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Kidney
Ultrasound
10
Medical
04/15/2010

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Cards

Term
True or False ----The kidneys have two layers for protection.
Definition
False---The kidneys have three layers of support and protection. The true capsule, perirenal fat and Gerota's fascia.
Term
What are the intense specular echoes at the corticomedullary junction?
Definition
The arcuate arteries are the intense specular reflectors that are located at the base of the medullary pyramids and cortex.
Term
What is the functional unit of the kidney?
Definition
The kidney is composed of many nephrons. The nephron is the kidney's functional unit.
Term
True or False ----Infantile Polycystic Kidney Disease (IPKD) is autosomal dominant.
Definition
False---IPKD is autosomal recessive while APKD is autosomal dominant.
Term
True or False ----In acute renal failure the kidneys appear enlarged.
Definition
True--- In acute renal failure the kidney is either normal or enlarged by ultrasound.
Term
What is the most serious sign of kidney transplant rejection?
A. Lymphocele
B. Acute Tubular Necrosis
C. Renal Failure
D. Hydronephrosis
Definition
C. Renal Failure is the most serious sign of transplant rejection. The patient may experience pain, fever and decreased urine output as well.
Term
Which of these things is NOT located anterior to the Left Kidney?
A. Stomach
B. Left Adrenal Gland
C. Spleen
D. Diaphragm
Definition
D. The diaphragm is located posterior to the left kidney
Term
Which of the following will NOT cause a false positive diagnosis of Hydronephrosis?
A. Parapelvic Cyst
B. Renal Sinus Lipomatosis
C. Extra Renal Pelvis
D. All of the above can lead to a false-positive.
Definition
D. All of the following things can lead to a false positive for Hydronephrosis of the kidney. They all can mimic dilatation of the collecting system.
Term
Which of the following is elevated with Renal dysfunction?
A. Serum Creatinine
B. BUN
C. AST
D. ALT
Definition
A. Serum Creatinine is the laboratory value that is elevated with renal dysfunction. An elevation in this value happens when the nephrons of the kidney are being destroyed.
Term
In which of these conditions might we see a decrease in BUN?
A. Chronic Renal Disease
B. Acute Renal Disease
C. Liver Failure
D. Obstruction in the Urinary System
Definition
C. Liver Failure. In liver failure there may be a decrease in BUN. In urinary obstruction, and acute and chronic renal disease there is an increase in BUN.