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Government Test 2
Kavanaugh's Dual Government Semester Exam 1
70
History
01/06/2012

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Cards

Term
Define the constitutional interpretation of federalism.
Definition
The federal government and the states have separate buy overlapping powers. What these powers conflict, the federal government prevails.
Term
Interpretations of the “necessary and proper” clause have been central to attempts to define the nature of which of the following aspects of the US political system?
Definition
Federalism
Term
The practical effect of the "necessary and proper clause" has been to:
Definition
Allow the national government to extend its powers beyond those enumerated in the Constitution.
Term
The Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution has been interpreted by the Supreme Court to:
Definition
Make most rights contained in the Bill of Rights applicable to the states.
Term
All of the following are consequences of the federal system in the US except:
Definition
A strict division of power among levels of government.
Term
In contrast to revenue sharing, categorical grants-in-aid provide state and local governments with _____.
Definition
Funds to administer programs clearly specified by the federal government
Term
In a federal system of government, political power is primarily ______.
Definition
Divided between the central governments and regional governments.
Term
Most of the individual protections of the Bill of Rights now apply to the states because of the Supreme Court's interpretation of the Constitution's _____.
Definition
14th Amendment
Term
Diversity of public policy throughout the United States is primarily a consequence of _____.
Definition
Federalism
Term
The reserved powers of the state governments can best be described as those powers _____.
Definition
Not specifically granted to the national government or denied to the states.
Term
Which doctrine held that though the national government was supreme in its sphere, the states were equally supreme in theirs?
Definition
Dual Federalism
Term
What type of grant is for one specific purpose?
Definition
Categorical grant
Term
The increased role of non-profit organizations and private groups in policy implementation is referred to as _____.
Definition
Third ordered devolution
Term
True or false, federalism was one device whereby personal liberty was to be protected.
Definition
True
Term
True or false, one of the attractive features of federal grant money in aid was that it was seen as 'free money.'
Definition
True
Term
True or false, until the 1960s, most federal grants-in-aid were conceived by or in cooperation with the states and were designed to serve essentially state purposes.
Definition
True
Term
True or false, by far, the most important restrictions on state action are the restrictions attached to the grants the states receive.
Definition
True
Term
True or false, the doctrine of dual sovereignty is essentially dead.
Definition
False
Term
What are the largest territorial units of local government?
Definition
Counties
Term
Local laws are known as ____.
Definition
Ordinances
Term
True or false, a home-rule charter refers to state and local government relations.
Definition
True
Term
____ refers to those laws and regulations, not otherwise unconstitutional, that promote health, safety and morals.
Definition
Police Power
Term
____ is a procedure, in effect in about one-third of the states, whereby voters can remove an elected official from office.
Definition
Recall
Term
Federalism can have benefits of:
Definition
All of the above
Term
An economic system where the government largely stays out of economic affairs is ____.
Definition
Capitalism
Term
An economic system where the government may take over certain sectors of the economy to correct economic inequalities or other problems is ____.
Definition
Socialism
Term
The United States has a ____ economy.
Definition
mixed
Term
The framers of the Constitution all believed that one of the primary functions of government is _____.
Definition
Protecting individual property rights
Term
Registered voters directly elect people to which positions?
Definition
Members of the Senate
Members of the House of Representatives
Term
The importance of Shay's Rebellion to the development of the United States Constitution was that it _____.
Definition
Indicated that a strong Constitutionally designed national government was needed to protect property and maintain order.
Term
____ is the ability of one person to get another person to act in accordance with the first person's wishes.
Definition
Power
Term
True or false, China and Cuba claim that they operate under the principle of democratic centralism.
Definition
True
Term
The idea that man as a "political animal" is a "social being" is most associated with _____.
Definition
Aristotle
Term
The English Bill of Rights of 1689 did what?
Definition
Strengthen the power of Parliament
Limit the power of the Monarch
Term
True or false, the Social Contract is between the subjects and the sovereign.
Definition
False
Term
When Jefferson said "we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor", his reason for saying this was because _____.
Definition
They were committing treason against the British
Term
Great Britain has a ____ system between the national and lower level governments.
Definition
Unitary
Term
Article I of the Constitution is concerned with ____.
Definition
Congress
Term
The framers of the Constitution could best be described as _____.
Definition
Pragmatic
Term
The "colonial mind" could best be described as _____.
Definition
Wary of power
Term
True or false, a Bill of Attainder says that you can be charged with a crime retroactive of the passage of a law.
Definition
False
Term
When the Senate acts as a court to try impeachments, the presiding officer is the _____.
Definition
Chief Justice
Term
The activities of the Federal Reserve Board have the most direct influence on _____.
Definition
Bank Interest Rates
Term
The federal Constitution guarantees all of the following rights to a person arrested and charged with a serious crime except:
Definition
Negotiate a plea agreement
Term
All of the following statements reflect positions the Supreme Court taken has with regard to the right of free speech except:
Definition
There are no acceptable governmental restrictions on free speech in the US
Term
To enforce the Fourteenth Amendment more clearly, Congress passed the _____.
Definition
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Term
The Office of Management and Budget has the primary responsibility for _____.
Definition
preparing the budget
Term
The boundary lines of congressional districts are drawn by _____.
Definition
State Legistlators
Term
Which branch of the national government is empowered to create new federal courts and specify the number of judges who will sit on them?
Definition
Congress
Term
The clear-and-present-danger test devised by the Supreme Court was designed to define the conditions under which public authorities could _____.
Definition
Limit free speech
Term
How is the right of free speech currently interpreted by the Supreme Court?
Definition
It protects the right to express opinions even without the actual use of words
Term
Decisions reached by the Supreme Court under the leadership of Chief Justice Earl Warren (1953-1969) did all of the following except?
Definition
Invalidate state abortion statutes
Term
What forms an "iron triangle"?
Definition
Consists of executive departments, interest groups, and congressional committees
Term
The establishment clause of the First Amendment does what?
Definition
Prohibits the setting up of a state church
Term
Protection of the legal rights of women has been facilitated by which of the following
Definition
The Equual Pay Act of 1963
The Civil Rights Act of 1972
The Education Amendments Act of 1972
Term
McCulloch v Maryland- This decision of the Supreme Court upheld the decision that
Definition
Congress has the power to make laws to carry out its constitutional duties
Term
McCulloch v Maryland - Which of the following resulted from this supreme court decision
Definition
The power of the national government was strengthened
Term
In McCulloch v Maryland, the Supreme Court established which of the following principles
Definition
States cannot interfere with or tax the legitimate activities of the national government
Term
The Miranda warning represents an attempt to protect criminal suspects against
Definition
unfair police interrogation
Term
This was a case in which the Supreme Court held that the power to regulate interstate navigation was granted to congress by the commerce clause of the Constitution
Definition
Gibbons v Ogden
Term
This case emphasized that the term contract referred to individual property rights, not the government and its citizens. It is emphasized in article 1 section 10
Definition
Dartmouth College v Woodward
Term
6This case said that state governments were to be excepted from the Bill of Rights
Definition
Baron v Baltimore
Term
This was a historically important case argued before the Supreme Court in which the court ruled that the fourteenth amendment of the U.S. constitution had extended the reach of the first amendment to the governments of the individual states
Definition
Gitlow v New York
Term
In this case the court brushed aside the first amendment issue and declared the all evidence found by searches and seizures
Definition
Map v Ohio
Term
In this case the supreme court unanimously rule that state courts are required by the sixth and fourteenth amendments to the Constitution to provide lawyers in criminal cases for defendants
Definition
Gideon v Wainwright
Term
One man, one vote
Definition
Baker v Carr
Term
Which of the following was an argument used by the supreme court to uphold federal statutes outlawing segregation in public accommodations
Definition
Such segregation affected interstate commerce, and congress therefore had the authority to outlaw it.
Term
Discrimination in public accommodations was made illegal in the U.S. as a result of
Definition
The civil rights act of 1964
Term
The decision of the court in Roe v Wade was based on
Definition
The right to privacy implied in the Bill of Rights
Term
Roe v Wade and Griswold v Connecticut were both based on
Definition
The right to privacy