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Medical plural forms
Plural forms for Medical terminology
15
Medical
12/17/2009

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Term
Singular ending = "a"
Plural ending = ???
EXAMPLE: conjunctiva
aura
sclera
Definition
Plural ending = "ae"
RULE:Add e (exception: words ending in ma; see below)
EXAMPLE: conjunctiva/conjunctivae
aura/auraesclera/sclerae
Term
Singular ending = "ax,ix"
Plural ending = ???
EXAMPLE: thorax
varix
Definition
Plural ending = "ces"
RULE:Drop the x and add ces
EXAMPLE: thorax/thoraces
varix/varices
Term
Singular ending = "en"
Plural ending = ???
EXAMPLE: foramen
lumen
Definition
Plural ending = "ina"
RULE:Change en to ina
EXAMPLE:foramen/foramina
lumen/lumina
Term
Singular ending = "ex"
Plural ending = ???
EXAMPLE: apex
vortex
Definition
Plural ending = "ices"
RULE:Drop the ex and add ices
EXAMPLE: apex/apices
vortex/vortices
Term
Singular ending = "is"
Plural ending = ???
EXAMPLE: diagnosis
iris
prosthesis
Definition
Plural ending = "es, ides"
RULE:Drop the is and add es or ides
EXAMPLE: diagnosis/diagnoses
iris/irides
prosthesis/prostheses
Term
Singular ending = "ix"
Plural ending = ???
EXAMPLE: cervix
varix
Definition
Plural ending = "ices"
RULE:Drop the ix and add ices
EXAMPLE: cervix/cervices
varix/varices
Term
Singular ending = "ma"
Plural ending = ???
EXAMPLE: stoma
condyloma
Definition
Plural ending = "mata"
RULE:Add ta
EXAMPLE: stoma/stomata
condyloma/condylomata
Term
Singular ending = "nx"
Plural ending = ???
EXAMPLE: phalanx
Definition
Plural ending = "ges"
RULE:Drop the x and add ges
EXAMPLE: phalanx/phalanges
Term
Singular ending = "on"
Plural ending = ???
EXAMPLE: ganglion
Definition
Plural ending = "a"
RULE:Change ending to a
EXAMPLE: ganglion/ganglia
Term
Singular ending = "um"
Plural ending = ???
EXAMPLE: datum
diverticulum
ischium
Definition
Plural ending = "a"
RULE:Drop the um and add a
EXAMPLE: datum/data
diverticulum/diverticula
ischium/ischia
Term
Singular ending = "us"
Plural ending = ???
EXAMPLE: bronchus
embolus
bacillus
Definition
Plural ending = "i"
RULE:Change ending to i
EXAMPLE: bronchus/bronchi
embolus/emboli
bacillus/bacilli
Term
Singular ending = "y"
Plural ending = ???
EXAMPLE: deformity
Definition
Plural ending = "ies"
RULE:Drop the y and add ies
EXAMPLE: deformity/deformities
Term
Singular ending = "yx"
Plural ending = ???
EXAMPLE: calyx
Definition
Plural ending = "ces"
RULE:Drop the x and add ces
EXAMPLE: calyx/calyces
Term
The words ascites & herpes
are always (singular, plural)
Definition
SINGULAR
Term
The words adnexa & genitalia
are always (singular, plural)
Definition
PLURAL