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Hawaii Massage Exam Study Guide
Study Guide Questions
305
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05/16/2012

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Term
What is an example of condition management?
Definition
Managing the existing physical compensation patterns.
Term
Where do nerve impingement syndromes occur?
Definition
Primarily in plexus areas
Term
A person experiencing an inpingement in the cervical plexus would feel what?
Definition
Headaches, neck pain, and breathing difficulties
Term
What is not a general benefit of massage?
Definition
Inhibition of homeostasis
Term
What are the best massage techniques for inpingement syndromes?
Definition
Rapid, deep compression
Term
What can the orgin of pain be?
Definition
Somatic or visceral
Term
Define somatic pain
Definition
Pain arising from stimulation of receptors in the skin, skeletal muscles, joints, tendons and fascia
Term
What is the simplest, most effective deterent to the spread of disease?
Definition
Hand Washing
Term
What is the inflammatory response?
Definition
It can occur to any tissue injury. The response has four signs: redness, swelling, heat, and pain
Term
What is most imporant, even if you are running behind and clients are waiting?
Definition
Sheets and linens are changed and equipment disinfected between massages
Term
If a client complains of discomfort at the end of the stroke, what is the probable reason?
Definition
The compressive force is distributed over a narrow base at the end of the stroke
Term
What stance should be maintained when stretching the legs of a client by applying a pull against the ankle?
Definition
Assymetrical stance, lean back, keeping back straight.
Term
To prevent allerfic reactions, the lubricant should have what scent?
Definition
It should be scent free
Term
When applying compressive force down and forward, where is weight most efficient?
Definition
On the back leg and foot
Term
If a massage practioner has been experience increasingly severe low back pain, and has a full practice of 20 clients/week, what should they do to help themselves?
Definition
Raise the table height to prevent torso bending to reduce back strain
Term
What is a general rule about draping material color?
Definition
It should be opaque, regardless of the material used.
Term
If a client complains of a mild general low back pain, how should you work with them?
Definition
Positioned prone, using support under abdomen and ankles
Term
What benefit does massage provide for scar tissue?
Definition
Slow formation of scar tissue, keep scar tissue pliable, assists healing process by promoting regeneration and keeping replacement to a minimum
Term
If an elderly female with high blood pressure comes in, what would be appropriate?
Definition
To stay in the room and assist her getting on and off the massage table
Term
What is a major contraindication to massage of the legs?
Definition
Thrombophlebitis
Term
If a client reports sensitivity to lubricant and would like a massage in which no lubricant is used, what strokes should you do and not do?
Definition
Effleurage would be inappropriate. Shaking, compression, and kneading would be appropriate.
Term
What are the expenses used to begin new businesses called?
Definition
Start-up costs.
Term
What is cystitis?
Definition
A bladder infection
Term
Massage methods that modulate the breathing rhythm interact with what nervous system?
Definition
The autonomic nervous system
Term
What does the duodenum portion of the small intestine contain?
Definition
Ducts from the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas
Term
What is a combined relationship between stability and mobility?
Definition
Joint function
Term
What is mucous?
Definition
A sticky substance that is part of the immune system function
Term
What does the prefix "contra" mean?
Definition
It means against or opposite
Term
If a client complains of pain int he low back and buttocks, what may indicate where the nerve impingement is location?
Definition
The L-2 dermatome
Term
What is a chronic disease?
Definition
A disease with a vague onset that develops slowly and remains active for a long period of time.
Term
What are pathogenic disease-causing organisms?
Definition
Viruses. bacteria, and fungi
Term
In shiatsu, what are the points called?
Definition
Jitsu
Term
How do you increase levels of pressure with proper body mechanics?
Definition
Shifting the weight bearing foot to the front
Term
In which direction does the force of most massage applications go?
Definition
Downward and forward
Term
Where are trigger points located?
Definition
In the muscles
Term
When does a massage therapist and establishment license expire?
Definition
June 30 of each even-numbered year
Term
Under disciplinary action, any person who violates any of the provisions of the rules shall be fined what?
Definition
Not less than, nor more than $100 - $1000
Term
"Sponsoring Massage Therapist" has what qualifications?
Definition
Has been licensed for at least 3 years in Hawaii
Term
What is the maximum ratio of apprentices to sponsoring therapist?
Definition
10 to 1
Term
What is the minimum fine for a fraudulent application?
Definition
$100
Term
How many hours does an apprentice have to complete?
Definition
No less than 420
Term
If operating a massage establishment with any other business or dwelling, what must there be?
Definition
A solid partition from the floor to ceiling that separate the two rooms
Term
Who issues massage licenses?
Definition
The Department of Commerce and Consumer Affairs
Term
All but whom are approved for academic training by the board?
Definition
The principal massage therapist
Term
What is the longest and largest nerve in the body?
Definition
The sciatic nerve
Term
Where do varicose veins occur?
Definition
The legs
Term
What are the muscles of respiration?
Definition
Diaphragm, intercostal muscles, and pelvic floor
Term
What are proprioceptors?
Definition
muscle spindles
Term
What are kinesthetic receptors?
Definition
Tendons, organs, and joints
Term
What is the duration of pregnancy in women?
Definition
280 days
Term
What is anatomy?
Definition
The study of the gross structure of the body or the study of an organism and the interrelation of its parts.
Term
What is pathology?
Definition
The study of the structural and functional changes caused by disease.
Term
What is disease?
Definition
Abnormal and unhealthy state of all parts of the body wherein it is not capable of carrying on its normal function.
Term
What is the most abundant tissue in the body?
Definition
Connective tissue
Term
What is the cecum NOT a part of?
Definition
The small intestine
Term
General massage consisting of basic movements or manipulation is valuable in the treatment of what?
Definition
Injuries to blood and lymph, soft tissues and joints, neck and back.
Term
What is the Coronal Plane?
Definition
The line that divides the body into the anterior, front or ventral half, and posterior, back or dorsoal half
Term
Where do the palms face in the anatomical position?
Definition
Forward
Term
What is the region inferior to the umbilical region?
Definition
The hypogastric region
Term
What is cranial NOT considered?
Definition
A system of the body
Term
What is the largest organ of the body?
Definition
The skin
Term
What is the main muscle associated with breathing?
Definition
The diaphragm
Term
Where is the sweat gland under the control of the autonomic nervous system located?
Definition
The dermis
Term
What is NOT a function of lymph?
Definition
Regulating the body temperature
Term
What is dermatitis?
Definition
A skin condition that causes inflammation
Term
What are gonads?
Definition
Sex glands that produce reproductive cells
Term
What does the prefix "HYPO" mean?
Definition
It means Under or Below
Term
What does the prefix "SUPRA" mean?
Definition
Over, Above, or Upper
Term
How many cells compose the human body?
Definition
100 trillion
Term
What is anabolism?
Definition
The process of building a larger molecule from a smaller one is called
Term
The blood vascular system is a closed circuit that consists of what?
Definition
Blood, heart, arteries, capillaries, and veins
Term
The interior of the heart contains how many chambers?
Definition
Four
Term
What are the layers of the heart from outer to inner?
Definition
Epicardium, myocardium, and endocardium
Term
On a normal adult heart rate, what is the normal range?
Definition
72 to 80
Term
What does the circulatory system control?
Definition
The circulation of blood and lymph
Term
What is the trachea part of?
Definition
The respiratory system
Term
Blood and lymph are similar except for what?
Definition
The lymph does not have red blood cells and platelets
Term
What is the septum?
Definition
A muscular wall that separates the four chambers of the heart
Term
What is the main artery of the body?
Definition
The aorta
Term
What does the growth hormone do?
Definition
Promotes cell division, in adults it helps tissue repair and regeneration, is necessary for healing, and is most active during sleep.
Term
Where is hemoglobin is found?
Definition
The red blood cells
Term
What is the surface of the skin called?
Definition
The epidermis
Term
What composes the axial skeleton?
Definition
Skull, thorax, vertebral column, and hyoid bone.
Term
What does the brachial plexus control?
Definition
Arm movement
Term
What area of the body do the 4 lumbar nerves affect?
Definition
The lower legs
Term
Where are bursae located?
Definition
The joints
Term
What is one function of the lungs?
Definition
To eliminate carbon dioxide
Term
Which systems does the VAGUS nerve serve?
Definition
Respiratory system and the heart
Term
Where are the kidneys located?
Definition
Above the waist
Term
What does the hyoid bone support?
Definition
The tongue
Term
Where are the gluteus medius and gemellus superior located?
Definition
The hip
Term
Where is the 12th pair of cranial nerves located?
Definition
Under the tongue
Term
What is the olecranon?
Definition
The point of the elbow
Term
What is the most moveable joint?
Definition
The diarthratic joint
Term
Where is the mitral valve located?
Definition
The left atrium connecting to the left ventricle
Term
Where are the concentration of lymph nodes located and NOT located?
Definition
Inguinal, axillary, and cervial, but NOT cranial
Term
What originates from the ischial tuberosity?
Definition
The semitendonosus
Term
What delivers blood to behind the ears?
Definition
The posterior auricular artery
Term
What type of joint is the shoulder?
Definition
Ball and Socket
Term
What is an injury to a ligament?
Definition
A sprain
Term
What is a prime mover?
Definition
A muscle that contributes the most to a particular movement.
Term
What hormone does the thyroid gland produce?
Definition
Thyroxin
Term
What nerve controls the heart and lungs?
Definition
The vagus or Pheumogastric nerve
Term
What does the suffix EMIA mean?
Definition
A condition of the blood
Term
What does the suffix ASE mean?
Definition
A condition of the enzyme
Term
What is a hematoma?
Definition
A mass of blood trapped in some tissue or cavity of the body and is the result of internal bleeding
Term
What is the primary structure of the body?
Definition
The cell
Term
Where are the only pair of saddle joints located?
Definition
Between the thumb metacarpal and the wrist carpals
Term
What are the male gonads?
Definition
Testes
Term
What is a bulla?
Definition
A blister containing water, similar to a vesicle but larger
Term
What is NOT an excretory gland?
Definition
The gall bladder
Term
What is a nephron?
Definition
The functional unit of the kidney
Term
What is a fetus?
Definition
From the beginning of the 3rd month of pregnancy until the birth
Term
What is a lesion?
Definition
A structural change in tissue caused by injury or disease
Term
Why must hands and wrists stay relaxed while massaging?
Definition
Tension in these areas transfer to the shoulder and neck
Term
What is petrissage?
Definition
The massage stroke that consists of manipulations that press and roll the muscles under the hands.
Term
What are the massage procedures for lymphatic drainage similar to?
Definition
Venous return
Term
What does NOT assist lymph movement in the thorax?
Definition
Deep breathing
Term
Why is lymphatic drainage performed over the entire body instead of just focused over major veins>
Definition
Because lymph vessels open into tissue space
Term
What seems to assist the movement of lymph through areas of lymph node filtratiom?
Definition
Pumping jointed areas with passive movement
Term
In which direction should abdominal massage be performed?
Definition
Clockwise
Term
How do you massage tissue around the body prominences of a joint?
Definition
Use vibration
Term
In which direction are Swedish massage strokes performed?
Definition
Towards the heart
Term
What is percussion?
Definition
Quick striking movements of both hands at the same time or alternating
Term
What is effleurage?
Definition
Light pressures of fingertips or hands in long strokes
Term
How is deep touch performed?
Definition
With one finger, several fingers, or the entire hands
Term
What is the feather stroke or nerve stroke?
Definition
One that is performed with very light pressure
Term
What composes the stroke of kneading?
Definition
Lift, squeeze and roll
Term
When performing prenatal massage, what should you avoid?
Definition
The medial portion of the lower extremities because there is a reflex point in that are that stimulates uterine contractions.
Term
What must a massage practitioner do to work successfully with those dealing with a terminal illness.
Definition
The practitioner must be aware of his or her personal feelings about death
Term
Which organ eliminates undigested food from the body?
Definition
The large intestine
Term
What are the excretory organs?
Definition
Liver, Kidneys, Lungs, Skin, Large Intestine
Term
What is the saggital plane?
Definition
It divides the body into left and right parts
Term
What are the body cavities?
Definition
Cranial, Spinal, Thoracic, Abdominal, and Pelvic
Term
What are hair and nails made of?
Definition
Keratin. They are appendages of skin.
Term
What is approximately the optimal size of space for a massage?
Definition
10 x 12 feet
Term
What is drop foot?
Definition
A condition caused by paralysis of the peronial nerve
Term
What are ureters?
Definition
Tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder
Term
What is the generative apparatus necessary for organisms to produce organisms of the same kind?
Definition
Reproductive
Term
What is an ulcer?
Definition
An open lesion on skin or mucous membrane of the body
Term
What are characteristics of inflammation?
Definition
Swelling, redness, and heat
Term
What level of fever can damage tissue?
Definition
106 to 108 degrees farenheit
Term
What is Interphase?
Definition
The normal state of the cell during which most cellular work and growth are done is called
Term
What does "board" mean?
Definition
The State Board of Massage
Term
What must the principal massage therapist ensure?
Definition
Each apprentice wears a conspicuously placed nametag stating their name and the word Apprentice
Term
When must an establishment or outcall massage service notify the board when it's Principal Massage Therapist leaves?
Definition
Within 5 days
Term
When must an application for a new license be made upon transfer of the establishment or death of the owner?
Definition
Within 10 days
Term
Define contraindication
Definition
The expected treatment or process is not advisable
Term
What is the body temperature that some doctors and therapists say is not recommended for massage?
Definition
More than 99.4 degrees
Term
What should a massage therapist with a contagious disease do?
Definition
Not massage customers and work only upon written permission from a physician
Term
What should be done in the case of local inflammation?
Definition
Massage must be avoided on the inflamed area and spread to the area of the body proximal to the inflammation in order to promote circulation toward and away from the area.
Term
Where should the massage stroke tapotement never be used?
Definition
Over the kidneys
Term
Why is pre-eclampsia important for a massage therapist to know about?
Definition
It's a contraindication for massage
Term
What is the insertion for the biceps brachii?
Definition
The radius
Term
What can abandoning the establishment without prior notice result in for a primary therapist?
Definition
Revocation of the license
Term
What muscle flexes the shoulder?
Definition
Latissimus Dorsi
Term
In which cavity are the lungs located?
Definition
The pleural cavity
Term
When food passes from the small intestine into the large intestine, what does it pass through?
Definition
The iliosecal valve
Term
What is cross friction massage used for?
Definition
Increase elastic fiber production and align myofibrils
Term
Where does the sartorius attach?
Definition
Anterior superior iliac crest
Term
What are the types of draping technique?
Definition
Full Sheet Draping, Diaper Draping, and Top Sheet Draping
Term
Where does the abdominal aponeurosis attach?
Definition
pelvis borax and linea alba
Term
What creates impulses?
Definition
neurons
Term
What is the best way to prevent the spread of disease?
Definition
Washing hands before and after touching clients
Term
What is the gastrocnemius responsible for?
Definition
Plantar flexing and assists in flexion of the knee.
Term
What is a tubercle?
Definition
A nodule that ranges from the size of a pen mark up to the size of a hickory nut
Term
What type of muscle is skeletal muscle?
Definition
Striated
Term
Where are the atlas and axis located on the cervical spine?
Definition
The axis is located at C2. The atlas is located at C1.
Term
What is the triangle shaped bone on the knee called?
Definition
The patella
Term
In which direction can the belly of the biceps be palpated?
Definition
In the anterior medial direction
Term
What part of the pituitary gland secretes hormones?
Definition
The anterior lobe
Term
Where is the deltoid muscle?
Definition
On the shoulder
Term
What do the cervical vertebrae support?
Definition
The head and neck
Term
What is the best type of massage technique to assess the body?
Definition
Effleurage
Term
What is the basic unit of structure of bones?
Definition
Osteons
Term
What does the pneumogastric nerve control?
Definition
The heart and lungs
Term
What is homeostasis?
Definition
The delicate balance that the body strives to maintain within its internal environment
Term
What is the transverse plane?
Definition
The imaginary line that divides the body horizontally into upper and lower portions
Term
What is inversion?
Definition
The turning of the foot medially
Term
What is adipose tissue?
Definition
The type of tissue that acts as protection against heat loss and stores energy in the form of fat molecules
Term
What are ligaments?
Definition
Bonds of tough fibrous connective tissue that connect bone to bone and help support the bones at the joints
Term
What are tendons?
Definition
White, glistening cords or bands of connective tissues that attach muscles to bones
Term
What are the bones between the ankle and toes?
Definition
Tarsal and metatarsals
Term
What are organs?
Definition
Groups of tissue that form complex structures and perform specific functions
Term
What is the immediate effect of cold water on the body?
Definition
The skin is chilled
Term
What is the immediate effect of hot water on the body?
Definition
Blood is drawn to the surface temporarily
Term
What is a papule?
Definition
A small, elevated pimple on the skin containing fluid but which may or may not develop pus
Term
What is a wheal?
Definition
An itchy, swollen lesion that lasts only a few hours. Example is hives.
Term
What does the reticular layer of the skin contain?
Definition
Fat cells, blood, lymph vessels, sweat, oil glands, hair follicles and nerve endings.
Term
What is a macule?
Definition
A small discolored spot on patch on the surface of the skin, neither raised nor sunken, such as a freckle.
Term
What is excoriation?
Definition
A skin sore produced by scratching or scraping
Term
What is basal cell carcinoma?
Definition
A type of skin cancer characterized by light or pearly nodules and visible blood vessels
Term
What is malignant melanoma?
Definition
A type of skin cancer characterized by dark brown, black, or discolored patches on the skin
Term
What connects with the talus?
Definition
The tibia, fibula, calcaneus, and navicular
Term
What is the skeletal system?
Definition
The system which creates a framework which supports body structures
Term
What composes the appendicular skeleton?
Definition
Shoulder, upper extremities, hips, and lower extremities
Term
What is synovial fluid?
Definition
It's found in the joints and lubricates the joint surfaces
Term
What is kyphosis?
Definition
An abnormally exaggerated convex curve of the thoracic spine
Term
How many bones are in the vertebral column?
Definition
26
Term
What is the function of white corpuscles?
Definition
To defend the body
Term
What is joint articulation?
Definition
Various bones connect at different parts on their surfaces. The connections are called joint articulations.
Term
What is ASIS?
Definition
The origin of sartorius
Term
What is the origin?
Definition
The end of a muscle which is anchored to a relatively immovoable section of the skeleton
Term
What is the insertion?
Definition
The end of a muscle which is anchored to the more mobile section of the skeleton
Term
If a client reports red, flaky, itchy patches of skin on their elbow, what should you do?
Definition
Contraindicate the affected area and refer them to the MD
Term
If a client comes to you complaining of low back pain, what should you do?
Definition
Get more information from them
Term
What is the method for disinfecting tools by using moist heat?
Definition
Boil the objects in water at 212 degrees for 20 minutes
Term
When using Cresol or Lysol for disinfecting floors, sinks, restrooms, etc. How much should be used?
Definition
A 5 - 10 % solution MUST be used
Term
What is a saprophyte?
Definition
A non-pathogenic form of bacteria
Term
What is effleurage?
Definition
Stroking performed with the palm of the hands over large surfaces, such as limbs, back, abdomen.
Term
How is standard shiatsu pressure applied?
Definition
Gently, gradually increasing pressure
Term
How many members compose the state board of massage therapy?
Definition
5
Term
What is the main physiological benefit of massage?
Definition
Increasing circulation
Term
What is metastasis?
Definition
The migration of cancer cells
Term
How far does the rectus abdominus muscle reach?
Definition
From the thorax to the pubis
Term
How is the ulna related to the radius?
Definition
The ulna is medial to the radius
Term
Where is the stomach located?
Definition
In the Upper Left Quadrant
Term
What is the primary purpose of post-event sports massage?
Definition
The remove toxins from the tissues
Term
If you are using a technique that requires firm pressue and it's causing pain, what should you do?
Definition
Have the client quantify pain and modify the pressure
Term
When you do a soothing, relaxing massage, what are you doing?
Definition
Reducing adrenaline
Term
If a client is HIV positive, but showing no symptoms, what should you do?
Definition
Treat them as usual
Term
What is the basic technique of Trager?
Definition
Rocking
Term
How would you classify an acute injury?
Definition
A recent injury that is swollen and hot
Term
What can spasm in the piriformis lead to?
Definition
Irritation of the sciatic nerve
Term
What does massaging distal to proximal in the extremities do?
Definition
Decrease edema by affecting fluid movement in lymphatic nerves
Term
What does the spleen do?
Definition
Filters dead red blood cells and platelets
Term
What does massage do for hypertension?
Definition
Increases peripheral circulation to improve hypertension
Term
Why is ligament injury slow to heal?
Definition
Poor blood supply
Term
What can placing pillows under the arms of a supine client accomplish?
Definition
It can relax pectoralis major
Term
What is a contraindication for joint mobilization?
Definition
Inflammation
Term
What is the universal sign for choking?
Definition
Grasping the throat
Term
What are some contraindictions for massage for a bodyworker?
Definition
Abnormal body temperature, acute infections disease, inflammation, osteoporosis and varicose veins
Term
What is the myocardium?
Definition
The cardiac muscle responsible for the muscular pumping of the heart
Term
What is a naevus?
Definition
A discoloration of the skin commonly known as a birthmark
Term
What does nerve tissue do?
Definition
Initiates, coordinates, and controls the body's adaptation to the environment
Term
What is mitosis?
Definition
The process of cell division
Term
Who approves members of the "board?"
Definition
The governor of Hawaii
Term
What is synergy?
Definition
The combined action when one or several muscles help the prime mover in a particular action
Term
Where is the origin of the vastus lateralis?
Definition
Linea Aspera
Term
What is infraspinatus?
Definition
A muscle which moves the arm in extension of the shoulder
Term
What is the lowest area in the abdomen?
Definition
The pelvic cavity
Term
Where are "chucking" and "rolling" primarily used?
Definition
Massage of the arms and legs
Term
What is the sigmoid colon?
Definition
The area of the alimentary canal with the descending colon and the rectum
Term
When vibration is applied for a prolonged period of time, what result will their be?
Definition
A numbing experience
Term
Where is the frontal bone?
Definition
The cranium
Term
What are forms of percussion?
Definition
Cupping, beating, hacking, and tapping
Term
What are the suboccipitals?
Definition
Postural muscles that hold the head erect
Term
What is considered the "Master Gland?"
Definition
The pituitary gland
Term
Where does blood flow through the vena cava to?
Definition
To the head
Term
What is synovial fluid?
Definition
It's lubricating fluid located in or at the joints
Term
What academic training must apprentice applications show?
Definition
50 hours of instruction in anatomy and physiology and at least 100 hours of theory and demonstration of massage.
Term
If a massage therapist shows carelessness or negligence during a massage, what may the board do?
Definition
Revoke the license
Term
Define atrophy
Definition
A condition under which the muscle loses bulk and withers
Term
What is an action of the quadratus lumborum
Definition
lateral flexion of the trunk
Term
What is the saphenous nerve?
Definition
The cutaneous nerve that extends from the knee down to supply the middle of the leg and the heel
Term
Who is responsible for keeping paperwork on the employees, furnishing this info to the boar, and keeping records in the clients?
Definition
The Principal Massage Therapist
Term
What is the spinal accesssory nerve?
Definition
The motor nerve supplying the neck muscles including the SCM
Term
What is the flexor digiti minimi?
Definition
The muscle that flexes the little finger
Term
If a client comes in with lower arm pain and says he fell from a ladder yesterday, what should you do?
Definition
Make sure there's no contraindication
Term
Where are the adrenal glands located?
Definition
Above the kidneys
Term
If a client complains of discomfort caused by the massage application, the massage therapist should do what?
Definition
Change the application
Term
The pectoralis major is anterior when the body is in what position?
Definition
Prone
Term
What are the types of pressure used for shiatsu?
Definition
Interrupt pressure, concentrated pressure, and fluid pressure
Term
If a client complains of weakness, hunger, fatigue, and constant hunger and asks for you opinion, what should you do?
Definition
You are a massage therapist and shouldn't prescribe anything
Term
Define bachii.
Definition
A form of the Latin word brachias and refers to the humerus
Term
What is the word "sitz" associated with?
Definition
Hydrotherapy
Term
Where do you NOT use heavy hacking?
Definition
Over the sternum or any bony area of the body
Term
What is hallucis?
Definition
Part of the big toe
Term
What is the plantar nerve?
Definition
It supplies the deep muscle of the foot and toes
Term
Classical western (Swedish) applied to the arm of a client with poor circulation should be primarily in which direction?
Definition
The direction of venous flow
Term
What is the circumflex?
Definition
Also called the axillary nerve, it supplies the shoulder joint
Term
What is the immediate effect of hot water application?
Definition
it brings blood flow to the surface
Term
What is stretching?
Definition
The type of massage movement that is performed by hyperextending the joint while the client breathes deeply
Term
Which nerve supplies the sense of smell?
Definition
The 1st cranial nerve
Term
What is friction?
Definition
The stroke used to soften adhesions of knots
Term
Where is the greater sciatic notch found?
Definition
The hip or ilium
Term
What does all vibration begin with?
Definition
Compression
Term
What is heart trouble in terms of massage?
Definition
A contraindication
Term
Define distal
Definition
It means further from the midline of the body
Term
What is circular friction massage movements?
Definition
It uses circular movements with the tips of the fingers or the heel of the hand or thumb
Term
What is the most appropriate massage to use on someone with paper thin skin?
Definition
Light effleurage and light strokes
Term
What are massage benefits to a woman during normal, healthy pregnancy?
Definition
Promoting relaxation, soothing nerves, relieving strained back muscles
Term
What is osteoporosis contraindicted for?
Definition
Traction and joint manipulation
Term
Who holds the power to suspend or revoke your license?
Definition
The board of massage therapy
Term
When may massage apprenticeship training officially begin?
Definition
After approval by the Board of Massage
Term
Define edema
Definition
Excessive quantities of fluid in the tissues
Term
What does the sebaceous gland produce?
Definition
An oily substance on the skin tha protects the skin from dehydration
Term
What is the foramen?
Definition
The hole through bone the allows passage of blood vessels or nerves
Term
Where is the peroneus brevis found?
Definition
The leg
Term
What will cause capillary contraction?
Definition
Moderate mechanical pressure applied to the skin
Term
If a client's draping accidentally falls off, what should you do?
Definition
Excuse yourself, redrape, and continue
Term
What does isotonic muscle movement do?
Definition
Shorten the muscle
Term
Where is spongy bone tissue found?
Definition
The end of long bone
Term
Where should toilet facilities be?
Definition
Within 200 feet of any massage establishment
Term
Why is it important to check the cable tension on massage tables?
Definition
Lack of tension can cause the table to buckle, damage the table or injure the client
Term
If you have a personal issue working on a client with a particular health issue, what should you do?
Definition
Explain that you are uncomfortable working with that condition, and that you are concerned that your feelings will interfere with doing what's best for her. Be honest.
Term
What features must the massage practitioner's uniform have?
Definition
Cotton blend to wick away moisture and sweat from skin, have short sleeves, and be loose fitting to prevent overheating.
Term
Why should massage over varicose veins not be done?
Definition
Blood clots in this type of vein condition may be dislodged, travel to the heart, lung, kidneys, or brain and cause severe problems.
Term
What can massage do for repair of physical deformities?
Definition
Repair of physical deformities is not a benefit of massage
Term
Cubital fossa of the elbow, femoral triangle, inner upper arm are all considered what?
Definition
An endangerment site for massage
Term
Your client is supine and complains of lower back pain. What do you do first?
Definition
Place a pillow under the knee
Term
What is a contraindication for the achilles tendon?
Definition
Deep strokes
Term
What will giving an intoxicated person a massage do?
Definition
Spread toxins and overstress the liver
Term
A client who has broken her ankle comes to you. X-Rays show the bone has healed, but there is still swelling present. What should you do?
Definition
Gently apply circulatory flushing strokes towards the heart to help reduce swelling and increase range of motion.
Term
When massaging a stroke victim, what should be avoided?
Definition
Deep pressure to the back of the neck muscles.