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English III B
Second Semester English III
276
English
03/25/2011

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Cards

Term
Which of the following media products is most likely to be a subjective treatment of homelessness as an issue?
Definition
a documentary film about the producer’s experience helping out for a year at a local shelter for the homeless
Term
Which of the following categories is NOT an example of how media is classified?
Definition
number of mediums used
Term
Which of the following categories is NOT an example of how media is classified?
Definition
number of mediums used
Term
A highly subjective media message is one that includes a great deal of the producer’s feelings, opinions, and attitudes about the topic. T/F
Definition
True
Term
Artists sometimes choose to create a mixed media work of art—a single piece of art consisting of several different mediums, such as painting, sculpture, and woodworking. An analogy—or comparable term—in the field of communications would be
Definition
a multimedia presentation
Term
A media producer might choose to deliver a message using text, charts, and diagrams (either in print or online) rather than a radio broadcast because he or she wants viewers to have time to study and analyze the details of the message. T/F
Definition
True
Term
Which of the following statements is the most objective?
Definition
The new landscaping plan for the school includes native grasses and trees.
Term
A media product is an exact reflection of reality, made possible by modern photography. T/F
Definition
False
Term
Compared to effective interpersonal communication, mass media is more likely to rely on
Definition
stereotypes and generalizations
Term
Mass media uses some of the rhetorical devices used in interpersonal communication. T/F
Definition
True
Term
Use of the Internet by “the masses” gives media producers more power to determine when and how often their audiences will view a message. T/F
Definition
False
Term
Select the purpose, or message, that would most likely be presented by the following media source. Consider the potential bias of the media source.

A magazine article on red meat, written by a representative of the National Cattlemen’s Association.
Definition
Eating red meat has health benefits and is good for you.
Term
Select the purpose, or message, that would most likely be presented by the following media source. Consider the potential bias of the media source.

A magazine article on the proposed construction of a coal-fired power plant on an Indian reservation in Arizona, written by a New York-based investor in energy production.
Definition
The plant will supply more power to residents of Arizona and the reservation, and will put money in the pockets of investors.
Term
When conducting research for an academic paper, which electronic media source could you rely on to present the most accurate information?
Definition
online version of print newspaper
Term
When conducting research for an academic paper on air pollution, which electronic media source could you rely on to present the most accurate information?
Definition
National Institute of Health online National Institute of Health
Term
The media provides a forum for the expression of many different opinions and viewpoints. T/F
Definition
True
Term
The following is a complete sentence.
The broadcast was edited in such a way that it was inaccurate. T/F
Definition
True
Term
What should be done to correct this sentence?
The producers of the nightly news program are biased in favor of the mayoral candidate because they give him more coverage than his opponent.
Definition
nothing, the sentence is correct.
Term
The following is a complete sentence.
Because the newscast was biased. T/F
Definition
False
Term
Investor Daily Investor Weekly/ would probably provide more objective coverage of an economic crisis than the Wall Street Journal T/F
Definition
False
Term
Fitness magazine Fitness Magazine/ would probably provide more objective coverage of a new dietary supplement than the New England Journal of Medicine T/F
Definition
False
Term
How was the media most influential in ending the Vietnam War?
Definition
the work of a photojournalist showed the public the gore and violence of war
Term
This widely-publicized image of Hillary Clinton could be used to persuade the public of which idea?
Definition
Hillary Clinton is unfit for political office
Term
Which of the following may reveal that a media source is biased, or has a certain purpose or agenda when delivering a story?
Definition
affiliation
Term
The meaning of a message can be lost or changed when it is translated from one language to another. T/F
Definition
True
Term
Harriet Beecher Stowe’s novel, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, helped to catalyze the____________and helped to end ________________.
Definition
Civil War; slavery
Term
Tone can reveal media bias. T/F
Definition
True
Term
This image of soldiers toppling a statue of Saddam Hussein could persuade the public of which idea?
Definition
America is close to victory in the Iraq War
Term
A primary source is usually more reliable than a secondary source. T/F
Definition
True
Term
A blog written in the first-person about the blogger’s experience on Wall Street is an example of a primary source. T/F
Definition
True
Term
More primary sources were available to the general public during the time of Harriet Beecher Stowe. T/F
Definition
False
Term
Select the best Conclusion for the syllogism.

Premise A—A president serves the nation in four-year terms.
Premise B—Barack Obama is the President of the United States.
Definition
Barack Obama will serve a four-year term.
Term
Directions: Use your knowledge of fallacies to answer the question.

During the time of the 2008 presidential debates, Sarah Palin, Republican candidate for vice president, claimed that her Democratic opponent, then-presidential candidate Barack Obama, perceived the U.S. "as being so imperfect... he is palling around with terrorists who would target their own country." Palin's claim aimed to link Obama with a man who is the co-founder of the Weather Underground, a 1960's-era anti-war organization that is considered a domestic terrorist group. Bill Ayers, the man who co-founded the now defunct organization, is currently a professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Ayers served on a board with Obama and held a fundraiser for him in 1995. Most sources deny that the Obama and Ayers are presently in contact.

What type of fallacy did Palin employ in this quote?
Definition
Straw Man
Term
When conducting an interview, you should pose "yes" or "no" questions. T/F
Definition
False
Term
In writing a research paper, what type of punctuation must you use when including words spoken by a source during an interview?
Definition
quotation marks
Term
The sentence, "The mattress at the hotel was a concrete slab," is an understatement. T/F
Definition
False
Term
What can you deduce from the following premises?

Premise A—You are sitting next to your friend in a movie theatre.
Premise B—You are watching a scary movie.
Premise C— Your friend suddenly grabs your arm and clings to you.
Definition
Your friend is frightened by the movie.
Term
You are an avid bicyclist and see the need for more bike racks in your city. The most appropriate course of action you should take to make an argument for this change is to write a letter to the editor of your local newspaper. T/F
Definition
True
Term
"The spotted yellow frog is severely endangered by "slash and burn" logging in the Amazon rainforest," is an effective thesis statement. T/F
Definition
True
Term
When conducting an interview, you should maintain an unbiased stance. T/F
Definition
True
Term
The sentence, "She was so overwhelmed by the problem, it felt like she was carrying a ton of bricks," is an understatement. T/F
Definition
False
Term
Your thesis statement is, "Advertisements aimed at a teen, female audience misrepresent a healthy body image by featuring young female models who are underweight." Which of the following would be most effective to use as supporting evidence?
Definition
statistic revealing the number of advertisements that feature underweight teen models
Term
In a debate, the conclusion is the last statement delivered by the opposing sides. T/F
Definition
False
Term
In the 2008 Presidential Debates, Republican candidate John McCain said, "Oil drilling offshore now is vital so we can bridge the gap between imported oil … and it will reduce the price of a barrel of oil. … We've got to drill offshore and do it now."

The government estimates that offshore drilling would not impact domestic oil prices or production until the year 2030, and that the impact would be minimal. Given this information, what tactic does McCain use in this quote?
Definition
misrepresenting the facts
Term
You are writing a speech to deliver to a group of architects and your purpose is to convince them to design environmentally sustainable structures. Which of the following items would you use to persuade your audience of your argument?
Definition
More consumers are seeking architects with a background in sustainable design.
Term
"Native plants are being endangered by newly introduced, dominant species," is an effective thesis statement. T/F
Definition
False
Term
In a debate, the affirmative side argues against the resolution. T/F
Definition
False
Term
Your thesis statement is, "Psychotherapy is the most effective form of treatment for women who have suffered domestic violence because it enables them to live productive lives." Which of the following would be most effective to use as supporting evidence?
Definition
case study of a woman who has survived domestic violence and is now a police officer
Term
The conclusion of this syllogism is correct:
Premise A—All women support the idea of a female president.
Premise B—Hillary Clinton is a woman.
Conclusion—Hillary Clinton supports the idea of a female president. T/F
Definition
True
Term
You are a reporter who is conducting interviews for a newspaper article that discusses how doctors are potentially influenced by the pharmaceutical industry. Which of the following sources would be the least likely to provide you with credible, unbiased information?
Definition
pharmaceutical salesman
Term
In a debate, the affirmative side must deliver a rejoinder, or burden of proof. T/F
Definition
True
Term
The sentence, "His room was such a mess, it looked like a bomb had exploded inside of it," is an example of a paradox. T/F
Definition
False
Term
The statement, "As senator, she'd only care about women's issues because of her background in the women's rights movement" is an example of straw man. T/F
Definition
False
Term
What is the implicit message of the following passage?

Jacob took an after-school job walking the dogs in his neighborhood for $7 per hour. He has another job on the weekends, working at a car wash down the street. Sometimes, he works for his father, cleaning the house or organizing paperwork. Jacob's father allows him to keep his jobs only if he maintains a high grade point average. Fortunately, Jacob makes good grades. Jacob is saving up to buy a bicycle. Currently, he gets up early to walk to school. It's a long walk, but he consistently arrives before the first bell.
Definition
Jacob is responsible.
Term
Imagine that you are arguing for the affirmative side in a debate about free school lunch programs. During the debate, the appropriate time to present evidence that supports your argument is in your refutation. T/F
Definition
False
Term
Your thesis statement is, “Vitamin D supplementation in pill form is the most effective, natural treatment for depression when combined with brief (ten minute), daily exposure to the sun.” Which of the following would be most effective to use as source for supporting evidence?
Definition
A naturopathic doctor who prescribes this treatment for depressive patients
Term
Imagine that you are arguing for the affirmative side in a debate about free school lunch programs. Because you are arguing for the affirmative side, you are for free school lunch programs. T/F
Definition
True
Term
What is idea is being inferred about Thea in the following passage?

Thea spilled her glass of water on her textbooks and knocked her computer onto the ground. Later, she accidentally dropped a bowl of cereal onto the floor, which the dog gratefully licked up. Walking to school, Thea collided with a low tree branch because she was reading as she walked.
Definition
Thea is clumsy.
Term
You are writing a speech to deliver to a group of homeowners who want to remodel their kitchens. Your purpose is to convince them to buy energy-efficient appliances (such as a refrigerator and dishwasher) for their remodeled kitchens. Which of the following items would you use to persuade your audience of your argument?
Definition
Energy efficient appliances are cost-effective and will increase your home's resale value.
Term
An egocentric view of the economy considers business and trade in America and throughout the world. T/F
Definition
False
Term
The syllogism appeals to a person's logical reasoning. T/F
Definition
True
Term
Directions: Read the following excerpt from the 1960 presidential debate between Nixon and Kennedy. Use your knowledge of fallacies to answer the question.

MR. VON FREMD [Moderator]: Mr. Vice President, a two-part question concerning the offshore islands in the Formosa Straits. If you were president and the Chinese Communists tomorrow began an invasion of Quemoy and Matsu, would you launch the uh - United States into a war by sending the Seventh Fleet and other military forces to resist this aggression; and secondly, if the uh - regular conventional forces failed to halt such uh - such an invasion, would you authorize the use of nuclear weapons?

MR. NIXON: Mr. Von Fremd, it would be completely irresponsible for a candidate for the presidency, or for a president himself, to indicate the course of action and the weapons he would use in the event of such an attack. I will say this: in the event that such an attack occurred and in the event the attack was a prelude to an attack on Formosa - which would be the indication today because the Chinese Communists say over and over again that their objective is not the offshore islands, that they consider them only steppingstones to taking Formosa - in the event that their attack then were a prelude to an attack on Formosa, there isn't any question but that the United States would then again, as in the case of Berlin, honor our treaty obligations and stand by our ally of Formosa. But to indicate in advance how we would respond, to indicate the nature of this response would be incorrect; it would certainly be inappropriate; it would not be in the best interests of the United States. I will only say this, however, in addition: to do what Senator Kennedy has suggested - to suggest that we will surrender these islands or force our Chinese Nationalist allies to surrender them in advance - is not something that would lead to peace; it is something that would lead, in my opinion, to war. This is the history of dealing with dictators. This is something that Senator Kennedy and all Americans must know. We tried this with Hitler. It didn't work. [...]

What type of fallacy most accurately describes Nixon's overall response to the moderator's question?
Definition
Non Sequitor
Term
What is the best technique to use when rewriting the following sentence to make it more credible and clear to the reader? "There are too many people in poverty throughout the nation and the world, and the numbers of people in poverty are increasing by a lot."
Definition
use more specific information
Term
What is the implicit message of the following passage?

Chrissy missed her flight to Bermuda because she didn't make it to the airport on time. When friends schedule plans with Chrissy, they usually tell her to meet them a half hour before they actually plan to arrive. They do this, unbeknownst to Chrissy, because they have been left waiting for her so many times before.
Definition
Chrissy is often running late.
Term
You are an avid bicyclist and see the need for more bike racks in your city. The most appropriate course of action you should take to make an argument for this change is to write a letter to your state senator. T/F
Definition
False
Term
When using the MLA style to format your list of citations, you should arrange the list in alphabetical order according to ___________.
Definition
the author's last name
Term
The sentence, "I was so hungry, I could eat a horse!" is an example of overstatement. T/F
Definition
True
Term
The sentence, “After running the marathon, Julie felt like her legs were going to turn into rubber,” is an example of overstatement. T/F
Definition
True
Term
Directions: Complete the sentence with the pair of correct words.

In a _______________ debate format, an audience of ________ directly asks the candidates questions. Candidates may also move around the stage in order to interact and connect with the audience.
Definition
town hall meeting; undecided voters
Term
The sentence, "The grave's a fine and private place,…” from Andrew Marvell's "To His Coy Mistress," is an example of overstatement. T/F
Definition
False
Term
When delivering the rebuttal in a debate, you refute the argument of your opponent. T/F
Definition
True
Term
You are writing a speech to deliver to a group of health care professionals. Your purpose is to convince them that they should encourage their patients to prevent disease before it starts. Which of the following items would you use to persuade your audience of your argument?
Definition
People who live a healthy lifestyle are less likely to develop diseases, such as cancer.
Term
What can you deduce from the following premises?

Premise A—The dog drank water and ate dinner one hour ago.
Premise B—The dog is whining at the door.
Definition
The dog needs to go outside.
Term
What is the implicit message of the following passage?

After graduating from college, Carly traveled throughout Europe for two years. After returning to the United States for several months, she was eager to travel again. She found a job as a teacher in South Korea and worked there for four years. Afterward, she was hired by the United Nations to work as a translator, and traveled to many foreign countries in her work. Many years later, Carly felt compelled to take an independent trip that would be different from all of her other travels. Thus, she decided to hike the Appalachian Trail.
Definition
Carly has an adventurous spirit.
Term
When using a graphic organizer to organize your research, you can summarize long source material for the purpose of taking notes. T/F
Definition
True
Term
"How to learn a foreign language" is an effective, focused research topic. T/F
Definition
False
Term
The conclusion of this syllogism is correct:
Premise A—All dogs prefer ground beef to ground chicken.
Premise B—Labradors and Pit Bulls are dogs.
Conclusion— Labradors and Pit Bulls are dogs prefer ground beef to ground chicken. T/F
Definition
True
Term
"Women and poetry in America" is an effective, focused research topic. T/F
Definition
False
Term
"Aspen trees that grow in the American Southwest are being endangered by a decade-long drought" is an example of an effective thesis statement. T/F
Definition
True
Term
Mass media uses some of the rhetorical devices used in interpersonal communication. T/F
Definition
True
Term
Compared to effective interpersonal communication, mass media is more likely to rely on
Definition
stereotypes and generalizations
Term
Which of the following media products is most likely to be a subjective treatment of homelessness as an issue?
Definition
a documentary film about the producer’s experience helping out for a year at a local shelter for the homeless
Term
Which of the following categories is NOT an example of how media is classified?
Definition
number of mediums used
Term
Investor Daily Investor Weekly/ would probably provide more objective coverage of an economic crisis than the Wall Street Journal www.wsj.com T/F
Definition
False
Term
Select the purpose, or message, that would most likely be presented by the following media source. Consider the potential bias of the media source.

A magazine article on red meat, written by a representative of the National Cattlemen’s Association.
Definition
Eating red meat has health benefits and is good for you.
Term
Harriet Beecher Stowe’s novel, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, helped to catalyze the____________and helped to end ________________.
Definition
Civil War; slavery
Term
All messages presented by the media are factual. T/F
Definition
False
Term
Select the purpose, or message, that would most likely be presented by the following media source. Consider the potential bias of the media source.

A magazine article on the proposed construction of a coal-fired power plant on an Indian reservation in Arizona, written by a New York-based investor in energy production.
Definition
The plant will supply more power to residents of Arizona and the reservation, and will put money in the pockets of investors.
Term
All types of media are designed to appeal to the same or similar audiences. T/F
Definition
False
Term
A speaker’s tone can indicate his or her bias on a subject. T/F
Definition
True
Term
The tone of a news story on a house fire that engulfed a family’s home would probably be___________.
Definition
somber
Term
Which of the following statements is the most objective?
Definition
The new landscaping plan for the school includes native grasses and trees.
Term
The meaning of a message is always identical when translated from one language to another. T/F
Definition
False
Term
A women’s health magazine would likely provide more objective coverage of a newly discovered anti-aging vitamin than a major national newspaper. T/F
Definition
False
Term
More primary sources are available to the general public today than during the Vietnam War. T/F
Definition
True
Term
The New York Times New York Times would probably provide more objective coverage of endangered polar bears in the Arctic than Sierra Club Magazine http://www.sierraclub.org/sierra/ T/F
Definition
True
Term
How was the media most influential in ending the Vietnam War?
Definition
the work of a photojournalist showed the public the gore and violence of war
Term
When conducting research for an academic paper on air pollution, which electronic media source could you rely on to present the most accurate information?
Definition
National Institute of Health online
Term
A media product is an exact reflection of reality, made possible by modern photography. T/F
Definition
False
Term
Countries outside of the United States commonly use English as their secondary language. T/F
Definition
True
Term
The media’s use of synecdoche can lead to misinterpretation by the public. T/F
Definition
True
Term
When conducting research for an academic paper, which electronic media source could you rely on to present the most accurate information?
Definition
online version of print newspaper
Term
The following is a complete sentence.
Unless the facts were presented accurately by the reporter. T/F
Definition
False
Term
The following is a complete sentence.
Watch the news tonight! T/F
Definition
True
Term
The media’s use of synecdoche can misrepresent the issue or subject being covered. T/F
Definition
True
Term
A blog post on the subject of the economy that cites statistics published in the Wall Street Journal is an example of a primary source. T/F
Definition
False
Term
This image of soldiers toppling a statue of Saddam Hussein could persuade the public of which idea?
Definition
America is close to victory in the Iraq War
Term
This widely-publicized image of Hillary Clinton could be used to persuade the public of which idea?
Definition
Hillary Clinton is unfit for political office
Term
The messages presented by major national newspapers are no different from the messages presented by popular news radio programs. T/F
Definition
False
Term
The media is influential in creating U.S. history. T/F
Definition
True
Term
Artists sometimes choose to create a mixed media work of art—a single piece of art consisting of several different mediums, such as painting, sculpture, and woodworking. An analogy—or comparable term—in the field of communications would be
Definition
a multimedia presentation
Term
A primary source and a secondary source are equally reliable. T/F
Definition
False
Term
The media influences the public’s opinion of political officials. T/F
Definition
True
Term
What should be done to correct this sentence?
The magazine used an unflattering photo of the politician portraying her in a negative way.
Definition
a comma should be added between the words politician and portraying.
Term
The following newspaper headline is ambiguous. “Criminal gets nine months in violin case.” T/F
Definition
True
Term
Identify the propaganda among the factual statements.
Definition
Starting your day with Starbucks will brighten your day
Term
The following statement is an example of propaganda. “Maytag washing machines will keep your clothes looking like new for years to come.” T/F
Definition
True
Term
What is the primary purpose of journalistic satire?
Definition
to expose or criticize an idea or point of view
Term
A lead can be found in the final paragraph of an article. T/F
Definition
False
Term
A headline appears in large print and is intended to grab the reader’s attention. T/F
Definition
True
Term
The order in which you present supporting evidence in your analytical essay is unimportant. T/F
Definition
False
Term
The following news headline is ambiguous. “Man rescues rare species of bird from his chimney.” T/F
Definition
False
Term
In which part of a newspaper would the most important, relevant, news appear?
Definition
Front page headlines
Term
Which of the following is an example of propaganda about the sneakers Air Jordans?
Definition
Air Jordans will make you jump higher.
Term
You should focus an analytical essay around a _____________.
Definition
Thesis
Term
Print media is being replaced by ____________.
Definition
digital media
Term
Consider the rhetoric and style used in the following sentence. Remember that publications use rhetoric and style to achieve a specific effect. In which magazine would you most likely find the following sentence? “This season, power up with protein-packed snacks that will help you slim down and boost your energy.”
Definition
Fitness
Term
In the following sentence, the word “extremely” is used to show cause and effect. “The student was extremely confused by her classmate’s garbled explanation of the math problem.” T/F
Definition
False
Term
The purpose of using words like “extremely” or “very” is to ___________.
Definition
convey emphasis
Term
What is the most likely effect of technological developments on print media?
Definition
more consumers will get their news via digital sources
Term
The purpose of a “lead” in a newspaper story is to spark the reader’s interest. T/F
Definition
True
Term
The sentence, “Here are two excellent examples of students with a single teacher who went to school for English in New Hampshire” is ambiguous. T/F
Definition
True
Term
Journalists use the “inverted pyramid” structure when writing news articles for the primary purpose of ensuring that the first paragraph is the largest and longest. T/F
Definition
False
Term
Journalists use the “inverted pyramid” structure when writing news articles for the primary purpose of ensuring that the first paragraph is the largest and longest.
Definition
thesis
Term
Identify the factual statement among the propaganda.
Definition
America is at war with Iraq
Term
Predict the influence of new technological developments on print media.
Definition
more consumers will rely on digital sources for their news
Term
This feature of a newspaper or magazine article explains to readers why the story is newsworthy.
Definition
nut graph
Term
On what subject would a news “profile” focus?
Definition
a particular person
Term
The newspaper The Onion is an example of _____________.
Definition
satire in journalism
Term
The words, “both, whereas, however, and likewise,” are examples of ____________.
Definition
transitions
Term
Consider the rhetoric and style used in the following sentence. Remember that publications use rhetoric and style to achieve a specific effect. In which publication would you most likely find the following sentence? “Wall Street closed 100 points higher than expected yesterday, with stockbrokers celebrating in an era of economic hardship and sour moods.”
Definition
The New York Times
Term
Which word in the following sentence exemplifies nuance? “The driver was discombobulated after drinking at the bar and collided with a telephone pole.”
Definition
discombobulated
Term
Why are satirical news pieces sometimes mistaken for “real” news?
Definition
they share the same typographical and structural elements
Term
Identify the propaganda among the factual statements.
Definition
Americans prefer to drive Fords
Term
Consider symbiotic relationships in the media. Which magazine would be most likely to publish an article on how to cope with the chicken pox?
Definition
Parents
Term
Consider the rhetoric and style used in the following sentence. Remember that publications use rhetoric and style to achieve a specific effect. In which magazine would you most likely find the following sentence? “Get the gear you need for your next rugged trek through the wilderness. Read our ultimate guide to the best gear, from high-tech gadgets to GORP.”
Definition
Outside
Term
Which of the following is an example of propaganda about the fast food chain McDonald’s?
Definition
The slogan, “McDonald’s makes America’s favorite hamburger”
Term
The purpose of using words like “consequently” or “because” is to________
Definition
show cause and effect relationships
Term
Which word or phrase in the following sentence exemplifies nuance? “As she told me her plan to move to California and become a movie star, I could see a twinkle in her eye.”
Definition
twinkle in her eye
Term
Which of the following could be a “big question” for a 10- to 12-page multi-source research paper?
Definition
What factors explain the continued popularity of Star Trek?
Term
On a website you find the text of George Orwell’s novel 1984 and comments by scholars about 1984. The scholar’s comments are considered primary sources because they are available right there with the text. T/F
Definition
False
Term
Which of the following is the best source for finding the titles of appropriate magazine and journal articles for a research paper?
Definition
using the Readers’ Guide to Periodical Literature
Term
Which of the following is a reliable source of information for a research paper about President John Adams?
Definition
a U.S. government website about the presidency
Term
Which of the following topics is suitable for a 10- to 12-page research paper?
Definition
trends in computer design
Term
As long as I can compile a long list of books and journal articles for my bibliography, it does not matter if they are not available in local libraries. T/F
Definition
false
Term
Which of the following is NOT a reliable source of information for a research paper about the movie Schindler’s List (1993)?
Definition
a local blogger’s list of the top five Holocaust movies
Term
Which of the following is NOT a reliable source of information for a research paper about the Wright Brothers?
Definition
a travel website about Kitty Hawk, NC
Term
On a website you find the text of a scholarly article about the Great Depression and authentic photographs from the Great Depression. The photographs are considered primary sources because they were probably taken at that time period. T/F
Definition
true
Term
Which of the following could be a “big question” for a 10- to 12-page multi-source research paper?
Definition
In what ways has the Internet changed how Americans work and entertain themselves?
Term
Which of the following is a NOT reliable source of information for a research paper about American writers of the 1920’s?
Definition
an article on a high school English class’s web page
Term
The difference between a primary source and a secondary source is that a primary source is an original text or document. T/F
Definition
true
Term
Which of the following is the best source for finding the titles of books readily available to you for a research paper?
Definition
using the electronic card catalog of a library
Term
The difference between a primary source and a secondary source is that a secondary source is an original text or document. T/F
Definition
false
Term
In correct MLA format, _____.
Definition
the heading appears only in page 1 when there is no title page
Term
Before starting to write a research paper, which of the following is the most important thing for a writer to do?
Definition
Do sufficient research.
Term
In correct MLA format, the margins of a research paper should be _____.
Definition
1 inch on all sides
Term
When a writer finishes a portion of a paper, he or she may not go back and change anything until the formal revising stage. T/F
Definition
false
Term
In an English class, you can choose whether you want to use MLA style or APA style for your research paper. T/F
Definition
false
Term
In correct MLA format, a cover page is _____.
Definition
needed if the teacher requires writers to use one
Term
Writing a research paper is a recursive process. Writers can always stop writing and look for more facts if they are needed. T/F
Definition
true
Term
In a research paper, one purpose of the introductory paragraph is to create a strong first impression. T/F
Definition
true
Term
The style that is standard for research papers in English is APA style. T/F
Definition
false
Term
When you revise a research report, _____.
Definition
you need to make changes that improve the style and content of your report.
Term
The sentence below could be from a research report. Select the best way to improve it.

Did you get what the dude who wrote that quotation is saying?
Definition
What can we infer from that quotation?
Term
Which of the following statements about revising a research paper is true?
Definition
Revising means reexamining the paper for problems related to content and style.
Term
Which of the following statements about the content of a research paper is true?
Definition
Writers use information from outside sources to help them prove their thesis.
Term
The sentence below could be from a research report. Select the best way to improve it.

The reviews were published no one saw them, they were still asleep.
Definition
The reviews were published, but no one saw them because they were still asleep.
Term
The purpose of a research paper is to _____.
Definition
persuade and inform
Term
Which of the following do effective writers use to improve the coherence of their research papers?
Definition
transition words
Term
The sentence below could be from a research report. Which of the following best describes the problem in it?

Because the characters in the novel met untimely ends, one by drowning, one by gunfire, and one was poisoned.
Definition
sentence fragment
Term
The sentence below could be from a research report. Which of the following best describes it?

The reviews were published no one saw them, they were still asleep.
Definition
run on sentence
Term
When you revise a research report, which of the following could give you a clue that there is problem with unity?
Definition
Evidence unrelated to the writer’s thesis is often included.
Term
The sentence below could be from a research report. Which of the following best describes it?

Did you get what the dude who wrote that quotation is saying?
Definition
overly colloquial sentence
Term
The sentence below could be from a research report. Which of the following best describes it?

If people think about it, they might understand that Josef Stalin had the Soviet Union’s interests at heart more than he had the interest of the allies at heart.
Definition
wordy or repetitious
Term
The sentence below could be from a research report. Select the best way to improve it.

If people think about it, they might understand that Josef Stalin had the Soviet Union’s interests at heart more than he had the interest of the allies at heart.
Definition
Josef Stalin had the Soviet Union’s interests at heart more than the allies’ interests.
Term
Which of the following is not a primary source?
Definition
online article
Term
Which of the following subjects would you be least likely to discuss via The National Issues Forum (NIF)?
Definition
Conflict in Afghanistan
Term
Select the best Conclusion for the syllogism.

Premise A—A president serves the nation in four-year terms.
Premise B—Barack Obama is the President of the United States.
Definition
Barack Obama will serve a four-year term.
Term
Which technique should you use to convey the essential meaning of a long quotation?
Definition
paraphrase
Term
Which of the following categories is NOT an example of how media is classified?
Definition
number of mediums used
Term
Select the best Conclusion for the syllogism.

Premise A—Vegetables are healthy.
Premise B—Spinach is a vegetable.
Definition
Spinach is healthy.
Term
Select the best Conclusion for the syllogism.

Premise A—Eating a healthy diet can lower your blood pressure.
Premise B—Vegetables are part of a healthy diet.
Definition
Eating vegetables can lower your blood pressure.
Term
After conducting an interview with a primary source, which piece of evidence would be most effective in supporting your thesis, or answering your essential question?
Definition
a direct, succinct quote
Term
Your thesis statement is, "Psychotherapy is the most effective form of treatment for women who have suffered domestic violence because it enables them to live productive lives." Which of the following would be most effective to use as supporting evidence?
Definition
case study of a woman who has survived domestic violence and is now a police officer
Term
You have chosen to write a research paper on classical Spanish guitar music. Which of the following primary sources should you include in your paper?
Definition
Interview with Spanish guitarist; survey; newspaper article
Term
You have chosen to write a research paper on human genetics. Which of the following primary sources should you include in your paper?
Definition
Scientist interview; lab report; published scientific paper
Term
Which fact would be an effective contribution to a discussion among consumers about conserving water?
Definition
If your faucet is dripping at the rate of one drop per second, you can expect to waste 2,700 gallons per year, greatly increasing the cost of utilities.
Term
What can you deduce from the following premises?

Premise A—Your school is hosting a dance in the gymnasium.
Premise B—The disc jockey changes the music and the lights dim.
Premise C— Couples flock to the dance floor while many students step aside or get a snack at the concession stand.
Definition
The disc jockey is now playing a "slow dance."
Term
Imagine that you are debating against introducing a new school rule that would prohibit students from using the Internet during school hours. Your opponent has just argued that the majority of classrooms do not have Internet access, anyway. Now, it is your turn to respond. Which of the following statements would be the most effective response?
Definition
Students utilize library computers to conduct Internet research during school hours.
Term
Your thesis statement is, "Advertisements aimed at a teen, female audience misrepresent a healthy body image by featuring young female models who are underweight." Which of the following would be most effective to use as supporting evidence?
Definition
statistic revealing the number of advertisements that feature underweight teen models
Term
What can you deduce from the following premises?

Premise A—You are sitting next to your friend in a movie theatre.
Premise B—You are watching a scary movie.
Premise C— Your friend suddenly grabs your arm and clings to you.
Definition
Your friend is frightened by the movie.
Term
Artists sometimes choose to create a mixed media work of art—a single piece of art consisting of several different mediums, such as painting, sculpture, and woodworking. An analogy—or comparable term—in the field of communications would be
Definition
a multimedia presentation
Term
Which of the following is NOT a primary source?
Definition
scholarly website
Term
Which of the following is a primary source?
Definition
U.S. Fish and Wildlife survey
Term
You are composing a speech to deliver to your local neighborhood association on the benefits of recycling. Your purpose is to convince the neighborhood association to vote in favor of curbside recycling. Which of the following items would be most effective in persuading your audience of your argument?
Definition
Recycling aluminum saves 95% of the energy needed to produce new aluminum from raw materials. Energy saved from recycling one ton of aluminum is equal to the amount of electricity the average home uses over 10 years.
Term
You are composing a speech to deliver to an audience of business owners. Your purpose is to convince them that they should advertise their business in your newspaper. Which of the following items would be most effective in persuading your audience of your argument?
Definition
Businesses advertised in the newspaper have reported a 25% increase in revenue.
Term
Which idea would be an effective contribution to a discussion among business professionals about how to manage time wisely?
Definition
Create a to-do list that prioritizes the tasks you must accomplish.
Term
You are writing a research paper on increasing rates of asthma in children living in New York City. Which source would be the most credible and relevant source to cite in your paper?
Definition
a pediatrician practicing in New York City, specializing in respiratory therapies
Term
Select the purpose, or message, that would most likely be presented by the following media source. Consider the potential bias of the media source.

A magazine article on the proposed construction of a coal-fired power plant on an Indian reservation in Arizona, written by a New York-based investor in energy production.
Definition
The plant will supply more power to residents of Arizona and the reservation, and will put money in the pockets of investors.
Term
Which idea would be an effective contribution to a discussion among business professionals about how to manage time wisely?
Definition
Create a to-do list that prioritizes the tasks you must accomplish.
Term
Which of the following subjects would you likely discuss via The National Issues Forum (NIF)?
Definition
Race and Education in America
Term
What is the implicit message of the following passage?

After graduating from college, Carly traveled throughout Europe for two years. After returning to the United States for several months, she was eager to travel again. She found a job as a teacher in South Korea and worked there for four years. Afterward, she was hired by the United Nations to work as a translator, and traveled to many foreign countries in her work. Many years later, Carly felt compelled to take an independent trip that would be different from all of her other travels. Thus, she decided to hike the Appalachian Trail.
Definition
Carly has an adventurous spirit.
Term
You would like to include the information from a book in your research, but the quotation that you would like to use is nearly a full page long. You can't use the entire quotation because it is too long and includes superfluous information. Which technique should you use to convey the essential meaning of a long quotation?
Definition
paraphrase
Term
You are writing a research paper on the environmental impacts of carbon emissions from automobiles on air quality in the city of Chicago. Which source would be the most credible and relevant source to cite in your paper?
Definition
the director of a scientific research group, based in Chicago, that investigates the effects of carbon emissions
Term
Select the purpose, or message, that would most likely be presented by the following media source. Consider the potential bias of the media source.

A magazine article on red meat, written by a representative of the National Cattlemen’s Association.
Definition
Eating red meat has health benefits and is good for you.
Term
Which fact would be an effective contribution to a discussion among consumers about conserving water?
Definition
If your faucet is dripping at the rate of one drop per second, you can expect to waste 2,700 gallons per year, greatly increasing the cost of utilities.
Term
You are composing a speech to deliver to a group of high school students. Your purpose is to convince them to participate in an after-school program in which they would mentor and tutor middle school students. Which of the following items would be most effective in persuading your audience to participate in such a program?
Definition
They will be given course credit for their participation.
Term
To be prepared to complete the common application form, as well as any job application, the student:
Definition
should keep an inventory of records she or he needs to answer the questions
Term
The lack of a greeting line or a complimentary closing such as “Sincerely” can make an email seem bossy and demanding. T/F
Definition
true
Term
The organization structure of the memo includes:
Definition
a heading, Re: or subject, date, who the memo is to, and who the memo is coming from
Term
In the job interview, applicants should (choose the response that is incorrect):
Definition
provide the interviewer with long-detailed responses to their questions
Term
When writing a memo, the writer should (choose the one that doe not apply):
Definition
choose colloquialisms and slang to sound friendly
Term
Once you compile a personal inventory for a job hunt, you have no need to update it for the rest of your life T/F
Definition
false
Term
When you are writing your cover letter, you should:
Definition
research the company and use information found in your research to write the letter.
Term
When preparing to write a cover letter, you should:
Definition
research the company and write the letter based on your research and the job description
Term
When you write a cover letter for a résumé, the purpose of the letter is to:
Definition
inform and persuade.
Term
The purpose of a memo, or memorandum is to (choose the one that does not apply):
Definition
announce an employee’s engagement
Term
The heading of a memo does not need to have the sender’s name because everyone will know who sent it. T/F
Definition
false
Term
The Common Application:
Definition
provides supplemental forms for applicants involved in athletics and the arts.
Term
A résumé should usually be no longer than a single page. T/F
Definition
true
Term
When writing a business or academic email, include:
Definition
subject line, greeting, body, complimentary closing, signature block
Term
In a business email, it is important to get right to the point; there is no need for a greeting line such as “Dear Ms. Lin.” T/F
Definition
false
Term
When you go to an employment interview, you can expect:
Definition
the interviewer to ask questions regarding your knowledge of the company
Term
When writing a business or academic email, it is appropriate to::
Definition
take a firm position but back the position with facts and be polite
Term
When you give contact information about yourself in a résumé, it is appropriate to give an email address such as grumpy1234@email.com that tells the employer something fun about the real you. T/F
Definition
false
Term
You are responding to an ad for a Lifeguard at Ourtown Pool. The topic, task and audience for your letter are:
Definition
The topic is the job opening at Ourtown Pool; task is an informative and persuasive cover letter; audience is pool manager.
Term
The Common Application form can:
Definition
be previewed to help you gather the information you need to apply to college
Term
All email that is written and stored on company computers is the property of the company, not the individual employee. T/F
Definition
True
Term
Using letterhead for a business letter make it unnecessary to type the recipient’s address on the letter. T/F
Definition
false
Term
Which one of the following is not asked on the common application form?
Definition
driving record
Term
The writer of a persuasive fund raising letter should always take the trouble to express ideas carefully and cogently. T/F
Definition
true
Term
The Common Application form:
Definition
is a college application used by 346 colleges and universities
Term
Keyword searches are only used in browsers to find documents on the Web. T/F
Definition
false
Term
The word Re: in the heading of a memorandum is sometimes used:
Definition
to introduce the subject of the memo.
Term
Which of the following statements about outlines is not true?
Definition
In formal outlines, you can mix together full sentences and phrases.
Term
Which of the following is NOT a reliable source of information for a research paper about the movie Schindler’s List (1993)?
Definition
a local blogger’s list of the top five Holocaust movies
Term
Before starting to write a research paper, which of the following is the most important thing for a writer to do?
Definition
do sufficient research
Term
Which of the following topics is suitable for a 6- to 10-page research paper?
Definition
trends in computer design
Term
Which of the following could be a “big question” for a 6- to 10-page multi-source research paper?
Definition
What factors explain the continued popularity of Star Trek?
Term
Which of the following is NOT a reliable source of information for a research paper about the Wright Brothers?
Definition
a travel website about Kitty Hawk, NC
Term
Which of the following is the best source for finding the titles of appropriate magazine and journal articles for a research paper?
Definition
using the Readers’ Guide to Periodical Literature
Term
On a website you find the text of George Orwell’s novel 1984 and comments by scholars about 1984. The scholar’s comments are considered primary sources because they are available right there with the text. T/F
Definition
false
Term
Which part of a printed book is the first place to look in order to get an overview of what the book contains?
Definition
the table of contents
Term
Which of the following is the best source for finding the titles of books readily available to you for a research paper?
Definition
using the electronic card catalog in the library
Term
When reading over your notes to synthesize ideas, what should you NOT do if you find information that one other source disproves?
Definition
Drop both sources. They could be wrong in other ways.
Term
When you have finished your research and realize that your thesis statement is too broad, your best course of action is to _____.
Definition
narrow your thesis statement
Term
How can a writing conference or peer feedback help you reevaluate your research topic?
Definition
Feedback may help you discover problems in your topic.
Term
Which part of a printed book is the best place to look to find additional books and materials about the topic?
Definition
any bibliographies the book contains
Term
When you have finished your research and realize that you cannot find information about one part of your topic, your best course of action is to _____.
Definition
drop that part of the topic
Term
When a writer finishes a portion of a paper, he or she may not go back and change anything until the formal revising stage. T/F
Definition
false
Term
Which part of a printed book is the best place to look in order to discover if the book has any information at all about the school a movie director attended?
Definition
the index
Term
What is the connection between your “big question” and your thesis statement when you are planning a research paper?
Definition
Your thesis statement is the answer to your “big question.”
Term
Which of the following should happen if you discover that insufficient information about your research topic is available?
Definition
Modify your research topic so that information is available.
Term
Which of the following statements is NOT true about the thesis statement of a research paper?
Definition
The thesis statement, once written, can never be changed.
Term
Which of the following topics is suitable for a 6- to 10- page research paper?
Definition
the Harlem Globetrotters
Term
Which of the following is a reliable source of information for a research paper about President John Adams?
Definition
a U.S. government website about the presidency
Term
As long as I can compile a long list of books and journal articles for my bibliography, it does not matter if they are not available in local libraries. T/F
Definition
false
Term
When you prepare an outline for a research paper, it is important that the outline be as perfectly prepared and presented as possible. T/F
Definition
false
Term
Which of the following statements about the secondary sources you found for your research report is true?
Definition
You should set aside any notes that do not help develop your thesis statement.
Term
The style that is standard for research papers in English is ____ style.
Definition
MLA
Term
The difference between a primary source and a secondary source is that a secondary source is an original text or document. T/F
Definition
false
Term
A working outline can continue to evolve as you work on your research paper. T/F
Definition
True
Term
The difference between a primary source and a secondary source is that a primary source is an original text or document. T/F
Definition
true
Term
Writing a research paper is a recursive process. Writers can always stop writing and look for more facts if they are needed. T/F
Definition
true
Term
On a website you find the text of a scholarly article about the Great Depression and contemporary photographs from the Great Depression. The photographs are considered primary sources because they were probably taken at that time period. T/F
Definition
true
Term
When I compile the list of books and journal articles for my bibliography, I need to know if these materials are available in my school or local library. T/F
Definition
true