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Living Religions - Sikhism
Terms for Sikhism Chapter
32
Religious Studies
04/14/2012

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Term
Diaspora
Definition
Dispersed communities
Term
Janam-sakhis
Definition
Traditional stories about Guru Nanak's life
Term
Sant
Definition
Holy people (Sufi mystics and Hindu bhaktas)
Term
Panth
Definition
religious Sikh community
Term
Adi Granth 
Definition
Original holy book, now known as the Guru Granth Sahib
Term
Guru Granth Sahib
Definition
Sacred scriptures compiled by Gurus
Term
Amrit
Definition
Nectar like holy water, sweetness and compassion - turns followers into heros
Term
Singh
Definition
Surname given to male initiates 
Term
Kaur
Definition
Surname given to all female initiates
Term
Khalsa
Definition
"Pure Ones", Initiates pledged to a special code of personal discipline
Term
Five K's
Definition

5 symbols worn by Khalsa members. 

1. Unshorn hair (Kesh)

2. Comb to keep hair tidy (Kangha)

3. Drawstring for underbreaches (Kachh)

4. Small sword in sheath (Kirpan)

5. Iron bracelet (Kara)

Term
Udasis
Definition
Ascetic Sikh order, practice strict dicipline, meditation, serve humanity
Term
Jap Ji
Definition
First morning prayer writen by Guru Nanak
Term
Jaap Sahib
Definition
Second morning prayer writen by Guru Gobind Singh
Term
Nam
Definition
Holy name of God
Term
Langar
Definition
Community meal
Term
Gurdwara
Definition
Sikh temple
Term
Sangat
Definition
Sikh congretation, everyone is treated equally
Term
Kirtan
Definition
Singing of scared hymns from Guru Granth Sahib
Term
Akhand Path
Definition
Reading out the entire Guru Granth Sahib in about 48 hours
Term
Deras
Definition
Communities
Term
Kirpan
Definition
Small sword worn by Khalsa initiates
Term
Dasam Granth
Definition
Collected writings of Guru Gobind Singh. "Tenth book"
Term
3 Teachings of Guru Nanak
Definition

1. Earn honest living

2. Share earnings

3. Remember God as only Doer and Giver

Term
4 Cardinal Sins of Khalsa
Definition

1. Cutting hair

2. Smoking, chewing, alcohol

3. Eating halal meat

4. Relations with Muslim women/adultury

Term
Kurahit
Definition
Cardinal sin of Khalsas
Term
The Sikh Reht Maryada
Definition
Code of conduct for Sikhs
Term
Karah Prasad
Definition
sacremental food
Term
Gurpurabs
Definition
Anniversaries of Sikh history. (Birthday of Guru Nanak and Guru Gobind Singh)
Term
Baisakhi
Definition
Sikh New Year
Term
Diwali
Definition
New moon celebration in October
Term
Mul Mantra
Definition
First composition by Guru Nanak at the beginning of the Guru Granth Sahib