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Medical Transcription F&P
Chapter 16: Pathology
44
Medical
06/22/2009

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Term
ADIPOCERE
Definition
A waxy substance that forms in a dead body after prolonged immersion.
Term
ANATOMIC PATHOLOGY
Definition
Concerned with the gross and microscopic chances brought about in living human tissues by disease.
Term
BENIGN
Definition
Not malignant or recurrent.
Term
CARCINOMA
Definition
A malignant tumor arising from epithelial cells.
Term
CLINICAL PATHOLOGY
Definition
Refers to the laboratory examination of bodily fluids and waste products such as blood, spinal fluid, urine, and feces.
Term
CYTOLOGY
Definition
Study of cells that have been detached from a surface for microscopic study, such as a Pap smear.
Term
DIENER
Definition
The morgue attendant.
Term
FIXATIVE
Definition
A fluid used to arrest the process of decomposition that begins almost at once in devitalized tissue, to kill bacteria and fungi in or on the specimen, and to begin hardening the tissue to facilitate preparation for microscopic study.
Term
FORENSIC PATHOLOGY
Definition
Involves the application of clinical and anatomical pathology to certain issues in civil and criminal law.
Term
GROSS DESCRIPTION
Definition
The pathologist's findings after examining a specimen with the naked eye.
Term
H&E
Definition
Hematoxylin and eosin, the most commonly used stain for microscopic analysis.
Term
HISTOLOGY
Definition
The division of anatomy concerned with the microscopic study of tissues.
Term
LIVOR MORTIS
Definition
A purplish discoloration of the skin due to engorgement of capillaries that occurs shortly after death.
Term
MALIGNANT
Definition
Tending to become worse; having the properties of anaplasia, invasion, and metastasis. Carcinoma is an example of malignancy.
Term
METASTASIS
Definition
The spread of disease, especially malignant disease, to other sites in the body.
Term
MICROSCOPIC DESCRIPTION
Definition
The pathologist's findings upon examination of a specimen under the microscope.
Term
POST
Definition
Short for postmortem.
Term
RIGOR MORTIS
Definition
Stiffening of the muscles that comes on within a few hours after death and passes off after another few hours.
Term
BELLY BUTTON, NAVEL (LAY)
Definition
Umbilicus.
Term
BLOOD CLOT (LAY)
Definition
Thrombus.
Term
FORMALIN
Definition
The most commonly used fixative. It is a 10% aqueous solution made by bubbling gas through water. It is also known as formaldehyde.
Term
SURGICAL STITCH
Definition
Placement of a suture at a certain place in the specimen to note orientation.
Term
SERIAL SECTIONS
Definition
Sections of tissue samples taken in a certain order (i.e. every 10th slice) to provide a 3-D concept of the tissue.
Term
MORDANT
Definition
A substance applied sometimes to render a tissue chemically more receptive to staining.
Term
DECOLORIZER
Definition
A substance used to remove stain from all parts of the tissue to which it did not chemically bind.
Term
COUNTERSTAIN
Definition
A stain of contrasting color that decolorized tissues typically take up.
Term
POLYCHROME STAIN
Definition
A mixture of two or more coloring agents in one solution. Different tissues uptake different colors out of the one solution.
Term
METACHROMATIC STAIN
Definition
A stain that changes colors on becoming chemically bound to certain tissues.
Term
X35-50
Definition
Scanning power
Term
X100
Definition
Low power
Term
X450-500
Definition
High power
Term
AUTOPSY
Definition
The examination of a body after death, consisting of detailed visual observances of external body tissues and internal organs, and microscopic analyses of the internal organs and structures following tissue dissection. AKA postmortem examination, necropsy, "post".
Term
BIOPSY
Definition
A sample of tissue removed from a living patient and submitted for pathologic examination.
Term
BIOPSY PUNCH
Definition
A cylindrical instrument used to obtain a plug of tissue for examination.
Term
CURETTAGE
Definition
A surgical scraping.
Term
EXCISIONAL BIOPSY
Definition
The surgical removal of an entire tumor, lesion, or diseased organ from a patient.
Term
FINE-NEEDLE ASPIRATION
Definition
A technique used to remove cells by suction from certain structures such as the prostate, subcutaneous lymph nodes and other neck masses, and breast masses.
Term
INCISIONAL BIOPSY
Definition
Refers to the surgical removal of part of a tumor, lesion, or diseased organ for pathologic study.
Term
NEEDLE BIOPSY
Definition
A needle is passed through the skin directly into the organ to be studied, and an inner cutting needle slices and removes a core of tissue.
Term
SHAVE BIOPSY
Definition
A thin layer of skin consisting mostly or entirely of epidermis is removed with a blade held approximately parallel to the surface.
Term
ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
Definition
The study of specimens with an electron microscope.
Term
FROZEN SECTION
Definition
Specimen that is quick-frozen so that it can be examined under the microscope.
Term
PERMANENT SECTION
Definition
Prepared, stained, and fixed specimen that is ready for microscopic examination.
Term
SMEAR
Definition
Material spread thinly over a microscope slide.