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Final Exam Psyc 1101
Lessons 6 & 7 (Prequiz/Quiz Questions)
40
Psychology
07/12/2008

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Term

In an effort to remember how to spell "rhinoceros," Sheryl writes the word 30 times. She is using a technique known as:

Definition
rehearsal
Term

The process of encoding refers to:

Definition
getting information into memory
Term
Your consciously activated but limited-capacity memory is called _____ memory
Definition
short-term
Term

The integration of new incoming information with knowledge retrieved from long-term storage involves what is known as:

Definition
working memory
Term

After learning the combination for his new locker at school, Milton is unable to remember the combination for his year-old bicycle lock. Milton is experiencing the effects of:

Definition
retroactive interference
Term

The finding that people who sleep after learning a list of nonsense syllables forget less than people who stay awake provides evidence that forgetting may involve:

Definition
interference.
Term

Arnold so easily remembers his old girlfriend's telephone number that he finds it difficult to recall his new girlfriend's number. Arnold's difficulty best illustrates:

Definition
proactive interference.
Term

A momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli is called _____ memory.

Definition
iconic
Term

Peterson and Peterson demonstrated that unrehearsed short-term memories for three consonants almost completely decay in as short a time as:

Definition
12 seconds.
Term

The ability to learn something without any conscious memory of having learned it suggests the need to distinguish between:

Definition

explicit and implicit memory.

Term
In an effort to remember how to spell "rhinoceros," Sheryl writes the word 30 times. She is using a technique known as:

Definition
rehearsal.
Term
The process of getting information out of memory storage is called:
Definition
retrieval.
Term
The three-stage processing model suggests that we register information in _____ before it is _____ into short-term memory.
Definition
sensory; encoded

Term
Retroactive interference involves the disruption of:

Definition
retrieval.
Term
The disruptive effect of prior learning on the recall of new information is called:
Definition
proactive interference.
Term
Which type of memory has an essentially unlimited storage capacity?
Definition
long-term memory
Term
A momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli is called _____ memory.
Definition
iconic
Term
"The magical number seven, plus or minus two" refers to the storage capacity of _____ memory.
Definition
short-term
Term
The ability to learn something without any conscious memory of having learned it suggests the need to distinguish between:
Definition
explicit and implicit memory
Term
The hippocampus plays a critical role in _____ memory.
Definition
explicit
Term
Adolescence extends from:
Definition
the beginnings of sexual maturity to independent adulthood.
Term
The task of raising children is typically associated with _____ marital satisfaction. The departure of mature children is typically associated with _____ marital satisfaction.
Definition
decreasing; increasing
Term
Erikson suggested that the adolescent search for identity is followed by a developing capacity for:
Definition
intimacy.
Term
According to Kohlberg, postconventional morality involves:
Definition
affirmation of self-defined ethical principles.
Term
According to Erikson, achieving a sense of identity is the special task of the:
Definition
adolescent.
Term
Timmy, the youngest child of a high school athletic director, was able to roll over at 3 months, crawl at 6 months, and walk at 12 months. This ordered sequence of motor development was largely due to:
Definition
maturation.
Term
During which of Piaget's stages does a person develop an awareness that things continue to exist even when they are not perceived?
Definition
sensorimotor
Term
When Tommy's mother hides his favorite toy under a blanket, he acts as though it no longer exists and makes no attempt to retrieve it. Tommy is clearly in Piaget's _____ stage.
Definition
sensorimotor
Term
I am 14 months old and fearful of strangers. I am in Piaget's _____ stage of cognitive development.
Definition
sensorimotor
Term
As a child observes, liquid is transferred from a tall, thin tube into a short, wide jar. The child is asked if there is now less liquid in order to determine if she has mastered:
Definition
the concept of conservation.
Term
Adolescence extends from:
Definition
the beginnings of sexual maturity to independent adulthood.
Term
Erikson suggested that the adolescent search for identity is followed by a developing capacity for:
Definition
intimacy.
Term
According to Kohlberg, morality based on the avoidance of punishment and the attainment of concrete rewards represents a(n) _____ morality.
Definition
egocentric
Term
According to Erikson, trust is to _____ as identity is to _____.
Definition
infancy; adolescence
Term
Timmy, the youngest child of a high school athletic director, was able to roll over at 3 months, crawl at 6 months, and walk at 12 months. This ordered sequence of motor development was largely due to:
Definition
maturation.
Term
Which of the following represents the correct order of Piaget's stages of cognitive development?
Definition
sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational
Term
Cindy understands her world primarily by grasping and sucking easily available objects. Cindy is clearly in Piaget's _____ stage.
Definition
sensorimotor
Term
During which of Piaget's stages does a person develop an awareness that things continue to exist even when they are not perceived?
Definition
sensorimotor
Term
During which stage of cognitive development do children acquire object permanence?
Definition
preoperational
Term
In Piaget's stage of concrete operational intelligence, the child acquires an understanding of the principle of:
Definition
object permanence.