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Medical Terms
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90
Anatomy
06/08/2011

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Term
Fissure
Definition
a grove or crack like sore on the skin
Term
infection
Definition
invasion of the body by a pathogenic (disease producing organism)
Term
inflammtion
Definition
a localized response to an injury or destruction of tissue
Term
symptom
Definition
evidence of a disease
Term
syndrome
Definition
a set of signs & symptoms that occur together as part of a specific disease process
Term
diagnosis
Definition
the identification of a disease
Term
prognosis
Definition
the prediction of the probable course & outcome of a disorder
Term
chronic
Definition
condition is of long duration although such diseases are controlled they are rarely cured
Term
acute
Definition
condition has a rapid onset a sever course & a relativly short duration
Term
remission
Definition
the temporary,partial,or complete disapperence of the symptoms of a disease without having acheived a cure
Term
triage
Definition
the medical screening of patients to determine thier relative priority of need and the proper place of treatment
Term
trauma
Definition
injury or wound that might occur by being in an accident
Term
communicable disease
Definition
c condition that is transmitted from one person to another either by direct or by indirect contact with contaminated objects
Term
endemic
Definition
lease serious ex. common cold
Term
epidemic
Definition
sudden outbreak ex. MRSA Swine Flu
Term
pandemic
Definition
serious problem ex. A.I.D.S
Term
epidural anesthesia
Definition
numb lower half for birth
Term
lobectomy
Definition
removal of a portion of the brain
Term
generalized anxiety disorder
Definition
anxiety attacks worry alot
Term
O.C.D
Definition
over compulssive disorder
Term
panic disorder
Definition
panic attacks
Term
crepitation
Definition
grating bone sound
Term
narcolepsy
Definition
sudden sleep spells
Term
myelitis
Definition
inflammtion of the spinal cord
Term
cerebal palsy
Definition
premature pregnancy poor muscle strength
Term
epilepsy
Definition
seizures
Term
seizure
Definition
short time shake seize
Term
barbituites
Definition
barbados island yo go to chill
Term
anesthesia
Definition
medicine before surgery
Term
psychiatrist
Definition
prescribes medicine
Term
psychologist
Definition
PhD can't perscribe medicine therapist
Term
menigitis
Definition
inflammation of the covering of the brain and spine
Term
dementia
Definition
forgetfullness that comess with age
Term
parkinson's disease
Definition
tremors/shaking
Term
cranial hematoma
Definition
blood tumor in the brain
Term
cerebravascular accident
Definition
stroke/ vessel in the brain broke
Term
ankylosic
Definition
loss or absence of moblity in a joint due to a disease
Term
artherosclerosis
Definition
the stiffness in the joints
Term
chomdromalacia
Definition
the abnormal softening of cartilage
Term
chondroma
Definition
a slow-growing benign tumor derived from cartilege cells
Term
hallux vulgas
Definition
bunion
Term
gout
Definition
a type of arthitis characterized by the deposits of uric acid in the joints
Term
spina bifida
Definition
when the spinal cord doesn't close during early pregnancy
Term
rickets
Definition
vitamin d deficency leads to defective bone growth
Term
arthoscopy
Definition
the visual examination of the internal sturcture of joint
Term
M.R.I
Definition
magnetic resonance imaging used to image soft tissue structures like the interior of complex joints
Term
craniectomy
Definition
removal of a portion of the skull
Term
close reduction
Definition
realignment of a bone without surgery
Term
external fixations
Definition
pins inserted into the skin and hooked up on the outside so the bones stay in place
Term
internal fixation
Definition
pins place directly into the bone
Term
fascia
Definition
covering of the muscles
Term
tendon
Definition
band to attach muscle to bone
Term
fibromialgia
Definition
debilatating chronic condition characterized by alot of pain
Term
tenodynia
Definition
pain in tendon
Term
adhesion
Definition
band of fibrous tissues that form together abnormally
Term
atrophy
Definition
weakness or wearing away of body tissues and structure
Term
hernia
Definition
protrusion of a part or structure through the tissues normally surrounding it
Term
sarcopenia
Definition
loss of muscle strength and function that comes with aging
Term
myotonia
Definition
a neuromuscular disorder characterized by the slow relaxation of the muscles after a voluntary contraction
Term
myoclonus
Definition
the sudden involuntary jerking of a muscular or group of muscles
Term
carpel tunnel syndrome
Definition
when tendons pass through the carpel tunnel are chronically over used
Term
ganglion cyst
Definition
harmless fluid filled swelling that occurs most commonly on the outter surface of the wrist
Term
heel spur
Definition
a calcium deposit in the planter fascia near the heel
Term
planter fascitis
Definition
inflammtion of the planter fascia on the sole the foot causing pain
Term
physical therapy
Definition
treatment to prevent disablity or to restore function
Term
eructation
Definition
belching
Term
diverticula
Definition
small pouches or sacs occuring in the lining of the wall of tubular organs such as the colon
Term
diverticulosis
Definition
the presence of a number of diverticula in the colon
Term
ulcertive colitis
Definition
a chronic condition of unknown cause in which repeated episodes of inflammtion in the rectum and large intestine cause ulcers and irritation
Term
vovulus
Definition
the twisting of the intestine on itself that causes obstruction
Term
hemorroids
Definition
occur when cluster of veins muscles and tissues slip near or throguh the anal opening
Term
melena
Definition
black tarry smelly poop
Term
cirrosis
Definition
caused by years of drinkin scar tissue
Term
hepatomegaly
Definition
enlargement of the liver
Term
antacids
Definition
sooth stomach discomfort
Term
astomy
Definition
an artificial opening between an organ and the body surface
Term
gastroduodenostomy
Definition
creating an opening between the stomach and duodneum used to treat stomach cancer or a pylonic volve
Term
cholera
Definition
contaminated water containing bacteria
Term
bowel incontinence
Definition
the inablity to control the excretion of feces
Term
enema
Definition
the placement of a solution into the rectum and colon to empty the lower intestine through bowel activity
Term
renal failure
Definition
the inablity of one or more kidneys to perform thier functions
Term
nephrotic syndrome
Definition
high levels of protein in the urine which means low protein in the blood
Term
adema
Definition
excessive fluid in the body tissue
Term
UTI
Definition
urinary tract infection
Term
cysitis
Definition
inflammation of the bladder
Term
vesicovaginal fistula
Definition
abnormal opening between bladder and vagina that allows constint flow of urine from bladder into the vagina
Term
dysuria
Definition
difficult or painful urination
Term
urinalysis
Definition
urine exam
Term
catheterization
Definition
tube inserted into the bladder to help urinate
Term
dialosis
Definition
no kidney function