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Introduction to Psychology
David G. Meyers
15
Physiology
11/14/2010

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Term
Psychology
Definition
The scientific Study of behavior and mental processes
Term
Empiricism
Definition
the view that a knowledge comes from experience via the senses, and science flourishes through observation and experiement
Term
structuralism
Definition
an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the elemental structure of the human human mind. 
Term
functionalism 
Definition
a school of psychology that focused on how mental and behavior processes function- how they enable the organism to adapt, survive and flourish. 
Term
humanistic psychology
Definition
historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people; used personalized methods to study personality in hopes of fostering personal growth. 
Term
Margaret Floy Washburn
Definition
the first woman ever to receive a Ph.D in Psychology. 
Term
nature- nurture issue
Definition
the longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors. 
Term
Natural Selection
Definition
the principle that, among the range of the inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed onto succeeding generations. 
Term
levels of analysis
Definition
the differing complementary views, from biological to psychological to social -cultural, for analyzing any given phenomenon. 
Term
biopsychosocial approach
Definition
an integrated perspective that incorporates biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis. 
Term
basic research 
Definition
pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base
Term
Applied Research 
Definition
Scientific study that aims to solve practical problems
Term
Counseling Psychology
Definition
A branch of psychology that assists people with problems in living ( often related to school, work, or marriage) and in achieving greater well being
Term
Clinical Psychology
Definition
A branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders
Term
psychiatry
Definition
A branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; praticed by physicians who sometimes provide medical treatments as well as thearapy