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Human anatomy- Bones
Skeletal system
42
Biology
02/13/2012

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Term
Why is the area just distal to the tubercles of the humerus called the ‘surgical neck’?
Definition
this is the most frequently fractured part of the humerus
Term
Along with the humerus, this bone is mainly responsible for forming the "hinging" portion of the elbow joint:
Definition
ulna
Term
. Following a serious motor vehicle accident, protruding through the skin of the victim was a splintered portion of this longest bone in the body:
Definition
femur
Term
The apex of the ____ is inferior
Definition
patella
Term
The distal portion of the ____ is most important in providing movement at the wrist.
Definition
radius
Term
The expanded distal aspect of the radius:
Definition
a.is convex to articulate with carpal bones
b.has a lateral styloid process structure
c.has a medial ulnar notch site
Term
Typically, a ‘wrist-watch’ is actually worn:
Definition
around the distal olecranon process
Term
Parts of the appendicular skeleton consist of:
Definition
arms, legs, hands and feet
Term
The ‘shinbone’ is also known as the:
Definition
tibia
Term
The ‘collarbone’ is also known as the:
Definition
clavicle
Term
A wedding ring is traditionally worn around which bone?
Definition
the proximal phalanx of digit four of the manus
Term
Compared with the male pelvis, the female pelvis has
Definition
An enlarged pelvic outlet
A wider more circular pelvic inlet
A broader pubic angle
Less curvature on the sacrum and coccyx
Term
Someone who is referred to as having a "large chin" likely has a very prominent
Definition
mental protuberance.
Term
The bony structure of the orbit is composed of which of the following?
Definition
ethmoid, sphenoid, frontal, lacrimal, maxilla, zygomatic, and palatine
Term
The coronal suture is the boundary between which bones?
Definition
frontal and parietal
Term
The only point of articulation between the pectoral girdle and the axial skeleton is at (the)
Definition
sternal end of the clavicle.
Term
The primary curves of the vertebral column are the
Definition
thoracic and sacral.
Term
The structure that houses the olfsctory nerves is called the
Definition
cribriform plate.
Term
The true ribs
Definition
attach to the sternum by separate cartilaginous extensions.
Term
What event causes the cervical curve to begin development?
Definition
the infant begins to life his or her head
Term
Which type of cell is capable of dividing to produce new osteblasts?
Definition
osteoprogenitor
Term
spongy bone is formed of
Definition
struts and plates
Term
the basic functional unit of mature compact bone is the
Definition
osteon
Term
endchondral ossification begins with the formation of
Definition
a hyaline cartilage modle
Term
when sexual hormone production increases bone production
Definition
accelerates rapidly
Term
The presence of an epiphyseal line indicates that
Definition
epiphyseal growth has ended
Term
The inadequate ossification that occurs with agingis called
Definition
osteopenia
Term
the process by which the diameter of a developing bone enlarges is
Definition
appositional growth at the outer surface
Term
The sternum is an example of which type of bone
Definition
flat bone
Term
A small, rough projection of a bone is termed a
Definition
tuberosity
Term
Suture
Definition
Boundry between skull bones
Term
Foramen magnum
Definition
Occipital bone
Term
Mastoid process
Definition
temporal bone
Term
optic canal
Definition
sphenoid
Term
crista galli
Definition
ethmoid
Term
Condylar process
Definition
mandible
Term
transverse foramen
Definition
cervical vertebrae
Term
costal facets
Definition
thoracic vertebrae
Term
manubrium
Definition
sternum
Term
upper jaw
Definition
maxillae
Term
Which af the following is/are true of the ethmoid?
A) it contains crista galli
B) it contains the cribriform plate
C) it serves as the anterior attachment of the falx cerebri
D) all of the above
Definition
All of the above
Term
Whic of the following applies to the sella turcica
A) it supports and protects the pituitary gland
B)it is bounded directly laterally by the foramen spinosum
C) as it true for the mastroid process and air cells, it does not develop until after birth
D) it permits passage of the optic nerves
Definition
it permits passage of the optic nerves