Shared Flashcard Set

Details

Ground Pilot
FAA exam for ground pilot
192
Aviation
10/30/2009

Additional Aviation Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
What are the standard temperature and pressure values for sea level?
Definition
15˚ and 29.92" Hg
Term
What effect, if any, does high humidity have on aircraft performance?
Definition
It decreases performance
Term
Which factor would tend to increase the density altitude at a given airport?
Definition
An increase in ambient temperature
Term

What effect does high density altitude, as compared to low density altitude, have on propeller efficiency and why?

 

Definition
Efficiency is reduced because the propeller exerts less force at high density altitudes than at low density altitudes
Term
What effect does high density altitude have on aircraft performance?
Definition
It reduces climb performance
Term
Which combination of atmospheric conditions will reduce aircraft takeoff and climb performance?
Definition
High temperature, high relative humidity, and high density altitude
Term
if the outside air temperature (OAT at a given altitude is warmer than standard, the density altitude is
Definition
higher than pressure altitude
Term
You have a planned a cross-country flight on a warm spring morning.  Your course includes a mountain pass, which is at 11,500 feet MSL. The service ceiling of your airplane is 14,000 feet MSL. After checking the local weather report, you are able to calculate the density altitude of the mountain pass as 14,8000 feet MSL.  What should you do?
Definition
Replan your journey to avoid the mountain pass
Term

Determine the density altitude for these conditions:

altimerter setting.................30.35

runway temp......................+25˚F

airport elevation........3,894 ft. MSL

Definition

2,000 feet MSL

 

 

 

(refer to graphs)

Term
What is the effect of a temperature increase from 30 to 50˚F on the density altitude if the pressure altitude remains at 3,000 MSL?
Definition
1,300 foot increase
Term
Determine the pressure altitude at an airport that is 3,563 feet MSL with an altimeter setting of 29.96
Definition

3,527 MSL

 

 

(refer to chart)

Term
What is the effect of a temperature decrease and a pressure altitude increase on the density altitude from 90˚F and 1,250 ft pressure altitude to 55˚ F and 1,750 ft pressure altitude?
Definition

1, 700 foot decrease

 

(refer to chart)

Term
Determine the pressure altitude at an airport that is 1,286 feet MSL with an altimeter setting of 29.97.
Definition
1,341 feet MSL
Term
What is the effect of a temperature increase from 25 to 50˚F on the density altitude if the pressure altitude remains at 5,000 feet?
Definition
1, 650 foot increase
Term
Determine the pressure altutude with an indicated altitude of 1,380 feet MSL with an altimeter setting of 28.22 at standard temperature
Definition

2,991 MSL

 

(refer to chart)

Term

Determine the density altitude fro these conditions:

Altimeter setting....29/95

Runway temp....+81˚F

Airport elevation 5,250 MSL

Definition

8,500 feet MSL

 

 

 

 

(refer to chart)

Term

Determine the total distance required for takeoff to clear a 50-foot obstacle

OAT................................std

Pressure altitude..........4,000ft

Takeoff weight.............2,800 lb

Headwind component ........calm

Definition
1,750 feet
Term

determine the approximate ground roll distance required for takeoff

OAT......................100˚F

Pressure altitude....2,000 ft

Takeoff weight ........2,750 lb

Headwind component.....calm

Definition
1,150 feet
Term
What fuel flow should a pilot expect at 11,000 feet on a a standard day with 65 percent maximum continuous power?
Definition

11.2 gallons per hour

 

(refer to chart)

Term

What is the expected fuel consumption for a 1,000 NM flight under the folowing conditions?

pressure altidude...........8,000 ft

temp...............................22˚C

Manifold pressure ........20.8" Hg

wind...............................calm

Definition

70.1 gallons

 

 

 

(refer to chart)

Term

Determaine the approximate manifold pressure setting with 2,450 RPM to achieve 65 percent maximum contiuous power at 6,500 feet with a temperater of 36˚F  higher than standard.

 

Definition

21.0" Hg

 

 

 

(refer to chart)

Term
Which items are included in the emptay weight of an aircraft?
Definition
Unusable fuel and undrainable oil
Term
An aircraft is loaded 110 lbs over maximum certifcated gross weight.  If fuel (faloline) is drained to bring the aircraft weight within limits, how much fel should be drained?
Definition

18.4 gallons

 

 

 

 

6 lbs= 1 gallon

Term
If an aircraft is loaded 90 pounds over maximum certifcated gross weight within limits, how much fuel should be drained?
Definition
15
Term
Which statement about longitude and latitude is true?
Definition
Lines of longitude cross at the Wquator at right angles.
Term
Which is true concerning the blue and magenta colors used to depict airports on Sectional Aeronautical Charts?
Definition
Airports with control  toweres underlying Class B, C, D, and E airspace are shown in Blue
Term
What hazards to aircraft may exist in areas  such as Devils Lake East MOA?
Definition
Military training activities that necessitate acrobatic or abrupt flight maneuvers
Term
The visibility and cloud clearance requirements to operate VFR during daylight hours over the town of Cooperstown btwn 120 AGL and 10,000 MSL are
Definition
3 miles and 1,000 feet above, 500 below, and 2,000 feet horizonaly from clouds
Term
With certain exceptions, Class E airspace extends upward from either 700 feet or 1,200 feet AGL to but does not include
Definition
18,000 Feet MSL
Term
What action should a pilot take when operating under VFR in a Military Operations Area (MOA)?
Definition
Exercise extreme caution when military activities is being conducted
Term
When flying over Arrowood National Widldlife Refuge, a pilot should fly no lower than
Definition
2,000 feet AGL
Term
Pilots flying over a national wildlife fefuge are requested to fly now lower than
Definition
2,000 feet AGL
Term
What hazards to aircraft may exist in restricted areas such as R5302B?
Definition

Unusual, often invisible, hazards such as aerial gunnery or guided missles

 

(blue with lines tracking aside it)

Term
Flight through a restricted area should not be accomplished unless the pilot has
Definition
recieved proir authorization from the controlling agency
Term

What minimm radio equipment is required to land and take off at Norfolk International?

 

class C airspace

Definition
Mode C transponder and two way radio
Term
The visibility and cloud clearance requirements to operate VFR duing daylight hours over Sandpiont Airport at 1,200 feet AGL are
Definition
3 miles and 1,000 feet above, 500 feet blow, and 2,000 feet horizontally from each cloud
Term
Information concerning parachute jumping sites may be found in the
Definition
Airport/Facility Directory
Term
The vertical limits of that portion of Class E airspace designated as a Federal Airway over Magee Airport are
Definition
1,200 feet AGL to 17,999 feet MSL
Term
What minimum radio equipment is required for operation within Class C airspace?
Definition
two way radio communications equipement, a 4096 code trasponder, and an encoding altimeter
Term
What minimum radio equipment is required for VFR operation within Class B airspace?
Definition
two way radio communications equipement, a 4096 code trasponder, and an encoding altimeter
Term
What type military flight operations should a pilot expect along IR 644?
Definition
IFR training flights above 1,500 feet AGL at speeds  in excess of 250 knots
Term
THe CAUTION box denotes what hazard to aircraft?
Definition
Unmarked balloon on cable to 3,000 feet MSL
Term
The flag symbol at Lake Drummond represents a
Definition
visual checkpoint used to identify position for initial callup to Norfolk Approach Control
Term
Which public use airports depicted are indicated as having fuel?
Definition
Airports having fuel available are designated by small squares extending from the top, bottom, and both sides of the airport symbol.
Term
The flag symbols at Statesboro Bulluck County Airport, Claxton-Evans County Airport, and Ridgeland Airport are
Definition
visual checkpoints to identify position for initail callup prior to entering Savannah Class C airspace
Term
As standard operating practice, all inbound traffic to an airport without a controll tower should continuously monitor the appropriate facility from a distance of
Definition
10 miles
Term
What is the recommended communications procedure for a landing at Currituck Cunty Airport CTAF.
Definition

Transmit intentions on a 122.9 MHz when 10 miles out and give postion reports in the raffic pattern

 

 

(refer to figure)

 

 

Term
What is the recommended communication procedure when inbound to land at Cooperstown Airport?
Definition
Broudcast intentions when 10 miles out on the CTAF/MULTICOM frequency, 122.9 MHz
Term
On what frequency can a pilot receive Hazardous Inflight Weather Advisory Service (HIWAS) in the vicinity of a certain area?
Definition

Find the VORTAC and listen to that frequency

 

or an ATIS

Term
FAA advisory circulars (some free, others at cost) are available to all pilots and are obtained by
Definition

ordering those desired from the Government Printing Office

 

(FAA Advisory Circulars are issued with the purpose of informing the public of nonregulatory material of interest)

Term
FAA advisory circulars containing subject matter specifically related to Air Traffic Control and General Operations are issued under which subject numer?
Definition

90

 

 

think of FARS:

60.................................. airmen

70 .................................Airspace

90 ......ATC and General Operations

Term
FAA advisory circulars containing subject matter specifically related to Airmen are issued under which subject number?
Definition

60

 

 

think of FARS:

60.................................. airmen

70 .................................Airspace

90 ......ATC and General Operations

Term
FAA advisory circulars containing subject matter specifically related to Airspace are issued under which subject number?
Definition

70

 

think of FARS:

60.................................. airmen

70 .................................Airspace

90 ......ATC and General Operations

Term
If an airplane weighs 4,500 lbs, what approximate weight would the airplane structure be required to support during a 45* banked turn while maintaining altitude?
Definition
6,750 lbs
Term
If more than one cruising altude is intended, which should be entered in block 7 of the flight plan?
Definition

Initial cuising altitude

 

and it must be appropriate VFR cruising altitude

 

Term
What information should be entered in block 9 for a VFR day flight?
Definition

the name of destination airport if no stop over for more than 1 hour is anticipated

 

should include destination airport identifiesr code and city name

Term
What information should be entered into block 12 for a VFR day flight?
Definition
the totoal amount of usable fuel onboard expressed in hours and minutes
Term
How should a VFR flight plan be closed at the completion of the flight at a controlled airport?
Definition
The pilot must close the flight plan with the nearest FSS or other FAA facility upon lnanding
Term
During the preflight inspection who is responsible for determining the aircraft as safe for flight?
Definition
the PIC
Term
Who is primarily responsible for maintaing an aircraft in airworthy condition?
Definition
Owner or operator
Term
How should an aircraft preflight inspection be accomplished for the first flight of the day?
Definition
Thorough and systematic means recommended by the manufacturer
Term
Upon encountering severe turbulence, which flight condition should the pilot attempt to maintain?
Definition
Level flight attutude
Term
The most important rule to remember in the event of a power failure after becoming airborne is to
Definition
immediately establish the proper gliding attitude and airspeed
Term
When executing an emergency approach to land in a single-engine airplane, it is important to maintain a constant glide speed because variations in glide speed
Definition
increase the airplane's rate of descent and decrease gliding distance
Term
VFR approaches to land at night should be accomplished
Definition
the same as during daytime
Term
When taxiing with strong quartering tailwinds, which aileron positions should be used?
Definition
Aileron down on the side from which the wind is blowing
Term
Which aileron positions should a pilot generally use when taxiing in strong quatering headwinds?
Definition
Aileron up on the side from which the wind is blowing
Term
Which wind condition would be most critical when taxiing a nosewheel equipped high-wing airplane?
Definition

Quartering tailwind

 

which can flip a high-wing airplane over on its top... and should be prevented by holding the elevator n the down position

Term
How should the flight controls be held while taxiing a trycycle- grear equipped airplane into a left quartering headwind?
Definition
left aileron up, elevator neutral
Term
What course should be selected on the omnibearing selector (OBS) to make a direct flight from Mercer County Regional Airport to the Minot VORTAC with a TO indactaion?
Definition

359˚

 

 

Note the compass rose (based on magnetic course) whcih indicates

Term
How should the flight controls be held while taxiing a tricycle-gear equipped airplane with a left quartering tailwind?
Definition
Left airleron down, elevator down
Term
How should the flight controls be held while taxiing a tailwheel airplane into a right quartering headwind?
Definition
right aileron down, elevator down
Term
THe angular difference between true north and magnetic north is
Definition
Magnetic variation
Term
Select the four flight fundamentals involved in maneuvering an aircraft
Definition
straight and level flight, turns, climbs and descents
Term
In flying the rectangular course, when would the aircraft be turned les than 90˚?
Definition

Corners 1 and 4

 

think about the heading the plane has to make bc of the wind

2__☜_________☜_1

l                             l

l           wind ▼        l

l                             l

3_✈__________✈__4

Term
In flying the rectangular course, when should the aircraft bank vary from a steep bank to a medium bank?
Definition

Corner 3

On the downwind leg, the wind is a tailwind and results in an increased groundspeed. 



2__☜_________☜_1

l                             l

l           wind ▼        l

l                             l

3_✈__________✈__4

Term
To minimize the side loads placed on teh landing gear during touchdown, the pilot should keep the
Definition
longitudinal axis of the aircraft parallel to the direction of its motion
Term
Which statement best defines hypoxia?
Definition
A state of oxygen deficiency in the body
Term
Rapid or extra deep breathing while using oxygen can cause a condition known as
Definition
hyperventilation
Term
When a stressful situation is encountered in flight, an abnormal increase in the valume of air breathed in and out can cause a condition known as
Definition
hyperventilation
Term
Which would most likely result in hyperventilation?
Definition
Emotional tension, anxiety, or fear
Term
A state of temporary confusion resulting from misleading information being sent to the brain by various sensory organs is defined as
Definition
spatial disorientation... a pilot cannot determine his relationship to the earth's horizon
Term
If a pilot experiences spatioal disorientation during flight in a restricted visiblity condition, the best way to overcome the effect is to
Definition
rely upon the aircraft instrument indications
Term
Pilots are more subject to spatial disorintation if
Definition
body signals are used to interpret flight attitude
Term
Pilots are more subject to spatial disorientation if
Definition
visual cues are taken away, as they are in instrument meteorological conditions (IMC)
Term
A pilot should be able to overcome the the symptoms or avoid future occurrences of hyperventilation by
Definition
slowing the breathing rate, breathing into a bag, or talking aloud
Term
The danger of spatial disorientation during a flight in poor visual conditions may be reduced by
Definition
having faith in hte instruments rather than taking a chance on the sensory organs
Term
Which techniquue should a pilot use to scan for traffic to the right and left during straight and level flight?
Definition
Systematically focus on different segments of the sky for short intervals
Term
What effct does haze have on the ability to see traffic or terrain features during flight?
Definition
All traffic or terrain features appear to be farther away than their actual distance
Term
What preparation should a pilot make to adapt the eyes for night flying?
Definition
Avoid bright lights at least 30 minutes before the flight
Term
What is the most effective way to use the eyes during night flight?
Definition
Scan slowly to permit off-center viewing
Term
The best method to use when looking for other traffic at night is to
Definition
look to the side of the object and scan slowly
Term
Large accumulations of carbon monoxide in the human body result in
Definition
loss of muscular power
Term
Susceptibility to carbon monoxide poisoning increases as
Definition
altitude increases
Term
Risk management, as part of the aeronautical decision making (ADM) process, relies on which features to reduce teh risks associated with each flight?
Definition
Situational awareness, problem recognition, and good judgment
Term
What is it often called when a pilot uses his capabilities and the aircraft's limits by trying to maintain visual contact with the terrain in low visibility and ceiling?
Definition
Scud running
Term
What often leads to spatial disorientation or collision with ground/obstacles when flying under VFR?
Definition

Continual flight into instrument conditions

 

due to the loss of outside visual references or when a pilot is not instrument certified

Term
What is one of the neglected items when a pilot relies on short and long term memory for repetitive tasks?
Definition
Checklists
Term
Hazardous attitudes occur to every pilot to some degree at some time.  What are some of these hazardous attitudes?
Definition
Anti-authority, impulsivity, macho, resignation, and invulnerablility
Term
In the aeronautical decision making (ADM) process, what is the first step in neutralizing a hazardous attitude?
Definition
Recognizing hazardous thoughts
Term
What is the antidote when a pilot has a hazardous attitude, such as "Anti authority"?
Definition
Follow the rules
Term
What is the antidote when a pilot has a hazardous attitude, such as "Impulsivity"?
Definition
Not so fast, think first
Term
What is the antidote when a pilot has hazardous attitude, such as "Invulnerability"?
Definition
It could happen to me
Term
What is the antidote when a pilot has hazardous attitude, such as "Macho"?
Definition
Taking chances is foolish
Term
What is the antidote when a pilot has hazardous attitude, such as "Resignation"?
Definition
I am not helpless
Term
Who is responsible for determining whether a pilot is fit to fly for a particular flight, even though he holds a current medical certificate?
Definition
The Pilot
Term
What is the one common factor which affects most preventable accidents?
Definition
Human error
Term
What is one purpose of wing flaps?
Definition
To enable the pilot to make steeper approaches to a landing without increasing the airspeed
Term
One of the main functions of flaps during approach and landing is
Definition
increase the angel of descent without increasing the airspeed
Term
What is the purpose of the rudder on the an airplane?
Definition
 to control yaw
Term
The four forces acting on an airplane are
Definition
lift, weight, thrust, and drag
Term
When are the four forces that act on an airplane in equilibrium?
Definition
during unaccelerated flight
Term
WHat is the relationship of lift, drag, thrust, and weight whn the airplane is in straght-and-level flight?
Definition
lift equals weight, and thrust equals drag
Term
Which statement relates to Bernoulli's principle?
Definition
Air traveling faster over the curved upper surface of an airfoil causes lower pressure on the top serface
Term
The term "angle of attack" is defined as the angle
Definition
between the wing chord line and the relative wind
Term
Angle of attack is defined as the angle between the chord line of a an airfoil and the
Definition
direction of the relative wind
Term
The angle between the chord line and the airfoil and the relative wind is known as teh the angle of
Definition
attack
Term
The angle of attack at which an airplane wing stalls will
Definition
remain the same regardless of gross weight
Term
As altitude increases, the indicated airspeed at which a given airplane stalls in a particular configuration will
Definition
remain the same regardless of altitude
Term
In what flight condition must an aircraft be placed in order to spin?
Definition

Stalled

 

Thereafter, the spin is caused when one wing becomes less stalled than the other wing

Term
During a spin to the left, which wing(s) is/are stalled?
Definition
Both wings are stalled
Term
How will frost on the wings of an airplane affect the takeoff performance?
Definition
Frost spoils the smooth flow of air over the wings, thereby decreasing lifting capability
Term
How does frost affect the lifting surfaces of an airplane on takeoff?
Definition
Frost may prevent the airplane from becomeing airborne at normal takeoff speed
Term
What is ground effect?
Definition
The result of hte interference of the surface of the Earth with the airflow patterns about an airplane
Term
Floating caused by the phenonmenon of ground effect will be most realized during an approuach to land when at
Definition
less than the length of the wingspan about the surface
Term
What must a pilot be aware of as a result of ground effect?
Definition
Induced drag decreases; therefore, any excess speed at the point of flare may cause considerable floating
Term
Ground effect is most likely to result in which problem?
Definition
Becoming airborne before reaching recommended takeoff speed
Term
What force makes an airplane turn?
Definition
The horizontal component of lift
Term
An airplane said to be inherently stable will
Definition
require less effort to control
Term
What determines the longitudinal stability of an airplane?
Definition
The location of the CG wiht respect to the center of lift
Term
Changes in the center of pressure of a wing affect teh aircraft's
Definition

aerodynamic balance and controllablity

 

In general, at high angles of attack the CP moves forward, while at low angles of attack the CP moves aft.

Term
An airplane has been loaded in such an manner that the CG is located aft of the aft CG limit. One undesirable flight characterisc a pilot might experience with this airplane would be
Definition
difficulty in recovering from a stalled condition
Term
What causes an airplane (except a T-tall) to pitch nosedown when power is reduced and controls are not adjusted?
Definition
The downwash on the elevators from the propeller slipstream is reduced and elevator effectiveness is reduced
Term
Loading an airplane to the most aft CG will cause the airplane to be
Definition
less stable at all speeds
Term
In what fligh condition is torque effect the greatest in a single-engine airplane?
Definition
low airspeed, high power high angle of attack
Term
The left turning tendency of an airplane caused by P-factor is the result of hte the
Definition
propeller blade descending on the right, producing more thrust than the ascending blade on the left
Term
When does P-factor cause the airplane to yaw to the left?
Definition
when at high angles of attack
Term
The amount of excess load that can be imposed on the wing of an airplane depends upon the
Definition
speed of the airplane
Term
Which basic flight maneuver increases the load factor on an airplane as compared to straight-and-level flight?
Definition
Turns
Term
In the Northern Hemisphere, a magnetic compass will normally indicate a turn toward teh north if
Definition
an aircraft is accelerated while on an east or west heading
Term
During flight, when are the indications of a magnetic compass accurate?
Definition
Only in straight-and-level flight
Term
Deviation in a magnetic compass is caused by the
Definition
magnetic fields within the aircraft distorting the lines of magnetic force
Term
In the Northern Hemisphere, if an aircraft is accelerated or decelerated, the magnetic compass will normally indicate
Definition
correctly when on a north or south heading
Term
In the Northern Hemisphere, a magnetic compass will normally indicate initially a turn toward the west if
Definition
a right turn is entered from a north heading
Term
In the Northern Hemisphere, a magnetic compass will normally indicate a turn toward the south when
Definition
teh aircraft is decelerated while on a west heading
Term
In the Northern Hemisphere, a magnetic compass will normally indicate initially a turn toward the east if
Definition
a left turn is entered from a north heading
Term
What shoud be the indication on the magnetic compass as you roll into a standard rate turn to the right from a south heading ni the Northern Hemisphere?
Definition
The compass will indicate a turn to the right, but at a faster rate than is actually occurring
Term
The pitot system provides impact pressure for with instrument?
Definition
Airspeed indicator
Term
Which instrument will become inoperative if the pitot tube becomes clogged?
Definition
Airspeed
Term
If the pitot tube and outside static vents become clogged, which instruments would be affected?
Definition
The altimeter, airspeed indicator, and vertical speed indicator
Term
Which instrument(s) will become inoperative if the static vents become clogged?
Definition
airspeed, altimeter, and vertical speed
Term
What does the red lne on an airspeed indicator represent?
Definition
never-exceed speed
Term
What is an important airspeed limitation that is not color coded on airspeed indicators?
Definition
maneuvering speeds
Term
What is the caution range on the airplane?
Definition

165 to 208 MPH

(yellow range)

Term
The maximum speed at which the airplane can be operated in smooth air is
Definition

208

(top of the yellow range)

Term
What is the full flap operating range for the airplane?
Definition

60 to 100 MPH

(white arh)

Term
Which color identifies the never-exceed speed?
Definition
The red radial line
Term
Which color identifies the power-off staling speed in a specified configuration?
Definition
Lower limit of the green arc
Term
What is the maximum flaps-extended speed?
Definition

100 MPH

(very top of white arc)

Term
Which color identifies the power-off stalling speed with wing flaps and landing gear in the landing configuration?
Definition
Lower limit of the white arc
Term
Which color identifies the normal flap operating range?
Definition
White arc
Term
What is the maximum structural cruising speed?
Definition

165

(very tip of green arc)

Term
What is absolute altitude?
Definition

 The vertical distance of the aircraft above the surface....think AGL

 

Term
What is true altitude?
Definition
            The vertical distance of the aircraft above       the level...MSL
Term
Under what condition is pressure altitude and density altitude the same value?
Definition
at standard temperature
Term
What is density altitude?
Definition
the pressure altitude corrected for nonstandard temperature
Term
Under what condition is indicated altitude the same as true altitude?
Definition
When at sea level under standard condidtions
Term
What is indicated altitude?
Definition
the altitude read directly from the altimeter
Term

What is pressure altitude?

Definition
the height above the standard datum plane
Term
Under which condition will pressure altitude be equal to true altitude?
Definition
When standard atmospheric conditions exist
Term
What is pressure altitude?
Definition
the altitude indicated when the barometric pressure scale is set to 29.29
Term
Altimeter setting is the value to with the barometric pressure scale of the altimeter is set so teh altimeter indicates
Definition
true altitude at field elevation
Term
If it is necessary to set the altimeter from 29.15 to 29.85, what change occures?
Definition
700 foot increase in indicated altitude
Term
If a flight is made from an area of low pressure into an area of high pressure without the altimeter setting being adjusted, teh altimeter will indicate
Definition
lower than the actual altitude above sea level
Term
If a flight is made from an area of high pressure into an area of lower prressure without the altimeter setting being adjusted, teh altimeter will indicated
Definition
Higher than the actual altitude above sea level
Term
Which condition would cause the altimeter to indicated a lower altitude than true altitude?
Definition
Air temperature warmer than standard
Term
Under what condition will true altitude be lower than indicated altitude?
Definition
In colder than standard air temperature
Term
How do variations in temperature affect the altimeter?
Definition
pressure levels are raised on warm days and the indicated altitude is lower than true altitude
Term
The proper adjustment to make on the attitude indicator during level fligh is to align the
Definition
minature airplane to the horizon bar
Term
How should a pilot determine the diection of bank from an attitude indicator such as the one illustrated?
Definition
by the relationship of the minature airplane (C) to the deflected horizon (B)
Term
A turn coordinator provides an indication of the
Definition
movement of the aircraft about the yaw and roll axes
Term
To receive accurate indications during flight from a heading indicator, the instrument must be
Definition
periodically realigned with the magnetic compass as the gyro precesses
Term
An abnormally high engine oil temperature indication may be casued by
Definition
teh oil level being too low
Term
Excessively high engine temperatures will
Definition
cause loss of power, excessive oil consumption, and possible permanent internal engine damage
Term
For internal cooling, air cooled engines are especially dependent on
Definition
the circulation of lubricating oil
Term
If the engin oil temperature and clyinder head temperature gauges have exceeded their normal operating range, teh pilot may have been operating with
Definition
too much power and with the mixture set too lean
Term
What action can a pilot take to aid in cooling an engine that is overheating during a climb?
Definition
Reduce rate of climb and increase airspeed
Term
What is one procedure to aid in cooling an engine that is overheating?
Definition
Enrich the fuel mixture
Term
How is engine operation controlled on an engine equipped with a constant-speed propeller?
Definition
The throttle controls power output as registered on the manifold pressure gauge and the propeller control regulates enging RPM
Term
A precaustion for the operation of an engine equipped with a constant-speed propeler is to
Definition
avoid high manifold pressure settings with low RPM
Term
What is an advantage of a constant-speed propeller?
Definition
permits the polot to select the bleade angle for the most efficient perormance
Term
One purpose of the dual ignition system on an aircraft engine is to provide for
Definition
improved engine performance