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Medical Terminology
Word Parts and what they mean
278
Health Care
08/05/2011

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Term
-ac
Definition
Pertaining to
Term
andr-, andro-
Definition
Male
Term
auto-
Definition
self
Term
bio-
Definition
life
Term
chem-, chemo-
Definition
chemistry
Term
cyt-, cyto-
Definition
cell
Term
-blast, -blasto, -blastic
Definition
bud, germ
Term
-cyte, -cytic
Definition
cell
Term
fibr-, fibro-
Definition
fiber
Term
gluco-, glycol
Definition
glucose, sugar
Term
gyn-, gyno-, gynec-
Definition
female
Term
hetero-
Definition
other, different
Term
hydr-, hydro-
Definition
water
Term
idio-,
Definition
self, one's own
Term
-ity
Definition
pertaining to
Term
karyo-
Definition
nucleus
Term
neo-
Definition
new
Term
-ous
Definition
pertaining to
Term
oxy-
Definition
sharp, acute, oxygen
Term
pan-, pant-, panto-
Definition
all or everywhere
Term
pharmaco-
Definition
drug, medicine
Term
re-
Definition
again, backward
Term
somat-, somatico-, somato
Definition
body, bodily 
Term
acous-, acouso-
Definition
hearing
Term
aden-, adeno-
Definition
gland
Term
adip-, adipo
Definition
fat
Term
adren- adreno-
Definition
gland
Term
angi-, angio-
Definition
blood vessel
Term
ateri-, aterio
Definition
artery
Term
arthr-, athro-
Definition
joint
Term
blephar-
Definition
eyelid
Term
bronch-, bronchi-
Definition
bronchus (large airway that leads to lungs)
Term
bucc-, bucco-
Definition
cheek
Term
burs-, burso-
Definition
bursa (small fuild-filled sac acts as a cushion between joints and moving limb)
Term
carcin-, carcino
Definition
cancer
Term
cardi-, cardio-
Definition
heart
Term
cephal-, cephalo
Definition
head
Term
chol-
Definition
bile
Term
chondr-
Definition
cartilage
Term
coron-
Definition
heart
Term
cost-
Definition
rib
Term
crani-, cranio-
Definition
brain
Term
cutane
Definition
skin
Term
cyst-, cysti-, cysto-
Definition
bladder or sac
Term
dactyl-, dactylo
Definition
digit (finger or toe)
Term
derm-, dermato-
Definition
skin
Term
duodeno-
Definition
duodenum (first part of small intenstine right after stomach)
Term
-esthesio
Definition
sensation
Term
gloss-
Definition
tongue
Term
gastr-
Definition
stomach
Term
gnath-, gnatho
Definition
jaw
Term
grav-
Definition
heavy
Term
hem, hema-, hemat-, hemato-, hemo-
Definition
blood
Term
hepat-, hepatico-, hepato-
Definition
liver
Term
hidr-, hidro-
Definition
sweat
Term
hist-, histio-, histo-
Definition
tissue
Term
hyster-, hystero-
Definition
uterus
Term
ileo-
Definition
ileum (lower part of intestine)
Term
irid-, irido-
Definition
iris
Term
ischi-, ischio-
Definition
ischium (lower and back part of hip bone)
Term
-ium
Definition
structure or tissue
Term
kerat-, kerato-
Definition
cornea (eye or skin)
Term
lacrim-, lacrimo-
Definition
tear (from your eyes)
Term
laryng-, laryngo-
Definition
larynx (voice box)
Term
lact-, lacti-, lacto-
Definition
milk
Term
lingu-, linguo-
Definition
tongue
Term
lip-, lipo-
Definition
fat
Term
lith-, litho-
Definition
stone
Term
lymph-, lympho-
Definition
lymph
Term
mamm, mast-, masto-
Definition
breast
Term
mening-, meningo-
Definition
meninges (membranes around the brain)
Term
muscul-, musclo-
Definition
muscle
Term
my-, myo-
Definition
muscle
Term
myel-, myelo-
Definition
spinal cord OR bone marrow
Term
nephr-, nephro-
Definition
kidney
Term
neur-, neuri-, neuron
Definition
nerve
Term
oculo-
Definition
eye
Term
odont-, odonto-
Definition
tooth
Term
onych-, onycho-
Definition
fingernail, toenail
Term
oo-
Definition
egg, ovary
Term
oophor-, oophoro-
Definition
ovary
Term
op-, opt-
Definition
vision
Term
ohpthalm-, ophthalmo-
Definition
eye
Term
orchid-, irchido-, orchio-
Definition
testis
Term
ossi-
Definition
bone
Term
osseo-
Definition
bony
Term
ost-, oste-, osteo-
Definition
bone
Term
ot-, oto-
Definition
ear
Term
ovari-, vario-, ovi-, ovo-
Definition
ovary
Term
phalang-
Definition
phalanx (any bone in teh fingers or toes)
Term
phleb-, phlebo-
Definition
vein
Term
phob-, phobia
Definition
fear
Term
phren-, phreni-, phrenico-, phreno-
Definition
diaphragm
Term
pleur-, pleura-, pleuro-
Definition
rib, pleura (membrane that wraps around the outside of chest cavity)
Term
pneum-, pneuma-, pneumat-, pneumato-
Definition
air, lung
Term
pod-, podo
Definition
foot
Term
prostatp
Definition
prostate
Term
psych-, psyche-, psycho-
Definition
mind
Term
proct-, procto-
Definition
anus, rectum
Term
pyel-, pyelo-
Definition
pelvis
Term
rachi-
Definition
spine
Term
rect-, recto-
Definition
rectum
Term
ren-, reno-
Definition
kidney
Term
retin-
Definition
retina (of the eye)
Term
rhin-, rhino-
Definition
nose
Term
salping-, salpingo-
Definition
tube
Term
sial-, sialo-
Definition
saliva, salivary gland
Term
sigmoid-, sigmoido-
Definition
sigmoid colon
Term
splanchn-, splanchni-, splanchno-
Definition
viscera (internal organ)
Term
sperma-, spermato-, spermo-
Definition
sperm
Term
spirat-
Definition
breathe
Term
splen-, spleno-
Definition
spleen
Term
spondyl-, spondylo-
Definition
vertebra
Term
stern-
Definition
sternum (breastbone)
Term
stom-, stoma-, stomat-, stomato-
Definition
mouth
Term
thel-, thelo-
Definition
mouth
Term
thorac-, thoracio-, thraco-
Definition
chest
Term
thromb-, thrombo-
Definition
blood clot
Term
thyr-, thyro-
Definition
thyroid gland
Term
trache-, tracheo-
Definition
trachea (windpipe)
Term
tympan-, tympano-
Definition
eardrum
Term
ur-, uro-
Definition
urine
Term
uri-, uric-, urico-
Definition
uric acid
Term
-uria
Definition
in the urine
Term
vagin-
Definition
vagina
Term
varic-, varico-
Definition
duct, blood vessel
Term
vasculo-
Definition
blood vessel
Term
ven-, veno-
Definition
vein
Term
vertebr-
Definition
vertebra, spine
Term
vesic-, vesico-
Definition
vesicle (cyst or pouch)
Term
ab-, abs-
Definition
away from
Term
ambi-
Definition
both sides
Term
ante-
Definition
before, forward
Term
circum-
Definition
around
Term
cycl-
Definition
circle, cycle
Term
dextr-, dextro-
Definition
right side
Term
de-
Definition
away from, ending
Term
dia-
Definition
across, through
Term
ect-, ecto-, exo-
Definition
outer; outside
Term
en-
Definition
inside
Term
end-, endo-, ent-, enter-, entero-
Definition
within; inner
Term
epi-
Definition
Upon, outside of
Term
ex-, extra-
Definition
beyond
Term
infra-
Definition
beneath; below
Term
inter-
Definition
between
Term
intra-
Definition
within
Term
meso-
Definition
middle
Term
meta-
Definition
beyond, change
Term
para-
Definition
alongside, abnormal
Term
per-
Definition
through
Term
peri-
Definition
around
Term
post-
Definition
after, behind
Term
pre-
Definition
before, in front
Term
retro-
Definition
backward, behind
Term
sinistr-, sinistro-
Definition
left, left side
Term
sub-
Definition
under
Term
super-
Definition
above
Term
supra-
Definition
above, upon
Term
sy-, syl-, sym-, syn-, sys-
Definition
together
Term
trans-
Definition
across, through
Term
bi-
Definition
two
Term
brady-
Definition
slow
Term
diplo-
Definition
double
Term
hemi-
Definition
half
Term
homo-
Definition
same
Term
hyper-
Definition
above, beyond, excessive
Term
hypo-
Definition
under, deficient
Term
iso-
Definition
equal, like
Term
macro-
Definition
large, long, big
Term
meg-, mega-, megal-, megalo-
Definition
great, large
Term
-megaly
Definition
enlargement
Term
mic-, micro-
Definition
small
Term
mon-, mono-
Definition
one
Term
multi-
Definition
many
Term
olig-, oligo-
Definition
few, little
Term
poly-
Definition
many, excessive
Term
quadri-
Definition
four
Term
semi-
Definition
half
Term
tachy-
Definition
fast
Term
tetra-
Definition
four
Term
tri-
Definition
three
Term
uni-
Definition
one
Term
chlor- chloro-
Definition
green
Term
chrom-, chromato
Definition
color
Term
Cyano-
Definition
blue
Term
erythr-, erythro-
Definition
red
Term
leuk-, leuko-
Definition
white
Term
melan-. melano-
Definition
black
Term
xanth-, xantho-
Definition
yellow
Term
-cele
Definition
bulge
Term
elect-
Definition
electrical activity
Term
kin-, kine-, kinesi-, kinesio-, kino-
Definition
movement
Term
kyph-, kypho-
Definition
humped
Term
morph-, morpho-
Definition
shape
Term
rhabd-, rhabdo-
Definition
rod-shaped, striated
Term
scoli-, scolio-
Definition
twisted
Term
cry-, cryo-
Definition
cold
Term
phon-, phono-
Definition
sound
Term
phos-
Definition
light
Term
phot-, photo-
Definition
light
Term
reticul-, reticulo
Definition
net
Term
therm-, thermo-
Definition
heat
Term
tono-
Definition
tone, tension, pressure
Term
-alge-, algesi
Definition
pain
Term
a-, an-
Definition
without; lacking
Term
anti-
Definition
against
Term
contra-
Definition
against
Term
dis-
Definition
separation, taking apart
Term
-dynia
Definition
pain, swelling
Term
dys-
Definition
difficult, abnormal
Term
-eal, -ial
Definition
pertaining to
Term
-ectasis
Definition
expansion or dilation
Term
-emesis
Definition
vomiting
Term
-emia
Definition
blood condition
Term
-esis
Definition
state or condition
Term
eu-
Definition
good, well
Term
-ia
Definition
condition
Term
-iasis
Definition
condtion, formation of
Term
-ism
Definition
condition
Term
-ites, -itis
Definition
inflammation
Term
-lysis, -lytic, lyso-, lys-
Definition
break down, destruction, dissolving
Term
mal-
Definition
bad, abnormal
Term
malacia
Definition
softening
Term
-mania
Definition
morbid impulse towards an object/thing
Term
myc-, myco-
Definition
fungus
Term
myx, myxo-
Definition
mucus
Term
necr-, necro-
Definition
death
Term
normo-
Definition
normal
Term
-odyn
Definition
pain
Term
-oma
Definition
tumor
Term
-oid
Definition
resembling
Term
orth-, ortho-
Definition
straight, normal, correct
Term
-osis
Definition
condition, usually abnormal
Term
-pahty, patho-, path
Definition
disease
Term
-penia
Definition
deficiency, lack of
Term
-phagia, phagy
Definition
eating, swallowing
Term
-phasia
Definition
speech
Term
-plasia, -plastic
Definition
growth
Term
-plegia
Definition
paralysis
Term
-pnea
Definition
breathing
Term
-poiesis
Definition
production
Term
-praxia
Definition
movement
Term
pro-
Definition
favoring, supporting
Term
pseudo-
Definition
false
Term
-ptosis
Definition
falling, drooping
Term
pyo-
Definition
pus
Term
pyro-
Definition
fever
Term
onco-
Definition
tumor, bulk, volume
Term
-rrhage, -rrhagic
Definition
bleeding
Term
-rrhea
Definition
flow or discharge
Term
sarco-
Definition
muscular, fleshlike
Term
schisto-
Definition
split, cleft, division
Term
sclera-, sclero
Definition
hardness
Term
-sclerosis
Definition
hardening
Term
-sis
Definition
condition
Term
-spasm
Definition
muscle condition
Term
spasmo-
Definition
spasm
Term
-stasis
Definition
level, unchanging
Term
sten-, steno-
Definition
narrowed, blocked
Term
-taxis
Definition
movement
Term
-trophy
Definition
growth
Term
-centesis
Definition
surgical puncture to remove fluid
Term
-desis
Definition
surgical binding
Term
-ectomy
Definition
cut out, removal
Term
-gram, -graph, -graphy
Definition
recording, written
Term
-meter
Definition
device used for measuring
Term
-metry
Definition
measurement of
Term
-opsy
Definition
visual examination
Term
-ostomy
Definition
opening
Term
-otomy
Definition
incision
Term
-pexy
Definition
surgical fixation
Term
-plasty
Definition
surgical reconstruction
Term
radio-
Definition
radiation, radius
Term
-rrhaphy
Definition
suture
Term
-scope, -scopy
Definition
examine, for examining
Term
-stomy
Definition
surgical opening
Term
-tomy
Definition
cutting; incision
Term
-tripsy
Definition
crushing