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LD 2 Criminal Justice System
LD 2 Ch 1 through Ch 4, Test on 01-21-13 @ 1300
44
Criminal Justice
01/19/2013

Additional Criminal Justice Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
LD2Ch4pg4-3
4 Objectives of the corrections component of the criminal justice system include:
Definition
1. confining prisoners
2. rehabilitating prisoners
3.supervising parolees and probationers in the community
4.assuring victim’s rights
Term
LD2Ch4pg4-3
Who is responsible for the incarceration of convicted adults? (generally 18yrs or older)
Definition
The Board of Prison Terms (BOPT) is responsible for administration of parole conditions (18yrs or older) released from CDC institutions.
Term
LD2Ch4pg4-3
Who is responsible for the incarceration of youthful offenders (ages 13 to 25yrs)?
Definition
The Youthful Offender Parole Board (YOPB) is responsible for the administration of parole conditions of wards (13-25yrs) released from custody of CDCR-Juvenile Division.
Term
LD2Ch4pg4-4
Describe the responsibilities of the,
California Department of Corrections (CDC)?
Definition
1. Operates the State's adult prison system
2. Confines felons sentenced to state prison
Term
LD2Ch4pg4-4
Describe the responsibilities of the,
California Board of Prison Terms?
Definition
Supervises inmates who have been released on parole from CDCR
Term
LD2Ch4pg4-4
Describe the responsibilities of the,
California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation-Juvenile Division
Definition
1. Operate's the State's youthful offender detention system
2. confines offenders (wards) between 13 and 25
Term
LD2Ch4pg4-4
Describe the responsibilities of the,
Youthful Offender Parole Board (YOPB)
Definition
Supervises wards who have been released on parole from CDCD - Juvi Division
Term
LD2Ch4pg4-4
Describe the responsibilities of the,
Local Government Agencies
Definition
1. Oversees the ops of detention facilities that confine people
*Awaiting Trial
*Sentenced to less than 1 yr.
Term
LD2Ch4pg4-5
What is the primary role of both parole and probation?
Definition
Protect the community from future criminal acts of individuals who have been convicted of a crime, imprisoned and subsequently released back into the community
Term
LD2Ch4pg4-5
A Parole is Administered by?
Definition
1. Parole and Community Service of the CDCR, or
2. CDCR - Juvi Division
Term
LD2Ch4pg4-5
Definition of Parole.
Definition
A conditional release from a state prison which allos and individual to serve the remainder of a sentence
Term
LD2Ch4pg4-5
Probation is Administered by?
Definition
County probation dept.
Term
LD2Ch4pg4-5
Define Probation.
Definition
1. Suspension of a imposition or execution of a sentence and the order (by the court) of conditional and revocable release in(to) the Community
[PC 1203)
2. A sentencing option for an individual convicted of a criminal offense.
Term
LD2Ch4pg4-6
Parole is imposed by whom?
Definition
Imposed by an admin board at a Parole Hearing.
Term
LD2Ch4pg4-6
Parole is dependent upon what 3 things?
Definition
1. Statutory requirements
2. Type of sentence being served
3. Institutional recommendation
Term
LD2Ch4pg4-6
Which 2 entities can revoke parole?
Definition
1. Parole Agent
2. Admin board review
Term
LD2Ch4pg4-6
Probation is imposed by whom?
Definition
The court's discretion in the county where offence occured.
Term
LD2Ch4pg4-6
Who can revoke probation?
Definition
1. Probation officer recommendation
2. Court enactment
Term
LD2Ch4pg4-7
What are the 7 conditions of Parole?
Definition
1. Comply with instructions of parole officer.
2. No 50 miles from residence without approval from Parole Officer.
3. Can't leave county or state for more than 48 hrs without WRITTEN Approval.
4. Inform Parole Officer within 72 hrs of employment, termination, or location.
5. Inform Parole Officer of a felony, misdemeanor crime.
6. Not own, use, have access to, or control a firearm, ammo, knife over 2inches or weapon listed in PC 12020.
7. Before searching a parolee an officer must:
*know the parole conditions
*have reasonable suspicion.
Term
LD2Ch4pg4-7
What are the 4 conditions of Probation?
Definition
1. follow instructions of and maintain contact with probation officer.
2. No alcohol or other intoxicants.
3. No association with certain individuals.
4. No firearms or other weapons.
Term
LD2Ch4pg4-8
What 7 conditions may a Probationer be required to:
Definition
1. Serve time in jail as an alternate to prison
2. Pay a fine
3. Make restitution
4. Secure a bond
5. Participate on work projects
6. Submit to drug tests
7. Submit to searches WITHOUT warrents, or reasonable suspicion.
Term
LD2Ch1pg1-3& 1-4
When was the Constitution, Bill of Rights written?
Definition
Constitution - DEC.1789
Bill of Rights - DEC.1791
Term
LD2Ch1pg1-4
What 2 powers does the criminal justice system give to law enforcement?
Definition
1. Power of arrest
2. Power to use deadly force
Term
LD2Ch1pg1-4
Who's basic rights and freedoms does the Constitution and its amendments protect?
Definition
All individuals in the US REGARDLESS OF CITIZENSHIP
Term
LD2Ch1pg1-3
Name the 3 branches of Government
Definition
1. Executive
2. Legislative
3. Judicial
Term
LD2Ch1pg1-5
Name 1st Amendments basic rights and freedoms?
Definition
Freedom of Religion, Speech, the Press, Assembly and the right to petition the gov't for redress of grievances.
Term
LD2Ch1pg1-5
Name 4th Amendments basic rights and freedoms?
Definition
Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures
Term
LD2Ch1pg1-5
Name 5th Amendments basic rights and freedoms?
Definition
Double Jeopardy and freedom from self-incrimination. And Due Process before legal action.
Term
LD2Ch1pg1-5
Name 6th Amendments basic rights and freedoms?
Definition
Right to be told of charges for arrest, Speedy Trial, an impartial jury, confront witnesses, subpuena witness for defence and have legal coucel
Term
LD2Ch1pg1-5
Name 8th Amendments basic rights and freedoms?
Definition
Freedom from excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment
Term
LD2Ch1pg1-5
Name 14th Amendments basic rights and freedoms?
Definition
Right to Due Process and equal protection of the laws.
Term
LD2Ch1pg1-9
What could happen if the defendants 6th amendment rights are violated?
Definition
1. Exclusion of evidence
2. Dismissal of case
3. Criminal liability of the officer or officer's agency.
Term
LD2Ch1pg1-11
When does Due Process begin?
Definition
At the point of initial investigation.
Term
LD2Ch1pg1-11
TRUE of FALSE? The state may provide further rights not defined by the U.S. Constitution?
Definition
TRUE
Term
LD2Ch1pg1-12
What are the 3 components of the criminal justice system?
Definition
1. Law Enforcement
2. Judicial
3. Corrections
Term
LD2Ch1pg1-13 to 1-14
What are the 7 primary goals of the Criminal Justice System?
Definition
1. Guarantee Due Process
2. Prevent Crime
3. Protect Life and Property
4. Uphold and Enforce the Law
5. Dispense Justice
6. Apprehend offenders
7. Assure Victim's Rights
Term
LD2Ch2pg2-2
How many federal agencies are there?
Name them.
Definition
9 Federal Agencies
1. U. S. Department of Homeland Security
2. FBI
3. DEA
4. US Marshal Service
5. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)
6. ATF
7. Secret Service(SS)
8. US Postal Inspectors (USPS)
9. Armed Forces Police

Term
LD2Ch2pg2-3
How many state agencies are there?
Name them.
Definition
13 State Agencies
1. Youth and Adult Correctional Agency
2. California Highway Patrol (CHP)
3. Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control (ABC)
4. Department of Fish and Game (F&G)
5. Department of Forestry and Fire Protection (DOF)
6. Department of Justice (DOJ)
7. Department of Insurance (DOI)
8. Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV)
9. Department of Parks and Recreation (DPR)
10. Franchise Tax Board (FTB)
11. Office of State Fire Marshal (SFM)
12. University/College Police Departments
13. Department of Health Services (CDHS)
Term
LD2Ch2pg2-3
How many local agencies are there?
Name them.
Definition
8 Local Aggencies
1. Airport Police
2. County Marshals
3. Housing Police
4. Municipal Police
5. School District Police
6. Sheriffs’ Departments
7. Transportation Police
8. Port Authority Police
Term
LD2Ch3pg3-2
What are the 4 objectives of the judicial components of the criminal justice system?
Definition
1. Provide due process
2. Render fair judgement
3. Dispense just punishment
4. Assure victim's rights
Term
LD2Ch3pg3-2
What is the job of Trial Courts?
Definition
Receive Evidence and consider cases involved in criminal activity OR civil disputes.
Term
LD2Ch3pg3-2
What is the job of Appellate Courts?
Definition
Referred to as higher courts and they hear appeals from lower trial courts.
Term
LD2Ch3pg3-4
What are the 9 Proceeding that take place during a criminal trial? IN ORDER.
Definition
1. Arrest: Take into (authorized) custody
2. Arraignment: Inform defendant of charges, rights and bail eligibility
3. Right to Bail: Reasonable bail to prepare a defense
4. Bail: a security deposit to ensure appearance.
5. Preliminary hearing: A screening procedure, In Felony Cases, to see if enough evidence exists.
6. Indictment: Formal charges in writing
7. Trial: Formal judicial exam and determination of law or fact
8. Sentencing: formally pronounced judgement after conviction in a criminal case
9. Grand Jury: A body of a set number within a country, who receive complaints and accusations in criminal cases.
Term
LD2Ch3pg3-6
What is the Grand Jury Responsible for in criminal cases?
Definition
To determine if there is sufficient cause to believe an individual has committed a crime and should stand trial.