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Essentials of Sociology Chapter 6
Deviance and Social Control
33
Sociology
10/29/2010

Additional Sociology Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
Deviance
Definition

The violation of norms.

(relative)

Term
Crime
Definition
The violation of rules that have been written into law.
Term
Stigma
Definition

Characteristics that discredit people.

(physical, mental, medical)

Term
Why have "norms"?
Definition
Makes social life possible by making behavior predictable.
Term
Social Order
Definition
Customary Social Arrangements
Term
Social Control
Definition
Means of enforcing norms.
Term
Negative Sanctions
Definition
Actions showing disapproval for deviance.
Term
Positive Sanctions
Definition

Actions showing approval for conforming to norms.

 

Term

There are 3

explanations for deviance.

1.Genetic Predispositions,

2.Personality Disorder,

3.and Sociologist's View.

What is Genetic Predisposition?

Definition

Born with characteristics that lead to deviance.

Term

Control Theory has 2 control systems.

Inner Controls and Outer Controls.

What is Inner Controls?

Definition

Internalized morality.

(Conscience, religious principles, etc.)

Term
Labeling Theory
Definition

Focuses on how labels help to funnel

people away OR into deviance.

Term

In Labeling Theory there is

"Techniques of Neutralization".

What do people do in these techniques?

Definition

Try to deflect the norm.

They consider themselves to be conformists.

Term
Strain Theory
Definition

Societies makes the norms.

Those who experience strain and frustration may be motivated towards deviance.  They can't succeed "normally".

Term

Strain Theory


People who can't succeed "normally".

Meaning that can't succeed by:

1. Institutional Means,

2. Cultural Goals,

3. and Anomie.


What is Institutional Means?

Definition

Legitimate ways of achieving success.

 

Term

When people give up on goals or use deviance to obtain goals,


There are 4 Deviant Paths:

1. Innovators,

2. Ritualism,

3.Retreatism,

4. and Rebellion.


What do Innovators do?

Definition

Accept goals but use illegitimate means to get them.

(wealth + illegal means)

 

Term
Illegitimate Opportunity Structures
Definition

Those with easier access to illegal means.

(Socio-economic status)

Term
White collar crime
Definition
Crimes committed by high status people
Term

Conflict Perspective = Group conflict


In Conflict Perspective there are 3 classes that conflict:

1. Capitalist Class,

2. Working Class,

3. Marginal Working Class.


Within this conflict what does the Capitalist Class do?

Definition
Buy labor which controls workers.
Term
Criminal Justice System
Definition
Directed by the ruling class.
Term
Recidivism
Definition
Percentage of former prisoners who are re-arrested.
Term
Capital Punishment
Definition
Death Penalty
Term
Hate Crime
Definition
Motivated by bias against another due to race, religion, sex, disability.
Term
Medicalization of Deviance
Definition
Deviance is a sign of mental illness.
Term

There are 3

explanations for deviance.

1.Genetic Predispositions,

2.Personality Disorder,

3.and Sociologist's View.

What is Personality Disorder?

Definition
Conditions within the individual.
Term

There are 3

explanations for deviance.

1.Genetic Predispositions,

2.Personality Disorder,

3.and Sociologist's View.

What is Sociologist's View?

Definition

Outside factors.  Deviance is learned by social influences such as

family, neighbors, prison, or freedom.

Term

 

Control Theory has 2 control systems.


 

Inner Controls and Outer Controls.


 

 

What is Outer Controls?

 

Definition

 

People who influence us.

(Attachments, commitments, involvements.)

 

Term

Strain Theory


People who can't succeed "normally".

Meaning that can't succeed by:

1. Institutional Means,

2. Cultural Goals,

3. and Anomie.


What is Cultural Goals?

 

Definition
Wealth, status, etc.
Term

 

Strain Theory

People who can't succeed "normally".

Meaning that can't succeed by:

1. Institutional Means,

2. Cultural Goals,

3. and Anomie.

What is Anomie?

 

Definition
A sense of normlessness.
Term

When people give up on goals or use deviance to obtain goals,

 

There are 4 Deviant Paths:

1. Innovators,

2. Ritualism,

3.Retreatism,

4. and Rebellion.

 

In Ritualism what do they do?

Definition

Give up on goals, still conform to behavior and

follow the rules of the job.

("burn out")

Term

 

When people give up on goals or use deviance to obtain goals,

 

There are 4 Deviant Paths:

1. Innovators,

2. Ritualism,

3.Retreatism,

4. and Rebellion.

 

In Retreatism what do they do?

 

Definition

Reject goals AND ways to achieve them.

(Drug dealers)

Term

When people give up on goals or use deviance to obtain goals,

 

There are 4 Deviant Paths:

1. Innovators,

2. Ritualism,

3.Retreatism,

4. and Rebellion.

 

In Rebellion what do they do?

Definition

Reject goals and replace the old goals with new ones.

(Revolutionaries, Protestors)

Term

Conflict Perspective = Group conflict

 

In Conflict Perspective there are 3 classes that conflict:

1. Capitalist Class,

2. Working Class,

3. Marginal Working Class.

 

Within this conflict what does the Working Class do?

Definition
Sell their labor.
Term

 

Conflict Perspective = Group conflict

 

In Conflict Perspective there are 3 classes that conflict:

1. Capitalist Class,

2. Working Class,

3. Marginal Working Class.

 

Within this conflict what does the Marginal Working Class do?

 

Definition
Work for low pay because they have few skills.