Shared Flashcard Set

Details

CIW IBA Curriculum Lesson 04:
Web Browsing
22
Computer Science
01/13/2014

Additional Computer Science Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
Wizard:
Definition
A tool that assists users of an application in creating documents and/or databases based on styles and templates. Also a tool that guides users step-by-step through a software installation process.
Term
Uniform Resource Identifier (URI):
Definition
A standardized method of referring to a resource using a text string.
Term
Uniform Resource Locator (URL):
Definition
A text string that specifies an Internet address and the method by which the address can be accessed.
Term
home page:
Definition
The first Web page that displays when you access a domain.
Term
deep URL:
Definition
A URL that includes a path past the domain into the folder structure of a Web site.
Term
absolute URL:
Definition
A URL that gives the full path to a resource.
Term
relative URL:
Definition
A URL that gives an abbreviated path to a resource using the current page as a starting position
Term
greenfield:
Definition
An approach in which a project lacks any constraints imposed by prior development
Term
Browser Elements – Rendering engine
Definition
Rendering engine: The part of the browser responsible for reading the Web page and presenting it to an end user. Has the ability to read, parse and represent HTML, images and other tools.
Term
Browser Elements – Interpreter
Definition
The part of the browser responsible for reading and processing programming languages. A browser often has several interpreters installed by default. Common browser interpreters include those for JavaScript and Java.
Term
Browser Elements – Sandbox
Definition
A programming method that isolates a particular application or process. A sandbox is vital in secure Web browsing because it helps the browser keep information from being exposed or misused. Sandboxing also helps ensure a stable browser; if one sandboxed process or plug-in malfunctions, the browser can still function properly, rather than experience a crash that results in loss of data.
Term
Browser Elements – Thread
Definition
An instruction from a running application that executes a particular task. When a single-threaded application starts a thread, that application must wait until that thread is finished working. Most Web browsers have traditionally been single-threaded, which can lead to slow performance or browser crashes if a particular thread experiences a problem. Newer browsers engage in a practice called asynchronous threading, which allows a browser to more easily recover from an error in an interpreter or browser supplement.
Term
Browser Elements – Window
Definition
The screen that contains the Web page you are viewing.
Term
Browser Elements – Tab
Definition
Another instance of a browser window within a browser.
Term
Browser Elements – Cache
Definition
Web page cookies and related data stored locally on the hard drive, unless the browser's privacy mode has been invoked.
Term
Browser Elements – Supplements
Definition
ften called plug-ins, add-ons or helper applications. Includes Adobe Flash, Microsoft Silverlight, and Firefox add-ons.
Term
Browser Elements – Network programming
Definition
Code that controls how the browser accesses a network. Web browsers usually default to allowing a direct connection to the Internet. However, you can specify proxy server settings that help your browser communicate with proxy-oriented corporate firewalls. Proxy servers will be discussed later in this lesson.
Term
Browser Elements – Download Controls
Definition
Settings that determine how the Web browser will process downloads.
Term
Browser Elements – Plug-in
Definition
An application that adds extra capabilities to your Web browser, such as the ability to view movies or Flash animations. Plug-ins are easy to install and integrate seamlessly into the main HTML file that you are viewing in your browser window. You will learn more about plug-ins in the lesson 5.
Term
cookie:
Definition
A text file that contains information sent between a server and a client to help maintain state and track user activities. Cookies can reside in memory or on a hard drive.
Term
pop-up window:
Definition
A small browser window that appears in front of the browser window you are viewing.
Term
pop-under window:
Definition
A small browser window that appears behind the browser window you are viewing.