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Medical Terminology
Integument
26
Medical
04/03/2009

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Term
Abscess
Definition
cavity containing pus and surrounded by inflamed tissue, formed as a result of suppuration in a localized infection (characteristically, a staphylococcal infection). Healing usually occurs when an abscess is drained or incised.
Term
Asepsis
Definition
1. The absence of germs. 2. Medical asepsis: procedures used to reduce the number of microorganisms and prevent their spread. 3. Surgical asepsis: procedures used to eliminate any microorganisms-sterile technique
Term
Aspiration
Definition
: Drawing in or out by suction; the act of withdrawing a fluid, such as mucus or serum, from the body by a suction device.
Term
Bacteriostatic
Definition
tending to restrain the development or the reproduction of bacteria
Term
Bulla:
Definition
1. A large vesicle or blister. 2. A thin walled blister of the skin or mucous membranes greater than 1 cm. in diameter containing clear, serous fluid
Term
Cellulitis
Definition
a diffuse, acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue characterized most commonly by local heat, redness, pain, and swelling , and occasionally by fever, malaise, chills, and headache. Abscess and tissue destruction usually follow if antibiotics are not taken. Infection more likely to develop in presence of damaged skin, poor circulation, or diabetes mellitus.
Term
Contusion
Definition
: an injury that does not disrupt the integrity of the skin, caused by a blow to the body, characterized by swelling, discoloration, and pain.
Term
Debridement
Definition
removal of dirt, foreign objects, damaged tissue, and cellular debris form a wound or burn to prevent infection and promote healing. First step in cleansing a wound and allows for thorough examination of the extent of injury.
Term
Furuncle
Definition
: a localized swelling and inflammation of the skin resulting from usually bacterial infection of a hair follicle and adjacent tissue, having a hard central core, and forming pus- also called a boil
Term
Hematoma
Definition
: a mass of usually clotted blood that forms in a tissue, organ, or body space as a result of a broken blood vessel, usually resulting from trauma or incomplete hemostasis after surgery
Term
Icterus
Definition
Also known as jaundice- yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and sclera of the eyes, caused by greater than normal amounts of bilirubin in the blood.
Term
Ichthyosis:
Definition
: any of several inherited dermatologic conditions in which the skin is dry and hyperkeratotic, resembling fish scales.
Term
Integument
Definition
a covering or skin
Term
Keloid:
Definition
an overgrowth of collagenous scar tissue at the site of a skin injury, particularly a wound or surgical incision. The new tissue is elevated, rounded, and firm and commonly occurs following burns or radiation injury.
Term
Macule
Definition
Small, flat blemish or discoloration that is level with the skin surface. Examples are freckles and some rashes.
Term
Nodule
Definition
A small node; in skin, a node up to 1.0 cm in diameter, solid, with palpable depth- deeper than a papule
Term
Papule:
Definition
A small solid raised skin lesion, less than 1.0cm in diameter- most of it is elevated rather than deep
Term
Pediculosis
Definition
infestation with blood sucking lice
Term
Petechiae
Definition
Tiny purple or red spots appearing on the skin as a result of tiny hemorrhages within the dermal or submucosal layers. Range from pinpoint to pinhead size and are flush with the surface
Term
Plaque
Definition
a flat, often raised patch on the skin or any other organ of the body; area is much larger in comparison to elevation
Term
Pustule
Definition
a small circumscribed elevation of the skin containing fluid that is usually purulent
Term
Sebum
Definition
the oily secretion of the sebaceous glands of the skin, composed of keratin, fat, and cellular debris. Combined with sweat, sebum forms a moist oily acidic film that is mildly antibacterial and antifungal and protects the skin against drying.
Term
Ulcer
Definition
a circumscribed, craterlike lesion of the skin or mucous membrane resulting from necrosis that accompanies some inflammatory, infectious or malignant processes. An ulcer may be shallow involving only the epidermis or deeper involving the dermis.
Term
Urticaria
Definition
a pruritic skin eruption characterized by transient wheals of varying shapes and sizes with well defined erythematous margins and pale centers. It is caused by capillary dilation in the dermis and may be caused by drugs, food, insect bites, inhalants, emotional stress, exposure to heat or cold, and exercise- also called hives.
Term
Vesicle
Definition
a small, thin walled raised skin lesion containing clear fluid- small blister or bulla
Term
Xerosis:
Definition
: abnormal dryness of a body part or tissue; epidermis lacks moisture or sebum often characterized by a pattern of fine lines, scaling, and itching.