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English Literature
Spenser, Marlowe, and Shakespeare
92
English
10/28/2012

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Term
Edmund Spenser (1552?-1599)
Definition
cloth maker's son; not rich; son of John Spenser; came out of a literary period of 100 years of silence; Elizabethan
Term
Merchant Taylors' School
Definition
the school that Edmund Spenser probably attended; Richard Mulcaster was the headmaster; here Spenser studied Cato, Cicero, and Loukon; studied Latin, Hebrew, and Greek
Term
Richard Mulcaster
Definition
headmaster of Merchant Taylors' School; humanist and great educator; focused on classics
Term
Pembroke Hall, Cambridge
Definition
here is where Spenser met Hervey and Andrews, two of his lifelong friends
Term
The Shepherd's Calendar
Definition
Spenser's work of pastoral poetry that depicted Shepherds with flutes and panpipes; simple pleasures of country life
Term
Earle of Leicester
Definition
Robert Dudley; powerful friend of Queen Elizabeth who aided Spenser in political advancement
Term
Sir Henry and Philip Sidney
Definition
related to Earle of Leicester; both powerful English poets in Elizabeth's court
Term
Lord Grey de Wilton
Definition
Powerful lord in Ireland that Spenser met while stationed there
Term
Sir Walter Raleigh
Definition
famous statesman in Elizabeth's court who supported Spenser's publication of The Faerie Queen; Spenser gave him his drafts
Term
Robert Cecil
Definition
Lord Burghley; hated Spenser; convinced the queen to retract the advancement of Spenser
Term
Elizabeth Boyle
Definition
married Spenser in 1594; much younger than him and well-born; inspire one of his greatest works "Amoretti"
Term
Archimago
Definition
shifty wizard who takes on different forms to fool Una and Spenser; dressed like a monk; means "constructor of images" or "chief magician"; supposed to represent the Catholic Church
Term
Transubstantiation
Definition
the crossing over of one substance to another; seen in the
Communion taken by Catholics; body/blood of Christ
Term
Sans Foy
Definition
faithless man who represents "without faith"
Term
Sans Loy
Definition
faithless man who represents "without law"
Term
Sans Joy
Definition
faithless man who represents "without joy"
Term
Duessa/Fidessa
Definition
means literally "having an appearance of two"; foil to Una; attempts to constantly defeat Redcrosse by deceit
Term
Idelnesse: ass
Definition
7 deadly sin; has a fever; represents slothfulness
Term
Gluttony: swine
Definition
large and deformed; rides a pig and has dropsy
Term
Avarice: camel
Definition
greed; rides a camel and has gout
Term
Lechery: goat
Definition
represents a foul evil; holds a burning heart in hand; rides a goat which is a classical representation of adultery
Term
Envy: wolf
Definition
rides a ravenous wolf and is always hungry; has leprosy
Term
Wrath: lion
Definition
represents destruction and has shaking fever/palsy
Term
Ogoglio
Definition
in Italian means "pride"; Giant; Redcrosse becomes trapped in his dungeon
Term
Caelia
Definition
means literally "heaven"; where Redcrosse rests
Term
Fidelia, Speranza, and Charissa
Definition
daughters of Caelia (heaven); meaning "faith," "hope," and "charity"
Term
Cleopolis
Definition
city in which the Faerie Queen dwells
Term
Via Contempletiva
Definition
literally "The contemplative life"
Term
Via Activa
Definition
literally "the active life"
Term
Christopher Marlowe (1564-1593)
Definition
born a few months before Shakespeare in Canterbury; son of a cobbler (shoemaker)
Term
Cambridge
Definition
attended by Marlowe 1581-1586?; called Corpus Christi College; earned his B.A. in '84 and M.A. in '87 but university wanted to deny him his M.A. but gov't intervened
Term
Francis Kett
Definition
man whom Marlowe studied under at Cambridge; mystic; not liked by the Protestant church
Term
Admiral's Company of Players
Definition
company of actors that Marlowe became involved with; more specifically involved with Edward Alleyn; practiced bank verse with them in English drama (no rhyme, just rhythm); here is where he produced four great plays
Term
Walsingham/Ralegh
Definition
ones who spied upon the Roman Catholic Church around the time of Marlowe
Term
Deptford
Definition
The inn at which Marlowe was killed in a bar brawl; he was stabbed through the eye; the two suspects were both released (Archer and Ingram)
Term
Johann Faust (1480?-1540?)
Definition
lived around the time of Martin Luther; attended Krakow University in Poland to learn about dark magic; was a professor of such a Erfurt and Leipzig
Term
Konrad Klinge
Definition
Franciscan Monk who was interested in converting Faust who said he had sold his soul to the devil; Klinge responded with unrelenting grace, but Faust denied him
Term
Theology, Medicine, Philosophy, Law
Definition
the four major routes of study in old universities
Term
Anaphora
Definition
the repetition of a specific line intended to add emphasis; dramatic effect
Term
William Shakespeare (1564-1616)
Definition
a contemporary of Ben Johnson whose works are often attributed to Marlowe, Bacon, or the Earle of Oxford
Term
Stratford-on-Avon
Definition
April 1564 birthplace of Shakespeare; baptized here on April 26th, 1564
Term
Anne Hathaway
Definition
wife of Shakespeare; married in 1582 on November 28th; had a daughter and twins
Term
Lord Chamerlain's Men (The King's Men)
Definition
acting troupe that Shakespeare joined in London; he wrote, acted and managed with Will Kempe and Richard Burbage
Term
Penny Copies
Definition
production of copies of plays of Shakespeare
Term
Globe
Definition
the theater that Shakespeare constructed to put on his plays; stage was close to the audience for an intimate feel
Term
John Heminges and Henry Condell
Definition
men who printed the first folio of Shakespeare's plays in 1623; contained 36 plays
Term
Edmund Spenser (1552?-1599)
Definition
cloth maker's son; not rich; son of John Spenser; came out of a literary period of 100 years of silence; Elizabethan
Term
Merchant Taylors' School
Definition
the school that Edmund Spenser probably attended; Richard Mulcaster was the headmaster; here Spenser studied Cato, Cicero, and Loukon; studied Latin, Hebrew, and Greek
Term
Richard Mulcaster
Definition
headmaster of Merchant Taylors' School; humanist and great educator; focused on classics
Term
Pembroke Hall, Cambridge
Definition
here is where Spenser met Hervey and Andrews, two of his lifelong friends
Term
The Shepherd's Calendar
Definition
Spenser's work of pastoral poetry that depicted Shepherds with flutes and panpipes; simple pleasures of country life
Term
Earle of Leicester
Definition
Robert Dudley; powerful friend of Queen Elizabeth who aided Spenser in political advancement
Term
Sir Henry and Philip Sidney
Definition
related to Earle of Leicester; both powerful English poets in Elizabeth's court
Term
Lord Grey de Wilton
Definition
Powerful lord in Ireland that Spenser met while stationed there
Term
Sir Walter Raleigh
Definition
famous statesman in Elizabeth's court who supported Spenser's publication of The Faerie Queen; Spenser gave him his drafts
Term
Robert Cecil
Definition
Lord Burghley; hated Spenser; convinced the queen to retract the advancement of Spenser
Term
Elizabeth Boyle
Definition
married Spenser in 1594; much younger than him and well-born; inspire one of his greatest works "Amoretti"
Term
Archimago
Definition
shifty wizard who takes on different forms to fool Una and Spenser; dressed like a monk; means "constructor of images" or "chief magician"; supposed to represent the Catholic Church
Term
Transubstantiation
Definition
the crossing over of one substance to another; seen in the
Communion taken by Catholics; body/blood of Christ
Term
Sans Foy
Definition
faithless man who represents "without faith"
Term
Sans Loy
Definition
faithless man who represents "without law"
Term
Sans Joy
Definition
faithless man who represents "without joy"
Term
Duessa/Fidessa
Definition
means literally "having an appearance of two"; foil to Una; attempts to constantly defeat Redcrosse by deceit
Term
Idelnesse: ass
Definition
7 deadly sin; has a fever; represents slothfulness
Term
Gluttony: swine
Definition
large and deformed; rides a pig and has dropsy
Term
Avarice: camel
Definition
greed; rides a camel and has gout
Term
Lechery: goat
Definition
represents a foul evil; holds a burning heart in hand; rides a goat which is a classical representation of adultery
Term
Envy: wolf
Definition
rides a ravenous wolf and is always hungry; has leprosy
Term
Wrath: lion
Definition
represents destruction and has shaking fever/palsy
Term
Ogoglio
Definition
in Italian means "pride"; Giant; Redcrosse becomes trapped in his dungeon
Term
Caelia
Definition
means literally "heaven"; where Redcrosse rests
Term
Fidelia, Speranza, and Charissa
Definition
daughters of Caelia (heaven); meaning "faith," "hope," and "charity"
Term
Cleopolis
Definition
city in which the Faerie Queen dwells
Term
Via Contempletiva
Definition
literally "The contemplative life"
Term
Via Activa
Definition
literally "the active life"
Term
Christopher Marlowe (1564-1593)
Definition
born a few months before Shakespeare in Canterbury; son of a cobbler (shoemaker)
Term
Cambridge
Definition
attended by Marlowe 1581-1586?; called Corpus Christi College; earned his B.A. in '84 and M.A. in '87 but university wanted to deny him his M.A. but gov't intervened
Term
Francis Kett
Definition
man whom Marlowe studied under at Cambridge; mystic; not liked by the Protestant church
Term
Admiral's Company of Players
Definition
company of actors that Marlowe became involved with; more specifically involved with Edward Alleyn; practiced bank verse with them in English drama (no rhyme, just rhythm); here is where he produced four great plays
Term
Walsingham/Ralegh
Definition
ones who spied upon the Roman Catholic Church around the time of Marlowe
Term
Deptford
Definition
The inn at which Marlowe was killed in a bar brawl; he was stabbed through the eye; the two suspects were both released (Archer and Ingram)
Term
Johann Faust (1480?-1540?)
Definition
lived around the time of Martin Luther; attended Krakow University in Poland to learn about dark magic; was a professor of such a Erfurt and Leipzig
Term
Konrad Klinge
Definition
Franciscan Monk who was interested in converting Faust who said he had sold his soul to the devil; Klinge responded with unrelenting grace, but Faust denied him
Term
Theology, Medicine, Philosophy, Law
Definition
the four major routes of study in old universities
Term
Anaphora
Definition
the repetition of a specific line intended to add emphasis; dramatic effect
Term
William Shakespeare (1564-1616)
Definition
a contemporary of Ben Johnson whose works are often attributed to Marlowe, Bacon, or the Earle of Oxford
Term
Stratford-on-Avon
Definition
April 1564 birthplace of Shakespeare; baptized here on April 26th, 1564
Term
Anne Hathaway
Definition
wife of Shakespeare; married in 1582 on November 28th; had a daughter and twins
Term
Lord Chamerlain's Men (The King's Men)
Definition
acting troupe that Shakespeare joined in London; he wrote, acted and managed with Will Kempe and Richard Burbage
Term
Penny Copies
Definition
production of copies of plays of Shakespeare
Term
Globe
Definition
the theater that Shakespeare constructed to put on his plays; stage was close to the audience for an intimate feel
Term
John Heminges and Henry Condell
Definition
men who printed the first folio of Shakespeare's plays in 1623; contained 36 plays