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LBS1 Test Prep
LBS1 Test Prep
42
Education
07/04/2011

Additional Education Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
shaping
Definition
a child is rewarded for successful approximation of a target skill
Term
overcorrection
Definition
effective in reducing self-stimulation and repetitive movements
Term
fading
Definition
gradual change over successive trials of a stimulus that controls a response so that the response eventually occurs to a partially changed or completely new stimulus
Term
response cost
Definition
a stimulus is taken away as a consequence of behavior and the effect is to reduce the frequency of the behavior.
Term
dri
Definition
direct reinforcement of the individual
Term
extinction
Definition
withholding or removing a stimulus that reinforces a maladaptive behavior
Term
fixed ratio schedule
Definition
response is reinforced only after a specified number of responses--end stages
Term
fixed interval
Definition
where the first response is rewarded only after a specified amount of time has elapsed
Term
chaining
Definition
the reinforcement of successive elements of a behavior
Term
ellis's abc model
Definition
three components of experience in which a person can ascertain if his or her belief system is distorted--how WE perceive things is the key
Term
glasser's reality therapy
Definition
clients seek to discover what they really want and whether what they are currently doing (how they are choosing to behave) is actually bringing them nearer to, or further away from, that goal; students use alternative behavior plans to help them reach goals
Term
PL 94-142
Definition
Same as IDEA-1975
Term
PL 99-457
Definition
amended IDEA to give procedural rights and safeguards for the individual; provided guidelines for and IFSP (Individualized Family Service Plan); IEP; benefits for kids from birth to age 5-2004
Term
PL 101-476
Definition
added autism and traumatic brain injury it IDEA-1990
Term
ADA
Definition
prohibits discrimination based on disability-1990
Term
IDEA
Definition
ensures services to children with disabilities-1975
Term
conduct disorder
Definition
poor moral development, lack of empathy, behavioral excesses like aggression
Term
depresssion
Definition
school refusal, obsessive-compulsive disorders, psychosis, and separation anxiety--difficult to diagnose in kids because symptoms differ from adults
Term
ESE
Definition
exceptional student ed
Term
REI
Definition
regular ed initiative; merge spec and reg ed into one
Term
privilege
Definition
free time, candy
Term
right
Definition
lunch, bathroom
Term
entitlement
Definition
recess, attending school events
Term
morphology
Definition
smallest units of language that convey meaning
Term
syntax
Definition
grammar
Term
pragmatics
Definition
speaker's intent; influence actions or attitudes of others
Term
semantics
Definition
language content: objects, actions, and relations between objects
Term
conduct disorder
Definition
temper tantrums, disruption of class, disobedience, and bossiness
Term
personality disorder
Definition
social withdrawal, anxiety, depression, shyness, and guilt
Term
phonology
Definition
system of rules about sound and sound combinations for a language
Term
phoneme
Definition
the smallest unit of sound that combines with other sounds to make words
Term
chaining
Definition
The skill to be learned is broken down into small units for easy learning
Term
continuous reinforcement
Definition
the desired behavior is reinforced every single time it occurs; best used during the initial stages of learning
Term
variable ratio schedule
Definition
response is reinforced after an unpredictable number of responses--intermediate stages
Term
section 504
Definition
designed to eliminate discrimination on the basis of disability--1973
Term
self-recording
Definition
Sam marks his sheet with an X each time he meets his goal
Term
self-evaluation
Definition
Sam records his performance rating of 0-3
Term
self-reinforcement
Definition
Sam chooses his reinforcer and says "I deserve this"
Term
emotional disturbance
Definition
general mood of depression or unhappiness, tendency to develop physical symptoms, inability to learn
Term
clustering
Definition
the exhibition of 2 or more types of problem behaviors across different area of functioning
Term
socialized agression
Definition
truancy, gang membership
Term
rational emotional therapy
Definition
focuses on resolving emotional and behavioral problems and disturbances and enabling people to lead happier and more fulfilling lives; (same as Ellis a-b-c)