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Final Exam Psyc 1101
Lessons 8 & 9 (Prequiz/Quiz Questions)
40
Psychology
07/12/2008

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Term
Characteristic patterns of behavior and motivation are called:
Definition
traits.
Term
A personality inventory that utilizes only those items that have been shown to differentiate particular groups of people is called a(n) _____ test.
Definition
aptitude
Term
Four-year-old Timmy has not wet his bed for over a year. However, he starts bed-wetting again soon after his sister is born. Timmy's behavior best illustrates:
Definition
regression.
Term
Reaction formation refers to the process by which people:
Definition
consciously express feelings that are the opposite of unacceptable unconscious impulses.
Term
Survivors' memories of Nazi death camp experiences most clearly challenge Freud's concept of:
Definition
the Oedipus complex.
Term
The use of free association is central to the process of:
Definition
psychoanalysis.
Term
Id is to ego as _____ is to _____.
Definition
pleasure principle; reality principle
Term
Jill has a biting, sarcastic manner. According to Freud, she is:
Definition
fixated in the oral stage of development.
Term
The Oedipus and Electra complexes have their roots in the:
Definition
phallic stage.
Term
According to Freud, defense mechanisms are methods of reducing:
Definition
anxiety.
Term
Ellen is consistently optimistic, talkative, and impulsive. Each of these characteristics most clearly represents a:
Definition
trait.
Term
Reaction formation refers to the process by which people:
Definition
consciously express feelings that are the opposite of unacceptable unconscious impulses.
Term
The use of free association is central to the process of:
Definition
psychoanalysis.
Term
Jill has a biting, sarcastic manner. According to Freud, she is:
Definition
fixated in the oral stage of development.
Term
The Oedipus and Electra complexes have their roots in the:
Definition
phallic stage.
Term
According to Freud, boys are most likely to experience the Oedipus complex during the _____ stage.
Definition
phallic
Term
According to psychoanalytic theory, boys' fear of castration is most closely associated with:
Definition
the Oedipus complex.
Term
One night after he heard his parents arguing, 4-year-old Wei had a vivid dream in which he saved his mother from being bitten by a large snake. A psychoanalyst would most likely suspect that Wei's dream reflects a(n):
Definition
reaction formation.
Term
Which theory would most likely predict that boys raised without a father figure will have difficulty developing a strongly masculine gender identity?
Definition
Freud's psychoanalytic theory
Term
According to Freud, during the period between age 6 and puberty children:
Definition
experience very little sexual interest
Term
Cocaine may _____ symptoms of schizophrenia by _____ dopamine levels.
Definition
increase; increasing
Term
Bipolar disorder is most likely to be characterized by:
Definition
alternations between extreme hopelessness and unrealistic optimism.
Term
Mania is most likely to be characterized by feelings of:
Definition
optimism.
Term
In order to facilitate diagnostic reliability, the DSM-IV typically bases diagnoses on:
Definition
observable patterns of behavior.
Term
Evidence that dissociative identity disorder is not simply a product of conscious role playing is most clearly provided by the:
Definition
distinct brain and body states associated with differing personalities.
Term
Indira, a third-grade teacher, frequently suffers from dizziness, headaches, muscle tremors, fatigue, and irritability in the classroom. She is also continually agitated and unable to relax outside the classroom, but she cannot pinpoint a reason for her problems. Her behavior is most indicative of a(n):
Definition
generalized anxiety disorder.
Term
Ravi brushes his teeth 18 times a day. Each time, he uses exactly 83 strokes up and 83 strokes down. After he eats, he must brush twice with two different brands of toothpaste. Ravi suffers from a(n):
Definition
obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Term
Phobias are most likely to be characterized by:
Definition
a persistent, irrational fear of a specific object or situation.
Term
Mr. Kalish, a long-term government employee, falsely believed that his supervisor was a communist agent who was putting poison in the employees' coffee. When Mr. Kalish was referred to a psychiatrist, he claimed to be the grandson of Abraham Lincoln. Mr. Kalish is most likely suffering from:
Definition
schizophrenia.
Term
Hallucinations and delusions are most likely to be experienced by those who suffer from:
Definition
schizophrenia.
Term
Cocaine may _____ symptoms of schizophrenia by _____ dopamine levels.
Definition
increase; increasing
Term
A short attention span is an early warning sign of:
Definition
schizophrenia.
Term
A psychotherapist is most likely to use the DSM-IV in order to _____ various psychological disorders.
Definition
identify
Term
Indira, a third-grade teacher, frequently suffers from dizziness, headaches, muscle tremors, fatigue, and irritability in the classroom. She is also continually agitated and unable to relax outside the classroom, but she cannot pinpoint a reason for her problems. Her behavior is most indicative of a(n):
Definition
generalized anxiety disorder.
Term
While driving to work, Pedro hears a radio advertisement for a new restaurant. Throughout the day, the tune associated with the advertisement keeps running through his head. Pedro's inability to forget the tune best illustrates the nature of a(n):
Definition
obsession.
Term
Phobias are most likely to be characterized by:
Definition
a persistent, irrational fear of a specific object or situation.
Term
False beliefs of persecution that may accompany psychotic disorders are called:
Definition
delusions.
Term
Which of the following disorders is classified as a mood disorder?
Definition
bipolar disorder
Term
Manic episodes are most likely to be associated with a(n):
Definition
bipolar disorder.
Term
Evidence that dissociative identity disorder is not simply a product of conscious role playing is most clearly provided by the:
Definition
distinct brain and body states associated with differing personalities.