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ETE115: School and Schooling in America
Bradley University ETE115 Exam 1: Chapters 1-4
104
Education
02/24/2010

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Term
which of the following statements is true about the racial, ethnic, and linguistic populations in schools?
Definition
the diversity of students is increasing while that of the teachers is decreasing
Term
which of the following groups provide a primary supply for teaching positions each year?
Definition
newly trained teachers
Term
which of the following were rated as the most trusted group of people in the country in a recent gallup poll?
Definition
teachers
Term
nearly half of the teachers hired by the typical school district come from the rank of
Definition
newly trained first-time teachers
Term
the number of states the require a degree in an academic major, rather than in education, for certification purposes:
Definition
has increased recently
Term
maria works in an urban school district. like many other teachers, she likes to teach in a large city because:
Definition
it is challenging and therefore, more rewarding
Term
in addition to accreditation which of the following is considered a major component in quality assurance for professionals?
Definition
state licensure
Term
the no child left behind act is designed to:
Definition
reduce the number of out-of-field teacher assignments
Term
juan wants to be the most effective teacher that he can be. he is aware that to be a competent and qualified teacher he needs to be knowledgeable about all of the following aspects in his field except
Definition
core concepts
Term
when professional standards boards investigate complaints against teachers that may lead to removal of a license to teach, they:
Definition
apply a code of ethics recognized by the organization
Term
all of the following are a part of no child left behind act except
Definition
every school must adopt the same curriculum
Term
the principal of forest hill elementary school has noted that the school is becoming more ethnically and culturally divers. she determines that the best approach for the school would be to
Definition
provide professional development so that all teachers can be trained in teaching diverse students
Term
tran is considering how to approach his first year of teaching. which of the following dispositions is most likely to lead to a successful career in education for him?
Definition
demonstrating enthusiasm for the discipline he teaches
Term
the vast majority of bilingual teachers are needed in
Definition
cities and rural areas all over the country
Term
principles of the interstate new teacher assessment and support consortium describe
Definition
what teachers should know and be able to do in their first few years of practice
Term
school districts are likely to retain new teachers if they have which of the following in place?
Definition
induction programs
Term
when teachers are granted their initial teacher license that license is usually good for
Definition
a provisional period before securing a professional license
Term
standards do all the following for professions except
Definition
establish a set of regulations that cover salary and benefits
Term
signing bonuses would be acceptable as recruitment incentives to all of the following except
Definition
teachers unions
Term
that national board for professional teaching standards was established to
Definition
provide a system for certifying accomplished teachers
Term
teacher salaries, on average, are the highest in which part of the country
Definition
northeast
Term
javier is developing a portfolio to present to school districts where he will be applying for a teaching position. he should provide evidence to answer all of the following questions except
Definition
can the candidate describe their family situation
Term
professional standards for the teaching profession can be levers for
Definition
protecting students from incompetent practices
Term
one of the major subject areas of teacher shortage is
Definition
science and math
Term
professionals traditionally require all of the following except
Definition
a one-to-one relationship with a supervisors
Term
as branko sorts through the artifacts he has collected in his folio, he decides that the following course of action would be to his best advantage as he prepares a portfolio to demonstrate how he has grown as a potential teacher during his years in the teacher preparation program
Definition
he should include some of his earlier work showing areas where he needed to improve
Term
heidi is considering which dispositions she has that will help her be successful in her teaching career. she recognizes that all of the following are essential for success except
Definition
a belief that all children can learn at high levels
Term
factors that influence the number of teachers needed annually include all of the following except
Definition
salary distribution
Term
teachers usually leave the classroom for all of the following reason except
Definition
lack of teaching materials and poor buildings
Term
after three years of teaching, what percentage of teachers will have left the profession?
Definition
20
Term
all of the following are required to gain nbpts certifications except
Definition
recommendations from parents and students taught by the teacher
Term
according to a national survey, the majority of the public believes that the best way to lift student achievements is for all teachers to
Definition
be highly qualified
Term
the supply of teachers depends on all of the following except
Definition
job openings
Term
professional standards boards hae been established in a number of states. these boards are characteristically controlled by
Definition
the national education association or american federation of teachers
Term
the label sometimes given to the portion of the population that lacks a stable income and is persistently in poverty is the
Definition
underclass
Term
enrique, a latino recently arrived for central america, wants to maintain his own cultural identity at home while adopting the mainstream culture in the classroom, he will then be classified as
Definition
bicultural
Term
sexual orientation in a child is established by
Definition
young adulthood
Term
pluralism is
Definition
the preservation of cultural differences
Term
the architects for glendale middle school are meeting with the administration of the school district to provide for accommodations for the schools inclusion plan. they will need to consider all of the following except
Definition
an inviting room exclusively for students with exceptionalities
Term
what characteristic of society places individuals at different levels of the social structure based upon wealth, income,occupation, and education?
Definition
social stratification
Term
students from all of the following typically do not achieve well academically in traditional schools except
Definition
the dominant culture
Term
the dominant culture or mainstream culture in the united states today is
Definition
white, middle-class protestants from western europe
Term
what is the process by which an immigrant group or culturally distinct group is incorporated into the dominant culture?
Definition
assimilation
Term
children learn their cultural heritage through a process known as
Definition
enculturation
Term
ethnic group members share all of the following except
Definition
a common religion
Term
income, occupation, and educational attainment are criteria that constitute
Definition
socioeconomic status
Term
what is the dominant religion in the united states?
Definition
protestant
Term
the class that represents 40 precent of the employed population is the
Definition
working class
Term
which statement best reflects the economic status of women in the united states?
Definition
they generally do not enjoy equal job status and earn considerably less than men do for comparable jobs
Term
what is the officially recognized sign language with a complex grammar and well regulated syntax?
Definition
american sign language
Term
chads parents are preapring to work in the united states embassy in tokyo. they want chad to be able to function in japanese society. he can learn the cultural patters of a second culture through the process of
Definition
acculturation
Term
a 2002 report by the united nations development fund for women on the state of gender equality shows the greatest worldwide progress in which of the following areas
Definition
educational advancements
Term
historically, immigration quotas have been heavily weighted toward
Definition
western europeans
Term
ethically and culturally students in us schools are among the
Definition
most diverse in the world
Term
viktor and olga, who recently immigrated to the united states want their children to remain connected to their ethnic origins. they can do this by all of the following except
Definition
helping other new arrivals to become assimilated
Term
when kaitlyn is interviewed for a teaching position in a a working class school she is asked why many of the boys in the school have developed patterns of resistance to school and its authority figures. her best answer would be
Definition
they perceive that schooling is feminine, emphasizing mental rather than manual work
Term
our cultural identities are determined by all of the following except
Definition
ehtnicity
Term
at what age have children learned their gender and begun to exhibit stereotypical behavior
Definition
five to six years
Term
some educators make a determination as to whether or not a child with special needs will be able to enter the diploma-bound program by the end of kindergarten. such a decision can
Definition
lead to lowered academic expectations for those students who can perform at high levels when provided with appropriate accommodations for their disability
Term
individuals who have lived in and can operate successfully in two or more cultures are
Definition
multicultural
Term
all of the following are unaffected by a person's gender except
Definition
verbal abilities
Term
inclusion is most effective when all of the following are part of the plan except
Definition
the classroom teacher also acts as a specialist deal with the exceptionality
Term
the rocky hill school district has been accused of not complying with the provisions of title ix with respect to their sports programs (oh snap!). the lawyer for the school district has informed the school board members of the three part test- upheld by courts in the past, that they must apply. the includes all of the following points except
Definition
the school district must provide opportunities for all females and males to participate in the same sports
Term
the term asian american refers to the classification of a population known as
Definition
panethnic membership
Term
adults look on teenagers in all of the following ways except
Definition
they are mature enough to have the benefits of adulthood
Term
in the united states today, the average age for beginning a family is
Definition
higher than in the past
Term
todays young people face all of the following challenges except
Definition
more relaxed standards from educational authorities
Term
manuel orentes is a music teacher at rolling meadows high school, which is located in a middle to high-income suburb. he is trying to organize a concert by the local symphony orchestra at the school on a weekday evening so that all of his 17year old students can attend. he is having a great deal of difficulty scheduling the event because
Definition
a high percentage of 17 year olds work after school
Term
the sexual harassment taskforce of the american association of university women recommends that teachers assist students who are petential victins of bullying and harassment by doing all of the following except
Definition
model appropriate behavior that avoids sexual references and innuendoes
Term
the approximate percentage of students with less than a high school diploma who find employment is
Definition
45 percent
Term
current statists show that the number of teenage mothers who graduate from high school or obtain their ged is about
Definition
60 percent
Term
increasing numbers of urban and suburban dwellers are re-establishing themselves in rural communities from which they commute to employment in cities. which of the following tends to be true about the values of the newcomers who compared to the values of the natives of the rural communities?
Definition
they are content to accept what is in place
Term
about 20 percent of children in kindergarten through eighth grade
Definition
attend after-school programs in the school or in child-care centers
Term
the highest graduate rates for both males and females in the united states occurs in which of the following racial or ethnic groups
Definition
asian americans
Term
as students develop a sense of "self", they also develop as sense of "others". the construction of "others" involves all of the following except
Definition
affiliating with one's gender and racial and ethnic groups
Term
even though the mckinney-vento homeless assistance act eliminated residency requirements for students, homeless children are faced with all of the following problems except
Definition
schools districts can easily obtain court orders to prevent then from enrolling
Term
roger whittington was raised in an affluent, white, protestant family and attended a private college preparatory school in the northeast. roger is likely to have more difficultly than most americans in acknowledging the existence of
Definition
differences in power and advantage
Term
statistics show that the following group is the victim of the highest percentage of bullying and harassment in schools
Definition
lgbt students
Term
children in low-income families suffer disproportionately from limited access to all of the following except
Definition
higher budget allocations
Term
what do we call the belief that members of one's cultural group are superior to members of other culture groups
Definition
ethnocentrism
Term
many individuals who are ethnocentric believe that
Definition
their culture is superior to all others
Term
some children develop preconceived negative attitudes against members of groups of individuals who are different from them in some way. these patterns, which they may learn from their families, cause them to practice
Definition
discrimination
Term
which of the following statements refers to the majority of us teenagers today
Definition
more of them finish high school and attend college than ever before
Term
a 2005 poll of the publics attitudes toward public schools ranked all of the following problems ahead of drug use except
Definition
violence is schools
Term
hiring practices which look at each applicant based upon skills and qualifications rather than judging applications by their sex, skin color, or able-bodiedness are designed to prevent
Definition
discrimination
Term
until recently which group in the united states was most likely to be socialized to be in charge
Definition
males
Term
which of the following actions is not a typical response to experiencing harassment by peers or teachers at school
Definition
asserting oneself more to show confidence
Term
which of the following actions is not a typical response to experiencing harassment by peers of teachers at school
Definition
asserting oneself more to show confidence
Term
ms. wilson believes that schools should be structured to maintain the power and dominance of the individuals and groups that benefit most from the current systems. as a member of the dominant society, she feels that academic tracking should be used to provide opportunities for less academically-inclined students to earn their living. at the same time, advanced placement and gifted programs are able to efficiently groom the more academically inclined for positions as managers and leaders in society. which of the following reproductive theories does ms. wilson believe in?
Definition
conflict
Term
which of the following is an important consideration for teachers who still face fairly homogeneous populations?
Definition
they need to work harder to bring different perspectives to presentations and discussions
Term
which of the following statements is true of educational strategies that draw and cultural strengths?
Definition
competitive strategies are less successful for girls and males from racial groups other than white
Term
teachers must be able to teach the same concept
Definition
demonstrating the concept with multiple representatives that have meaning to students
Term
which of the following do all people have embedded in their cultural background and experiences
Definition
preferred learning styles
Term
when maurice trepnaier found that would have several native american students in his class, he realized that many of them were likely to have which of the following backgrounds because of their cultural traditions
Definition
they would have extensive knowledge of mathematics and science based on their naturalist traditions
Term
transmission of culture is considered to be a role of the school system of any nation. however there are some portions of society in the united states today who object to transmissions of many of the aspects of culture for one reason of another. the only one of the following that is objected to by a significant number of americans is
Definition
the promotion of our democratic form of government
Term
multiculturalists believe that
Definition
the recognition and promotion of diversity will strengthen the nation
Term
those holding liberal democratic and capitalist views have different options about the roles of schools. which of the following statements correctly described these views
Definition
democracy calls for a liberal education while capitalism calls for preparation for work
Term
which of the following is an example of social injustice
Definition
a high school in a low-income area does not have the funds to offer an advanced placement
Term
which theory emphasizes the school as an agent for change in society
Definition
reconstructions
Term
what is the first step in building a foundation of trust between teachers and students
Definition
validating the cultures of students and communities
Term
title ix programs are intended to
Definition
prevent discrimination so that females and males have equal educational opportunities
Term
people whose income ranges from 30,000 to 80,000 make up the
Definition
lower class
Term
how are characteristics such as levels and rank within the social class structure classified
Definition
social stratification
Term
the members of the valleydale high school physical and health education staff are planning the curriculum for the human sexuality class. they have examined the literature and found that today's youth have all of the following beliefs except
Definition
boys connect sex with love enduring relationships