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ITSC1405-Ch 2
PC Operating System Hardware
83
Other
06/11/2005

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Term
Six Processor Families
Definition
Intel and Intel Itanium, AMD and Cirix
Motorola, PowerPC, SPARC, Alpha
Term
First EPIC-based processor from Intel and it has 64-bit address bus
Definition
Intel Itanium
Term
1. An EPIC CPU design
Definition
 allows a single processor to execute 20 or more operations at a time (page 51)
Term
2. Instruction pipelining is a processing technique that allows the processor to operate on one instruction at a time with the pipeline keeping the instructions in order.
Definition
 False
• Pipelining allows the processor to operate on one instruction at the same time it is fetching one or more subsequent instructions from the operating system or application. (page 50)
Term
3. A specialized piece of hardware called the ___________ predicts what data will be needed and makes it available in cache before it is needed.
Definition
 cache controller (page 53)
Term
4. The most recent graphical Microsoft Windows family of server operating systems is the ____________ family.
Definition
 Windows Server 2003 (page 76)
Term
5. The __________ bus is used to keep the CPU informed of the status of resources and devices connected to the computer.
Definition
 control (page 54)
Term
6. Hyper-threading (HT) technology enables two separate processors to appear to the operating system as a single processor.
Definition
 False
• Hyper-threading (HT) is an Intel multithreading technology that enables a single processor to appear to the operating system as two separate processors, in which multiple threads of software applications are run simultaneously on one processor. (page 57 & 93)
Term
7. The first widely used personal computer CPU was manufactured by Intel, and its model number was ____________.
Definition
 8088 (page 55)
Term
8. In Windows 95, Microsoft introduced a way to add hardware to a computer in a much easier way than had been available before. This feature is called ___________.
Definition
 Plug and Play or PnP (page 63)
Term
9. A virtual private network (VPN) is ________________
Definition
 a private network that is like a tunnel through a larger network (page 72)
Term
10. Kerebos security was introduced in Windows ___________.
Definition
 2000 (page 73)
Term
11. The five versions of Windows XP are: ________, __________, __________, __________, and __________.
Definition
 XP Home Edition
 XP Professional Edition
 XP Tablet PC Edition
 XP Media Center Edition
 XP 64-Bit Edition
 (page 77)
Term
12. Windows 2000 resolved some of the security problems in Windows NT by not turning on any of the services by default.
Definition
 False
• Windows Server 2003 you set up only the functions you want to use, unlike previous versions of the operating system where many functions were set up as the default. (page 80)
Term
13. Unix versions adhere to one of the two main design standards which are the _________ or the ___________ .
Definition
 Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD)
 System V Release 4 (SVR4)
 (page 81)
Term
14. .The X Window type GUI interface in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3.0 is called ____________.
Definition
 GNOME (page 83)
Term
15. Novell’s NetWare 6.5 shipped with major open-source enhancements.
Definition
 True (page 90)
Term
16. One benchmark of the speed of a CPU is the number of instructions it can perform with each clock cycle. How many clock cycles does a 3.06 GHz computer have?
Definition
 3,060,000,000 or 3.06 billion (page 52)
Term
17. What version of the Mac OS provides personal video conferencing where one can have video conversations with another Mac in full screen video?
Definition
 Mac OS X Version 10.3 Panther (page 88)
Term
18. What relatively high-speed input / output port was first supported in Windows 98?
Definition
 USB (page 67)
Term
19. .In which Operating system might you find the utility Microsoft Windows Journal?
Definition
 on a Tablet PC (as listed on Quiz)
 Windows XP Tablet PC Edition (page 79)
Term
20. The latest generation of the PowerPC processor is called the __________.
Definition
 G5 (page 59)
Term
21. The Intel Itanium processor family is built on what architecture?
Definition
 The RISC-based EPIC processor (as listed on Quiz) (page 58)
Term
System Architecture of a computer includes
Definition
the type and number of CPUs, the bus types installed, and the supporting logic chips and peripherals.
Term
Five most important classification elements of a CPU include:
Definition
design type, speed, cache, address bus, data bus, control bus, and CPU scheduling.
Term
CPU Design types
Definition
CISC, RISC, AND EPIC
Term
CPU design determines how instructions
Definition
are executed
Term
The speed of a CPU determines
Definition
how many instructions can be executed in a given amount of time
Term
CPUs have two types of clocks
Definition
internal clock and external clock
Term
internal clock determines
Definition
how fast instructions are executed internal to the CPU
Term
external clock determines
Definition
how fast data can be transferred from the CPU to other parts of the computer
Term
External clock speed is typically _____________ the internal clock speed
Definition
one-half, one-third, one-fourth, or one-eighth
Term
Three types of cache memory
Definition
L1, L2, and L3
Term
One way to improve the performance of a Web server that is often slow is to
Definition
upgrade to a processor that has a large amount of fast L2 cache, or a combination.
Term
Three different bus types found on the CPU
Definition
address bus, data bus, control bus
Term
A 32-bit data bus can transfer ______ and a 16-bit data bus can transfer _____
Definition
4 bytes, 2 bytes
Term
During the DOS days, most operating systems were basically single threaded, meaning
Definition
they would run just one process until it was completed and then turn to the next process.
Term
Beginning with the Windows NT operating system, the use of CPU scheduling algorithms began to allow multithreading, which is
Definition
the ability to run two or more processes, known as threads, at the same time.
Term
8088
Definition
8/20, max 8MHz
Term
8086
Definition
16/20, max 16MHz
Term
x286
Definition
16/24, max 40 MHz
Term
x386SX
Definition
16/24, max 40 MHz
Term
x386DX
Definition
32/24, max 40 MHz
Term
x486SX
Definition
16/24, max 80 MHz
Term
x486DX
Definition
32/24, max 120 MHz
Term
Pentium
Definition
32/28, max 266 MHz
Term
Pentium Pro
Definition
64/28, max 200 MHz
Term
PII
Definition
64/36, max 550 MHz
Term
Xeon
Definition
64/36, max 1700 MHz
Term
Celeron
Definition
64/36, max 2600 MHz
Term
PIII
Definition
64/36, max 1200 MHz
Term
P4
Definition
64/36, max 3200 MHz
Term
Itanium
Definition
64/128, max 800 MHz
Term
Itanium 2
Definition
64/128, max 1500 MHz
Term
Motorola has carved a niche in the
Definition
Macintosh, UNIX, and embedded computer markets.
Term
Motorola processors are the CPU of choice in many routers from
Definition
Cisco, and are used extensively in real-time computing environments.
Term
Motorola's _____ line of processors are CISC processors
Definition
680x0
Term
The PowerPC chips used in the latest Macintosh computers are _______ based processors.
Definition
RISC
Term
________________ processors are also popular RISC CUPs, the former being used in Sun Solaris environments and the latter, developed by DEC (now owned by HP), is both a popular Unix processor and high-end PC server processor.
Definition
SPARC and Alpha
Term
is often used as a starting point to install or troubleshoot systems.
Definition
DOS
Term
GUI was originally developed by
Definition
Xerox corporation
Term
added built-in peer-to-peer networking capabilities
Definition
Windows 3.11
Term
was the first Microsoft OS that provided 32-bit functionality and ran in the 80x86 protected mode which allowed better multitasking and access to extended memory areas.
Definition
Windows 95
Term
The list of advanced features introduced with Windows 95:
Definition
a new GUI, plug and play, ActiveX and COM, the registry, better multitasking, and enhanced networking and Internet capabilities.
Term
Windows 95 can run 32-bit applications using pre-emptive multitasking
Definition
but still relies on cooperative multitasking when older 16-bit applications are run.
Term
The _____________ features make interaction between user and application and communication between applications much easier for developers.
Definition
Component Object Model (COM) and ActiveX controls
Term
Windows 98 provided important upgrades in the areas of
Definition
PnP, USB support, better multitasking, better multimedia support, better support for laptops in the form of power management, and better Internet integration.
Term
Windows NT features include
Definition
true 32-bit architecture, full pre-emptive multitasking, advanced networking features, multithreading, and symmetric multiprocessing.
Term
Although there are two versions of Windows NT: Workstation and Server; both enjoy the same stable code base. NT server adds functionality for a
Definition
client/server environment such as centralized user management, fault tolerance, and increased support for simultaneous users and remote access.
Term
A Windows NT Domain is a centralized method for managing network resources and with NT there is a .
Definition
PDC and BDC
Term
Some of the notable new features of Windows 2000 are:
Definition
VPNs, Active Directory, Distributed Network Architecture, Kerberos Security, IntelliMirror, power management, and International Language Compatibility.
Term
Professional is designed for desktop and laptop use and supports up to ____ processors while server is designed as a network server and supports up to CPUs (in the Advanced version)
Definition
two, 32
Term
The Active Directory concept brings centralized management in a Windows environment to a new level. Active Directory is a _____________ database that provides advanced computer and user management for networks up the many thousands of computers.
Definition
hierarchical
Term
The three Windows 2000 server products .
Definition
Windows 2000 Server, Advanced Server, and Datacenter Server

Windows Datacenter Server supports up to 32 processors and 64GB of RAM and supports the advanced feature of server clustering, compared to Windows 2000 Server, which supports up to 4 processors and 4GB of RAM. Each server version has its place in an organization, but Windows 2000 Server will probably make up 90% of all of the Windows 2000 Server implementations
Term
Windows Server 2003 is really only a minor upgrade from Windows 2000. The same three versions exist but some of the versions have been renamed:
Definition
Server is now Standard Edition, Advanced Server is now Enterprise Edition, and Datacenter Server is now Datacenter Edition. A new version, Web Edition has been added and is targeted at obvious applications.
Term
Windows Server 2003 important new features exist:
Definition
faster logon, better manageability through group policies, 64-bit Itanium processor compatibility, enhanced remote management, better multi-user capabilities, and new code to support Microsoft’s .NET initiative.
Term
is a true multitasking and multi-user operating system and was built that way from the ground up using the concept of a shell, which is a command-line user interface. While several shells are available, they all work basically the same, just as different
Definition
UNIX
Term
Because of the advanced security features in ______, it is often used as a firewall or web server but students should realize that it also excels as an application server and database server.

_______is highly customizable. Many programmers make a livi
Definition
UNIX
Term
The differences in the way a Mac boots compared to a Windows operating system are:
Definition
Because the graphical features of a Mac or built into the BIOS, graphics are a standard part of a Macintosh computer whereas graphics only run after Windows has been loaded since the PC BIOS contains no graphics routines
Term
While multitasking on a Mac became standard in version 8.0, peer-to-peer networking has been a standard feature of the Mac OS since the beginning. ___________is the protocol used by the Mac and a variation of it, LocalTalk was an innovation Apple used to
Definition
AppleTalk
Term
The X in Mac OS X means 10. Not only does this version of Mac OS have a jazzy new interface called _________, it also has some very Window-esque like features such as Shut Down, Log Out, Recent Items, and so forth. The latest version is 10.3 Panther.
Definition
Aqua
Term
Perhaps most significant about Mac OS X is that it is designed around the ____operating system. ____is at its core and this may make the Mac (previously unfriendly to would-be developers) a more attractive development environment.
Definition
UNIX
Term
_______ chose to develop a file server rather than a disk server
Definition
Novell