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GCSE Religious Studies- Religion and Society Keywords
All 48 of the Keywords, excuse any misspellings!
48
Religious Studies
05/09/2012

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Term
Addiction
Definition
A recurring compulsion to engage in an activity regardless of its bad effects.
Term
Aggression
Definition
Attacking without being provoked.
Term
Artificial Insemination
Definition
Injecting semen into the uterus by artificial means.
Term
Bible
Definition
The holy book of Christians.
Term
Bullying
Definition
Intimidating/frightening people weaker than yourself.
Term
Capital Punishment
Definition
The death penalty for a crime or offence.
Term
Church
Definition
The community of Christians. (With a small 'c' it means a Christian place of worship.
Term
Conflict Resolution
Definition
Bringing a fight or struggle to a peaceful conclusion.
Term
Conscience
Definition
An inner feeling of the rightness or wrongness of an action.
Term
Conservation
Definition
Protecting and preserving natural resources and the environment.
Term
Creation
Definition
The act of creating the Universe or the Universe which has been created.
Term
Crime
Definition
An act against the law.
Term
The Decalogue
Definition
The Ten Commandments.
Term
Democratic Processes
Definition
The ways in which all citizens can take part in government(usually through elections.)
Term
Deterrence
Definition
The idea that punishments should be of such a nature that they will put people off (deter) committing crimes.
Term
Electoral Processes
Definition
The ways in which voting is organized.
Term
Embryo
Definition
A fertilized egg in the first eight weeks after conception.
Term
Environment
Definition
The surroundings in which plants and animals live and on which they depend to live.
Term
Exploitation
Definition
Taking advantage of a weaker group.
Term
Forgiveness
Definition
Stopping blaming someone and/or pardoning them for what they have done wrong.
Term
Global Warming
Definition
The increase in the temperature of the Earth's atmosphere (thought to be caused by the greenhouse effect.)
Term
The Golden Rule
Definition
The teaching of Jesus that you should treat others as you would like them to treat you.
Term
Human Rights
Definition
The rights and freedoms to which everyone is entitled.
Term
Infertility
Definition
Not being able to have Children.
Term
In-Vitro Fertilization
Definition
The method of fertilizing a human egg in a test tube.
Term
Judgement
Definition
The act of judging people and their actions.
Term
Just War
Definition
A war which is fought for the right reasons and in a right way.
Term
Justice
Definition
Due allocation of reward and punishment/ the maintenance of what is right.
Term
Law
Definition
Rules made by Parliament and enforceable by the courts.
Term
Natural Resources
Definition
Naturally occurring materials, such as oil and fertile land, which can be used by humans.
Term
Organ Donation
Definition
Giving organs to be used in transplant surgery.
Term
Pacifism
Definition
The belief that all disputes should be settled by peaceful means.
Term
Political Party
Definition
A group which tries to be elected into power on the basis of their policies (e.g. Labour, Conservatives.)
Term
Pressure Group
Definition
A group formed to influence government policy on a particular issue.
Term
Reconciliation
Definition
Bringing together people who were opposed to each other.
Term
Reform
Definition
The idea that punishments should try to change criminals so that they will not commit crimes again.
Term
Rehabilitation
Definition
Restore to normal life.
Term
Respect
Definition
Treating a person or or their feelings with consideration.
Term
Responsibility
Definition
Being responsible for one's actions.
Term
Retribution
Definition
The idea that punishments should make criminals pay for what they have done wrong.
Term
Sin
Definition
An act against the will of God.
Term
Situation Ethics
Definition
The idea that Christians should base moral decisions on what is the most loving thing to do.
Term
Social Change
Definition
The way in which society has changed and is changing (and also the possibilities for future change)
Term
Stewardship
Definition
Looking after something so it can be passed on to the next generation.
Term
Surrogacy
Definition
An arrangement whereby a woman bears a child on behalf of another woman.
Term
The United Nations
Definition
An international body set up to promote world peace and cooperation.
Term
Weapons of Mass Destruction
Definition
Weapons which can destroy large areas and numbers of people.
Term
World Peace
Definition
The ending of war throughout the whole world (the basic aim of the United Nations.)