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English IV A
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203
English
10/15/2011

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Cards

Term
Define the root word cosm-.
Definition
universe
Term
Define the root word cert-.
Definition
sure
Term
Define the root word sequ-.
Definition
follow
Term
Define the root word vor-.
Definition
eat
Term
Define the root word pop-.
Definition
people
Term
Define the root word juven-.
Definition
young
Term
Define the root word arch-.
Definition
first
Term
Define the root word rupt-.
Definition
break
Term
Define the root word endo-.
Definition
inside
Term
Define the root word bell-.
Definition
war
Term
________ is juxtaposed against the narrator's mad act in the "Tell Tale Heart."
Definition
His insistence on his sanity
Term
In Poe's "The Tell-Tale Heart," how were the eyes of the old man described?
Definition
vulture-like
Term
What first incited the narrator's madness in the "Tell Tale Heart"?
Definition
The pale blue eyes of the old man
Term
What word best describes the narrator at the end of the "Tell Tale Heart"?
Definition
paranoid
Term
What caused the narrator to confess to the murder at the end of the "Tell Tale Heart"?
Definition
he heard the heartbeat
Term
What element of the story "To Build a Fire" has the greatest impact upon the story?
Definition
setting
Term
Who traveled with the man in "To Build and Fire"?
Definition
a dog
Term
Where is the story "To Build a Fire" set?
Definition
the Yukon Trail
Term
What is juxtaposed against the murder of the old man in the "Tell-Tale Heart."
Definition
The narrator's love for the old man
Term
Why does the dog know it is too cold to be out but the man does not in the story ""To Build a Fire""?
Definition
The dog uses instinct.
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word:

The new employee had the audacity to question the company’s draconian policy on internet usage.
Definition
boldness
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word:

Though they were still docked, the undulations of the boat made her queasy.
Definition
motion
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word:

Even though he risked his re-election, the politician showed his sagacity when he voted against the popular yet short-sighted bill.
Definition
sound judgment
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word:

A pall of suspicion was cast on him when it was learned that he stood to gain countless millions from the new legislation.
Definition
shadow
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word:

The furrows in his brow have been made deeper with the stresses of being president.
Definition
wrinkles
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word:

The former pop star agreed to do a reality television show after his popularity as a musician ebbed.
Definition
declined
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word:

Her suppositions proved true when she found a note from his secretary alluding to their sordid affair.
Definition
theory
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word:

She layered on the praise to dissimulate her distaste and hidden jealousy of her.
Definition
hide
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word:

He demonstrated his suavity by bringing the staunch opponents of the bill together.
Definition
agreeability
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word:

Mike's willingness to cheat makes a mockery of the concept of good sportsmanship.

Definition
joke
Term
Which character from Shakespeare's King Lear is accused of treason and blinded?
Definition
The Earl of Gloucester
Term
Which characters from Shakespeare's King Lear were Cordelia's suitors?
Definition
The King of France and the Duke of Burgundy
Term
All things in nature are chaotic.
Definition
False
Term
How does Jack London set the tone for reading in "To Build a Fire"?
Definition
Setting?
Term
Chaos theory is a branch of mathematics focused on explaining nature.
Definition
True
Term
In the story "There Will Come Soft Rains," where is everyone?
Definition
dead
Term
The story about Mary, whose bright ideas bring forture to her town, is set during a week long blackout. What literary device does the author use to help tell Mary's story?
Definition
juxtaposition
Term
Stephen Hawking clearly explains how the universe began.
Definition
False
Term
Isaac Newton proved that many things in the universe follow nature laws.
Definition
True
Term
In Shakespeare's King Lear, which character sends a French army to Britain in an attempt to save her father?
Definition
Cordelia
Term
In Shakespeare's King Lear, which of Lear's daughters dies?

[Select all that apply.]
Definition
Goneril, Regan, Cordelia
Term
The definition of motif is
Definition
a recurring idea.
Term
Which of the following brought chaos to his writing with unconventional punctuation?
Definition
e.e. cummings
Term
In the story "Tell Tale Heart," the narrator claims he is not mad because
Definition
he can calmly tell the story.
Term
Rhythm in poetry is _______.
Definition
meter
Term
What author uses tetrameter in most of his stories?
Definition
Dr. Seuss
Term
In the story "To Build a Fire," why does the man drop the matches?
Definition
He sees they are burning his flesh
Term
A foot in poetry:
Definition
represents a sequence of syllables
Term
In the story "Tell Tale Heart," the narrator decides to kill the old man because
Definition
of his eye.
Term
When writing a short story, Marcus decides to use reference to the color green for each milestone the character reaches. He wants the reader to sense that milestones are not endings and one must keep going. What literary device is Marcus using?
Definition
motif
Term
In the story "There Will Come Soft Rains," what are the "five spots of paint" on the house?
Definition
the family
Term
The definition of juxtaposition is
Definition
near position.
Term
Meter is used by poets to create:
Definition
rhythm
Term
Authors use motifs to:
Definition
represent and support the theme of the story
Term
Identify the prepositional phrase in the following sentence: By his first day, Carl knew that he was not ready.
Definition
By his first day
Term
__________ refers to when writers treat an abstract entity as if it were a person by endowing it with human-like qualities.
Definition
personification
Term
Identify the preposition in the following sentence: The snail crawled slowly along the banister.
Definition
along
Term
Varying sentence styles is monotonous and sounds displeasing, especially when read aloud.
Definition
False
Term
Which of the following can help a reader determine voice and tone?
Definition
The author's word choices and sentence structure
Term
Literary references to something outside of the work itself (such as well-known people, historical events, or other works of literature) are called:
Definition
allusions
Term
A direct comparison of two unlike objects or ideas, often using the words like or as, is called a(n):
Definition
simile
Term
Which of the terms below refers to the use of figurative language to evoke feelings, call ideas to mind, describe objects, or appeal to the senses?
Definition
imagery
Term
Metaphors are similar to similes, but do not use words such as like or as to create comparisons.
Definition
True
Term
Identify the prepositional phrase in the following sentence: The dog in the backyard is especially loud.
Definition
in the backyard
Term
Identify the prepositional phrase in the following sentence: To my sister, all dogs are loud and frightening.
Definition
To my sister
Term
Which of the following is a simple sentence?
Definition
John went to the store today.
Term
Identify the prepositional phrase in the following sentence: Anna and Carolyn came home with three new dresses when they went shopping.
Definition
with three new dresses
Term
Good writing constantly uses simple sentence patterns.
Definition
False
Term
Which of the following is a fragment?
Definition
Riding the elevator.
Term
Identify the prepositional phrase in the following sentence: There are five cans of pop in the fridge and four belong to Bob.
Definition
of pop
Term
What do you call the italicized words in the following sentence: Beth stood /among the gigantic redwood trees/ and looked up.
Definition
prepositional phrase
Term
A simile is an implied comparison using like or as to compare two unlike things.
Definition
true
Term
Identify the prepositional phrase in the following sentence: Lori and I went to town in my Mom’s car and met Carl and Benny there.
Definition
in my Mom's car
Term
In 1984, why does O'Brien use rats to torture Winston?
Definition
Winston is very afraid of rats.
Term
When the first explosion of fireworks boomed in the sky, the child looked up in ____________________ .
Definition
consternation
Term
Flash floods are treacherous. It would not be smart to drive through one.

Based on the context, treacherous probably means___________.
Definition
dangerous
Term
The thought of eating chocolate covered roaches is abhorrent.

Based on the context, abhorrent probably means __________.
Definition
horrible
Term
The business owner's ____________________ included unfair wages for his employees.
Definition
avarice
Term
When Pat was in the hospital for three weeks, Jake was the interim manager.

Based on the context, Interim probably means ___________.
Definition
temporary
Term
According to Hythloday in Utopia by Sir Thomas More, all of the following are problems in England except
Definition
a school system that is underfunded
Term
When the dentist was drilling my tooth, he didn't give me enough novacaine. I felt the pain, and I ____________________ .
Definition
winced
Term
In 1984, what happens when Winston cries out for Julia while in prison?
Definition
O'Brien comes to talk with Winston.
Term
Which of the following sentences is written in third person omniscient point of view?
Definition
The pitcher and catcher both knew that this had to be a good pitch, but they just weren't sure about what type of pitch it should be.
Term
What is probably NOT an essential characteristic of a persuasive travel brochure.
Definition
lots of explanatory text
Term
All of the following practices occur in Utopia except
Definition
women are equal to men
Term
Which of the following sentences is written in first person point of view?
Definition
I just got a job, but I'm pretty sure I have to receive my working papers before I can start.
Term
Define the root word erg-.
Definition
work
Term
Define the root word zo-.
Definition
animal
Term
Define the root word vac-.
Definition
empty
Term
Define the root word -cide.
Definition
kill
Term
Define the root word mar-.
Definition
sea
Term
Define the root word bel-.
Definition
war
Term
Define the root word vic-.
Definition
change
Term
Define the root word poli-.
Definition
city
Term
Define the root word hemo-.
Definition
blood
Term
Define the root word pac-.
Definition
peace
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word:

Joseph Stalin, one of the world’s most notorious sovereigns, is responsible for executing over 3 million Russians during his reign of power.
Definition
kings
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word:

We were relieved when the tests proved that the tumor was benign.
Definition
harmless
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word:

The church may make Mother Teresa a saint for her years of altruism.
Definition
charitableness
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word:

After hearing about her friend’s death, I looked for a card to send but had trouble finding one that captured the sentiment I wanted to express.
Definition
feelings
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word:

The teacher didn’t mind when students asked him to look over their papers again. Most of them just missed getting an A or a B by a few points, so a re-evaluation of the paper was warranted. When their supplications became outright begging for points, he stopped re-evaluating the papers.
Definition
appeals
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word:

There have been so many advances in artificial intelligence technology that many people predict that one day computers will be considered sentient beings.
Definition
responsive
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word:

Millions of people go into debt each year because of gambling and its insidious lure of easy money.
Definition
intriguing
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word:

Even though he got the terms he wanted in the contract, his conciliatory approach with the management team has everyone feeling good about the deal.
Definition
civil
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word:

The playoffs should prove exciting as the New York Yankees face their old nemesis: the Boston Red Sox.
Definition
rival
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word:

After her operation, she was prescribed some heavy medication. The doctor told us to expect her to be lucid for only half the time she was awake.
Definition
rational
Term
In the final sentence of "A Modest Proposal," Jonathan Swift attempts to demonstrate his sincerity and lack of self-interest by making which one of the following observations?
Definition
His youngest child is nine years old, and his wife is beyond child-bearing age.
Term
According to the narrator of Jonathan Swift's "A Modest Proposal," a gentleman should be prepared to pay how much for "the carcass of a good fat child"?
Definition
Ten shillings
Term
According to the narrator of Jonathan Swift's "A Modest Proposal," at what age is a child best suited to serve as the solution to the problem he identifies?
Definition
One year
Term
After identifying the details of his proposal, the narrator of Jonathan Swift's "A Modest Proposal" points out "one other collateral advantage." What is that advantage?
Definition
Lessening the number of papists i.e., Catholics)
Term
In paragraph five, before providing the details of his proposal, the narrator of Jonathan Swift's "A Modest Proposal" identifies "another great advantage" of the scheme. What is that advantage?
Definition
Preventing voluntary abortions
Term
In Jonathan Swift's "A Modest Proposal," what is the one objection that the narrator thinks might "possibly be raised against this proposal"?
Definition
It will reduce the number of people in the kingdom.
Term
What problem does the narrator call attention to in the first paragraph of Jonathan Swift's "A Modest Proposal"?
Definition
Female beggars accompanied by children
Term
The narrator of Jonathan Swift's "A Modest Proposal" says, "the flesh [is] of too tender a consistence to admit a long continuance in salt." Because of this, where does the narrator claim that the meat of infants will NOT be eaten?
Definition
In England
Term
Following a lengthy "digression" involving testimony from an "American acquaintance," the narrator of Jonathan Swift's "A Modest Proposal" enumerates several more advantages to his proposal. Which one of the following is not one of the advantages that he describes?
Definition
Encouraging young children to mind their manners and obey their parents
Term
Toward the end of the essay, the narrator of Jonathan Swift's "A Modest Proposal" rejects alternative solutions. Which one of the following is not one of the "other expedients" that he considers and immediately rejects?
Definition
Putting children to work at a young age
Term
It is worth saying something about the social position of beggars, for when one has consorted with them, and found that they are ordinary human beings, one cannot help being struck by the curious attitude that society takes towards them.
Definition
befriended
Term
He has not, more than most modern people, sold his honor; he has merely made the mistake of choosing a trade at which it is impossible to grow rich.
Definition
self-respect
Term
A navvy works by swinging a pick.
Definition
laborer
Term
Then the question arises, Why are beggars despised?--for they are despised, universally.
Definition
all around
Term
He is honest compared with the sellers of most patent medicines, high-minded compared with a Sunday newspaper proprietor, amiable compared with a hire-purchase tout--in short, a parasite, but a fairly harmess parasite.
Definition
solicitor
Term
He seldom extracts more than a bare living from the community, and, what should justify him according to our ethical ideas, he pays for it over and over in suffering.
Definition
uphold
Term
He is a mere social excrescence, tolerated because we live in a humane age, but essentially despicable.
Definition
misfit
Term
He is honest compared with the sellers of most patent medicines, high-minded compared with a Sunday newspaper proprietor, amiable compared with a hire-purchase tout--in short, a parasite, but a fairly harmless parasite.
Definition
gracious
Term
If one could earn even ten pounds a week at begging, it would become a respectable profession immediately
Definition
money
Term
In the story "Tell Tale Heart" the narrator compares the sound of the beating heart to
Definition
a watch enveloped in cotton.
Term
Which term below refers to the "point" or main idea of a work of literature?
Definition
theme
Term
Classify the point-of-view.

Ruth was tired of doing "woman's work." She wanted to be a metalsmith not a weaver. All her husband did was listen to her complain.
Definition
third-person limited
Term
When the dentist was drilling my tooth, he didn't give me enough novacaine. I felt the pain, and I ____________________ .
Definition
winced
Term
The 6+1 Writing Trait of Conventions refers to:
Definition
Spelling and usage ,Grammar and punctuation
Term
The 6+1 Writing Trait of Sentence Fluency refers to:
Definition
Rhythm ,Cadence
Term
In Shakespeare's King Lear, which character sends a French army to Britain in an attempt to save her father?
Definition
Cordelia
Term
Rhythm in poetry is _______
Definition
meter
Term
When the first explosion of fireworks boomed in the sky, the child looked up in ____________________ .
Definition
consternation
Term
In 1984, why does O'Brien use rats to torture Winston?
Definition
Winston is very afraid of rats.
Term
Which of the terms below are examples of figurative language?
Definition
simile ,personification ,metaphor
Term
Which term below describes the source of the words in a story, the speaker, or the "person" who is telling the story?
Definition
voice
Term
Classify the following point-of-view.

As I was reading Book II of Utopia, I transported myself to the New World of the 16th century.
Definition
first-person
Term
Which is NOT a characteristic of More's frame narrative, Utopia?
Definition
writing a true journal of his adventures
Term
Which character from Shakespeare's King Lear is accused of treason and blinded?
Definition
The Earl of Gloucester
Term
How does More's Utopia differ from America today?
Definition
landownership
Term
Define the root word cosm-.
Definition
universe
Term
Which characters from Shakespeare's King Lear were Cordelia's suitors?
Definition
The King of France ,The Duke of Burgundy
Term
An allusion is a literary reference to something outside of the work itself (such as well-known people, historical events, or other works of literature).
Definition
true
Term
Which of the following are examples of literary motifs?
Definition
Recurring references to "the Force" in George Lucas' Star Wars films. ,The repetition of the word "mad" (suggesting both anger and insanity) in Shakespeare's King Lear. ,Various allusions to Alice in Wonderland in The Matrix.
Term
When was Utopia written?
Definition
during early European exploration
Term
The definition of motif is
Definition
a recurring idea.
Term
Which of the following brought chaos to his writing with unconventional punctuation?
Definition
e.e. cummings
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word: My interest in vampires ebbed after I watched a couple of Japanese zombie movies; they were much more interesting.
Definition
declined
Term
What is the prepositional phrase in the following sentence?
Definition
Upon the hillside
Term
How does More use satire in Utopia?
Definition
to humorously criticize European government
Term
When writing a short story, Marcus decides to use reference to the color green for each milestone the character reaches. He wants the reader to sense that milestones are not endings and one must keep going. What literary device is Marcus using?
Definition
motif
Term
Which of the following is NOT an example of setting?
Definition
A betrayed king
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word: Lisa made a mockery of honesty when she immediately broke her promise to tell Armand about the new act.
Definition
insincere imitation
Term
In the story "Tell Tale Heart," the narrator kills the old man by
Definition
pulling a bed on top of him.
Term
Define the root word arch-.
Definition
first
Term
Define the root word rupt-.
Definition
break
Term
In Shakespeare's King Lear, which of Lear's daughters dies?

[Select all that apply.]
Definition
Goneril ,Regan ,Cordelia
Term
In the story "There Will Come Soft Rains," the city gave off a ________ glow.
Definition
radioactive
Term
What author uses tetrameter in most of his stories?
Definition
Dr. Seuss
Term
"Transformation Peace" focuses on someone who realizes that he has _______________.
Definition
the gift of peace
Term
In his "St. Crispin's Speech," Henry V argues that if more men die, there will be _____________________ for the surviving men.
Definition
a greater share of honor
Term
In his speech, what is Patrick Henry trying to persuade the legislature to do?
Definition
take military action against Britain
Term
Answer true or false: In "Holy War," the one who weeps at the death of the father is the son.
Definition
false
Term
In each of the Batman movies, it seems that Batman has at least one new nemesis.
Definition
opponent
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word: Laura’s attitude became much more conciliatory when she found out that Mary did not want to argue with her.
Definition
accomodating
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word: Jenny was more lucid when we left her; the doctor said that she was confused by the blow to her head, but she didn’t have a concussion.
Definition
clear
Term
People experience war much differently if it is being fought in their own country.
Definition
True
Term
According to Larry Jaffe, it takes more courage to do what than shoot a soldier?
Definition
place a flower in his gun
Term
The word "sentiment" can best be described as an attitude toward something.
Definition
true
Term
The word "conciliatory" can best be defined as devious.
Definition
false
Term
The word "supplications" can best be described as threats.
Definition
false
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word:
Do you think we will actually find sentient beings on Mars or will we just find a lot of red rocks?
Definition
aware
Term
In "We Will Never Forget Auschwitz," the "selections" refer to what?
Definition
German soldiers deciding who will die
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word:

We were relieved when the tests proved that the tumor was benign.
Definition
harmless
Term
In the poem "In Flanders Field" who is the speaker?
Definition
the dead
Term
The word benign can best be defined as harmless.
Definition
true
Term
The final step of the writing process is
Definition
Revision
Term
In "Crusaders," "flying your stars and stripes over this land" is perceived as
Definition
an insult.
Term
The word "sovereign" is best defined as a person who has supreme rank, power, or authority.
Definition
true
Term
In his "St. Crispin's Speech," Henry V says that he doesn't care for gold but ______.
Definition
honor
Term
Answer true or false: The point of satire is simply to make fun of ideas with which you do not agree.
Definition
false
Term
At what age does Swift propose to sell the infants as food?
Definition
1 year
Term
What was Huey Long's nickname?
Definition
Kingfish
Term
Swift’s essay takes place in
Definition
Ireland
Term
Swift wrote his essay because
Definition
he knew that people were more likely to pay attention to the problems of the poor if they were shocked into doing so.
Term
Which of the following is not a benefit of the solutions provided in Swift's "A Modest Proposal"?
Definition
The selling of Irish children to the rich in England will provide the rich with plenty of servants to make their meals.
Term
Jonathan Swift's "A Modest Proposal" is primarily...
Definition
a satire.
Term
Satire often uses exaggeration, irony, juxtaposition, and sarcasm.
Definition
true
Term
Understanding the context of a piece of literature is important because
Definition
it helps the reader understand the author's intent and purpose.
Term
What was Huey Long's profession?
Definition
politician
Term
What is the supposed purpose of Jonathan Swift's ghoulish idea in "A Modest Proposal"?
Definition
to prevent children from being a burden to the public
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word: Unlike the ship's crew who had tried to injure him, Jim found the restaurant staff to be an amiable group.
Definition
agreeable
Term
Where was Huey Long born?
Definition
Louisiana
Term
What does Swift suggest should be done with the poor who are aged, diseased, or maimed?
Definition
Nothing. They are already dying at a reasonable rate.
Term
Amiable is best defined as being friendly, sociable
Definition
true
Term
Justify is best defined as being just or right.
Definition
true
Term
Excrescence can best be defined as an abnormal growth or increase.
Definition
true
Term
Satire is best defined as a literary genre that points out human failings so they may be corrected.
Definition
true
Term
What is satirical about Jonathan Swift's "A Modest Proposal"?
Definition
It suggest using poor children for food in Ireland.
Term
Consort can best be defined as associating or keeping company.
Definition
true
Term
Tout is best defined as soliciting business, employment, or votes.
Definition
true
Term
Use context clues to find the meaning of the underlined word. Several of the rules were universally accepted and everyone knew that they must follow them, even after they left the monastery.
Definition
everywhere