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Final Exam 202
ENG 202 flash cards for final
100
English
03/14/2009

Additional English Flashcards

 


 

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Term
Idiom
Definition

form of expression, grammatical construction, phrase, etc peculiar to a language;

a peculiarity of phraseology approved by the usage of a language; and often having a signification other than its grammatical or logical one:

 

expressions unique to a language

ex.) Dig the idiom; easy as pie

Term
Aphorism
Definition

Any principle or precept expressed in few words, a short pithy sentence containing a truth of general import; a maxim

 

ex.) Cant beat hens to make them lay

Term
Synechdoche
Definition
Part is substituted for whole, individual, genus or class characteristic is substituted for its species
Term
metonomy
Definition
one word substiuted for another on tohe basis of some material, causal, or concept relationship
Term
David Kadlec
Definition
"Marianne Moore and Eugenics"
Term
Edgar Allen Poe
Definition

The Purloined Letter

 

Dupin also in:

 Murders in the Rue Morgue

and

The Mystery of Marie Roget

Term
(Arthur) Conan Doyle
Definition

A Scandal in Bohemia

 

**"A Study In Scarlet" Watson comparse Holmes to Dupin

 

 

Term
Textual Studies
Definition
Production, editing, transmission, and preservation
Term
Production
Definition
how the text is published: magazines, novels, etc
Term
Editing
Definition
changing of the text
Term
Transmission
Definition
How the text moves through the world: re-printed, orally, etc
Term
Preservation
Definition
How copies of the text survive
Term
Variorum
Definition

1.)An edition, esp of the complete works of a classical author, containing the notes of various commentators or editors

 

2.) Used to denote an edition, usually of an author's complete works, containing variant readings from manuscripts or earlier editions

Term
Ars Poetica
Definition
"The Nature of Poetry"
Term
Juvenilla
Definition
Literary or artistic works produced in the author's youth
Term
Harold Vesser
Definition
The New Historicism
Term
Old Historisism
Definition
Assumption there is a center of culture, some prime organizing fashion, lit text in response to non-lit
Term
New Historism
Definition

Doesnt see Society in concentric circles. Series of conversations that may or may not be related, all bond by culture though.

 

Puts lit and non-lit on same level

Term
Micheal Foucault
Definition
"The Unities of Discourse" in The Archeology of Knowledge and the Discourse on Language
Term
Eugenics
Definition
"science" pertaining to the production of fine offspring, esp. in the human race
Term
Polygenism
Definition

The idea that human races originated from different lineages

 

May argue for race as species

Term
Monogenism
Definition
human races originated from the same lineage
Term
Perloin
Definition
Type of crime; stolen with a playful elegance
Term
In Medias Res
Definition
In the middle of things
Term
Bohemian
Definition
was a country, also connotes a certain type of life-style, scorns convention
Term
Rationcination
Definition
The action or process of reasoning, esp. deduuctively or by using syllogisms
Term
Conceit
Definition
extended metaphor
Term
Psyche
Definition
how the mind works
Term
Cathexis
Definition
psychic energy; creates a connection between 2 ppl or person/object
Term
Id
Definition
want and satisfaction of want
Term
Superego
Definition
rules and regulations dominate
Term
3 stages of sexual development
Definition
Oral, anal, genital
Term
Oral
Definition
baby knows the world through mouth
Term
anal
Definition
excression, getting control over bowls
Term
phallic
Definition
babies understand male/female differences
Term
Phallic symbol
Definition
privlleged signifier
Term
Castration anxiety
Definition
sight of female, knowledge of no penis
Term
Fetish
Definition

(Sexual direction of energy unlike displacement)

 

Object upon which, denial of castrated mom side-steps issue/substitues for missing penis. Anxioty turned fetish because of fear of castration

Term
Condensation
Definition
single figure represents coming together of multiple axis
Term
Oedipal Triangle
Definition
boy, mother, father: Child desires to slay dad and succeed him
Term
Primal Scene
Definition
moment in which child sees parents having sex, believes its a scene of violence
Term
Eros
Definition
drive to life, production
Term
Thanatos
Definition
drive to death, conserving energy to the point of becoming inanimate
Term
Mirror Stage
Definition

6 months of age, get impulses, at certain point they see itself in a mirror, and will become a choerent self

 

*Process of identifiying self through seeing reflection

*1st other

Term
Real
Definition
world that exists outside or before language
Term
Imaginary
Definition
no distinction between subject and object (where the mirror stage occurs)
Term
Symbolic
Definition
language occurs, the subject is formed, realm of laws, (signifer begins to play?)
Term
Privlleged Signifier
Definition
The phallis, the symbol of the penis=meaning and source of power
Term
Pure Signifier
Definition
you never know whats in it, it keeps moving, and who's got it puts ppl in realtionship to each other
Term
other
Definition

baby, narcassistic reflection, sees the world as a reflection of self

 

Subject's projection of itself before while still in the realm fo the imaginary, just prior to entering into the symbolic order: the image of one's self in the mirror, sees and understands it to be one's self.

Term
little other
Definition
another subject, but still in some relation to self, percieved as a counterpart to ones own being; a "counterpart"
Term
Other (big other)
Definition
symbolic order, issues rules, Law of the father
Term
Lacan's Account of Poe
Definition

1.) an allegory of psychoanalysis as it occurs in a theraputic relationship

 

2.) an account of psychological relations

a) occurs in time (in the course of a relationship in historical time/over course of a narrative)

 b) occurs out of time (or all the time): w/in mind of the individual

 

3.) a story to be engaged on its own terms (it has its own excesses and 'reminders')

Term
3 Transactions in Lacan's Poe
Definition

1.) story is framed, unnamed narrator telling story of a story of a story = "filter"

 

2.) Intersubjectivity- exchange between subjects

 

3.) Movement of signifier, transaction

Term
3 generic characteristics of signifier
Definition

1.) material medium that concret discourse borrows from language

 

2.) unit being by nature a symbol of absence

 

3.) signifier is not functional, not exagusted by the fact that its been used

* determins roles of characters

Term
Yonic symbol
Definition
men?
Term
ETA Hoffman
Definition
"The Sandman"- Freud's Unhienlek "Uncany"
Term
Phonocentrism
Definition

privilleged speech over writing

 

Treats writing as debased or contaminated thought: writing as impure

Term
Deconstruction
Definition

tries to subvert the higher arcy and place writing over speech--logocentrism?

 

1.) Written text is a sight of endless play w/

2.) no fixed meaning of the text

Term
American Deconstructionists
Definition

Paul de Man--Blindness and insight

 

Harold Bloom--A map of misreading

 

Geoffery Hartman--Beyond Formalism

Term
Manque a sa plas
Definition

Lack in its place

 

Sounds exactly the same with accent: Has its place, or in its place, can only see the difference

Term
Neologism
Definition
"New word"- A word or pphrase which is new to the language; one which is newly coined
Term
Parergon
Definition

generally, in reference to painting, subordinate or accessory to the main subject; embellishment

 

DERRIDA: the parergon "inscribes something which comes as an extra exterior to the proper field"--Derrida The truth in Painting

Term
Hermenutics
Definition

The art or science of interrpretation, esp. of scripture. Commonly distingushed from exregesis or practical exposition

 

Ex.) J. Macquarrie "God-talk"

Term
Signature
Definition

A written signature implies the actual or empirical nonpressence of the signer. But it will be said, it also marks and retains his having been present in a past now which will remain a future now

 

Derrida--Margins of Philosophy

Term
Destin versus Dessein
Definition

Destin= destiny

 

Dessein=design

Term
Processes of creating literary work: Boneparte
Definition

1.) Displacement of psychic energy

 

2.) Regard for representability (which employs displacement)

 

3.) Condensation

 

4.) Splitting (often in the service of representability)

Term
Displacment
Definition
idea or objects intensity/characteristic can be detached from original object are reattached to a new object or idea
Term
Representability
Definition
doesnt happen as much
Term
Condensation
Definition

represents multiple societire chains--happens more in dreams

 

The process by which images characterized by a common affect are grouped so as to form a single composite or a new image.

Term
splitting
Definition

one individual is split into several

 

*mother can be represented by multiple things

Term
Logocentrism
Definition

 

"Charge that a theory/way of thinking priviges the word"

Term
Derrida's 3 complaints about Lacan
Definition

1.) takes story as an illustration, looks for a fixed truth, just uses it as an illustration for his existing way of reading

 

2.) looks at content but not narrative form, privilleges "what" over the "how"

 

3.) Poor formalism-result when trying to read for "truth"-- uses story to look for a singular truth

Term
Narrating form
Definition
Frame, signiture, paraegon
Term
Frame
Definition
things that surround the story, (title, epigraph, unnamed narrator structuring story) anything that happens before and after
Term
Sign
Definition
Sign =    Signified/signifier  = structuralism
Term
Personification
Definition
 
 
a manner of speech endowing things or abstractions with life
Term

Theodore Roethke
Definition

"Root Cellar"

 

Nothing would sleep in that cellar, dank as a ditch,
Bulbs broke out of boxes hunting for chinks in the dark,
Shoots dangled and drooped,
Lolling obscenely from mildewed crates,
Hung down long yellow evil necks, like tropical snakes.
And what a congress of stinks!
Roots ripe as old bait,
Pulpy stems, rank, silo-rich,
Leaf-mold, manure, lime, piled against slippery planks.
Nothing would give up life:
Even the dirt kept breathing a small breath.
Term
Anthropomorphism
Definition

attribution of human form or character

 

ex.) Groin of the doorway

Term
New Historisism: assumptions
Definition

1. that every expressive act is embedded in a network of material practices

 

2. that every act of unmasking, critique, and opposition uses the tools it condemns and risks falling prey to the practice it exposes;

 

3. that literary and non-literary “texts” circulate inseparably;

 

4. that no discourse, imaginative or archival, gives access to unchanging truths nor [sic] expresses inalterable human nature"  (The New Historicism, ed. Veeser, xi)

Term
Discorse
Definition

“[T]his field is made up of the totality of all effective statements (whether spoken or written), in their dispersion as events and in the occurrence which is proper to them. Before approaching…a science, or novels, or political speeches, or the oeuvre of an author, or even a single book, the material with which one is dealing is, in its raw, neutral state, a population of events in the space of discourse in general.”

  --from Michel Foucault, “The Unities of Discourse,” in The Archeology of Knowledge and the Discourse on Language
Term
Discourse and language diagram
Definition

     Language        Discourse    [To-greet-ness]

    -----------------    -------------      -----------  

     Speech            Speech act   "Hi!"

Term
Roman a clef
Definition
novel with a key
Term
-emes, in order of size
Definition
Morpheme, narreme, episteme
Term
Morpheme
Definition
the basic structural unit of a sentence, at the semantic level
Term
Narreme
Definition
the basic structural unit of a narrative (Vladimir Propp)
Term
Episteme
Definition
the determining structure of a way of thinking (Michel Foucault)
Term
Phallocentrism
Definition
Charge that a theory or way of thinking takes the idea of the phallus as a central organizing motif
Term
Dasein versus Sein
Definition

Daseiin= German for existence

 

Sein=being

 

Heidegger: Being and Time=Sein & Zeit

Term
Arche-writing
Definition
a form of language unhindered by the difference between speech and writing
Term
J. Macquarrie
Definition
example of hermenutics "god-talk" We could say that history is the hermeneutic of historical existence or even that phsycis..is the hermeneutic of nature"
Term
Mise en Abyme
Definition
 (A term denoting) self-reflection within the structure of a literary work; a work employing self-reflection
Term

onomatopoeia

Definition
The formation of a word from a sound associated with the thing or action being named; the formation of words imitative of sounds
Term
Allusion
Definition
A covert, implied, or indirect reference
Term
5 Genre Types
Definition

*Detective

*Western

*Romance

*Horror

*Sci-Fi

Term
Genre
Definition
type of literary work characterized by a particular form, style, or purpose
Term
Gothic Tale
Definition

Past returns to present

Architechture

Supernatrual

Term
Jacques Lacan
Definition
Lacan's Seminar on 'The Purloined Letter'
Term
Jacque Derrida
Definition
"The Purveyor of Truth"
Term
Marie Bonaparte
Definition
Selections from The Life and Work of Edgar Allan Poe: A Psycho-analytic Interpretation