Shared Flashcard Set

Details

growth & development (toddler)
Fundamentals of Nursing
8
Nursing
11/27/2009

Additional Nursing Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term

 

Toddler

Erickson 2nd stage

Definition

*1-3 years of age

 

*major task: autonomy vs. shame & doubt

 

*independent locomotion and the use of speech

 

*toilet training

 

*exploration of environment

Term

 

Developmental Tasks

Definition

1. Learning to control large and small muscles

 

*Give positive suggestions


*Allow extra time

 

* keep as safe as possible

a. gates

b. drawer latches

c. warn about strangers


Term

 

Developmental Tasks

(cont'd)

Definition

2. Learning to control elimination of bowel and bladder

* praise accomplishment


* reinforce success


* Do not punish for accidents


Term

 

Developmental Tasks

(con'td)

Definition

3. Expanding verbal communication

*. avoid baby talk

 

*do not talk for them

 

*use adult terms

 

*watch body language

Term

 

Helpful Tips

Definition

* Set and enforce limits

 

*teach responsibility and be conssitent

 

*remember safety as they lack judgement

 

*avoid negativsm, blame and punishment

 

*While they are becoming more phsyically independent, they remain emotionally dependent

Term

 

safety

Definition

* lead posioning (brain dagame)

 

*motor vehicle safety (car seat)

 

*medcines(out of reach for toddlers)

 

*lighters/matches (out of way)

 

*child abuse

Term

 

Hospitilization

list ways hospital could affect basic needs?

Definition

* seperation anxiety

 

*routine disruption

 

*fear of unknown

 

*confinement

 

*pain

Term

 

interventions

Definition

* comfort items from home.

 

*Talk at eye lvl

 

*make time for play

 

*support parent, give breaks, and explain why child behaviour may change