Shared Flashcard Set

Details

FSHN Final EXAM 2
N/A
52
Science
12/13/2010

Additional Science Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
1. All of the following are characteristic of Type 2 diabetes mellitus except
Definition
- the least common form of diabetes
Term
2. What is the eating behaviors continuum?
Definition
- The range of eating disorders from normal eating to disordered eating to diagnosable eating disorders (AN, BN, EDNOS)
Term
3. Which of the following contains a rich supply of omega-3 fatty accids?
Definition
Salmon
Term
4. Lactose intolerance is caused by
Definition
- lactase deficiency
Term
5. Viscous (soluble) fibers
Definition
- can lower blood cholesterol
Term
6. Olive oil contains abundant amounts of which type of fatty acids?
Definition
- monounsaturated
Term
7. The chemical element found in all amino acids but not found in either carbohydrates or fats is
Definition
- nitrogen
Term
8. Which of the following behaviors is an example of disordered eating?
Definition
- Counting all of your calories every day to make certain you never consume more than 1000 because you want to lose weight
Term
9. Which of the following statements about eating disorders is NOT true
Definition
- 61% of Americans will suffer from an eating disorder at some time during their lives
Term

10. A reasonable and recommended goal for daily dietary fiber intake is how many grams?

Definition

 - 20 to 34

Term
11. Cholesterol is found in all of the following except
Definition
- corn oil
Term
12. Which of the following foods would have the most fiber?
Definition
- Kidney beans
Term
13. The basic building block of a protein is called a(n)
Definition
- amino acid
Term
14. Which of the following does not describe a function of fat?
Definition
- best source of energy for the brain
Term
15. The best way to treat an underweight person is to advise him or her to
Definition
- eat kcalorie-dense foods higher in vegetable fat like nuts and seeds
Term
16. A protein that acts as a hormone is
Definition
????? - insulin
Term
17. Which of the following is true about protein intake of people in the United States?
Definition
- Most consume more than is needed
Term
18. Which of the following is true about protein?
Definition
- It is made up of combinations of approximately 20 amino acids
Term
19. Which of the following is true about cholesterol?
Definition
- It is found in plant and animal foods
Term
20. When eating a high-fiber diet one should
Definition
- increase fluide intake
Term
21. The term used to describe the practice of restricting food intake to only "healthy" foods is
Definition
orthorexia
Term

22. Which of the following is true about protein intake in the United States compared to the rest of the world?

Definition

About 70% of the protein we eat in the United States comes from animal products

Term
24. Which of the following is a food that provides all of the essential amino acids?
Definition
navy beans?
Term
25. When comparing plant sources of protein to animal sources, we could say
Definition
- plant sources tend to contain more dietary fiber
Term
26. All of the following contribute to total energy expenditure except
Definition
- basal metabolic rate
Term
27. The major storage sites for glycogen are
Definition
- muscles and liver
Term
28. Cooking an egg alters its appearance due to
Definition
- denaturation
Term
29. If a fat contains mostly saturated fatty acids, it is likely to be ________ at room temperature
Definition
- soft
Term
30. How many grams of carbohydrates, per day, must humans consume to avoid ketosis?
Definition
100
Term
31. Which of the following is true about carbohydrates digestion?
Definition
- Carbohydrate digestion is assisted by cooking, which softens tough skins
Term
32. If the diet is lacking an essential amino acid, what will be the course of action?
Definition
- Protein synthesis will be limited
Term
33. A condition of self-induced severe weight loss, particularly common in adolescent girls, is called
Definition
- anorexia nervosa
Term
34. The major dietary factor to be concerned about in relation to heart disease is
Definition
?????? - cholesterol
Term
35. All of the following are true about contributors to energy expenditure except
Definition
- fidgeting accounts for 40% of total energy expenditure
Term
36. According to the video viewed in class, a 20 ounce bottle of pop contains approximately how many single serving sugar packets?
Definition
- 16
Term
37. To be transported throughout the body, fats are packaged in structures called
Definition
- lipoproteins
Term
38. The main function of glucose is to
Definition
- supply energy
Term
39. Which of the following is true about trans fatty acids found in hydrogenated fats?
Definition
when consumed, they can raise serum LDL cholesterol
Term
40. Jack weighs 176 pounds (80 kilograms). What would be his RDA for protein?
Definition
- 64 g
Term
41. In terms of heart disease risk, which of the following is true?
Definition
- As LDL cholesterol levels increase there is an increased risk
Term
42. Android obesity is assoiciated with a higher incidence of all the following except
Definition
cancer
Term
43. All of the following are sources of cholesterol except
Definition
- peanut butter
Term
44. Food proteins are used most efficiently when we
Definition
- are consuming enough carbohydrates and fats to meet our kcalorie needs
Term
45. The most long-term success in anorexia nervosa treatment has been with
Definition
- a multidisciplinary team of health care providers including MDs, RDs, and counselors
Term
46. Timothy wants to avoid eating too much hydrogenated fat. All of the following are appropriate ways exept
Definition
eating packaged cookies and desserts made with vegetable shortening
Term
47. For which of the following is glucose most critical as an energy source?
Definition
- Brain
Term
48. What is normal eating?
Definition
- Flexible eating that varies in response to your energy level, hunger, schedule, mood, availaility of food, or other factors
Term
49. Which of the following is not characteristic of type 1 diabetes mellitus?
Definition
- Arises most commonly in adulthood
Term
50. A weight loss program should have all of the following characteristics except
Definition
- the plan should have a weight loss goal of 3 to 5 pounds per week
Term
52. Which of the following is NOT a way to estimate body fat?
Definition
Body Mass Index
Term
53. A vegetarian who excludes animal flesh but consumes such products as milk and eggs is referred to as a(n)
Definition
- lacto-ovo-vegetarian
Term
Definition