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FSHN Final EXAM 3
N/A
52
Science
12/13/2010

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Term
1. Tony is a D1 football player. He is having trouble recovering from workouts and gaineing lean muscle. His diet currently contains approx 50% of calories from protein, 25% of calories from fat and 25% of calories from carbohydrate. You recommend that he should
Definition
a. C. decrease his % of calories coming from protein
Term
2. A potential consequence of consuming individual mineral supplements is
Definition
a. D-all of these choices are correct (lead consumption, mineral toxicity, impaired absorption of other minerals)
Term
3. Which of the following people is likely to have the highest percentage of body water?
Definition
a. A highly trained male athlete
b. A moderately active woman (I’m pretty sure its this one b/c woman retain water more?)
Term
4. Breast milk production requires approx ____kcalories per day
Definition
800
Term
5. Which of the following is not true about the regulation of fluid in the body?
Definition
a. Thirst is a reliable indicator of how much water should be consumed to replenish body fluids
Term
6. Protein is important to an athlete for tissue and muscle building repair. The body can likely use protein best if it is consumed in the pattern of
Definition
a. Evenly divided through all meals
Term
7. Worldwide, the most prevalent nutrient deficiency is of
Definition
c. Iron
Term
8. Athletes who consumes adequate carbohydrate promote all of the following except
Definition
C. increasing in body fat levels.
Term
9. During the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, an average of____extra kcalories per day are needed.
Definition
a. C-350-450
Term
10. Vitamin needs generally increase during pregnancy, especially for
Definition
a. Folate
Term
11. Which of the following is true about alcohol and pregnancy
Definition
a. B-a moderate intake of alcohol during pregnancy may increase the child’s future test scores
Term
12. Potassium is found in the largest quantities in
Definition
fruits (occurs mostly in plant sources)
Term
13. The best recovery meal/snack for an athlete will be consumed ASAP after an event and include which nutrient?
Definition
carbohydrates?
Term
14. All of the following are poor pregnancy practices except
Definition
a. Restricting weight gain to 15-18 pounds
Term
15. Acquiring sufficient vitamin B-12 may be a problem for vegan because
Definition
a. It is only found in animal products
Term
16. Which of the following is true about mineral bioavailability?
Definition
a. Minerals from plants are better absorbed than those from animal products
Term
17. Men with a higher Body Mass Index have a lower___
Definition
a. Muscle mass
Term
18. The DASH diet for reduction of hypertension
Definition
a. C-recommends 8-10 servings per day of fruits and vegetables
Term
19. Of the following, the best source of potassium is
Definition
a. Fresh spinach
Term
20. Thiamin is distributed in small amounts in many foods. A nutrient-dense source of thiamin is
Definition
a. C-whole grain cereal
Term
21. The first trimester of pregnancy
Definition
a. C-It is a time of particular importance to avoid nutritional deficiencies and insults to prevent harm to the fetus
Term
22. Higher intakes of which of the following minerals is associated with lowered blood pressure
Definition
a. B-potassium
Term
23. Anemia can result from a deficiency of
Definition
a. All of the above (B-12, Iron, folate)
Term
24. All foods in their unprocessed form tend to be low in sodium except
Definition
a. Milk and dairy products
Term
25. Patricia’s physician tell her she needs more folate in her diet during pregnancy. She should do which of the following
Definition
a. A-drink orange juice and eat beans and leafy greens
Term
26. All of the following are true about folate and pregnancy except
Definition
a. D-if pregnant women eat folate rich fruits and vegetables as suggested in the MyPyramid Food Plan they cannot meet their folate needs.
Term
27. Which of the following meals could be consumed by a person following low-sodium diet?
Definition
a. D-homemade oven-baked chicken, buttered rice, and steamed fresh green beans
Term
28. ***Susan Kundrta’s recommendations for an athlete’s macronutrient intake are____the AMDRs
Definition
a. same as
Term
29. During pregnancy, it is particularly important to make sure to consume adequate
Definition
a. D-essential fatty acids-linoleic acid (omega-6) and alpha linolenic acid (omega-3)
Term
30. As far as diet is concerned, a person wanting to reduce the risk of developing hypertension would want to do all of the following except
Definition
a. C-eat lots or prepackaged and canned foods
Term
31. ***Minerals are classified in which way?
Definition
a. C-trace minerals are needed in amounts of 10 mg per day or less
Term
32. If an athlete is adequately hydrates, their urine is the color of which substance below
Definition
a. Lemonade
Term
33. To build healthy sperm, men need adequate_____, _____and ______.
Definition
a. Folic acid, zinc, and vitamin C
Term
34. During each feeding, human milk changes composition in which of the following ways?
Definition
a. B-fat increaseda.
Term
35. The duration of a pregnancy normally is _____weeks
Definition
a. D- 38 and 42
Term
36. Milk is a poor source of
Definition
a. C-Iron and vitamin C
Term
37. Which of the following is true about protein intake during pregnancy?
Definition
a. A. The RDA for protein increases by about 25 grams per day over that for the nonpregnant state.
Term
38. All of the following are true of B vitamins except
Definition
a. D. are stored in adipose tissue
Term
39. Water constitute ____percent of body weight
Definition
a. 50-70
Term
40. Which of the following statements is important for infant feeding?
Definition
a. A. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of a child's life.
Term
41. The best way to determine how much fluid must be replaced as a result of a workout is to
Definition
a. Weight before and after the workout
Term
42. Which of the following techniques is best for preserving the vitamin content of cooked broccoli?
Definition
a. Steaming until crisp-tender
Term
43. Approx_____million pounds of candy is sold for Halloween.
Definition
a. 600
Term
44. The foods that provide the largest source of riboflavin in the American diet are
Definition
a. Milk and dairy products
Term
45. The best-absorbed iron source is found in which of the following foods?
Definition
a. Sirloin Steak
Term
46. ***Zinc competes with ______for absorption
Definition
a. Copper
Term
47. Which of the following is ture about the protein intake for athletes
Definition
a. Most athletes eating a variety of foods will easily meet their protein needs
Term
48. ****A major source of iodine in the North American diet is
Definition
a. Table salt
Term
49. Water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins differ in which way?
Definition
a. Water soluble vitamins are less likely to be toxic
Term
50. ***Which of the following is true about the intake of vitamins?
Definition
a. It is hard to get all the vitamins we need from food.
Term
51. Bottled water is often lower in_____than municipal tap water.
Definition
a. fluoride
Term
52. Which of the following is true about lactation?
Definition
a. The main reason why women do not breastfeed is lack of information.