense)
Term
intercede
Definition
(v) to plea on the half or someone else; to serve as a third party or go between in an arguement
Term
jaded
Definition
(adj) wearied, worn out, dulled
Term
lurid
Definition
(adj) causing shock , horror, or revulsion; sensational; pale or sallow in color; terrible or passionate in intensity or lack of restraint
Term
petulant
Definition
(adj) peevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated and upset
Term
meritorious
Definition
(adj) worthy of merit or reward; deserving recognition and praise
Term
perogative
Definition
(n) perk or special right
Term
provincial
Definition
(adj) pertaining to an outlying area; local; narroe in mind or outlook, contrified in the sense of being limited backward; of simple, plain design that originated in the country side; (n) a person with a norrow point of view or outlook; a person from an outlying area; a soldier from a colony
Term
simulate
Definition
(v) to make a pretnse or, imitate, to show the outer signs of somthing
Term
transcend
Definition
(v) to rise above or beyond, exceed
Term
umbrage
Definition
(n) shade cast by trees; foliage giving shade; overshadowing influence or power; offense, resentment; a vague suspision
Term
ungtuous
Definition
(adj) excessively smoot or smug; trying to too hard to give an impression of earnestness, sincerity, or piety; fatty, oily; pliable
Term
abominate
Definition
(v) to have an extreme dislike or hatred toward somthing; loath, abhor, despise, detest
Term
acculturation
Definition
(n) the modification of social patterns; blending of cultures; traits or structures of one group of people
Term
adventitious
Definition
(adj) resulting from chance rather than from inherent cause or character; accidental, incidental, fortuitous
Term
adventitious
Definition
(adj) resulting from chance rather than from inherent cause or character; accidental, incidental, fortuitous
Term
ascribe
Definition
(v) to assign or refer to; attribut, impute or credit
Term
circuitous
Definition
(adj) roundabout, not direct, indirect, meandering, winding
Term
commiserate
Definition
to sympathize with, have pitty or sorrow for, share feelings of distress; empathize
Term
enjoin
Definition
(v) to direct or order, to prescribe a course of action in an authoritative way; to prohibit, bid, charge, command adjure
Term
expedite
Definition
(v) to make eay; cause progress faster; accelertate, facilitate, make faster
Term
expiate
Definition
(v) to make ammends; make up for; to avert; redeem, atone, make reparation
Term
ferment
Definition
(n) state of great excitement, agitation or turbulence (v) to be in or work into such a state; tp be produced by alcholol; (n) turmoil, unrest
Term
inadvertant
Definition
(adj) resulting from or marked by a lack of atention; unitentional, accidental, unconsidered
Term
nominal
Definition
(adj) existing in name only; not real; to small to be considered or taken seriously; titular, token, trifilg, inconsequential
Term
noncommittal
Definition
(adj) nondecisive or definite; unwilling to tke a clear position; or to say yes or no; cagey, uninformitive, playing it safe, playing close to the vest
Term
puculate
Definition
(v) to steal somthing that has been given into ones trust; to take improperly for ones own use; embezzle, defraud, misappropiate
Term
proclivity
Definition
(n) natural or habitiual inclitation or tendancy; natural, bent, penchant, propensity
Term
sangfroid
Definition
(n) composure and coolness (especially in trying situations) poise, self assurance, equanimity
Term
seditious
Definition
(adj) resistant to lawful authority, having the purpose of overlfowing an established government; mutinous; rebelious, subersive
Term
tenuous
Definition
(adj) thin, slender, not dense; lacking clarity or sharpness; of sligh importance or significiance; lacking a sound base, poorly supported, flimsy, insubstancial, vague, hazy
Term
vitriolic
Definition
(adj) bitter sarcasti; highly caustic or biting, withering, acerbic, mordant
Term
wheedle
Definition
(v) use coaxking or flattery to gain some desired end; cajole, inveigh, sweet-talk
Term
ameliorate
Definition
(v) to improve make better, correct a flaw or short-coming; amend
Term
aplomb
Definition
(n) poise assurance, great self-confidence; perpindicularity; composure, levelheadedness
Term
bombastinc
Definition
(adj) pompous or overblown in language; full of high sounding words to conceal a lack of ideas; inflated, pretentious
Term
callow
Definition
(adj) inexperienced, immature, green, raw, unfinished, not fully developed
Term
drivel
Definition
(n) salive flowing from the mouth; foolish aimless talk or thinking; (v) drool, utter nonsense
Term
epitome
Definition
(n) example of, summary, model, highest quality
Term
exhort
Definition
(V) to urge strongly, advise earnestly; implore, entreat, adjure
Term
ex offico
Definition
(adj) by virtue of holding office or authority
Term
infringe
Definition
(v) violate, trespass, go beyond recognized bounds, encroach, impinge
Term
ingratiate
Definition
(v) make oneslef agreeable and gain favor or acceptance; cozy up to, curry favor with
Term
interloper
Definition
intruder, one who goes where he or she is not wanted or has no right to be, meddler or buttinsky
Term
intristic
Definition
(adj) belonging to someone or somthing by its naturel inherent; originating in an organ or part; immanent
Term
inveigh
Definition
(v) to make a violent attack in words, express strong dissaproval; rail, harangue, fulminate, remonstrate
Term
lassitude
Definition
(n) weariness of body ot mind; lack of energy, lethargy, torpor, languor
Term
millenium
Definition
period of 1000 years, period of great joy
Term
occult
Definition
(adj) mysterious, magical, supernatural, secret, hidden from view, not dteactable; (v) hide conceal eclipse; (n) matters of the supernatural; esoteric, abtrus, arcane
Term
permeate
Definition
(v) to sreap through, penetrate, soak through
Term
precipitate
Definition
(v) fall as moisture, bring about suddenly (adj) charachterized by excessive haste (n) moisture; product of a process
Term
stringent
Definition
strict, severe; ungernt, binding, compelling; tough, stern, imperitive
Term
surmise
Definition
(v) think or believe without cetain evidence; (n) belife based without definate proof; infer gather, inference, presumption
Term
amnesty
Definition
(n) general pardon for an offense againt a government; forgiveness or absolution
Term
autonomy
Definition
(n) self government, political control
Term
axiomatic
Definition
(adj) self evident, expressing univerally accepted priciple or rule
Term
blazon
Definition
(v) to adorn or embellish; to diplay conspocuously, proclaim widely
Term
caveat
Definition
(n) warning or caution to prevent misunderstanding or discourage behavior
Term
equitable
Definition
(adj) fair, just, showing prociples of justice
Term
extricate
Definition
(v) to free from entanglements or difficulties; to remove with effort
Term
filch
Definition
(v)to steal in a sneaky way in petty amounts
Term
flout
Definition
(v) to mock, treat with contempt
Term
fractious
Definition
(adj) tending to be troublesome; unruly, quarrelsome, contrary, unpredictable
Term
precept
Definition
(n) rule of conduct or action
Term
salutary
Definition
(adj) benificial, helpful, healthful, wholesome
Term
scathing
Definition
(adj) bitterly severe, withering, causing great harm
Term
scourge
Definition
(v) to whip or punish severely; (n) a cause or suffering; source of sever punishment or critisism
Term
sepuchral
Definition
(adj) funereal, typical of the tomb, gloomy or dismal
Term
soporific
Definition
(adj) tending to cause sleep; relating to sleepiness or lethargy; (n) somthing that induces sleep
Term
straitlaced
Definition
(adj) extremely strict in regard to moral standards and conduct; prudish, puritanical
Term
transient
Definition
(adj) lasting only a short time, fleeting (n) one who stays only a short time
Term
unwieldy
Definition
(adj) not easily carried, handled or manages because of size and complexity
Term
vapid
Definition
(adj) dull, uninteresting, tiresome, lacing in sharpness, flavor, liveliness, or force
Term
affable
Definition
(adj) pleasant, curteous, agreeable, cordial, amicable, easy to talk to
Term
aggrandize
Definition
(v) to increase in greatness power or wealth; intensify, to amplify
Term
amorphous
Definition
(adj) shapless, formless, unconstructured, nebulous, inchoate
Term
contraband
Definition
(adj) illegal traffic, smuggled goods, bootleg, somthing probited or illicit
Term
erudiate
Definition
(adj) scholarly, well-educated, learned, bookish, well-read
Term
gossamer
Definition
(adj) thin, light, sheer, airy, feather like, delicate, light cloth or gauze
Term
infer
Definition
(v) to find out by reasoning, to hint, to suggest, to presume, to insinuate
Term
inscrutable
Definition
(adj) impossible of being understood, incomprehensable, impossible to see through
Term
insular
Definition
(adj) narrow minded, provincial, relating to, stubborn, thick headed
Term
irrevocable
Definition
(adj) irreversable, incapable of being changed, set in stone, concrete
Term
propensity
Definition
(n) natural incliantion, natural bend, proclivity, leaning towards
Term
guerulous
Definition
(adj) petulant, peevish, cranky, complaining. ornery, annoying
Term
remonstrate
Definition
(v) to argue, protest, dispute, epostualate, plead, or beg with someone against somthing
Term
repudiate
Definition
(v) to disown, to reject, to deny
Term
resilient
Definition
(adj) able to return to orginal state, springy, elastic like, bouncy, unwilling to change, difficult to alter
Term
reverberate
Definition
(v) to echo, re-echo, resound, to reflect repeatedly, to happen over again
Term
scurrilous
Definition
(adj) coarsly abusive, vulgar, or low in language, filthy, obscene, rough in speech
Term
sedulous
Definition
(adj) persistent, showing determintation, tireless, resilient, not easily dissuaded
Term
sleazy
Definition
(adj) thin or cheap in texture, cheap, cheesy, inferior, slimy, sneaky or untrustworthy
Term
anomalous
Definition
(adj) abnormal, irregular, departing from the usual, unlike the norm, unique, one of a kind
Term
aspersion
Definition
(n) a damaging or derogartory statement; the act of slandering or defaming someone or something
Term
bizarre
Definition
(adj) extrely strange, unusual, atypical, unique, anomalous
Term
brusque
Definition
(adj) blunt, abrupt, with no formalities, to the point, not politically correct
Term
cajole
Definition
(v) to coax, persuade throug hflattery or artiface, to decieve with soothing thoughts or false promises, hoodwink or trick by making false promises
Term
castigate
Definition
(v) to punish severely; critisize severly
Term
contrive
Definition
(v) to plane with ingenuity, invent, to bring about as a result of a scheme or plan, conspire
Term
demagugue
Definition
(n) a leader who exploits popular prejudices and false claims in order to gain power
Term
disabuse
Definition
(v) to free from deception or error, set right in ideas or thinking, to fix or repair flaws
Term
ennui
Definition
(n) weariness and dissatisfication from a lack or interst, boredom
Term
fetter
Definition
(n) a chain or shackle placed on the feet, any sort of confining or restrictions used to bind (v) to chain or shackle; to render elpless or impotent
Term
heinous
Definition
(adj) hateful, very wicked, evil, offensive, grotesque (as in a grotesque crime)
Term
immutable
Definition
(adj) not subject o change, irrevocable, constant, sucure
Term
insurgent
Definition
(n) one who rebels or rises against authority or government; (adj) rising in revolt, refusing to accept authority, surging or rushing on
Term
megalomania
Definition
(n) a delusion marked a fakse sense of power, wealth, or talent; one who has such delusions
Term
sinecure
Definition
(n) a position requiring very little work, and easy job
Term
surreptitious
Definition
(adj) stealthy, secret, intended to escape observation; made or accomplished by fraud
Term
transgress
Definition
(v) to go beyond a limit or law; to sin or break a law
Term
transmute
Definition
(v) to change from one nature, form, or substance ro another; transform
Term
vicarious
Definition
(adj) performed, suffered, or (adj) otherwise experienced by one person in the place of another