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Final Review 1010
Quiz
409
Medical
12/06/2011

Additional Medical Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
what level of training is required for a licensed practical nurse (LPN)?

a. a 1-year program and state licensure

b. a 2-years associate's degree

c. a 6-month training program followed by a 6-month clinical intership
Definition
one year in vocational-technical schools and community colleges. They must be licensured by the state in which they are employed
Term
a medical assistant must be certified by the state in which he or she is employed
Definition
False; because certification for medical assistants is not issued, or required, by the state
Term
The term ______ means substitute.

Definition
surrogate
Term
ethics are standards of conduct and moral judgement

true or false
Definition
true
Term
which statement is accurate regarding eligibility to sit for the american association of medical assistants (aama) certification examination

a. the applicant must be a graduate of an accredited program

b. the applicant must be a graduate of an accredited program and have completed at least 24 hours of continuing education

c. the applicant must be a graduate of an accredited program and have at least 12 months of work experience
Definition
the applicant must be a graduate of an accredited program
Term
a nurse midwife is a professional registered nurse with extensive training and experience in labor and delivery

true or false
Definition
true
Term
what is the appropriate action for a physician to take when choosing to withdraw from the care of a patient?

a. the physician must tell the patient in person

b. the physician's lawyer must send a letter to the patient stating the circumstances

c. the physician must send a letter to that patient via certified mail with return receipt requested
Definition
the physician must send a letter to that patient via certified mail with return receipt requested
Term
a(n) _________ of limitations designates a specific limit of time during which a claim may be filed
Definition
statute
Term
the mechanical placement of semen containing viable sperm into the vagina is known as artificial _________
Definition
insemination
Term
training for pharmacy technician includes 2 years of post-graduate study in pharmacology

true or false
Definition
false; training for a pharmacist includes 2 years of post-graduate study in pharmacology
Term
a certified ________ technician is trained and certified in diagnostic testing procedures and limited examination of the eye
Definition
ophthalmic
Term
an implied contract may be written or verbal

true or false
Definition
false; an implied contract is indicated by actions rather than by words
Term
the victim of sexual harassment may be woman or man

true or false
Definition
true
Term
the term "prophylaxis" means "the prevention of disease or of a process that can lead to disease"

true or false
Definition
true
Term
which statement is accurate regarding a tort?

a. a tort is characterized by cheating and deceit

b. a tort may result in litigation

c. a tort is the failure to exercise the standard of care that
Definition
a tort may result in litigation
Term
the form of practice in which the physician makes all the decisions regarding the practice is known as a sole __________
Definition
proprietorship
Term
the term "prprietary" "post-secondary or after high school."

true or false
Definition
false; proprietary means privately owned and operated as a profit-making organization
Term
which term means "wisely cautious and prudent"?

a. patience
b. empathy
c. dicreet
Definition
discreet
Term
a ________ is used as a symbol of the medical profression
Definition
caduceus
Term
the american association of medical assistants (aama) replaced Developing a Curriculum (dacum) with the Role Delineation Study

true or false
Definition
true; AAMA replaced DACUM with the Role of Delineation
Term
which type of transplantation involves using animal tissue in a human being?

a. homograft
b. autograft
c. heterograft
Definition
heterograft

(example: replacing diseased human heart valves with a pig's heart valves)
Term
which governmnet program provided for the improvement and construction of hospitals?

a. Hill Burton Act
b. Medicaid
c. Medicare
Definition
Hill Burton Act, which was passed in 1946, provided for the improvement and construction of hospitals
Term
which is the role of the commission on accreditation of allied health education programs (caahep)?

a. caahep is responsible for testing medical assistants for certification

b.caahep is the professional organization that represents medical assistants

c. caahep establishes standards, accredits, and monitors the education quality of selected allied health programs
Definition
caahep establishes standards, accredits, and monitors the education quality of selected allied health programs
Term
Clara barton was the founder of modern nursing

true or false
Definition
false; Florence Nightingale was the founder of modern nursing
Term
which physician specialist cares for patients with disorders of the blood?

a. hematologist
b.cardiologist
c.intership
Definition
hematologists
Term
to _______________ is to give on thing in exchange of another
Definition
barter
Term
one who is fit, able, and capable is said to be _________
Definition
competent
Term
which professional organization promotes the education and development of medical transcriptionists as medical language specialist?

a. AAMT
b. AMA
c. AAMA
Definition
AAMT
Term
the credential of Registered medical assistant (RMA) is issued by the state in which the assistant is employed

true or false
Definition
false; The AMT which is a national organization that certifies some health practicioners, issues the RMA credential
Term
the term "autonomous" means self-governning

true or false
Definition
true
Term
the ______ oath binds doctors to observe the code of medical ethics
Definition
hippocratic
Term
a(n) ______________ acts as an intercommunication between two entities
Definition
liaison
Term
the primary purpose of the american association of medical assistants (AAMA) is to:

a. raise the standards of the medical assistant to the professional level

b. be the official union for medical assistants

c. fund scholarships for needy students
Definition
raise the standards of the medical assistant to the professional level
Term
which statement describes an emancipated minor?

a. an emancipated minor is over 18 and is free to give consent and sign contracts

b. an emancipated minor has obtained written parental permission to give consent and sign contracts

c. an emancipated minor is under age 18 and is no longer under the care, custody, or supervision of a parent or gardian
Definition
an emancipated minor is under age 18 and is no longer under the care, custody, or supervision of a parent or gardian
Term
which of the following occurs in a written form?

a. libel
b. slander
c. defamation
Definition
libel
Term
medical assisting is one of the fastest growing allied health professions

true or false
Definition
true
Term
the term "pro tem" means for the time bein or acting in a temporary position

true or false
Definition
true
Term
which statement is accurate regarding the american medical association's principles of medical ethics

a. a physician shall serve any patient requesting care

b. a physician shall provide competent medical service with compassion and respect for human dignity

c.a physician shall be loyal to colleagues who engage in fraud or deception
Definition
a physician shall provide competent medical service with compassion and respect for human dignity
Term
which statement regarding Claudius Galen is true

a. galen was known as the arabian hippocrates

b. galen based his beliefs on observations

c. galen believed that the body was regulated by the four humors: blood, phlegm, black bile, and yellow bile
Definition
galen believed that the body was regulated by the four humors: blood, phlegm, black bile, and yellow bile
Term
to act in accordance with official requirements is known as being in ____
Definition
compliance
Term
how much classroom instruction is required for a basic emergency medical technician (EMT)?

a. 100-120 classroom hours
b. A 1-year curriculum in a vocational school
c. 50-75 classroom hours
Definition
100-120 classroom hours
Term
the purpose of a Good Samaritan act is to:

a. ensure that a physician who gives emergency care is paid for these services

b. protect physicians who give emergency care from liability for any civil damages

c. pay for health care for anyone who is injured in an accident
Definition
protect physicians who give emergency care from liability for any civil damages
Term
a physcian who deserts a patient is guilty of _______
Definition
abandonment
Term
the term "traumatic" means caused by or relating to an injury

true or false
Definition
true
Term
a(n) ______ is a physician who specializes in the diseases and disorders of the skin
Definition
dermatologist
Term
Quackery is the pretense of knowledge or skill in medicine

true or false
Definition
true
Term
the insertion of needles at various points in the body to treat disease or relieve pain in known as
Definition
acupuncture
Term
a(n) _____ ability is one that is inborn or inherent
Definition
innate
Term
how often must a certified medical assistant (CMA) be recertified?

every 2 years
every year
every 5 years
Definition
every five years
Term
a nephrologist is a physician specializing in the diseases and disorders of the nerves

true or false
Definition
false; physician who specializes in the diseases and disorders of the kidney
Term
the medical subspecialty that treats inflammatory disorders of the connective tissues and related structures is _______
Definition
rheumatology
Term
hand lotion should not be used in the medical office

true or false
Definition
false
Term
three parts of the legal contract between a physician and a patient
Definition
Offer, Acceptance, and Consideration
Term
who is the principle in the contract between a physician and a patient
Definition
the physician is considered the principal; the MA is considered the agent of the physician
Term
as an agent of the physician, you are not responsible for your actions

true or false
Definition
false; this liability is expressed in the doctrine of respondeat superior (let the master speak for itself)
Term
what can a MA not do?
Definition
diagnose, prescribe meds, decide treament or dispense meds
Term
MA should not make promises for the doctor

true or false
Definition
true
Term
how should the patient-physician contract be terminated?
Definition
if the patient is treated and formally discharged

by mutual consent of the patient-physician contract

if the patient terminates the contract

in addition the physician has the right to terminate a patient relationship or a physician may choose to withdraw from the contract if and when:
the patient does not follow intructions of treatment, does not participate in follow-up appointments, or leaves the hospital against medical advise.
Term
what should be stated in the written notice of termination from the doctor
Definition
notice of the patient to withdraw documents must be sent by certified mail with return receipt requested as proof the letter was received

the return receipt should be filed in the patient's records

the letter should state the reason for the withdrawal and that date the withdrawal will be effective

the letter should state if the patient needs a follow-up and recommendations to the new physician

the physician should offer to send the patient's medical record to the new physician if the patient will sign a written authorization

the letter should be signed by the physician
Term
as the custodian of the records what are the responsibilities of the MA?
Definition
to keep all medical records confidential

to maintain complete, accurate, up-to-date, legible records on all patients.
Term
a quality care indicates
Definition
quality medical care
Term
who owns the records?
Definition
the physician who treats the patient or the corporation who owns the practice, but the patients owns the information in them
Term
state laws governs medical records

true or false
Definition
true
Term
the owner of the right to keep medical information confidential is the patient

true or false
Definition
true
Term
what is the term when confidential information is released without patient's consent?
Definition
Breach
Term
if the records are subpoenaed, they may be released
Definition
true
Term
records must be refiled as soon as possible and the medical records storage room locked with the alarm set at night

true or false
Definition
true
Term
related to released of confidential information, who are the people who have " no need to know"?
Definition
anyone who is not involved in the direct care or treatment of the patient. For example, friends, family members, spouses, or other patients. Although, medical information may be given to those listed in the signed release of information form
Term
complete the statement of the basic rules to medical records. "when in doubt _______
Definition
don't give it out"
Term
list measures related to computers that can help in securing medical information stored on the computer
Definition
rooms with computers should be locked
computers should be secured to counters
employees should passwords to access
do not send Med. Info. by mail
log off when leaving the computers
shred discarded copies
stay with the printer while printing
Term
List two conditions for the release of info
Definition
Doctors Reviews and consents to the release
Patient has completed a written documentation
Term
telephone request should be honored for release of info only with additional info in writing

true or false
Definition
true
Term
list six principles to maintain confidentiality
Definition
applies to every patient regardless of their personal characteristics or lifestyle
be aware of the laws, ordinances, regulations, and rules
all requests fro third parties require the patient's signature for med. info. to be released
never give out info about a patient when you are not certain that a signed permission form exists
patients should be provided with med. info. regarding their diagnosis and treatment, and it is their decision to release or not to release that info
if you lefally required to release med. info. regardinf a patient because of the seriousness or risk of the disease spreading to others; it should first be discussed with the patient
Term
the components of accuracy are
Definition
factual information, data and sign, up to date info, file promptly, and legible in black ink
Term
each page of the patient record should have the patients name on it
Definition
true
Term
telephone calls are not charted in the medical record
Definition
false
Term
there is no way to legally correct the records if incorrect info is recorded
Definition
false
Term
the MA is not responsible for maintaining confidentiality on the phone as it is not possible
Definition
false
Term
the MA is responsible for maintaining confidentiality in the reception area
Definition
true
Term
malpractice suits are usually brought due to error in care of the patient alone
Definition
false; the tort of negligence is the primary cause of malpractice suits
Term
list contributing factors to patients bring suits against a med practice
Definition
long waits
abrupt interview by the physicians or any of the office staff
delayed or lack of communication of the physician and office staff
lack of empathy for the patient
loss of trust and confidence in the physician and the office staff
poor customer service
Term
the MA has a role in preventing malpractice suits
Definition
true
Term
the patient has the right to know all possible outcomes of procedures and treatments. this is called ____
Definition
informed consent
Term
a patient consent to a procedure may be implied
Definition
true
Term
a physician must have a DEA number (license) to prescribe narcotics
Definition
true
Term
schedule II drug prescription may be called in the pharmacist by the MA
Definition
false
Term
what organization enforces the controlled substance act?
Definition
the United States Department of Justice Drug enforcement Administration
Term
narcotics are stored with other medications
Definition
false; it should be kept in a doubled lock cabinet
Term
MA should commit to memory the patient's rights and seek to uphold them
Definition
true
Term
which item is not a requirement for a physician to be licensed?

a. good moral character
b. ocmpleted an approved residency program
c. be under the age of 50
d. having no allergies
Definition
having no allergies
Term
the exceptions to the need for a license to practice medicine are:

a. an emergency situation
b. being a physician in military
c. treating familiy members
d. being a school physician
Definition
an emergency situation and being a physician in military
Term
the basic element(s) that constitutes the practice of medicine are:

a. diagnoses
b.scheduling
c. dictation
d.accounting
Definition
diagnosis and dictation
Term
areas(s) of medical ethics that is/are of concern to the medical assistant is/ are:

a. honesty
b. confidentiality
c. competency
d. all of the above
Definition
all of the above
Term
when the medical assistant improves skills and acquires additional knowledge in the field of medicine, who benefits?

a. the medical assistant
b. colleagues
c. the patient
d. all of the above
Definition
all of the above
Term
how can DRGs cause ethical issues for physicians?
Definition
DRGs can limit the hospital stay of the Medicare patient even though the patient may not be well enough to leave the hospital
Term
explain the meaning of the term "emancipated minor".
Definition
an individual who is legally no longer under the care, custody, and supervision of his or her parents.
Term
what is the recommended statement/question that should be made to the patient by the medical assistant responsible for obtaining a signature on the consent form for invasive, experimental, and high-risk medical services?
Definition
if you have no further questions for the doctor and you understand the consent form, will you please sign it?
Term
explain the meaning of the term "priviledged communication".
Definition
the patient's medical record and information exchanged between physician and patient should not be shared with anyone else without the written consent of the patient
Term
describe the conditions for revocation or suspension of a medical license.
Definition
conviction of a crime, violation of narcotic laws, income-tax evasion, unprofessional conduct, fraud in obtaining license, fraud in filing claims for services, senility, or mental incapacity.
Term
describe unprofessional conduct
Definition
betrayal of patient-physician confidence, excessive use of drugs or alcohol, and inappropriate sexual actions.
Term
the ethical standards established by a profession are administered by
Definition
peer review
Term
the physician must released information when the patient authorized the release or if the release of information is
Definition
required by law
Term
with proper documentation, any person of sound mind and legal age may give any part of the body after death for
Definition
research or transplant
Term
human organs should never be
Definition
sold for profit
Term
copies of the living will document should be filed with all of the following people
Definition
patient's family, primary physician, and the family's attorney
Term
every member of a medical care team should be currently certified in
Definition
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Term
under the ______, patients must receive written informatin explaining their right-to-die options according to their state laws
Definition
law
Term
A(n) _____ is defined as any number of actions done by one person or group of persons that causes injury to another oro others.
Definition
tort
Term
the negligent causing of an injury, when committed by a physician in the course of professional duties, is commonly referred to as _____
Definition
malpractice
Term
libel and slander are two forms of ______
Definition
defamation
Term
a deliberate attempt or threat to touch without consent is called ______
Definition
assault
Term
_______ is the unauthorized touching of another person
Definition
Battery
Term
which of the following is a way that a physician may become licensed?

a. endorsement
b. reciprocity
c. examination
d. felony conviction
e. answers a, b, and c
Definition
e. Answers a, b, and c
Term
which of the following is the definition of "tort"?

a. written consent for medical services
b. deals with findings of negligence, commonly causing injury
c. deal with right or wrong
d. none of the above
Definition
b
Term
which of the following defines a contract?

a. offer, acceptance, and consideration
b. implied consent, acceptance, and endorsement
c. consideration, refusal, and endorsement
d. morals, torts, and acceptance
Definition
a
Term
a physician who decides to terminate the patient-physician relationship without notifying the patient if guilty of:

a. assault
b. abandonment
c. battery
d. felony
Definition
abandonment
Term
a physician has the legal right to withdraw from a patient's care for which of the following circumstances?

a. the patient keeps regular appointments
b. the patient leaves the hospital against medical advice
c. the patient calls to cancel an appointment
d. the patient follows treatment plans
Definition
the patient leaves the hospital against medical advice
Term
which of the following would be an ethical dilemma?

a. falsifying insurance clains
b. knowing that someone lied about his or her credentials and not disclosing it
c.embezzlement
d. forging prescriptions
Definition
knowing that someone lied about his or her credentials and not disclosing it
Term
physicians have no right to determine whom they will see as patients
Definition
False. physicians have the right to choose the type of patients they will treat
Term
patients have the right to receive equal care to the standards of care in the community as a whole
Definition
true
Term
a physician may choose to withdraw from the care of a patient who does not follow instructions for the treatment or follow-up appointments
Definition
true
Term
the medical assistant has the right to be free from sexual discrimination
Definition
true
Term
a victim of sexual harassment must be of the opposite sex
Definition
false: the victim of sexual harrassment can be either the same of opposite sex
Term
the testimony of a physician as an expert medical witness is never necessary in a case of negligence
Definition
false: the testimony of a physician as an expert witness is sometimes necesary in a case of negligence
Term
the doctrine respondent superior means the thing speaks for itself
Definition
false: it means "let me master answer."
Term
the physician's liability is expressed in the doctrine of res ipsa loquitur
Definition
true.
Term
the medical assistant is considered an agent for the physician under the law of agency

true or false
Definition
true
Term
the Good Samaritan law covers physicians even if they receive compensation for the emergency care given
Definition
false: it protects a physician from being sued if giving care in an emergency situation, and without receiving a compensation for it
Term
an implied agreement is considered to be a legal contract in a medical office
Definition
true
Term
a medical assistant should never attempt to perform a procedure outside of his or her scope of practice
Definition
true
Term
it is acceptable to disclose patient information ot anyone requesting such information
Definition
false: a patient's medical information can be given to those indicated by the patient.
Term
Part of HIPAA is intended to protect patient confidentiality
Definition
true
Term
derogatory statements regarding patients may be considered _______ of character and a breach of confidentiality
Definition
defamation
Term
an attorney may agree to take the testimony of a physician by _______
Definition
deposition
Term
a medical assistant may receive a(n) _______ to appear in court with patient records
Definition
subpoena duces tecum
Term
a(n) ____________ is a law that designates a specific time limit during which a claim may be filed in malpractice suits or in the collection of bills
Definition
statute of limitations
Term
_________ cannot be tolerated in handling medical records
Definition
procrastination
Term
each office should have a(n) _______ regarding the release of information from the medical record
Definition
written consent
Term
the requirement of confidentiality regarding the medical record is no longer recognized when the patient _____________ claim against the physician
Definition
initiates a malpractice claim
Term
when in doubt about disclosing patient information, _____ by not disclosing rather than by disclosing
Definition
act
Term
the ___________ to disclose information should be placed in the patient's chart with a copy of the information released
Definition
signed authorization
Term
corrections in the medical record should appear in ____________
Definition
chronological order
Term
HIPAA mandates that each medical facility must appoint a(n) _____ officer
Definition
privacy
Term
describe the correct procedure for terminating the patient-physician contract
Definition
1) the physician must send a letter by certified mail with return receipt requested as proof of the letter being received. 2) the receipt should be filed in the patient's chart. 3) the letter should state the reson for withdrawal and the date it become effective. 4) If the patient needs follow-up care, the letter should recommend that the patient make an appointment with another physician. The physician should indicate that a copy of the medical records will be sent to a new physician only if written authorization is obtained. The physician must sign the letter.
Term
explain the term "abandonment" and give examples
Definition
abandonment is defined as giving up on someone or something. if a physician agrees to give care for the medical needs of a patient and then does not do so because of being unavailable, and does not provide another physician to take his or her place, then the physician may be charged with abandonment. An example of this is not having a physician to refer patients to see when the physician is not in the office
Term
what is professional negligence? give an example
Definition
if a physician is not well trained in the area of practice and she or he does not exercise the same degree of skill and judgement in similar circumstances, charges of professional negligence may result. An example of this is leaving a sponge or an instrument inside a patient during surgery
Term
give a example of a situation in which a medical assistant could be charged with malpractice
Definition
if injury is caused to a patient during venipuncture or in performing an injection, a malpractice suit could be file against the medical assistant respondible for the injury
Term
what is the purpose of the Good Samaritan law?
Definition
to protect individuals from charges of neglect or abandonment in emergency situations when no compensation is received
Term
list the reasons for keeping accurate and up-to-date medical records?
Definition
1) needed to give adequate care; 2) may be used in research for certain illnesses or forms of treatment, 3) must be complete for protection in case of lawsuit
Term
who owns the medical office records?
Definition
a medical record is the property of the physician who treats the patient
Term
do patients have the right to the information in their medical records?
Please explain your answer
Definition
patients have the right to the information in their medical records; however, the record should be shown to the patient only with the physician's permission
Term
what special precautions should be taken when giving written instructions to a patient?
Definition
make sure that the patient can read; patients who cannot read must have instructions explained verbally
Term
what kind of notes are innaproprite in a patient's chart? why?
Definition
personal opinions, abbreviations that only you and the physician know, and derogatory remarks are innapropriate. Patients may misunderstand and get angry if they see such notes
Term
explain the appropriate procedure for making changes and correcting errors in a patient's medical record
Definition
draw a single line through the incorrect information and add your initials, date, and reason for the change
Term
which of the following Latin phrases means "let the master answer"?

a. Res ipsa loquitur
b. Subpoena duces tecum
c. E pluribus unum
d. Respondeat superior
Definition
Respondeat superior
Term
which of the following would be considered good practice in maintaining medical records?

a. using black ink
b. never using film or liquid correction fluid to cover an error in the chart
c. filing documents in charts as they come to the office
d. consulting the HIPAA document in the chart before releasing patient informaiton
e. All of the above
Definition
all of the above
Term
which of the following Latin phrases means "the thing speaks for itself"?

a. res ipsa loquitur
b. subpoena duces tecum
c. e pluribus unum
d. carpe diem
Definition
Res ipsa loquitur
Term
which of the following is issued to order a person to appear in court?

a. interrogatory
b. deposition
c. subpoena
d. statute of limitations
Definition
subpoena
Term
all of the following are rights of a physician except:

a. the right to decide whom the accept as patients
b. the right to refuse to accept any new patients
c. the right to refuse to provide emergency treatment
d. the right to decide which type of medicine he or she wishes to practice
Definition
c. the right to refuse to provide emergency treatment
Term
which of the following protects a physician who gives emergency care from liability for any civil damages?

a. physician's practice act
b. good samaritan act
c. civil rights act
d. hippocratic oath
Definition
good samaritan act
Term
explicit
Definition
clearly and definitely expressed; unambiguous; leaving no room for questions
Term
breach
Definition
violation of a law, contract, or other agreement.
Term
criterion
Definition
a standard of criticism or judgement (plural: criteria)
Term
doctrine
Definition
the principles of any branch of knowledge; a belief held or taught
Term
enumerate
Definition
a count separately, name one by one
Term
defamation
Definition
to slander, or to attack the reputation of an individual or group
Term
encompass
Definition
to surround, enclose
Term
obligate
Definition
to bind legally or morally
Term
senility
Definition
feebleness of body or mind caused by old age
Term
negligence
Definition
guilty of neglect; lacking in due care or concern; act of carelessness
Term
fraudulent
Definition
characterized by cheating and deceit; obtained by dishonesty means
Term
tort
Definition
any wrongful act; damage, or injury done willfully, negligently.
Term
liability
Definition
anything to which a person is liable, responsible, legally bound
Term
revoke
Definition
to cancel, withdraw, take back
Term
license
Definition
a legal permit to engage in an activity
Term
agent
Definition
one that acts or has the power or authority to act for another
Term
artificial insemination
Definition
the mechanical placement of semen containing viable sperm into the vagina
Term
assault
Definition
physical harm; a violent attack
Term
battery
Definition
any illegal beating of another person
Term
civil law
Definition
pertaining to the rights of private individuals; legal proceedings concerning rights that are not criminal
Term
coercion
Definition
to force or compel; to restrain or constrain by force
Term
biennially
Definition
happening once in 2 years
Term
emancipated minor
Definition
no longer under the care, custody, or supervision of a parent or guardian
Term
enact
Definition
to make into law
Term
endorsement
Definition
the act of endorsing; approving
Term
genetic
Definition
general; characteristic of a genus or group
Term
implied
Definition
hinted; suggested
Term
incompetent
Definition
not capable; not legally qualified; deficient
Term
moral
Definition
a principle of right and wrong in conduction
Term
criminal law
Definition
-of involving, or having the nature of a crime
Term
ethics
Definition
right, according to the principles of ethics
Term
non compos mentis
Definition
general legal term for all forms of mental illness
Term
peer review
Definition
assessment by other physicians or scientists in the same field
Term
surrogate
Definition
a substitute; in place of another
Term
revoke
Definition
to cancel, withdraw, take back
Term
quackery
Definition
the pretense to knowledge or skill in medicine
Term
proxy
Definition
one who has authority to vote or act for another; a certificate of authorization to vote
Term
reciprocity
Definition
mutual exchange, especially the exchange of special privilege
Term
prudent
Definition
careful; wise in practical affairs
Term
abandonment
Definition
to desert, to give up entirely
Term
competent
Definition
fit, capable, able
Term
defamation
Definition
to slander, or attack the reputation of an individual or group
Term
deposition
Definition
testimony given under oath
Term
confrontation
Definition
to stand face to face with
Term
res ipsa loquitur
Definition
the thing speaks for itself
Term
respondeat superior
Definition
let the master answer
Term
subpoena duces tecum
Definition
court process initiated by a party in litigation, compelling production of specific documnets and other items, and material in relevance to facts in issue in appending judicial proceeding
Term
venereal
Definition
pertaining to or transmitted by sexual contact
Term
The law that was enacted in 1996 and went into effect in April 2003, which serves to standardize how all patient information would be handled in regard to confidentiality, is which one of the following?
Definition
HIPAA: Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act was enacted in 1996 and went into effect in April 2003. It serves to standardize how all patient information is handled in regard to confidentiality.
Term
Errors on a medical record are corrected in which one of the following manners?
Definition
Corrected by drawing a single line through incorrect material & adding your initials, date, & reason for change.
Term
Only physicians and some mid-level practitioners can prescribe Schedule II controlled substances:
Definition
True: only physicians and some mid-level practitioners can prescribe any medication, regardless of the schedule or classification of drug
Term
A living determines how your material assets will be distributed at the time of your death
Definition
False: a living will is designed to protect the wishes of the patient who may become incompetent and thus unable to make rational decisions regarding the issues of life-sustaining procedures. The patient and all family members should discuss these issues while the patient is still rational and can fully comprehend the implications
Term
To report or obtain information regarding prescription medications, who should be contacted?
Definition
DEA: to report or obtain information regarding prescription medications, contact the nearest DEA field office
Term
A physician who is licensed in one state to practice may be licensed in another state by reciprocity or endorsement
Definition
True: physicians who have all the necessary requirements for licensure may also be licensed by reciprocity or endorsement. A physician who has been licensed in one state and wishes to move another state may be granted a license by reciprocity if it is determined that the original licensure requirements are equal to the requirements in the new state.
Term
Medical records are considered to be whose property?
Definition
The physician who treats the patient: medical records are considered to be the property of the physician who treats the patient.
Term
An individual must be of legal age to secure licensure
Definition
True: licensure requirements are established by each state. One typical requirement is an individual must be of legal age to secure licensure.
Term
an emancipated minor is an individual who is no longer under the care, custody, or supervision of parents. However, this individual must be at least 18 years of age.
Definition
False: An emancipated minor is an individual who is no longer under the care, custody, or supervision of parents. There is no set age limit. The emancipated minor may be married, in the armed forces, or self-supporting and living apart from parents.
Term
A physician may not refuse to provide emergency services if assigned to an emergency.
Definition
True: A physician may not refuse to provide emergency services if assigned to an emergency and most physicians will provide emergency services whenever the need exists. They do not have to continue the patient’s treatment once the emergency services have been provided, the patient is stabilized, and the patient’s regular physician takes over the case.
Term
All 50 states have some version of the Uniform Anatomical Gift Act.
Definition
True: The Uniform Anatomical Gift Act was passed in 1968. By 1978 it was reported that all 50 states has established some system or organ and tissue donor certification so that individuals can ensure when they die they will be identified as a donor.
Term
Most state statutes define two basic elements that constitute the practice medicine. One is diagnosis and the other is the prescribing of treatment.
Definition
Most state statutes define two basic elements that constitute the practice medicine. One is diagnosis and the other is the prescribing of treatment. Only a licensed physician (and some mid-level practitioner) can engage in the diagnosis and prescribing of treatment for the physical condition of human beings.
Term
A patient has the right to refuse treatment. If any treatment is provided without consent, a charge of battery may be filed by the patient.
Definition
True: a patient has the right to refuse treatment. If any treatment is provided without consent, a charge of battery may be filed by the patient.
Term
A patient record that meets legal criterion includes personal information such as full name, address, occupation, marital status, and insurance carrier as well as the patient’s personal family, sociocultural, and medical history and which one of the following?
Definition
Details of physical examinations, laboratory findings, diagnoses, and treatments: a patient record that meets legal criterion also includes details of physical examinations, laboratory findings, diagnoses, and treatments.
Term
A contract between a patient and a physician has three parts. Which one of the following is NOT one of the three parts?
Definition
Negotiation: negotiation is a distracter
Term
Negligence is an offense punishable under crimical law
Definition
False: negligence is an act or failure to act as a reasonable prudent physician under the same or similar circumstance and is referred to as malpractice. It is intentional tort and punishable under the civil law.
Term
Once a physician is granted a license the only reason it can ever be revoked is for unprofessional conduct.
Definition
False: a physician may lose the license to practice medicine if convicted of a crime such as murder, rape, violation of narcotic laws, or income tax evasion. A medical license may also be revoked for unprofessional conduct.
Term
Defamation of character is divided into two categories: 1) libel, oral remarks and 2) slander, written statements.
Definition
False: 1) libel, written statements and 2) slander, oral remarks.
Term
The good Samaritan act originates in California in 1959 to protect physicians who give emergency care from liability for any civil damages.
Definition
True: the physician can help in an emergency without fear of being charged with neglect or abandonment for follow-up care.
Term
A physician must carry only a minimum amount of controlled substances in his or her medical bag
Definition
True: the amount of controlled substances carried in the doctor’s medical bag should be kept at a minimum.
Term
A physician may choose to withdraw from the care of a patient who does not follow instructions for treatment or keep follow-up appointments
Definition
True: withdraw must be by means of a letter sent by certified mail.
Term
As part of the HIPAA regulations privacy rule what must every provider distribute to every patient?
Definition
A Notice of Privacy Practices: the Privacy Rule requires providers to distribute to every patient a Notice Privacy Practices; there are six components to this notice.
Term
Which one of the following is the most usual offense for revocation of a license for unprofessional conduct?
a.(Betrayed of patient-physician confidence)
b.Murder
c.Rape
Definition
the most usual offense of unprofessional conduct is the betrayal of patient-physician confidence, illegal use of drugs and alcohol, and inappropriate sexual conduct with patients.
Term
The use of diagnosis related groups (DRGs) in determining the payment hospitals will receive for the patients receiving Medicare benefits raises both ethical and legal questions.
Definition
True: The use of diagnosis related groups (DRGs) in determining the payment hospitals will receive for the patients receiving Medicare benefits raises both ethical and legal questions. The problem with the system arises when patients may be discharged too early simply because the hospital will not be paid for more than the DRG-allowed number of days.
Term
Physicians are required to renew their licenses yearly
Definition
false. biennally
Term
Medical transplants are divided into three categories. Which one of the following is NOT a category?

a.Homograft
b.Autograft
c.Pseudograft
Definition
Pseudograft is a nonsense distracter and is not an actual medical term.
Term
A statute of limitations is a law that designates a period of 2 years in every state during which a claim may be filed in malpractice suits or in the collection of bills.
Definition
False: a statute of limitations is a law that designates a period or specific time during which a claim may be filed In malpractice suits or in the collection of bills. Each state if obligated to protect individuals by establishing the statues that regulates the time period.
Term
Medical assistants are governed by a code of laws
Definition
False: by ethical standards
Term
As part of licensure requirements a physician is not required to be a resident of the state where he or she is practicing
Definition
False: as part of licesure requirements a physician is required to be a resident of the state where he or she is practicing
Term
The patient-physician relationship is considered a contractile relationship
Definition
true
Term
A physician does not have the right to decide who they will accept as patients
Definition
False: physicians have the right ot decide who they will accept as patients. For example, if a physician has established a large practice, they may determine not to accept new patients because the physician must care for all patients accepted.
Term
The practice of medicine is primarily affected by criminal law
Definition
False: the practice of medicine is primarily affected by private law or civil law, specially by contract law and torts law.
Term
It is an acceptable practice for the physician to sign prescription blanks in advance to create an efficient practice
Definition
False: prescription blanks must never be signed in advanced. It creates an opportunity for them to be fraudulently used.
Term
A physician must released patient information when the patient authorizes the release or if the release is required by law. Which one of the following is NOT required by law to be reported?

a. Surgical alteration of gender
b. Suspected cases of abuse
c. Cases of violence
Definition
Surgical alteration of gender is not required by law to be reported
Term
Administrative
Definition
duties that manage or direct activities; in medical assisting, refers to tasks other than clinical in nature; front office duties.
Term
Associate's degree
Definition
a degree granted by a junior college at the end of a two-year course
Term
AAMA description of Medical Assistant profession
Definition
A professional, multi-skilled person dedicated to assisting in patient care management. This practicioner performs administrative and clinical duties and may manage emergency situations, facilities, and/or personnel.
Term
Bookkeeper
Definition
one who records the accounts and transactions of a business
Term
Certificate of completion
Definition
a document awarded upon fulfillment of a program's criteria
Term
Clinical
Definition
based on observation; in medical assisting, pertains to duties considered "back office"; not administrative in nature
Term
Competency
Definition
demonstrated capability, being able, a task to achieve
Term
Compliance
Definition

consent; conformity to formal or official requirements.

 

Note: It is important to ensure there will be a compliance response from the patient.

Term
Confidential
Definition
revealed in confidence; secret information
Term
Curriculum
Definition
a course of study at a school or university
Term
Hygienist
Definition
one who provides health-related services, such as dental procedures
Term
License
Definition
a legal permit to engage in an activity
Term
Methodical
Definition
systematic, following a plan or method
Term
Nuclear medicine techonologist
Definition
an individual trained in the specialized field of operating cameras that detect and map the radioactive drug in a patient's body to create diagnostic images
Term
Professional
Definition
conforming to the technical or ethical standards of a profession
Term
Proprietary
Definition
privately owned and managed and run as a profit-making organization
Term
Radioactive agents
Definition
agents used to diagnosed certain medical ray and radium
Term
Rehabilitation centers
Definition
facilities that assist in developing appropriate socialization skills, family and community reintergration, and increased independence
Term
Rehabilitative therapy
Definition
treatment that offers the highest level of patient care and programs that will enhance the physical psychological, and emotional health of the population served in most of these facilities.
Term
Role Delineation Study
Definition
Occupational analysis study conducted by AAMA and the National Board of Medical Examination in 1997 that identifies the most up-to-date entry-level areas of competence of the medical assisting profession
Term
Secretary
Definition
one employed to conduct correspondence; a person responsible for records and correspondence
Term
Therapeutic
Definition
having medicinal or healing properties; pertaining to results obtained from treatment
Term
Therapist
Definition
one who practices the curative and preventive treatment of disease or an abnormal condition
Term
Ultrasound technologist
Definition
also known as diagnostic medical sonographers, these individuals are specially trained to use untrasound equipment to direct high-frequency sound waves into specific areas of a patient's body to produce images of the shape, position, or movement of organs, fuids accumulations, masses, or fetuses
Term
Receptionist
Definition
one employed to greet telephone callers, visitors, patients, or clients
Term
Projected percentage of growth for Medical Assisting health occupation for 2004-2014 according to the Bureau of Labor Statistic-11/05
Definition
54.6%
Term
The health occupation boom is the result of two factors
Definition
extended lifetime of americans and rapidly evolving medical technology
Term
Why will the number of health occupations such as medical assisting grow
Definition
Data has shown that the population over 85 is growing at a rate of four times the total population; and as people age, they develop more health problems and therefore require more services
Term
Programs leading to a certificate of completion or diploma are usually
Definition
1 year in length
Term
Training programs vary in
Definition
length and design
Term
An associate's degree program would require...
Definition
2 years of course work and include subject areas that complement the curriculum
Term
Definition of DACUM
Definition
Developing a Curriculum
Term
DACUM was replaced by _____ in 1997
Definition
Role Delineation Study
Term
How was the Role Delineation Study based upon?
Definition
a combination of the existing DACUM and the answers from a survey taken by two groups of practicing CMAs's practical experience survey; made by the National Board of Medical Examiners and AAMA.
Term
What are the three broad areas of Practice that the Role Delineation Study identifies?
Definition
Administration, clinical, and general
Term
What are the areas of competency for the entry-level medical assistant, from the Role Delineation Study
Definition
General (Transdisiplinary)
professionalism
communication skills
legal concepts instruction
operational functions

Administrative
Administrative procedures
Practice Finances

Clinical
fundamental principles
diagnostic orders
patient care
Term
An organization that governs programs of educational preparation of medical assistants is
Definition
Commission of Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP)
Term
Definition of CHEA
Definition
Council of Higher Edication Accreditation
Term
Accrediting Organizations in USA
Definition
CHEA
ABHES
CAAHEP
Term
Credentialing Organization in USA
Definition
AAMA
AMT
Term
The role of the medical assistant
Definition
provide skillful execution of administrative, clinical, and general duties as an integral and supportive part of the physician's practice.
Term
Administrative jobs
Definition
schedule app, prepare correspondence, handle telephone calls, complete insurance forms, and obtain initial patient data
Term
Clinical jobs
Definition
take medical histories, take vital signs, assist with medical procedures, prepare patients for examinations, prepare medications
Term
General jobs
Definition
demonstrate initiative and responsibility
treat all patients with compassion and empathy
use medical terminology appropriately
teach methods of health promotion
work as a team member
maintain confidentiality
document accurately
follow federal, state, and local legal guidelines.
Term
The assistant should not assume something has been learned until
Definition
the patient can explain or perform it
Term
The graduates from programs certified by CAHHEP and/or ABHES 
Definition
eligible to sit for national exams to become credentialed or registered medical assistants
Term
What does "career laddering" refers to?
Definition
other occupations in which you might be employed based upon your interest, training, and experience.
It could be lateral or vertical.
Term
Lateral jobs
Definition
Unit secretaries, admissions clerks, medical records clerk, medical secretaries, phlebotomists, and ECG technicians
Term
What is another alternative position for medical assistants
Definition
patient care technician and
Term
Nuclear Medicine Technologists
Definition
About 90% work in hospitals, levels of training varies from 1-4 yrs. Ultrasound and Radilogic Technologists complete 1 yr; and advanced practice requires 2 yrs cert. or associate's degree. Salary: $48, 750
Term
Physician Assistants (PAs)
Definition
primarily employed in physician's offices and clinics. Work about 40 hrs a week. 2 yrs training. Recertifies every 6 yrs, plus 100 hrs continuing education every 2 yrs. Salary: $64,670
Term
Pharmacy Technicians (PhTs)
Definition
The length of preparation varies and can occur during on-the-job training or by completing a program or 2 yrs associate's degree. Exam required. Salary: $22,256 for 40 hrs a week.
Term
Occupational Therapy Assistants (OTAs)
Definition
under supervision of a registered occupational therapist. Must obtain a associate's degree and pass exam. Salary: 36, 660
Term
Accurate
Definition
correct, exact, without error
Term
Adapt
Definition
the act of or the result of adjusting to a new circumstance or change
Term
Appearance
Definition
outward show
Term
Attitude
Definition
state of thought or feeling
Term
Confidential
Definition
revealed in confidence; secret information
Term
Cooperate
Definition
to work together
Term
Courteous
Definition
polite, considerate, and respectful in manner and action
Term
Dependable
Definition
that which may be relied upon
Term
Empathy
Definition
sympathetic trying to identify one's feelings with those of another
Term
Enthusiasm
Definition
intense interest; zeal; passion
Term
Flexible
Definition
the ability to adapt to circumstances; ability to flex and bend; nonrigid
Term
Honesty
Definition
the state of being truthful, trustworthy,; genuine
Term
Initiative
Definition
to get something started, begin
Term
Innate
Definition
inborn; inherent
Term
Intelligence
Definition
the ability to learn or understand
Term
Monotone
Definition
a single, unvaried tone; having the same pitch; a tiresome sameness
Term
Patience
Definition
calm in waiting, endurance without complaint
Term
Perceive
Definition
to become aware of through the senses; to understand
Term
Perseverance
Definition
the act of continuing steadfastly, especially in the face of discouragement
Term
Personality
Definition
the personal or individual qualities that make one person different from another
Term
Posture
Definition
the position and carriage of the body as a whole
Term
Punctuality
Definition
a desirable trait of being on time for appointments, work, etc.
Term
Reliable
Definition
dependable, can be relied upon
Term
Respectfully
Definition
showing respect; honoring; treat with consideration
Term
Self-control
Definition
control of ones emotions, desires
Term
Tact
Definition
delicate perception of the right things to say and do without offending
Term
Trait
Definition
a feature; a distinguishing feature of character or mind
Term
Accurate
Definition
detailed correctness, exactness.
Term
Adaptable
Definition
the ability to adjust, to make fit.
Term
Conservative
Definition
to be cautious, prudent, to handle with care, not wasteful.
Waste is lost profit
Term
Courteous
Definition
to be polite, well-mannered.
this might eve change a situation for the better
Term
Dependable
Definition
can be relied upon, responsible.
Term
Confidential
Definition
prudent, cautious-especially in speech.
Term
Empathetic
Definition
trying to identify one's feelings with those of another
Term
Enthusiastic
Definition
zeal, intense interest
Term
Honest
Definition
trustworthy, the quality of being truthful
Term
Initiative
Definition
ambition, hustle, setting something in motion
Term
Patient
Definition
calmness in waiting, tolerant
Term
Perseverance
Definition
persistent, continued, or prolonged
Term
Punctual
Definition
exact agreement with appointed time
Term
Reliable
Definition
trustworthy, dependable, responsible
Term
Respectful
Definition
showing regard for, considerate, courteous
Term
Self-control
Definition
show restraint, in check
Term
Tact
Definition
delicate skill in saying or doing the right thing
Term
Friendly Attitude and Genuine Liking of People
Definition
real, concerned, caring viewpoint. It will be recognized by the persons you deal with in the office. You should know and use the names of you patients while carrying on conservations with them. Good interpersonal relations require dealing with people so that your self-image and theirs remain positive and intact.
Term
Intelligence
Definition
ability to apply the mind effectively to any situation, clear thinking plus good judgement. It is not just a high IQ or a college degree, it is appropriately applying knowledge to life situations.
Term
Pleasant Personality
Definition
cheerful, agreeable personal qualities.
Term
Pleasant voice
Definition
pleasing to hear.
the pitch of your voice refers to its highness or lowness. the force of your voice make it possible for yuo to be heard. The quality of your voice is reflected in the manner in which you pronounce vowels. The rate of your speech is determined by how long you hold sounds and by the pauses between words and phrases
Term
Enuine smile
Definition
real expression. It is a welcome sight to patients and visitors entering a physician's office
Term
Positive atttitude
Definition
it shows everyone who sees you or speaks to you, by telephone or in person, how you feel abour your work, others, and yourself. It is displayed in the way you get along with others and interact with them.
Term
Good Health
Definition
state of wellness
Term
Personal appearance
Definition
individual image, a look, visible. It says volumes about you.
Cleanliness; Hand care is critical; Hair must be clean and away from your face. Long hair should be worn up or at least fastened back; Proper attire may vary with medical specialty; jewelry except for a watch or wedding ring, small earings; fragances only if light, clean-smelling; cosmetics should be tasteful and skillfully applied; gum chewing is vebry unprofessional; posture affects not only you appearance but also the amount of fatigue you experience
Term
Accredited
Definition
certified as being of a specified quality; accepted as valid
Term
Barter
Definition
to give one thing in exchange for another
Term
Certification
Definition
written declaration
Term
Competent
Definition
fit, able, capable
Term
Professionalism
Definition
professional status, methods, character, or standards
Term
Pro tem
Definition
acting as (a temporary position); for the time being
Term
Revalidation
Definition
the renewing or reconfirmation or credentials
Term
In 1995, medical assistants from 15 states met in Kansas, and adopted
Definition
the name American Association of Medical Assistants (AAMA)
Term
Maxine Williams
Definition
founder and first national president of the AAMA
Term
AAMA was officially dounded with
Definition
advised, assistance, and moral support from AMA
Term
AAMA Board of Trustees approved the current definition of medical assisting
Definition
Feb 1991
Term
Americal Academy of Professional Coders (AAPC)
Definition
found in 1988 to promote professionalism and encourage and suppport education, networking, and certification
Term
Why did health care occupations develop?
Definition
Physician's need for assistance in order to provide technical and efficient care for greater numbers of patients
Term
Name 11 occupations in health service that are expected to be fastes growing through 2014
Definition

Home health aides

medical assistants

physician assistants

physical therapist assistants

dental assistants

personal and home care aides

physical therapists

 Diagnostic medical sonographers

physical therapist aides

occupational therapist assistants

occupational therapists

Term
Names of three types of schools that offer programs in medical assisting
Definition
vocational programs in high schools, technical and community colleges, private proprietary schools
Term
Purpose of the Role Delineation Study
Definition
identify the competencies essential for medical assistants
Term
Amount of training and licensure for PA
Definition
two years at accredited school and state certification
Term
Amount of training and licensure for PhT
Definition
On-the-job training, a certificate program, or an associate's degree
Term
Amount of training and licensure for OTA
Definition
An associate's degree and national certification
Term

Which of the following would be considered an adm. duty:

 

a/ handling mail

b/ performing EKGs

c/ Administering injections

d/ performing waived laboratory tests

e/ none

 

Definition
a
Term

which of the following would be clinical duties:

 

a/ obtaining vital signs

b/ taking a medical history and recording it

c/ performing a hematology test

d/ completing demographic data for a new patient

e/ all

Definition
e
Term

which of the following requires the most amount of education

a/ MA

b/ Medical doctor

c/ LPN

d/ PA

e/ PhT

Definition
b
Term
Personal illness requires prompt attention
Definition
True
Term
Deodorant will cover the odor from old perspiration
Definition
False. The only way is taking a daily bath or shower
Term
The pitch of your voice is
Definition
chracterized by highness or lowness
Term
when speaking in a medical office
Definition
control the force of your voice to prevent patients from overhearing your conversations
Term

which would covey professionalism to a patient

a/ multiple tattoos

b/ body piercings

c/ good personal hygienist

d/ a clean, pressed uniform

e/ both c and d

 

Definition
e
Term

T or False

the AAPC coding edge is the professional magazine of the AAMA

Definition
False. it is a publication from the organization that certifies medical coders.
Term
to stay currento in the field of medicine, medical assistants should participate in continuing education programs to earn CEUs toward recertification
Definition
T
Term
bater
Definition
to give on thing in exchange for another
Term
in 1978, the AAMT was incorporated
Definition
in Modesto, CA
Term
A certified Medical Assistant must be re-certified
Definition
every 5 yrs by taking exam or obtaining continuing edu. credits
Term
AAMA definition
Definition
American Association of Medical Assistants
Term
AMT definition
Definition
American Medical Technologists
Term
AAMT definition
Definition
American Association of Medical Transcription
Term

the definition "the assignment of credentials; approval given for meeting established standards" relates to which of the following?

a/ evaluation

b/ professionalism

c/ accreditation

d/ certification

e/ reputation

Definition
d
Term
the process by which one maintains a credential without taking an exam 
Definition
recertification through continuing edication credits
Term

which org. awards the Registered medical assistant credential

a/ AMA

b/ AMT

c/ AAMA

d/ National Center for Competency Testing

e/ American Society of Clinical Pathologists

Definition
b
Term
Insulin was discovered by
Definition
Frederick Banting
Term
Clara Barton is responsible for establishing the American Red Cross and served as its first president
Definition
True
Term
The art of acupuncture is an ancient procedure that stems from India
Definition
false
Term
discovered that the cause of yellow fever was a virus carried by a mosquito
Definition
Walter Reed
Term
the Caduceus is the accepted medical symbol, depicting:

a) a horse and a chariot
b) an atom
c)a staff and a snake
d) a red cross
Definition
a staff and a snake
Term
DC stands for
Definition
Doctor of Chiropractic
Term
DDS stands for
Definition
Doctor of Dental Surgery
Term
DPM stands for
Definition
Podiatrist
Term
OD stands for
Definition
Optometrist
Term
PhD stands for
Definition
Doctor of Philosophy
Term
DO stands for
Definition
Doctor of Osteopathy
Term
the Founder of scientific surgery

a. Anton van Leeuwenhoek
b. John hunter
c. Edward Jenner
Definition
John Hunter
Term
the world's first human-heart transplant was performed in 1967 by
Definition
Christian Neethling Bannard
Term
this doctor and a group of researchers successfully isolated the polio virus, leading to 1,830,000 children being protected with a vaccine by the end of summer 1954.
Definition
Jonas Salk
Term
Legistation intended to limit health administration costs, provide for patient information privacy, and prevent fraud and abuse is called

a. HIPAA
b. AHIMA
c. OSHA
Definition
HIPAA
Term
accidentally discovered that a mold that got on a culture prevented the bacteria from growing, leading to the development of penicilin

a. Sir Alexander Fleming
b. Joseph Lister
c. Louis Pasteur
Definition
Sir Alexander Fleming
Term
CLIA allows individuals to indicate their desire for their body or organs to be gifted to research, transplant services or a tissue/organ bank, at the time of their death
Definition
false; CLIA establishes guidelines for operating labs
Term
the "father of modern surgery" is

a. Amboise Pare
b. Vesalius
c. William Harvey
Definition
Ambroise Pare
Term
the real reason the Roman empire collapsed was the spread of disease, such as malaria and smallpox, which killed thousands, and the bubonic plaque
Definition
true
Term
in ancient history, as it relates to medicine, the Babylons are responsible for establishing a legal code for medical practice that set fees for services and rules of conduct
Definition
true
Term
the fist woman physician in the USA was

a. Clara barton
b. Trotula Platearius
c. Elizabeth Blackwell
d. Marie Curie
Definition
Elizabeth Blackwell
Term
the microscope was an invention of Malpighi and van Leeuwenhoek, allowing for the viewing of capillaries and blood cells for the first time
Definition
true
Term
Joseph Lister was responsible for the foundation of medical asepsis, developing methods to disinfect the skin, his hands, and the air during procedures
Definition
true
Term
Florence Nightengale is the earliest known female physician; she wrote a textbook called "Disease of Women"
Definition
false; Trotula Paltearius