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Deviance
p.170-189 key vocabulary
23
Sociology
12/09/2009

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Term
recidivism
Definition
the act of a person repeating and undesirable act
Term
deviance
Definition
an act that is considered by the public consensus or by the powerful at a given place and time to be a violation of some social rule.
Term
safety valve
Definition
letting deviance out in some facets can prevent worse deviance later
Term
agents of social control
Definition
family (in a rural or less populated society)
police (in an urban setting)
Term
disintegrative shaming
Definition
wrongdoer is ostracized from society. Tends to promote more deviance.
Term
reintegrative shaming
Definition
shaming someone but also loving them and welcoming them back into society. "hating the crime, loving the criminal". Discourages secondary crime.
Term
anomie
Definition
a social condition in which norms are absent, weak, or in conflict
Term
neurosis
Definition
the mental problem characterized by a persistent fear, anxiety, or worry about trivial matters
Term
psychosis
Definition
the mental problem typified by loss of touch with reality
Term
primary deviance
Definition
norm violations that a person commits for the first time and without considering them deviant
Term
secondary deviance
Definition
repeated norm violations that the violators themselves recognize as deviant
Term
relative deprivation
Definition
feeling unable to achieve a relatively high aspiration
Term
medicalization of deviance
Definition
diagnosing and treating deviant behavior as a disease
Term
marginal surplus population
Definition
marxist term for unemployed workers who are superfluous or useless to the economy
Term
functionalist theory
Definition
who: Durkheim
What: Deviance is good for society. It defines societal norms. Induces social change. Acts like a safety valve
Term
Strain Theory/Anomie Theory
Definition
who: Merton
what: Deviance is integral to society. Merton Typology.
FUNCTIONALIST
Term
Control Theory
Definition
Who: Hirschi
What: People who are more bonded to society are less likely to commit crime
Term
Shaming Theory
Definition
who: Braithwaite
what: disentegrative shaming vs. integrative shaming
FUNCTIONALIST
Term
Labeling Theory
Definition
who: Becker and Lemmert
what: primary deviance vs. secondary deviance. People are a lot less likely to commit crime after they find out its not okay
SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONIST
Term
Power Theory
Definition
who: Thio
what: most serious deviance comes from most powerful and wealthy people
CONFLICT
Term
Conflict Theory
Definition
who: Marx
what: the rich and powerful make the rules so that it is impossible for everyone else to get ahead, forcing them to commit deviance.
Term
phenomenological theory
Definition
what: deviants view their deviance as a positive thing
SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONIST
Term
differential association
Definition
who: Sutherland
what: people acquire ideas about deviance through interaction with others
SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONIST