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Medical Terminology
Respiratory
27
Medical
04/03/2009

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Term
Anoxia
Definition
Absence or almost complete absence of oxygen from inspired gases, arterial blood, or tissues.
Term
Anastomosis
Definition
1. A natural communication, direct or indirect, between two blood vessels or other tubular structures.
2. An operative union of two structures (vessels, ureters, nerves).
3. An opening created by surgery, trauma, or disease between two or more normally separate spaces or organs.
Term
Anitussive
Definition
relieving cough
Term
Apnea
Definition
absence of breathing
Term
Atelectasis
Definition
Decrease or loss of air in all or part of the lung, with resulting loss of lung volume itself
Term
Bronchiectasis
Definition
Chronic dilation of bronchi or bronchioles as a sequel of inflammatory disease or obstruction often associated with heavy sputum production.
Term
Bronchitis
Definition
Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bronchi.
Term
Bronchodilator
Definition
1. Causing an increase in caliber of a bronchus or bronchial tube.
2. An agent that possesses this power (epinephrine, albuterol).
Term
Diaphragm
Definition
The musculomembranous partition between the abdominal and thoracic cavities.
Term
Dyspnea
Definition
Shortness of breath, a subjective difficulty or distress in breathing, usually associated with disease of the heart or lungs; occurs normally during intense physical exertion or at high altitude.
Term
Endotracheal
Definition
within the trachea
Term
Epiglottis
Definition
A leaf-shaped plate of elastic fibrocartilage, covered with mucous membrane, at the root of the tongue, which serves as a diverter valve over the superior aperture of the larynx during the act of swallowing; it stands erect when liquids are being swallowed but is passively bent over the aperture by solid foods being swallowed.
Term
Hemopneumothorax
Definition
Accumulation of air and blood in the pleural cavity
Term
Hyperpnea
Definition
Breathing that is deeper and more rapid than is normal at rest.
Term
Hypoxia
Definition
Decrease below normal levels of oxygen in inspired gases, arterial blood, or tissue, without reaching anoxia.
Term
Laryngitis
Definition
Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the larynx.
Term
Laryngoscopy
Definition
Inspection of the larynx by means of the laryngoscope.
Term
Lobectomy
Definition
Excision of a lobe of any organ or gland.
Term
Orotracheal
Definition
relating to or being intubation of the trachea by way of the mouth
Term
Pharyngitis
Definition
inflammation of the pharynx
Term
Pneumohemothorax
Definition
accumulation of blood and gas in the pleural cavity
Term
Pneumonitis
Definition
a disease characterized by inflammation of the lungs
Term
Pneumothorax
Definition
a condition in which air or other gas is present in the pleural cavity and which occurs spontaneously as a result of disease or injury of lung tissue, rupture of air-filled pulmonary cysts, or puncture of the chest wall or is induced as a therapeutic measure to collapse the lung
Term
Rhinitis
Definition
inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose marked especially by rhinorrhea, nasal congestion and itching, and sneezing; also : any of various conditions characterized by rhinitis
Term
Rhinopasty
Definition
plastic surgery on the nose, usually for cosmetic purposes
Term
Rhinorrhea
Definition
excessive mucous secretion by the nose
Term
Tachypnea
Definition
increased rate of respiration