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Details

LSAT-
Keyword indicators
91
Law
06/22/2008

Additional Law Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term

as a result

Definition

Words used to introduce  the conclusion

Conclusion indicator word

Term
accordingly
Definition

Words that introduce or appear in an argument conclusion


Conclusion indicator word
Term

clearly

Definition
 

Words used to introduce  the conclusion

Conclusion indicator word

Term

conclude that

infer that

Definition

Words that introduce or appear in an argument conclusion

Term
consequently
Definition
 

Words that introduce or appear in an argument conclusion


Conclusion indicator word
Term
follows that
Definition
 

Words that introduce or appear in an argument conclusion


Conclusion indicator word
Term
for this reason
Definition

Words that introduce or appear in an argument conclusion


Conclusion indicator word

Term
hence
Definition

Words that introduce or appear in an argument conclusion


Conclusion indicator word

Term
must be that
Definition

Words that introduce or appear in an argument conclusion


Conclusion indicator word

Term
shows that
Definition

Words that introduce or appear in an argument conclusion


Conclusion indicator word

Term
so
Definition

Words that introduce or appear in an argument conclusion


Conclusion indicator word

Term
thus
Definition

Words that introduce or appear in an argument conclusion


Conclusion indicator word

Term
therefore or wherefore
Definition

Words that introduce or appear in an argument conclusion

Term
implies that
Definition
 

Words that introduce or appear in an argument conclusion


Conclusion indicator word
Term

we may conclude

we may infer

Definition
Words that introduce or appear in an argument conclusion
Term
it follows that
Definition
 

Words that introduce or appear in an argument conclusion


Conclusion indicator word
Term
as indicated by
Definition
 

Words that introduce or appear in an argument

Premise


Premise indicator word
Term
because
Definition

Words that introduce or appear in an argument premise


Premise indicator word
Term
due to
Definition
 

Words that introduce or appear in an argument premise


Premise indicator word
Term
for
Definition
 

Words that introduce or appear in an argument premise


Premise indicator word
Term
for example
Definition
 

Words that introduce or appear in an argument premise


Premise indicator word
Term
for the reason that
Definition
 

Words that introduce or appear in an argument premise


Premise indicator word
Term
given that
Definition
 

Words that introduce or appear in an argument premise


Premise indicator word
Term
in that
Definition
 

Words that introduce or appear in an argument premise


Premise indicator word
Term
owing to
Definition
 

Words that introduce or appear in an argument premise


Premise indicator word
Term
since
Definition
 

Words that introduce or appear in an argument premise


Premise indicator word
Term
this can be seen from
Definition
 

Words that introduce or appear in an argument premise


Premise indicator word
Term
we know this by
Definition
 

Words that introduce or appear in an argument premise


Premise indicator word
Term
may be inferred from
Definition
 

Words that introduce or appear in an argument premise


Premise indicator word
Term
seeing that
Definition
 

Words that introduce or appear in an argument premise


Premise indicator word
Term
furthermore
Definition
Additional" Premise Indicator”used to introduce other premises that support the conclusion but are sometimes non-essential to the conclusion
Term
moreover
Definition
Additional" Premise Indicator”used to introduce other premises that support the conclusion but are sometimes non-essential to the conclusion
Term

besides

Definition
Additional" Premise Indicator”used to introduce other premises that support the conclusion but are sometimes non-essential to the conclusion
Term
in addition
Definition
Additional" Premise Indicator”used to introduce other premises that support the conclusion but are sometimes non-essential to the conclusion
Term
whats more
Definition
Additional" Premise Indicator”used to introduce other premises that support the conclusion but are sometimes non-essential to the conclusion
Term
after all
Definition
Additional" Premise Indicator”used to introduce other premises that support the conclusion but are sometimes non-essential to the conclusion
Term
but yet
Definition
Counter Premise Indicators

To  introduce something that actually contains an idea that is counter to the argument.

Term
 however
Definition
  Counter Premise Indicators

To  introduce something that actually contains an idea that is counter to the argument.

Term
on the other hand
Definition
  Counter Premise Indicators

To  introduce something that actually contains an idea that is counter to the argument.

Term
admittedly
Definition
Counter Premise Indicators

To  introduce something that actually contains an idea that is counter to the argument.

Term
in contrast
Definition
Counter Premise Indicators

To  introduce something that actually contains an idea that is counter to the argument.

Term
although
Definition
Counter Premise Indicators

To  introduce something that actually contains an idea that is counter to the argument.

Term
even though
Definition
Counter Premise Indicators

To  introduce something that actually contains an idea that is counter to the argument.

Term
still
Definition
Counter Premise Indicators

To  introduce something that actually contains an idea that is counter to the argument

Term
whereas
Definition
Counter Premise Indicators

To  introduce something that actually contains an idea that is counter to the argument

Term
in spite of
Definition
Counter Premise Indicators

To  introduce something that actually contains an idea that is counter to the argument

Term
despite
Definition
Counter Premise Indicators

To  introduce something that actually contains an idea that is counter to the argument

Term
after all
Definition
Counter Premise Indicators

To  introduce something that actually contains an idea that is counter to the argument

Term
Sufficient Condition
Definition

An event or circumstance whose occurrence indicates that a necessary condition must also occur

what by itself is enough to bring about a result (a sufficient condition).

Term
Necessary Condition
Definition

An event or circumstance whose occurrence is required in order for a sufficient condition to occur

 

what’s required to bring about a result (a necessary condition)

Term
then
Definition

A word used to introduce a necessary condition

Term
only
Definition
A word used to introduce a necessary condition
Term
only if
Definition
A word used to introduce a necessary condition
Term
must
Definition
A word used to introduce a necessary condition
Term
required
Definition
A word used to introduce a necessary condition
Term

unless

Definition
A word used to introduce a necessary condition
Term
except
Definition
A word used to introduce a necessary condition
Term
 until
Definition
A word used to introduce a necessary condition
Term
without
Definition
A word used to introduce a necessary condition
Term
if
Definition
A word used to introduce a sufficient condition
Term
 when
Definition
A word used to introduce a sufficient condition
Term
whenever
Definition
A word used to introduce a sufficient condition
Term
every
Definition
A word used to introduce a sufficient condition
Term
all
Definition
A word used to introduce a sufficient condition
Term
any
Definition
A word used to introduce a sufficient condition
Term
people who
Definition
A word used to introduce a sufficient condition
Term
in order to
Definition
A word used to introduce a sufficient condition
Term
The unless equation (conditional reasoning)
Definition

1. Whatever term is modified by

"unless", "except", "until" or "without"

becomes the necessary condition 2. The remaining term is negated and becomes the sufficient  condition 
Term
Weaken
Definition

Weaken question signal word

Term
attack
Definition

Weaken question signal word

Term
undermine
Definition

Weaken question signal word

Term
refute
Definition

Weaken question signal word

Term
argue against
Definition

Weaken question signal word

Term
call into question
Definition

Weaken question signal word

Term
cast doubt
Definition

Weaken question signal word

Term
challenge
Definition

Weaken question signal word

Term
damage
Definition

Weaken question signal word

Term
counter
Definition

Weaken question signal word

Term
Caused by
Definition
A word that is used to introduce cause and affect relationships
Term
because of
Definition
A word that is used to introduce cause and affect relationships
Term
responsible
Definition
A word that is used to introduce cause and affect relationships
Term
for reason
Definition
A word that is used to introduce cause and affect relationships
Term
leads to
Definition
A word that is used to introduce cause and affect relationships
Term
 induced by
Definition
A word that is used to introduce cause and affect relationships
Term
promoted by
Definition
A word that is used to introduce cause and affect relationships
Term
determined by
Definition
A word that is used to introduce cause and affect relationships
Term
produced by
Definition
A word that is used to introduce cause and affect relationships
Term
product of
Definition
A word that is used to introduce cause and affect relationships
Term
played a role in
Definition
A word that is used to introduce cause and affect relationships
Term
was a factor in
Definition
A word that is used to introduce cause and affect relationships
Term
is an effect of
Definition
A word that is used to introduce cause and affect relationships