Shared Flashcard Set

Details

GI Drugs
Laxatives, antiemetic, emetic, antiulcer, antacid, antidiarrheal drugs
57
Pharmacology
09/20/2009

Additional Pharmacology Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
Activated charcoal
Definition

Therapeutic Class: Antidote

Pharmacological Class: Absorbent

 

Antidiarrheal, long acting

Term
cimetidine (Tagamet)
Definition

Therapeutic: Antiulcer

Pharm: Histamine H2 antagonist

 

 

Inhibits CYP450!

Term
docusate calcium (Surfak)
Definition

T: Laxative

P: Stool softener

Term
dolasetron (Anzemet)
Definition

T: antiemetic

P: 5HT3 Antagonist

Term
droperidol (Inapsine)
Definition

T: antiemetic, sedative/hypnotic

P: butyrophenone

Term
lactulose (Cephulac)
Definition

T: Laxative

P: osmotic

Term
loperamide (Imodium)
Definition

Therapeutic Class: Antidiarrheal

 

Term
meclizine (Antivert)
Definition

T: Antiemetic, antihistamine

 

Motion sickness

Term
mesalamine (Rowasa)
Definition

Therapeutic Class: Gastrointestinal anti-inflammatory

 

 

Treatment of ulcerative colitis

Term
metoclopramide (Reglan)
Definition

T: Antiemetic

 

Blocks dopamine receptors, increases gastric mobility, prevents CINV

Term
misoprostol (Cytotec)
Definition

Therapeutic: Antiulcer

Pharm: prostaglandin

 

 

Term
scopolamine (Transderm Scop)
Definition

Therapeutic: antiemetic

Pharmacologic: anticholinergic

Term
sodium bicarbonate (Baking Soda)
Definition

Therapeutic Class: antiulcer

Pharamcologic: alkanizing agent

Term
sucralfate (Carafate)
Definition

Therapeutic: antiulcer

Pharmacologic:GI protectant

Term
sulfasalazine (Azulfidine)
Definition

T: gastrointestinal anti-inflammatory

 

Treatment of ulcerative colitis

Term
alsostetron (Lotronex)
Definition

gastrointestinal anti-inflammatory

 

Only approved for women with severe diarrhea-inducing IBD

Term
aluminum hydoxide
Definition

Therapeutic Class: antiulcer

Pharamcologic: antacid

 

Neutralizes gastric acid, inactivates pepsin

Term
amoxicillin (Amoxil)
Definition

Therapeutic Class: Antiulcer, anti-infective

Pharm: aminopenicillins

Term
aprepitant/fosaprepitant (Emend)
Definition

T: antiemetic

P: neurokinin antagonist

Term
attapulgite (Rheaban)
Definition
Local acting antidiarrheal
Term
bisacodyl (Dulcolax)
Definition

T: laxative

P: stimulant

Term
bismuth (Pepto Bismol)
Definition

T: Antiulcer, antidiarrheal

P: absorbent

Term
calcium carbonate
Definition
Therapeutic: Antacid
Term
clarithromycin (Biaxin)
Definition

T: antiulcer, anti-infective

P: macrolides

Term
codeine
Definition

T: antidiarrheal

P: opiod agonist

Term
difenoxin/atropine (Motofen)
Definition

T: antidiarrheal

P: anticholinergic

Term
dimenhydrinate (Dramamine)
Definition

T: antiemetic, antihistamine

 

 

Motion sickness, OTC

Term
diphenoxylate/atropine (Lomotil)
Definition

T: antidiarrheal

P: anticholinergic

Term
docusate sodium (Colace)
Definition

T: laxative

P: stool softener

Term
dronabinol (Marinol)
Definition

T: antiemetic

P: cannabinoids

Term
esomeprozole (Nexium)
Definition

T: antiulcer

P: proton-pump inhibitor

Term
famotidine (Pepcid)
Definition

T: antiulcer

P: histamine H2 antagonist

Term
granisetron (Kytril)
Definition

T: antiemetic

P: 5-HT3 antagonist

Term
Ipecac syrup
Definition
Emetic
Term
kaolin (Kaopectolin)
Definition

T: antidiarrheal, antiulcer

P: absorbent

Term
lansoprazole (Prevacid)
Definition

T: antiulcer

P: proton pump inhibitor

Term
magnesium citrate (Citrate of Magnesia)
Definition

T: laxative

P: saline

Term
Magnesium hydroxide/oxide/carbonate
Definition

T: Antacid/antiulcer, laxative

P: saline

 

Antacid at 5cc, laxative at 30cc

Term
metronidazole (Flagyl)
Definition
T: anti-infective, antiulcer
Term
nizatidine (Axid, Axid AR)
Definition

T: antiulcer

P: histamine H2 antagonist

Term
olsalazine (Dipentum)
Definition

T: gastrointestinal anti-inflammatory

 

Treatment of ulcerative colitis

Term
omeprazole (Prilosec)
Definition

T: antiulcer

P: proton-pump inhibitors

Term
ondansetron (Zofran)
Definition

T: antiemetic

P:5HT3 antagonist, serotonin antagonist

Term
paregoric (Tincture of Opium)
Definition

T: antidiarrheal

 

Term
polycarbophil (Fibercon)
Definition

T: laxative

P: bulk-forming

Term
polyethylene glycol (Miralax)
Definition

T: laxative

P: osmotic

Term
polyethylene glycol-electrolyte (Golytely, Half-lytely)
Definition

T: laxative

P: osmotic

Term
prochlorperzine (Compazine)
Definition

Therapeutic: antiemetic

Pharacologic: phenothiazines

 

Term
promethazine (Phenergan)
Definition

Therapeutic:antiemetic

Pharmacologic: phenothiazine

Term
Psyllium (Metamucil)
Definition

T: laxative

P: bulk-forming agents

Term
raberprazole (Protonix)
Definition

T: antiulcer

P: proton pump inhibitor

Term
rantitidine (Zantac)
Definition

T: antiulcer

P: histamine H2 antagonist

Term
senna (Senokot)
Definition

T: laxative

P: stimulant

Term
sodium phosphate (Phospho-soda Fleet)
Definition

T: laxative

P: saline

Term
tegaserod (Zelnorm)
Definition

gastrointestinal anti-inflammatory

 

limited use in women under 55 with IBS and diarrhea

Term
tetracycline
Definition

T: antiulcer, anti-infective

 

Term
palonsetron (Aloxi)
Definition

T: antiemetic

P: 5HT3 antagonist