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Kingdom Protista/Fungus
S.H.S.-Learning Lab
84
Biology
02/15/2012

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Term
Mixture of organisms which do not fit into the other 4 Kingdoms.
Definition
Kingdom Protista
Term
What does the name Protozoan mean?
Definition
"first animal"
Term
Autotrophs are organisms that use energy from the sun or energy which are also called ________.
Definition
producers
Term
Heterotrophs are organisms that can't make their own food which are also called _____________.
Definition
consumers
Term
All Protozoa can reproduce _______.
Definition
asexually (Binary Fision)
Term
During binary fission, ____ (how many)protozoan cell divides into two identical individuals.
Definition
one
Term
Where do Protist live?
Definition
Water and terrestrial areas
Term
Protist are classified into(how many) _____ Phyla.
Definition
12
Term
Protista are placed into what 3 groups?
Definition
animal-like, plant-like, and fungus like
Term
All animal-like protist are_______?
Definition
heterotrophs/consumers
Term
Animal-like protist are classified by the way they _______.
Definition
move
Term
One way an animal-like protist is classified is by tiny beating hair-like structures called ______.
Definition
cilia
Term
One way an animal-like protist is classified is by whip-like tails called ______.
Definition
flagella
Term
One way animal-like protist is classified is by a "false foot" called ______________.
Definition
pseudopodia
Term
One way an animal-like protist is classified is by no locomotion (movement) called __________.
Definition
sessile
Term
An example of an animal-like protist is a ____________ which is a psedopod, is aquatic and can cause disease.
Definition
amoeba
Term
An example of an animal-like protist is a ___________ which moves by cilia, is aquatic and do not cause disease.
Definition
paramecium
Term
Characteristics of ____________ (Animal-like) are parasistic, reproduces by spores and can't move.
Definition
sporozoans
Term
Sporozoans name Plasmodium cause ___________.
Definition
malaria
Term
What insect carries Malaria and can be transmitted to humans when bitten?
Definition
mosquito
Term
Plant-like protist have ___________ which is a light absorbing pigment.
Definition
chlorophyll
Term
Plant-like protist are grouped according to color and __________.
Definition
structure
Term
Plant-like protist produce large amounts of _______ which are used by other living organisms.
Definition
oxygen
Term
What kind of Protist live in freshwater,salt water, soil, and tree bark?
Definition
Plant-like
Term
__________ contains disk-shaped chloroplasts.
Definition
Euglena
Term
__________ is a beautiful one celled protist that comes in many shapes such as boats, rods, disks, and triangles.
Definition
Diatom
Term
Diatom is an important ________source for water dwelling animals.
Definition
food
Term
________________are algae that is usually found in oceans, usually brown or red in color and move by two flagella.
Definition
Dinoflagellates
Term
Dinoflagellates produce large numbers of protist which turns the ocean red and is responsible for ___________.
Definition
red tides
Term
Red tide __________ fish.
Definition
kills
Term
____________algae can be unicellular or multicellular. They produce O2 in H2O.
Definition
Green
Term
Green Algae serve as food for fish, snails, and __________.
Definition
crayfish
Term
Green Algae is usally found in __________, which is a group of cells that live together.
Definition
colonies
Term
Two examples of Green __________are volvox colony and kelp.
Definition
Algae
Term
__________are fungus-like protist that live in a cool, damp place.
Definition
Slime Molds
Term
Slime molds feed on _________growing on rotting logs and decaying leaves.
Definition
bacteria
Term
Parameciums are unicellular organisms classified in the phylum ________.
Definition
Ciliophora
Term
Parameciums live in quiet or stagnant ______.
Definition
ponds
Term
Parameciums feed on _______and other organisms.
Definition
scum
Term
Parameciums cannot change their _______.
Definition
shape
Term
All members of the Phylum Chilophora move by tiny ______-like projections called cilia.
Definition
hair
Term
Parameciums have a thick outer membrane called the ____________.
Definition
pellicle
Term
Parameciums have 2 types of nuclei. Which one controls respiration, protein synthesis and digestion?
Definition
macronucleus
Term
Paramenciums have 2 types of nuclei. Which one is only used during reproduction?
Definition
micronucleus
Term
What organ of the paramecium and euglena is star shaped and is used in animals to remove excess water?
Definition
contractile vacuoles
Term
Parameciums join at the ________ pore for sexual reproduction (conjugation).
Definition
mouth
Term
In parameciums, food vacuoles are formed at the end of the _______.
Definition
gullet
Term
In parameciums, undigested food particles are eliminated through the _______ pore.
Definition
anal
Term
In parameciums, the indented area where food enters is the ________ groove.
Definition
oral
Term
In parameciums, the __________ are threadlike organelles that entangle it's predator or makes it bigger.
Definition
trichocysts
Term
Parameciums have 2 types of cytoplasm. Which one is clear?
Definition
ectoplasm
Term
Parameciums have 2 types of cytoplasm. Which one is more dense?
Definition
endoplasm
Term
Parameciums move away from negative or unpleasant stimulus. What is the behavior called?
Definition
avoidance behavior
Term
The euglena has a stiff outside cell membrane that helps  keep its shape. What is this structure?
Definition
pellicle
Term
Euglenas have a nucleus which contains ___________.
Definition
DNA
Term
___________________ owes its name to chlorplast (the green part of the cell), that is wound into a spiral.
Definition
Spirogyra
Term
Small round bodies found in the chloroplast are ___________, centers for the production of starch.
Definition
pyrenoids
Term
Euglenas have a nucleolus which makes ____________.
Definition
ribosomes
Term
Where might you find spirogyra?
Definition
chloroplast
Term
Euglenas and Parameciums are unicellular. What is the spirogyra?
Definition
multicelluar
Term
_______________ algae (sea weed)is also known as Kelp and is used in some foods.
Definition
Brown
Term
Red Algae is found in very _______water
because it is at the top of the light spectrum.
Definition
deep
Term
Green Algae is found close to the shore in ____________ water.
Definition
shallow
Term
What is lichen made up of?
Definition
fungus and algae
Term
What is the cell wall in a fungus made up of?
Definition
chitin
Term
An amoeba engulfs food by ______.
Definition
phagocytosis
Term
Which type of fungi has the most species?
Definition
ascomycotes
Term
We classify _________ by how they form symbiotic relationships, obtain their food, reproduce and recycle nutrients.
Definition
fungi
Term
What is the study of fungi?
Definition
mycology
Term
Bread mold is an example of ______.
Definition
sporangium fungi
Term
Mushroom is an example of ______.
Definition
club fungi
Term
Yeast and lichens are examples of _____.
Definition
sac fungi
Term
Ringworm and athlete's foot are human diseases caused by ________.
Definition
imperfect fungi
Term
What are the main characteristics of fungi?
Definition
eukaryote, heterotrophs, multicellular, and they cannot move
Term
What are the reasons why fungi are different from plants?
Definition
lack of chlorophyll, and they reproduce by spores
Term
What are thin-thread like structures found in fungus?
Definition
hyphae
Term
A mass of hyphae is called _____?
Definition
mycelium
Term
What is a fungus with cholorphyll?
Definition
lichen
Term
What part of fungi carries out reproduction?
Definition
pieces of hyphae/spores
Term
What is the number one problem fungi have when they are reproducing?
Definition
they do not grow tall
Term
What ways do fungi release spores?
Definition
shooting spores and use animals water or wind
Term
The largest members of the Kingdom Protista are found in the phylum _____.
Definition
Phaeophyta (Brown Algea)
Term
An advantage of ______ is the ablility to photosynthesis blue light, thus allowing them to live in deeper water than other maring algae.
Definition
Rhodophyta (Reflects red/Absorbs blue)
Term
Phylum responsible of causing African Sleeing Sickness
Definition
Zoomastigina