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Drill and Ceremony.
Military D&C study guide
45
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03/07/2012

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Term
What are the three marching steps used in drill?
Definition
30 inch step
15 inch step
30 inch step double time 180 step per minute
Term
What FM covers Drill and Ceremony?
Definition
Fm 3-21.5
Term
What is a review?
Definition
A military ceremony used to:
Honor a visiting, high-ranking commander, official, or dignitary, and or permit them to observe the state of training of a command.
Present decorations and awards.
Honor or recognize unit or individual achievements.
Commemorate events
Term
What are two prescribed formations for platoons?
Definition
Line and Column
Term
What is the primary purpose of drill (drill and ceremony)?
Definition
The purpose of drill is to enable a commander or non-commissioned officer to move his unit from one place to another in an orderly manner; to aid in disciplinary training by instilling habits of precision and response to the leader’s orders;and to provide for the development of all soldiers in the practice of commandingtroops.
Term
What are the 4 rest positions that can be given at the halt?
Definition
Parade Rest
At Ease
Stand At Ease
Rest
Term
What is the primary value of ceremonies?
Definition
To render honors, preserve tradition, and to stimulate Esprit de Corps
Term
What is a rank?
Definition
A line, which is only one element in depth
Term
What foot is your leading foot?
Definition
Your left foot
Term
What is the only command given from "Inspection Arms"?
Definition
Ready, Port, Arms
Term
What is an element?
Definition
An individual,squad, section, platoon, company or larger unit forming part of the next higher unit
Term
When marching, who is the only person in a platoon that is never out of step?
Definition
The platoon guide is the person responsible for maintaining the prescribed direction and rate of march.
Term
What is a file?
Definition
A column, which has a front of only one element
Term
If you were marching a squad, when would you give the command "squad halt"?
Definition
When either foot strikes the ground
Term
What is a formation?
Definition
The arrangement of elements of a unit in a prescribed manner
Term
After weapons have been issued to a unit and all other soldiers have fallen in with their weapons, what is the next command that you should give?
Definition
Inspection arms
Term
While passing the colors or while the colors are passing you, when is the hand salute rendered?
Definition
Six paces before and six paces after
Term
How many steps per minute is quick time?
Definition
120 steps per minute
Term
How many steps per minute is double time?
Definition
180 steps per minute
Term
What command is given to reverse the direction of a march?
Definition
Rear March
Term
From what position are all stationary movements given?
Definition
Position of Attention
Term
On what foot would you give the command "Mark time march"?
Definition
On either foot
Term
What is cover?
Definition
Aligning yourself directly behind the man to your immediate front, while maintaining correct distance
Term
How do you measure a "step"?
Definition
Heel to Heel
Term
What is depth?
Definition
The space from front to rear of a formation including front and rear elements
Term
What is the interval between the preparatory command and the command of execution?
Definition
1 step or 1 count
Term
What are the two parts of most drill command?
Definition
Preparatory command
Command of execution
Term
How many steps does each rank take when a platoon is given the command of Open Ranks?
Definition
On the command "March", The first rank takes two steps forward, the second rank takes one step forward, the third rank stands fast and the fourth rank take two 15 inch steps to the rear
Term
What are the 5 types of commands in a drill?
Definition
Two part
Combined
Supplementing
Directive
Term
What position is the unit guidon once a preparatory command is given?
Definition
The raised vertical position
Term
What are some examples of a combined command?
Definition
At ease
Fall in
Rest
Term
Define Cadence
Definition
The uniform rhythm in which a movement is executed, or the number of steps or counts per minute at which a movement is executed. Drill movements are normally executed at the cadence of quick time or double time. Quick time is the cadence of 120 counts or steps per minute; double time is the cadence of 180 counts or steps per minute.
Term
What is Close Interval?
Definition
The lateral space between soldiers, measured from right to left by the soldier on the right placing the heel of his left hand on his hip, even with the top of the belt line, fingers and thumb joined and extended downward, with his elbow in line with the body and touching the arm of the soldier to his left.
Term
What is Double Interval?
Definition
The lateral space between soldiers, measured from right to left by raising both arms shoulder high with the fingers extended and joined (palms down) so that fingertips are touching the fingertips of the soldiers to the right and to the left.
Term
What is Normal Interval?
Definition
The lateral space between soldiers, measured from right to left by the soldier on the right holding his left arm shoulder high, fingers and thumb extended and joined, with the tip of his middle finger touching the right shoulder of the soldier to his left.
Term
What command is given to revoke a preparatory command?
Definition
As you were
Term
Who is responsible for training and appearance of the color guard?
Definition
CSM
Term
What is a Guidon?
Definition
A guid on is a swallow-tailed flag carried by companies, batteries, troops, and certain detachments.
Term
When executing a Rear March, on which foot do you pivot?
Definition
Both feet, turning 180 degrees to the right
Term
What are the three methods used to teach Drill?
Definition
Step by step
By the numbers
Talk-through method
Term
What 4 movements in marching require a 15-inch step?
Definition
Half step
Left step
Right step
Backward march
Term
How many steps should separate platoons when a company is formed?
Definition
5 steps
Term
What is the "Blue Book"?
Definition
A drill manual used by Baron Von Steuben (a former Prussian officer) to train the colonial army. It preceded the FM 3-21.5. It was known as "The regulations for the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United States". This book was the first Army Field Manual
Term
Can a command be changed after the command of execution has been given?
Definition
No
Term
How far in front of the Honor Company or color company do the colors halt?
Definition
10 steps