Shared Flashcard Set

Details

HP 191
Health
100
Health Care
12/08/2010

Additional Health Care Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
What do obesity and alcohol use have in common that increases breast cancer risk?
Definition
They increase estrogen levels in the blood.
Term
The primary difference between a benign tumor and a malignant tumor is that...
Definition
malignant tumors can spread to other sites in the body
Term
Which of the following risk factors is most clearly linked to skin cancer?
Definition
exposing skin to ultraviolet radiation
Term
All of the following foods are recommended for cancer risk reduction EXCEPT...
Definition
pork
Term
Exercise reduces cancer risk by all of the following means EXCEPT...
Definition
it lowers blood pressure
Term
The seven major warning signs of cancer can be remembered with the acronym...
Definition
CAUTION
Term
Cancer is best described as...
Definition
an abnormal and uncontrollable growth of cells
Term
Metastasis occurs when...
Definition
cancer cells break off and invade other body parts
Term
Which of the following is linked to the greatest number of cancer deaths?
Definition
smoking
Term
The infection that puts women at risk for cervical cancer is..
Definition
HPV
Term
All of the following are components of health-related fitness EXCEPT...
Definition
speed
Term
Specificity of training is best shown by which one of the following examples?
Definition
doing push-ups to develop chest and shoulder endurance
Term
Cardiorespiratory endurance is developed best by activities that...
Definition
involve continuous rhythmic movements of large-muscle groups
Term
The goal of physical training is to produce long-term changes and improvements in the body's functioning. T or F.
Definition
True
Term
For health promotion alone, how many minutes of exercise are recommended?
Definition
30
Term
To improve physical fitness and for weight management, more than 30 minutes of exercise is recommended. T or F.
Definition
True
Term
The body adapting to a gradual increase in the amount of exercise is the definition of...
Definition
progressive overload
Term
Muscular strength and endurance are developed best by activities that...
Definition
involve working with resistance such as weights or performing calisthenic exercises
Term
The first step in creating a successful fitness program is to...
Definition
assess your current fitness level
Term
Which one of the following statements about cooling down is true?
Definition
It restores circulation to its normal resting condition
Term
All of the following are energy-containing nutrients EXCEPT...
Definition
vitamins
Term
During digestion, most carbohydrates are broken down into..
Definition
glucose
Term
Long-term effects of regular cardiorespiratory exercise include...
Definition
increased sweat rate
Term
Cardiorespiratory endurance is best measured in terms of...
Definition
maximal oxygen consumption
Term
Recommended treatment of minor soft tissue injuries such as bruises includes all of the following EXCEPT...
Definition
massage
Term
Elevating an injured muscle or joint helps the injury by...
Definition
reducing swelling
Term
All of the following are used to assess cardiorespiratory fitness EXCEPT...
Definition
the push-up test
Term
To build cardiorespiratory endurance you should do cardiorespiratory exercises at a frequency of 1-2 days a week. T or F.
Definition
False
Term
The total time (duration) of cardiorespiratory endurance exercise should be 20-60 minutes. T or F.
Definition
True
Term
Am example of an activity that primarily uses the immediate energy system is...
Definition
weight lifting
Term
Essential fat is best defined as...
Definition
lipids incorporated into the organs and tissues
Term
Women have a higher proportion of essential fat than men primarily because women...
Definition
have essential fat deposited in the breasts, uterus, and other sites specific to females
Term
The mortality rate for obese people is ___ that of nonobese people.
Definition
twice
Term
People are at greater risk for coronary heart disease if they tend to gain weight in the...
Definition
abdomen
Term
Which temperature for evaluating health risks associated with body weight is based on the concept that a person's weight should be proportional to his or her height?
Definition
body mass index
Term
Which of the following indirect methods for assessing body composition is considered MOST accurate?
Definition
underwater weighing
Term
Extra fat or fat reserves stored in the body is known as...
Definition
nonessential fat
Term
Which of the following methods is used to assess body fat distribution?
Definition
waist circumference measurement
Term
A man may experience muscle wasting and fatigue if his percentage of body fat is less than...
Definition
3-5%
Term
Excess nonessential (storage) fat is usually the result of...
Definition
consumption of more energy than is expended
Term
All of the following may be recommended for an episode of low-back pain EXCEPT...
Definition
a week of bed rest
Term
Flexibility is determined by all of the following EXCEPT...
Definition
mitochondria
Term
Good flexibility has been shown to convey all of the following benefits EXCEPT...
Definition
improved body composition
Term
Which of the following stretching programs conforms to ACSM recommendations?
Definition
3 days per week, 20 seconds per stretch, 4 repetitions of each stretch
Term
The safest and most convenient stretching technique for general fitness is
Definition
active static stretching with an occasional passive assist
Term
Stretching exercises should be performed
Definition
after a warm-up or workout
Term
The structures that absorb and disperse stress on the spine are...
Definition
intervertebral disks
Term
Which of the following statements about exercise for the prevention and management of low-back pain is false?
Definition
exercises should be done early in the morning
Term
Contracting a muscle prior to stretching is best described as an example of...
Definition
proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation
Term
Performing flexibility exercise enhances relaxation by reducing all of the following EXCEPT...
Definition
mobility
Term
Hypertrophy is defined as...
Definition
an increase in muscle fiber size
Term
Slow-twitch muscle fibers are characterized by all of the following EXCEPT...
Definition
rapid contraction
Term
Fast-twitch muscle fibers are characterized by all of the following EXCEPT...
Definition
fatigue resistance
Term
Stability ball exercise is particularly effective for improving...
Definition
"core" endurance and strength
Term
Strength training improves body composition primarily by...
Definition
increasing muscle mass
Term
Metabolic rate increases if...
Definition
muscle mass increases
Term
An essential hormone that men have in higher amounts than women and that allows men to build more muscle mass than women is...
Definition
testosterone
Term
People typically begin to lose muscle mass after age...
Definition
30
Term
Muscular force exerted as a muscle shortens is best classified as...
Definition
concentric
Term
A muscle lengthens as it contracts during a(n)...
Definition
eccentric contraction
Term
The normal progression for the general adaptation syndrome is...
Definition
alarm, resistance, exhaustion
Term
Psychoneuroimmunology is an interaction of...
Definition
the nervous, endocrine and immune systems
Term
Which of the following is an example of a stressor?
Definition
Getting a flat tire
Term
Which of the following best describes the endocrine system?
Definition
Affects body functions through the release of hormones
Term
Which one of the following characteristics is most closely associated with elevated risk of cardiovascular disease?
Definition
hostility
Term
Stress can be the result of...
Definition
negative situations, pleasurable challenges, and achievement of goals
Term
A person who has difficulty expressing emotions, suppresses anger and feel hopeless has characteristics of which personality type?
Definition
Type C
Term
Which of the following is NOT a recommended strategy for heading off explosive anger?
Definition
Having a drink
Term
Your body begins releasing endorphins, your heart rate accelerates and your hearing and vision become more acute. You are experiencing...
Definition
the fight-or-flight reaction
Term
Which of the following is NOT an example of an effective response to stress?
Definition
overeating
Term
The primary symptom of hypertension is...
Definition
nothing; it usually has no symptoms
Term
The six major risk factors for CVD that can be changed are...
Definition
Elevated cholesterol levels, tobacco use, high blood pressure, obesity, PIA, diabetes
Term
The leading cause of death in the US is...
Definition
CVD
Term
Exercise alters blood fat levels by...
Definition
raising HDL levels
Term
The form of blood fat that carries cholesterol out from the liver to other parts of the body and can lead to cholesterol deposits on artery walls is...
Definition
Low-density lipoprotein
Term
While cholesterol is important for many body functions, excess cholesterol is hazardous to health because it is deposited ____.
Definition
on artery walls
Term
Smoking affects the CV system in all of the following was EXCEPT by...
Definition
decreasing heart rate
Term
Which one of the following cholesterol profiles would place someone at greatest risk for heart disease?
Definition
low HDL and high LDL
Term
Which of the following statements about gender and CVD is true?
Definition
Estrogen may offer premenopausal women some protection against CVD
Term
Atherosclerosis is..
Definition
thickening of artery walls by deposit of fatty substances
Term
Controlling body weight is best accomplished by...
Definition
balancing calories consumed with calories expended
Term
Which of the following statements about genetic factors in obesity is true?
Definition
Genetic factors influence where on the body extra weight is added
Term
A hormone thought to be linked to obesity is..
Definition
leptin
Term
Lifestyle factors for successful weight management include all of the following EXCEPT...
Definition
emotional eating
Term
Which of the following patterns of eating is best for weight management?
Definition
three planned meals per day plus planned snacks
Term
An eating disorder characterized by a refusal to eat enough food to maintain a minimally normal body weight is...
Definition
anorexia nervosa
Term
Which of the following is NOT characteristic of binge-eating disorder?
Definition
purging
Term
Which of the following books is most likely to contain valid weight-management information?
Definition
The PA and Diet Weight-Loss Plan
Term
Obesity is linked to an increased risk of all of the following EXCEPT...
Definition
improved immune function
Term
Metabolic rate may increase for all of the following people EXCEPT those who...
Definition
have a history of weight loss
Term
HIV attacks the...
Definition
immune system
Term
Dementia, CV damage, blindness and death are possible complications of...
Definition
tertiary syphilis 
Term
A common complication of gonorrhea and chlamydia is... 
Definition
pelvic inflammatory disease
Term
The most common method of HIV transmission is..
Definition
having unprotected sex
Term
A chancre is an indication of...
Definition
syphilis
Term
Which of the following STD's is caused by a virus?
Definition
genital warts
Term
Jaundice is a symptom of...
Definition
Hepatitis B
Term
The organism that causes genital warts is...
Definition
HSV-2
Term
The most reported bacterial STD is...
Definition
chlamydia
Term
Definition