Shared Flashcard Set

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External Pathogens
TCM
22
Medical
11/13/2010

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Cards

Term
What are the 6 climatic factors?
Definition
1. wind,
2. cold,
3. summer-heat,
4. dampness,
5.dryness,
6.fire
Term
6 climatic factors and body upright Qi
six climatic factors can cause diseases at following situations:
Definition
1. Six Xie + deficient upright Qi
2. Strong Six Xie _ normal upright Qi
3. Six Qi + deficient upright Qi
Term
What are the common features of the diseases caused by Six Xue?
Definition
1. from external and via body surface or mouth or nose
2. seasonal
3. geographic
4. often more than one factor invading
Term
Six Xie and western Medicine
what is the equicalent to western medicine?
Definition
1. climate factors
2. microorganism:bacteria, virus, etc.
3. physical factors
4. chemicals
Term
What are the six external Xie?
Definition
1. wind
2. cold
3. dampness
4. dryness
5. fire/heat
6.summer heat
Term
What is the concept of wind Xie?
Definition
1. the pathogen that moves fast, changes quickly, light
2. wind is one of the most common external pathogens
3. wind is the Qi of Spring, however, it exist all year around
Term
what are the features of wind Xie?
Definition
1. wind is a Yang Xie
2. wind is migraint and variable
3. wind tends to cause movement
Term
how is wind a Yang Xie?
Definition
1. wind is light
2. wind has opening function: causing sweating chilly
3. wind is like invade Yang position: head, face, Yang meridians, and body surface
Term
what is the concept of cold Xie?
Definition
1. the pathogen that causes disease tending to be cold, coagulate, stagnate, and contract
2. Cold is the Qi of Winter, however, cold may cause diseases in other seasons
Term
what are the features of cold Xie?
Definition
1. cold is a yin Xie and tends to injure body's yang
2. cold tends to coagulate and stagnate
3. cold tends to contract
Term
what does "cold tends to contract mean?
Definition
1. closed sweat pores
2. spasm muscles
3. contracting tendons
4. retarded flexion and extension of joints
5. curled body
Term
What is the concept of damp xie?
Definition
1. the pathogen that behaves heavy and turbid, viscous and lingering, tends to descend.
2. Dampness is the Qi of late summer, but it exists in all seasons
Term
what are the features of Damp Xie?
Definition
1. dampness is a Yin Xie
2. Dampness invades different position of the body
3. dampness is heavy and turbid
4. dampness is viscous and stagnant
5. dampness tends to decsend
Term
What is the concept of dry Xie?
yang evil
Definition
1. the pathogen that behaves dry and contrast
2. dryness is the Qi of fall,
Term
What are the features of dry Xie?
Definition
1. dryness tends to exhaust Jin Ye
2. dryness tends to invade lung
invades lung
invades large intestine
Term
What is the concept of Fire/Heat Xie?
Definition
1. the pathogen that behaves hot, ascending and flaring upwards
2. Fire/Heat is the Qi prevailing in Summer
3. The difference between Fire and Heat
a. the diseases caused by Heat having whole body symptoms
b. the diseases caused by Fire having local symptoms
Term
What are the Features of Fire/Heat Xie?
Definition
1. Fire/Heat is a Yang Xie and tends to invade upward
2. Fire/Heat tends to disturb heart/mind
3. Fire/Heattends to exhause Jin Ye
4. Fire/Heat tends to generate "wind" and disturb blood
5. Fire tends to cause sores/carbuncles
Term
What is the concept of Summer-Heat Xie?
Definition
1. The pathogen that occurs in Summer and behaves hot, ascending and often accompanied by dampness
2. Two types of diseases
a. Summer heat invading: starts slowly and less severe
b. summer heat stroke: acute and severe
Term
What are the features of summer-heat Xie?
Definition
1. summer heat is a yang Xie and behaves hot
2. Summer-heat is ascending and dispersing, tends to disturb shen and exhaust Jin Ye
3. summer-heat is often accompanied by dampness: heat symptoms and damp symptoms
Term
What is Li QI?
Definition
an external pathogen which is extremely contagious
Term
How does Li QI spread?
Definition
air, food, mouth, nose, skin, insects, animals, etc.
Term
What are the features of Li Qi causing diseases?
Definition
1. acute onset, change quickly, behave severe
2. Extremely contagious, tending to spread quickly
3. one type of Li Qi causes oen disease and all patients behave similar